Learning and Evaluation/Archive/Learning modules/3Types of Information

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Part 1: Introduction

Why Survey?
Why Surveys Are Useful
Survey instruments
Types of information
Attributes - a special case
Survey Objective and Planning

Part 2: Reliability & Validity

Reliability & Validity
Face Validity
Content Validity
Criterion Validity
Construct Validity

Part 3: Question Construction

Writing Good Questions
Questions from Existing Surveys
Constructing your own Questions
Be Specific
Be Concise
Avoid Double Negatives
Minimize Social Desirability Bias
Avoid Double-barreled questions
Avoid abbreviations, jargon, technical terms, or slang
Avoid leading questions
Avoid loaded questions
Use appropriate wording
Ask useful questions
Rely on second-hand data sparsely
Use caution when asking personal questions

Part 4: Response Options

Question types
Dichotomous pairs
Multiple choice
Check all that apply
Choosing response options

Part 5: Questionnaire structure

Important considerations
Questions order
Additional Resources

  Wikimedia Training Designing Effective Questions Menu

What types of information can you collect from surveys?

Attributes are the personal or socioeconomic characteristics of an individual, such as sex, age, marital status, religion and occupation.

Behaviors include the activities that an individual has done or is currently doing, such as editing, reading, attending events, patterns of participation, etc.

Attitudes imply an evaluation around how an individual feels toward a target as well as their intentions toward that target in terms of future behavior.