전역 추방

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This page is a translated version of a page Global bans and the translation is 100% complete.

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A global ban is a formal revocation of editing or other access privileges (use of "Special:EmailUser" for example) across all Wikimedia projects. A global ban's purpose is to prevent harm to Wikimedia projects when a problem cannot be addressed by the community through less restrictive means, and consequently is usually permanent. A global ban is not a form of punishment nor is it meant to provide a “cool down” period. A global ban reflects a broad and clear community consensus.

Global bans are exclusively applied where multiple independent communities have previously elected to ban a user for a pattern of abuse. Wikimedia projects are entirely self-governing. Typically, good faith is assumed when a user chooses to become a member of a new community, regardless of his/her history on other projects. Consequently, global bans are not a possibility where a user is only temporarily blocked, or only banned on a single project. Please remember, global bans are intentionally very infrequent.

Global bans should not be confused with global blocking, a technical mechanism to prevent a user from editing any Wikimedia Project.

Criteria for global bans

전역 추방은 다음의 모든 기준을 만족했을 때만 고려할 수 있습니다:

  1. The user demonstrates an ongoing pattern of cross-wiki abuse (that is not merely vandalism or spam). No global ban is required for uncontroversial cases of cross-wiki vandalism or spam, since these may be handled with a block or lock (which may be made by a Steward, without need for extensive discussion). See Steward requests/Global.
  2. The user has been carefully informed about appropriate participation in the projects and has had fair opportunity to rectify any problems. These projects must have demonstrated a good faith attempt to explain acceptable practices and behaviors that are consistent with their mission and scope. This criterion is to show users reasonably know what is expected, have had ample opportunity to appropriately address concerns, and chose not to participate appropriately in projects.
  3. The user is permanently blocked or banned on two or more projects. These projects must have demonstrated broad support for the blocks or bans through a prominent community discussion process—clear explanations and considerations for local rules and practices must be evident, decisions must be independent of a block or ban on another project, and the blocks or bans must be clearly intended to be permanent.

단지 위의 최소한의 기준들을 만족하였다고 해서, 전역 차단이 필요하다는 것을 의미하지는 않습니다. 전역 추방을 요청하는 과거의 이유는 다음이 포함되어 있습니다:

  • Harassing or threatening contributors to the projects, on- or off-wiki
  • Serious on-wiki fraud or identity theft (that is not simple abuse of multiple accounts)
  • Inappropriate use of user rights with access to private information, such as CheckUser or Oversight
  • Violations of the privacy policy or other official Wikimedia policies.

Relation to local policy

이 정책은 기존에 존재하던 정책의 보완이나 모든 프로젝트를 위한 과정을 의미합니다. 이는 대체 수단으로 사용되지 않습니다.

Relation to the Terms of Use

The Wikimedia Terms of Use, which apply equally to all users of the projects, specifically refer to this policy and supports banning users violating either the terms themselves or any mandatory community policies and guidelines. As the service provider of Wikimedia websites, the Foundation has and continues to support community consensus relating to blocking and banning decisions.

Obtaining consensus for a global ban

A simplified workflow

전역 추방을 위한 합의는 메타위키의 의견 요청 과정을 통해 이루어집니다. 전역 추방 요청은 해당 사용자가 모든 위키미디어 공동체에 가할 명확한, 그리고 최근의 위험을 나타낼 때에만 받아들이게 됩니다. 결정은 대다수 위키미디어 프로젝트를 나타내는 넓고 명확한 합의에 의해 이루어집니다. 그리고 결정에 있어서 관심과 가능한 결과의 신중한 검토가 분명해야 합니다. 모든 공동체에 해가 되는지의 여부에 대한 논의를 시작하는 것은 명백해야 하며, 전역 추방의 이점이 있어야 합니다. 다음을 따라주세요:

  1. Confirm that the user satisfies all criteria for global bans prior to opening a request for comment.
  2. File a new request for comment on Meta. The title should have the username of the user nominated for a global ban. The nominator must impartially document the significant incidences that satisfy all criteria for global bans. The nominator must also attempt to show that the user's decision not to participate appropriately presents a current danger to all Wikimedia communities.
  3. Inform the user about the discussion on all wikis where they are active. If the user nominated for a global ban is blocked on Meta, a temporary unblock may be considered to allow participation in the discussion.
  4. Inform the community on all wikis where the user has edited about the discussion through a prominent public venue. Be sure to stay neutral in your communications and avoid any defamatory, inaccurate, or exaggerated commentary.

위의 단계를 정확하게 따르지 않은 지명은 무효입니다.

일단 유효한 의견요청이 넓고 명확한 합의를 이루어낸다면, 관련이 없고 공정한 관리자나 사무장이 해당 토론을 닫을 수 있습니다. 의견요청에는 따로 기한을 두지 않습니다. 토론이 명확하지 않거나 미덥지 않을 때에는 어떠한 추가적인 토론 없이 요청이 닫힐 수도 있습니다. 또, 토론이 합의에 도달하지 못했을 때, 추가적인 토론 이후에 요청이 닫힐 수도 있습니다.

Multilingualism in discussion

토론은 적절한 언어 또는 해당 사용자가 활동했거나 하는 프로젝트의 언어로 이루어져야 하고, 시행해야 한다는 점을 명심하세요. 위키미디어 프로젝트의 언어 종류는 수백개가 넘습니다. 따라서, 토론 참여자의 언어가 유창한 것과 상관 없이 전역 토론에 참여할 수 있도록 해야 합니다. 번역을 해 줄 사용자가 없는 경우에, 공동체간 원활한 토론을 위해, 기계 번역을 대안으로 사용할 수 있습니다.

Implementing a global ban

A global ban formally revokes some or all privileges at all Wikimedia projects, regardless of whether accounts are attached through the unified login system. Any attempt to circumvent an active global ban constitutes a violation of the Terms of Use, regardless of accounts used. Accordingly, local communities where the user is blocked or active should be informed in a prominent public venue about the decision. Stewards may also choose to respond to requests to globally lock proven alternate accounts of a globally banned user.

If the consensus requires Steward action, a request should be made to the Stewards. Please provide a link to the relevant discussion in your request; otherwise it will be rejected for lack of consensus.

Overturning a global ban decision

Discussion to overturn a global ban decision is conducted through the request for comment process on Meta, in order to include the widest possible audience. A request must follow the same consensus process for requesting a ban, described above.

See also