Абстрактілі Уикипедия

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This page is a translated version of the page Abstract Wikipedia and the translation is 12% complete.
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Жоба

Бұл жоба екі бөлімнен тұрады: Абстрактілі Википедия және Уикифункциялар.

Абстрактілі Уикипедияның мақсаты - көптеген адамдарға көп тілдерде көбірек білімді бөлуге мүмкіндік беру. Абстрактілі Уикипедия - Уикидеректердің тұжырымдамалық жалғасы.[2] Абстрактілі Уикипедияда адамдар Уикипедия туралы мақалаларды тілге тәуелді емес етіп құра алады. Тілдегі Уикипедия тілден тәуелсіз бұл мақаланы өз тіліне аудара алады. Аударманы код жасайды.

Wikifunctions is a new Wikimedia project that allows anyone to create and maintain code. This is useful in many different ways. It provides a catalog of all kinds of functions that anyone can call, write, maintain, and use. It also provides code that translates the language-independent article from Abstract Wikipedia into the language of a Wikipedia. This allows everyone to read the article in their language. Wikifunctions will use knowledge about words and entities from Wikidata.

This will get us closer to a world where everyone can share in the sum of all knowledge.

What is a function?

A "function" is a sequence of computer program instructions that makes a calculation based on data you provide. Functions are a form of knowledge that can answer questions, such as how many days have passed between two dates or the distance between two cities. More complicated functions can answer more complicated questions, such as the volume of a three dimensional shape, the distance between Mars and Venus on a certain date, or whether two species were alive at the same time. We already use functions in many types of knowledge inquiries, such as asking a question to a search engine. The templates known as {{convert}} and {{age}} in English are also examples of functionalities that are already used in many Wikipedias, written in wikitext and Lua and manually copied to each wiki where it's wanted.

More examples of functions are at Early function examples, and very rough sketches of how the interface might look are at Early mockups.

In short, functions make a calculation on the data you provide, and answer a question you have about it.

This new Wikimedia project will build a library of functions, written by volunteers, to help answer questions like these across languages. By building out our library of functions, we can enable more people to access and explore free knowledge in new ways.

What is Abstract Wikipedia?

A visual explanation of the Abstract Wikipedia project and Wikifunctions

The term “Abstract Wikipedia” itself refers to the long-term goal – that this library of functions will someday enable the creation of language-independent articles. Once more pieces of this project are in place, this will mean that any wiki – especially small to medium wikis – will be able to dramatically increase the number of articles available in their language. It also means that editors can share knowledge from their culture and contexts with a larger and more global audience.

The new wiki of functions, Wikifunctions, will develop the coding infrastructure to make this vision possible. The Abstract Wikipedia part of the project will start in roughly 2022.

In other words: we will be able to combine the functions from the new wiki, with the data and linguistic-information in Wikidata, in order to generate natural language sentences in any supported languages. These sentences can then be used by any Wikipedia (or elsewhere).

Timeline

Participate

Office hours

The Wikifunctions and Abstract Wikipedia office hours are online events where the development team present what they have been working on recently, and the community is welcome to ask questions and discuss important related issues. They are announced on the mailing list and in the newsletter. They take place every 4-6 weeks.


Background

An article in the Signpost provides a more detailed introduction to the idea. The material below - research papers, videos of talks, prototype software - offers a lot of detail. A detailed draft plan for the development of Wikilambda is also available.

See the Historic proposal page for the long list of related discussions, papers, videos, and comparable proposals.

Highlights include:

Further reading

Project plan

  1. Summary: overview of the project plan
  2. Name: discussion on the name of the project
  3. Goals: what are we trying to achieve? Primary and secondary goals
  4. Organization: how the development team would be set up
  5. Requirements: overall conditions that the project needs to fulfill
  6. Architecture: an overview of how the project components would work together
  7. Components: individual software components the project needs to deliver
  8. Tasks: individual tasks that need to be done by the projects
(single page version)

References

  1. Бастапқыда Уикиламбда деп аталған. Уикидің жаңа атауы 2020 жылдың аяғында қоғамдастық байқауында таңдалды. Уикифункциялар жеке дара зат есім ретінде қарастырылады, бірақ оны аударуға болады.
  2. Жаңа компоненттерге (Абстрактілі Уикипедияның даму жоспарында келтірілген) кіру үшін Уикидеректер кеңейтімдерімен кіреді, оның интеграциясы (жобаның екінші жылында) «дерексіз мазмұнды» сол жерде немесе басқа уикиде сақтаудан бұрын Уикидеректер қауымдастығының келісімін талап етеді (мысалы, жобаның бірінші бөлігінде жасалған жаңа Уикифункциялар уикисі немесе басқа көп тілді уики).