Гранти:APG/Комітет розподілу коштів/Дорадча група/Рекомендації/2014

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This page is a translated version of the page Grants:APG/Funds Dissemination Committee/Advisory Group/Recommendations/2014 and the translation is 26% complete.
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Поради Виконавчому директору Фонду вікімедіа від Дорадчої групи Комітету розподілу коштів

Консультативна група Комітету росподілу коштів провела останнє засідання 25-26 травня у Франкфурті. У відповідності зі структурою комітету, основним завданням групи була оцінка успішності діяльності комітету та вироблення рекомендацій щодо подальшого розподілу коштів в русі Вікімедіа. Зокрема, група "сформулювала рекомендації Виконавчому директору Фонду Вікімедіа щодо вдосконалення процесу на основі оновлених критеріїв оцінки та накопиченого досвіду".

Консультативна група комітету одноголосно вирішила:

  • "що комітет успішно реалізував свої завдання з кращого розподілу коштів в нашому русі" та
  • "рекомендувала Директору продовжувати вдосконалювати процес і структуру діяльності"

Ми хочемо подякувати комітету, добровольцям, які брали участь, та Сью Гарднер (колишнього Виконавчого директора Фонду) за керівництво діяльністю Комітету і успіхи двох останніх років. Тільки завдяки їх зусиллям ми можемо тепер високо оцінити успішний старт комітету.

Під час зустрічі Дорадча група виділила 9 головних пунктів, які повинні бути втілені задля покращення роботи Комітету розподілу коштів:

  • Спрощене відновлення або продовження фінансування заявників
  • Сегментація пропозицій або "смуги фінансування"
  • Гнучкість процесу
  • Вимір та оцінка впливу
  • Різноманітність грантів по регіонах
  • Диверсифікація джерел фінансування організацій Вікімедії
  • Підвищення потенціалу заявників
  • Право на отримання членства в комітеті
  • Участь Вікімедіа в якості шукача джерел фінансування для комітету

Спрощене відновлення або продовження фінансування заявників

Щоб зменшити навантаження на комітет та кандитатів на вступ у нього, робота комітету повинна мати спрощену процедуру затвердження відновлення існуючих щорічних грантів. Організація, що просить огляд щорічного гранту має демонструвати її вплив на нашу діяльність кожного року і додаткові внески будуть грунтуватися на цьому прогресі. Відновлення фінансування має стосуватися лише щорічних планів фінансування, не індивідуальних проектів. Перевірка повинна проводитися з метою оцінки ефективності такого підходу.

Сегментація пропозицій або "смуги фінансування"

Пропозиції фінансування повинні бути розподілені по групам за розміром запитів, віком організації та іншими критеріями. Якщо такий поділ застосовується, повинні бути зрозумілі принципи їх поділу. Створення однорідних груп, які можуть підтримувати одна одну, може бути вигідним. Ця система може включати в себе стимули для розвитку груп у відповідний спосіб у своєму сегменті, але існує ризик створення думки, що сегмент, який складається з великих організацій, є кращим або більш бажаним. Ми рекомендуємо щоб це питання було розглянуто виконавчим директором, але не було досягнуто єдиної думки щодо найбільш зручного результату.

Гнучкість процесу

Система "огородження", яка обмежує збільшення або зменшення фінансування порівняно з попереднім роком більше не працює. Швидше зростання або прогрес кожної організації слід розглядати окремо. Кожна організація має представляти довгострокові плани сама, приділяючи особливу увагу плановому та стійкому зростанню.

Більші організації можуть представляти їхні запити на фінансування детальніше, але організаціям, які роблять менші запити, має бути надане право представляти менш деталізовані плані.

Ми пропонуємо створити "Консультативну групу грантів" яка буде підтримувати інтегровану стратегію для різних грантових програм Вікімедіа та розглядати їх вплив на періодичній основі (2-3 роки). Поточна "Дорадча група Комітету розподілу коштів" має бути закрита.

Вимір та оцінка впливу

Ми рекомендуємо щоб Вікімедіа створила систему вимірів і показників, які кожен заявник зможе використати в їхніх пропозиціях та звітах, та заохочувати заявників самостійно визначати інші кількісні та якісні показники, які мають відношення до їхнього контексту та стратегій.

As applicants define their own metrics to show the outcomes of their programs, they should bear in mind alignment with the Wikimedia mission and strategic goals. Organizations should strive to measure how their offline activities impact online work.

Grantmaking diversity across regions

It is important to ensure that movement resources (which include but are not limited to funds) be distributed across diverse geographies, including to the Global South, which is currently under-represented in the FDC process. Even so, we believe that organizational readiness, rather than geographic location, should remain the primary criteria for the FDC’s funding recommendations. WMF grantmaking currently provides support to individual volunteers and entities through diverse mechanisms including individual engagement grants and project and event grants. Some of these may be more appropriate to increase the geographic distribution of resources across the movement, which remains a long-term goal.

Diversification of resources for Wikimedia organizations

Development of diverse funding sources as well as other resources in Wikimedia organizations is to be encouraged if this additional funding supports the Wikimedia mission and is in alignment with the movement's values. These resources should not be seen as being solely financial.

We acknowledge that our movement is privileged to have relatively easy access to financial resources through the online fundraiser. The AG believes that there are benefits to increasing the diversity of funds supporting our movement, including promoting long term financial security, strengthening local focus, and allowing some independence from the foundation. However, the AG also wants to caution against organizations spending significant time and resources on fundraising, which can distract from online and offline, mission-related program work. In order to support a sustainable balance, we therefore offer the following guidelines:

  • Outside fundraising is a donation intended to support our community. We should seek support that is consistent with our movement’s mission and values.
  • Local partnerships can lead to high impact program activity and expand our volunteer communities. Any fundraising component should be nominal so the focus remains on program work, or focus on in-kind resources.
  • The focus of movement organizations should be on program activity. As a result, movement organizations should be cautious in hiring dedicated fundraising staff.
  • To the extent organizations fundraise through membership fees, they should be nominal so as to not exclude anyone from participation in movement organizations.

Capacity Building of applicants

While many of the existing Wikimedia organizations developed fairly independently from the WMF, we recommend that the WMF actively support the capacities of new and existing organizations to increase their effectiveness. Nevertheless, this capacity building should not be the main interest of the FDC. Rather, movement organizations, the Affiliations Committee and WMF staff - including staff assigned to aid the FDC - should share in the responsibility of guidance to organizations. The FDC process should continue to serve as a center of excellence for showing the results of this increased organizational effectiveness.

Eligibility for FDC membership

The FDC AG believes that the FDC’s strength is in being a wholly volunteer committee. While acknowledging that staff are also often Wikimedia volunteers, the AG suggests changing the FDC Framework so that staff members of FDC-funded organizations are not eligible to join the FDC.

While there was no consensus on the way in which nominations and elections to the FDC should occur going forward, the AG advised the ED to consider the issue that 50% turnover every year is considerable. The AG also strongly recommended that there continues to be diversity in the FDC in a number of ways, including gender, region, language and Wikimedia projects.

WMF’s involvement as a fundseeker in the FDC process

The consensus of the AG was that there should be public review of WMF's annual plan before its approval. However, there was no consensus on whether it should be through the FDC process. Currently, the FDC reviews the WMF's first version of its annual plan and budget, without a dollar allocation, and provides feedback to the Board. The AG recommends to the ED that she review all the different suggestions provided by the AG, the FDC and other community members in order to proceed with the best possible solution that balances the intense efforts needed by both FDC and staff with the value of community review.

Appendix to the Advice from the FDC Advisory Group to the WMF ED

The FDC Advisory Group had long and intense discussions on many aspects of the FDC process. The AG decided to offer the WMF ED some of the diverse ideas that emerged in these discussions, even if there was no clear consensus, so that they may be considered going forward.

Changes to the proposal and reporting formats

  • Accept alternative proposal and reporting formats.
  • Reporting should articulate what is the reality within their groups.
  • Reports should look for consistency - not too much variation.
  • There isn’t an either/or: there could be some pieces for comparability.
  • Financials and metrics should be consistent.
  • There should be more time between the Board decision and the grant date (for e.g., July 1, 2014 is when the decision is published, and the grant date can be from August 1).
  • Better guidelines for proposals and reporting.
  • Simplify reporting requirements.

FDC membership

  • Avoid 50% turnover in FDC every year.
  • Select (or nominate) and elect FDC members to happen every year simultaneously.
  • Have no voting whatsoever: only 1,500 votes is perhaps not worth it.
  • Have increasing diversity.
  • Term lengths: should they be changed from 2 to 3 years?
    • Have 3 year terms staggered by ⅓ every year (with measures to deal with inactivity).
    • Stay at 2 because of how intense the process is; there are no term limits, so people can re-apply if they want to.

FDC communications

  • Think of more off-wiki processes (as has already been piloted) by both FDC and staff.
  • Possible interaction by phone/skype/etc. during the process to clarify questions.
    • Counterpoint: there has been a lot of discussion around this, but to be fair to the global community (especially in terms of ease with English and online memory), as much as possible should be on-wiki. Moreover, some organizations prefer to write rather than speak.

Staff, mentoring and capacity building

  • How should the movement assess the high overhead and fixed costs of Wikimedia organizations in the FDC process?
    • The most important issue is impact and effectiveness: staff is not just administrative, they contribute to programmatic work, but the assessment should be on how much value the organization (with its staff and other fixed costs) is contributing to the movement. Right now, we don’t know if the cost of implementation of programs and the growth of organizations has enough value-add.
  • Mentoring is something that needs to happen, but need to be careful of the scope creep of the FDC and see who should be responsible - WMF staff, AffCom, others.

FDC complaints and appeals process

  • The Ombudsperson system is working well for complaints on process. The appeals process, on the other hand, should be clarified and used strictly for extreme situations. There was no consensus regarding keeping this process or eliminating it.
  • Suggest that the Board lays out criteria that make it clearer when appeals can result in overturning an FDC recommendation.
  • Suggest that the appeals process is eliminated altogether. In the current process, “Appeal” means “I want to have the decision reopened.” “Complaint” is “I think there is a procedural problem that the organization needs to address in the future.” An appeals process sends a signal to the FDC that you don’t entirely trust their process.
  • Make formal complaint process to the ombudsperson, who can then decide whether to bring it as an appeal to the Board.
    • Perhaps clarify that the appeals should be limited to suspicion of bias, rather than not liking a decision.
  • Original goal behind the appeals process was to allow for accountability.
  • Clarify the point of appeals and the criteria.

Diversification of Funds

  • Consider developing metrics to measure / quantify in-kind donations (such as space, materials etc), we know that they are an important resource to organizations and is not yet assessed.
  • Organizational staffing should not necessarily be required for fundraising.
  • A study could be undertaken by Wikimedia organizations to determine the average fees for membership based organizations in their context to use as a benchmark for their own fees.
  • Additional guidelines may be needed on the use of our community's trademark in local fundraising.

Simplified renewal or continuing funding

  • For small funding requests, 100% funding should be commonly expected in cases of approval.
  • Some guidelines for multi-year/renewal funding:.
    • Continuation of annual plan process, but with conditionality based on performance at the half way mark.
    • Multi-year funding should not be project based, though annual plans can be adjusted to reflect projects with different time horizons.
    • Reduce the amount of work for both applicants and the FDC, but continue to maintain accountability and impact measures.
  • Limit renewals to two year processes, not more.
  • Conduct pilot with existing grantees.

Metrics and evaluation

  • One key metric that we, as a movement, should tackle is way to measure the offline activities and their online impact. This could be done through the use of anonymised aggregated geolocalised data.
  • Suitable metrics should include key performance indicators (KPI), and address both quantitative as well as qualitative impact, and online and offline work.
  • The Board might periodically suggest a strategic priority or goal that FDC applicants primarily focus on with WMF funds, even as they have organizational flexibility to cover a range of issues and strategies.

WMF as part of the FDC process

  • One option is to simply continue this process.
  • The value of the FDC’s output relative to the proportion of time and effort required of FDC’s committed volunteers is controversial. One estimate is that the FDC spent nearly half of its face-to-face meeting time in the past round reviewing the WMF proposal, a significant commitment. Those volunteer hours might be better focused on reviewing annual plan proposals.
  • Alternately, the Executive Director could consider establishing a different process for receiving public review and feedback of the WMF proposal. We invite the Executive Director to be creative in coming up with ways that not only allow for a review of the annual plan, but an active involvement of the community while trying to minimize organizational overhead on the WMF.
  • Suggest having an open, public evaluation of the WMF proposal, conducted by a neutral organization. There are consultants who can do this, however, it can be an expensive (resources, time from WMF staff for orientation) process and the movement will have to be aware of this cost.
  • Can have this as an impact evaluation, rather than a review of the annual plan. For e.g. what is KPMG’s evaluation of our grantmaking strategy after a year?
  • Wish that the FDC would be willing to review the WMF proposal without a dollar amount: their feedback was really good.
  • The FDC does a good job of synthesizing information, but misses important information if not supported by the CFO.
  • The value of an evaluation like FDC’s is very different from the value of a review of the operations of WMF. An operations’ review does not need to be a community review: the community could be involved in the process. Perhaps the WMF’s annual plan can have two forms of review:
    • once as a general review by professionals;
    • secondly in terms of implementation, with suggestions by the FDC.
  • Impact analyses can be conducted in different ways around grantmaking and engineering.
  • Strategic evaluation is most important: is the foundation achieving on its commitments, and does the community think these are good ideas.

Miscellaneous

  • We should work with partner organizations other than Wikimedia organizations.
  • We should build capacity for diverse organizations to be included.
  • Capacity building should be provided to increase the diversity of skills of FDC members.
  • It is important to be careful not to expect too much from the FDC; they should be focused on funds dissemination and not about every issue within our movement.