Europeana/1914-18/Wikimedians of Bulgaria

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The Bulgarian participation in World War I includes the military actions of the Kingdom of Bulgaria during World War I. It encompasses the period from the 14th of October 1915 when the Kingdom of Bulgaria declares war on the Kingdom of Serbia until the 29th of September 1918 when as per the Treaty of Thessaloniki Bulgaria surrenders.

After the war the internal state of the country is terrible. The currency inflation grows constantly. The economy is in decline due to war damage, reparations and requisitions. Understandably, the new rulers of the country are the ones who stood in political opposition – the leftist and the agronomical parties. Bulgaria is occupied by the Entente. On the 27th of November 1919 the Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine is signed. The treaty has devastating consequences on the Bulgarian nation and country.

Bulgaria loses more than 115 000 soldiers and officers in the war. In addition, there are thousands of wounded and prisoners of war.

Bulgarian State Archive[edit]

Since March 2012 when the collaboration with the Bulgarian Archive State Agency began, there have been 875 photos and documents related to the First World War that were digitized. There are photos of the battle front which represent the real setting and scene. Part of the documents are caricatures and post cards of propaganda character which find place in the newspapers and the magazines. Some private diaries of military personnel that took part in the war are also of great value. They provide a clear understanding of the military operations that were led at the time. At the State military historic archive in Veliko Tarnovo are kept the diaries of the Staff of the Bulgarian army in which the course of war is reported on a daily basis.

During World War I a large part of the country’s intellectuals and public figures are mobilized: writers, poets, literary critics, musicians, actors, teachers, university professors.

A valuable edition is the album dedicated to the First World War "Album de la Grande Guerre" №10 from 1995. It used to be a gift to the Bulgarian general Nikola Zhekov.

An extremely valuable document is the ratification of the peace treaty between the winning countries in World War I and Bulgaria, signed in Neuilly-sur-Seine on the 27th of November 1919.