|— UNESCO |
Culture is at the core of human identity. Every human society throughout history has had a culture, a collection of things - ideas, habits, perspectives, rituals, artifacts - which are learned, shared and transmitted from one generation to the next.
In its transmission, cultural heritage serves as an intergenerational link to both tangible and intangible aspects of identity. Tangible culture heritage might be photos and descriptions of buildings, monuments, landscapes, books, works of art and other specific artifacts. These are all things that are documented. Alternatively, intangible culture heritage must be experienced; the documentation of such intangible heritage does not compare to the experience. Such heritage might be food, folklore, traditions, rituals and colloquial language. Here's an example: eating food is a very different experience than seeing a picture of food. The picture of an example of tangible heritage, while the experience of eating is an example of intangible heritage.
While heritage is typically described at the community level, humanity also has collective cultural heritage. It's the long arch of human history that helps us understand who are are as a society, relative to who we were. But within that long history, the cultural heritage of a particular community can feel - and oftentimes has been - ephemeral. Rituals, food, beliefs, and even monuments can be here today, and gone tomorrow.
Grants highlighted in this category have documented or liberated cultural heritage from around the world, so that present and future generations have a foundation for understanding who they are.
|— UNESCO |
- Linton, R. (1945). The Cultural Background of Personality. New York.