Schiedsgericht

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This page is a translated version of the page Arbitration Committee and the translation is 42% complete.
Abkürzung:
ARBCOM

On Wikimedia Foundation projects an Arbitration Committee (sometimes abbreviated as "ArbCom") is a small group of trusted users who serve as a means of dispute resolution, they have been initiated on some individual Wikimedia Foundation projects. Rulings, policies and procedures differ between projects depending on local and cultural contexts. According to the Wikimedia Terms of Use, users are not obliged to have a dispute solved by an ArbCom.

[1]

The first Wikimedia project to use an arbitration committee was the Swedish Wikipedia.

[2] The English Wikipedia ArbCom was created by Jimmy Wales as an extension of the decision-making power he formerly held as CEO of site-owner Bomis Inc., to take over his role in resolving complex disputes between users.[3]

Arbitration Committees are now used on eleven Wikipedia versions and the English Wikinews.

Zusammensetzung

Schiedsgerichte haben üblicherweise fünf bis fünfzehn Mitglieder, die als Schiedsrichter bekannt sind. Die Amtszeiten unterscheiden sich in ihrer Länge und sind teils drei Jahre lang.

In der Englischsprachigen Wikipedia hat Jimmy Wales das Recht, Mitglieder zu ernennen und abzusetzen, das komplette Schiedsgericht aufzulösen und Neuwahlen zu erzwingen. Zuvor wurden nicht bindende Wahlen genutzt, um Kandidaten zur Ernennung vorzuschlagen. Die Gemeinschaft hält nun standardmäßig Wahlen ab, um die Mitglieder auszuwählen.

Projekte mit Schiedsgerichten

Wikipedia-Versionen
Projekt Name E-Mail Privates Wiki Anmerkungen
cs – Czech Arbitrážní výbor arbcom-cs@lists.wikimedia.org arbcom-cs.wikipedia.org
de – German Schiedsgericht arbcomde-l@lists.wikimedia.org arbcom-de.wikipedia.org
en – English Arbitration Committee arbcom-en@wikimedia.org arbcom-en.wikipedia.org
fa – Persian هیئت نظارت Eingeschränkter Zuständigkeitsbereich, hauptsächlich Aufsichtsorgan für Beschwerden gegen Administratoren
fi – Finnish Välityslautakunta arbcom-fi.wikipedia.org
fr – French Comité d'arbitrage car-fr-l@lists.wikimedia.org No arbitrators elected in last elections. Inactive until next elections.
hu – Hungarian Wikitanács
nl – Dutch Arbitragecommissie arbcom-nl@lists.wikimedia.org arbcom-nl.wikipedia.org
pl – Polish Komitet Arbitrażowy
ru – Russian Арбитражный комитет arbcom-ru@wikimedia.org arbcom-ru.wikipedia.org New every half-a-year
uk – Ukrainian Арбітражний комітет
Wikinews

Projekte mit inaktiven, probeweisen oder aufgelösten Schiedsgerichten

Wikipedia-Versionen
  • Spanish (dissolved April 2009)
  • Korean (No arbitrators elected since December 2015, arbcom function suspended as of 18 March 2017.)
  • Occitan (A setting up was proposed in 2006, an election has been planned in December 2008 but was never realized)
  • Portuguese (dissolved January 2012)
  • Swedish (inactive)
  • Slovenian (deleted, with a redirect to Wikipedija:Mediacija). The page exists only as a framework for eventual setting up. The mediation wasn't needed so far, so the rules for the election process haven't been established yet.
  • Thai (term expired in January 2016, no elections held since)
Wikivoyage-Versionen

Siehe auch

  1. "Wikimedia Terms of Use - # 13 Disputes and Jurisdictions". Archived from the original on March 18, 2021. Retrieved November 14, 2022. 
  2. Hoffman, David A.; Salil Mehra (2010). "Wikitruth Through Wikiorder". Emory Law Journal 59 (2010). SSRN 1354424. 
  3. Wales, Jimmy (December 4, 2003). "[WikiEN-l] Wikiquette committee appointments". lists.wikimedia.org. Wikimedia Foundation. Archived from the original on June 29, 2021. Retrieved November 14, 2022.