Help:Letzte Änderungen

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MediaWiki Handbook: Inhalt, Leser, Autoren, Moderatoren, Systemadministratoren +/-

Die Seite der Letzten Änderungen in MediaWiki lässt dich die letzten Beiträge zu deinem gesamten MediaWiki-Projekt sehen. Mithilfe dieser Seite können Benutzer die Arbeit der Anderen überwachen und überprüfen, und somit Fehler und Vandalismus beseitigen. Den Link zu den letzten Änderungen gibt es oben oder an der Seitenleiste einer jeden Seite. Mithilfe von [[Special:RecentChanges]] kannst du auch auf diese Seite verlinken. Da sich die letzten Änderungen bei stark genutzten MediaWiki-Projekten, wie der Wikipedia, extrem schnell ändern, ist die Nutzbarkeit dieser Seite fraglich.

Interface

Filters as they are in October 2017, using highlighting function.

The interface is composed of two main elements:

  • on top, the filters, that will allow you to triage edits;
  • below, the recent changes list.

The filters

Example of filters

Since October 2017, some advanced filters have been added to the Recent Changes page. They allow the following actions:

Filtering
This page explains how the improved filtering interface works and how to get the most out of the new tools.
Highlighting
User-defined Highlighting tools let you use color to emphasize the edits that interest you most. The functions and techniques described on this page will help you to make your Recent Changes results more meaningful.
Quality and Intent Filters
"New filters for edit review" introduces two filter groups—Contribution Quality and User Intent—that are powered by machine learning and work differently from other filters.They offer probabilistic predictions about, respectively, whether or not edits are likely to contain problems and whether the user who made them was acting in good faith. Knowing a bit about how these unique tools work will help you use them more effectively.
Bookmarks
Save and restore your favorite filters.

Some other options are available.

Die letzten Änderungen verstehen

Mit den vorgegebenen Einstellungen besteht der Großteil der Seite aus 50 Zeilen, eine pro Beitrag, welche jeweils so aussehen sollten:

Understand the list

Dies weist auf vier Beiträge hin: der erste war von einem Benutzer, welcher nicht eingeloggt war, zu der Seite MediaWiki User's Guide: Editing mathematical formulae; der zweite von Brion VIBBER zu MediaWiki User's Guide; der dritte von Maveric149 zu Endnotes; und der vierte von IMandIR zu Help:What links here.

Von links nach rechts:

  • "[[diff|Unterschied]]" linkt zu einer Seite, welche den Unterschied anzeigt; sie ist nicht für neue Seiten oder Verschiebungen verfügbar
  • Der "Versionen"-Link leitet dich auf die Versionsgeschichte der bearbeiteten Seite weiter: Diese zeigt nicht nur die in den letzten Änderungen angezeigte Änderung, sondern auch die Älteren und Neueren. Bei Verschiebungen linkt der "Versionen"-Link zu der Versionsgeschichte des neuen Lemmas
  • Ein fettes K zeigt an, dass diese Änderung von dem Benutzer als "Kleinigkeit" markiert wurde. Um Missbrauch zu vermeiden können nur eingeloggte Benutzer Änderungen als Kleinigkeit markieren.
  • Ein fettes N zeigt die Neuanlage einer Seite an. Es ist möglich für eine Änderung K und N anzeigen zu lassen; dies wird normalerweise für neue Weiterleitungen verwendet.
  • Ein Fettes B zeigt an, dass diese Änderung von einem Bot gemacht wurde (einem Akkount mit Botflag), oder dass eine Änderung von einem Administrator versteckt wurde.
  • Ein fettes ! zeigt an, dass die Seite noch nicht gesichtet wurde. Für mehr Informationen siehe unter Gesichtete Versionen.
  • Der nächste Link ist ein Link zu der aktuellen Version der Seite. in question.
  • 10:06 bezieht sich auf die Zeit in UTC. Du kannst die Zeit auf deine Zeitzone in deinen Einstellungen einstellen
  • (+1,864) (in der Regel eine grüne Nummer mit einem + oder eine Rote mit einem -) bezieht sich auf die Anzahl der Bytes, welche hinzugefügt oder entfernt wurden.
    • Die Nummer wird fett angezeigt, wenn mehr als 500 Bytes hinzugefügt oder entfernt wurden.
  • Für eingeloggte Benutzer ist der nächste Link zu ihrer Benutzerseite (normalerweise mit internen Links, , the next link is a link to their user homepage (as usual with internal links, the view page if the page exists, the edit page if it does not, the two being styled differently). For users who are not logged in, the link is to their User Contributions.
  • Finally, there is a link to the user's talk page (the same remarks regarding existence apply).
  • For page moves, a link is given to both the old and new title.

ORES is used on certain wikis. In this case, the possibly damaging edits are marked as needing review with a red "r" letter and a pale yellow background.

  • The next link is a link to the current version of the page in question. A bold Link indicates this page is part of your watchlist.
  • 10:06 refers to the time in UTC. You can change the time to your time zone using your preferences - see how to set preferences.
  • (+1,864) (generally a green number with a +, or a red number with a -) refers to the number of bytes that have been added or removed.
    • The number will appear in bold when more than 500 bytes were added or removed.
  • For logged in users, the next link is a link to their user homepage (as usual with internal links, the view page if the page exists, the edit page if it does not, the two being styled differently). For users who are not logged in, the link is to their User Contributions.
  • Finally, there is a link to the user's talk page (the same remarks regarding existence apply).
  • For page moves, a link is given to both the old and new title.

There is a limit of edits displayed, the first reached of those two:

  • edits older than 90 day
  • 500 edits

Edit records that are changed or lost

After a page has been renamed (moved), earlier edits, including the original creation of the page, are shown in recent changes etc. under the new name.

After a page has been deleted, earlier edits, including the original creation of the page, are not shown in recent changes etc.

In this recent changes differs from a real log of editing events (the latter in the sense that something that has happened can not be changed afterwards). Compare Historical revisionism.

However, some edit lines are in recent changes (as long as it lasts) but no longer in edit histories, watchlists, related changes or user contributions: when moving a page over a redirect, the creation of that redirect is only in recent changes (and only if that was recent enough, of course). In particular this applies in the case of re-renaming a page back to its original name, and subsequent renamings back and forth.

Bots

Bots can be shown in recent changes by adding &hidebots=0 to the URL. It is possible for sysops to mark some edits as bot edits, thereby preventing their displaying in the default recent changes. See Help:Reverting for more information on this.

Customization

Top of recent changes page

The content of MediaWiki:Recentchangestext is what appears at the top of Special:Recentchanges. It is collapsed in the Other review tools menu. It can be edited when necessary. MediaWiki talk:Recentchangestext is for discussing what might go on it. See also below #Internationalisation.

Older edits

Edits older than $wgRCMaxAge (90 days on most wikis) are not listed in recent changes. This can be especially restrictive in listing Recent changes of one namespace (possible since MediaWiki 1.5), in the case that edits in this namespace are not very frequent.

Opt-out the filters

Users can opt out of the new filters by going to the "Opt out" section at the bottom of Special:Preferences#mw-prefsection-rc on the wikis they are active on.

Those users can check the old configuration documentation.

Advanced features

Web feed

Web feeds (RSS and Atom) for the recent changes of a wiki are obtained by assigning to "feed" (one of the parameters to index.php availablehttp://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Parameters_to_index.php#History) the value "rss" or "atom", i.e., by adding "&feed=rss" or "&feed=atom" to the URL of the recent changes page. This gives the diffs of a number of edits (on Meta it recently gave 881 edits, covering 31 hours), each with a link to the current page. Depending on the browser there may be possibilities such as sorting by author. See also w:Wikipedia:Syndicationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Syndication.

Recent changes stream

As an alternative to requesting changes, you can subscribe to a recent changes stream for all Wikimedia wikis, see wikitech:EventStreams. (This replaces the IRC recent changes feeds on irc.wikimedia.org.)

Internationalisierung

The header of the Recent changes page is the content of system message "recentchanges" in the message file of the site language. As of Feb 2007 for ca. 90 languages the message file contains a translation. If the site language is not one of them, the text in the fall-back language is used, possibly specified in the message file (e.g., in MessagesAb.php, $fallback='ru'). The default fallback language is English, giving the header "recent changes".

A localized page title for use as target in internal, interwiki and external links, can be specified in the message file with array element $specialPageAliases ('Recentchanges'). This has been done for about 25 languages. Anyway Special:Recentchanges also works.

By default there is on every regular page a link to the recent changes page, labelled with the content of system message "recentchanges" in the message file of the user-specified interface language. Like above, if it is undefined, the text in the fall-back language is used, possibly specified in the message file, and otherwise English.

On some sites the page Mediawiki:Recentchanges exists, e.g. simple:MediaWiki:Recentchanges, with an alternative text overriding the default text.

There is a system message "recentchanges-url", specifying the target of the recent changes link, but in view of the above there is no need for deviating from the English content "Special:Recentchanges". If there is a localized page title for use as target in links (see above) this shows up, depending on the browser, in the status bar (see e.g. de:a). This is a disadvantage for users who are not familiar with the site language and have not set their preferred interface language. For those users generic names of link targets are helpful (see e.g. af:a).

The HTML-title (depending on the browser shown in a hover box) is defined in ta['n-recentchanges'] in the default system message "monobook.js". Again, localisation has disadvantages.

There are also the system message "recentchangestext" and several others related to recent changes.

Difference with page history

In page history, every line represents one edit to the given page and the version resulting from it.

  • "prev" is similar to "diff" explained above
  • "cur" gives the difference between this version and the current one, which is the cumulation of all later edits, including those which are not in this revision history because they were made after loading this page

The "cur" and "prev" features are similar to those in enhanced recent changes, except for "cur" in the first line: it is not linked in the revision history, while in the enhanced recent changes it gives the differences corresponding to the last edit.

See also Help:Edit summary#Places_where_the_edit_summary_appears.

Siehe auch

Links to other help pages

Help contents
Meta · Wikinews · Wikipedia · Wikiquote · Wiktionary · Commons: · Wikidata · MediaWiki · Wikibooks · Wikisource · MediaWiki: Manual · Google
Versions of this help page (for other languages see further)
What links here on Meta or from Meta · Wikipedia · MediaWiki
Reading
Go · Search · Stop words · Namespace · Page name · Section · Backlinks · Redirect · Category · Image page · Special pages · Printable version
Tracking changes
Recent changes (enhanced) | Related changes · Watching pages · Diff · Page history · Edit summary · User contributions · Minor edit · Patrolled edit
Logging in and preferences
Logging in · Preferences · User style
Editing
Starting a new page · Advanced editing · Editing FAQ · Edit toolbar · Export · Import · Shortcuts · Edit conflict · Page size
Referencing
Links · URL · Piped links · Interwiki linking · Footnotes
Style and formatting
Wikitext examples · CSS · Reference card · HTML in wikitext · Formula · List · Table · Sorting · Colors · Images and file uploads
Fixing mistakes
Show preview · Testing · Reverting edits
Advanced functioning
Expansion · Template · Advanced templates · Parser function · Parameter default · Variable · System message · Substitution · Array · Calculation · Embed page
Others
Special characters · Renaming (moving) a page · Preparing a page for translation · Talk page · Signatures · Sandbox · Legal issues for editors
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