Help:Letzte Änderungen

From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Help:Recent changes and the translation is 23% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
অসমীয়া • ‎български • ‎বাংলা • ‎bosanski • ‎català • ‎کوردی • ‎čeština • ‎Cymraeg • ‎Deutsch • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎English • ‎español • ‎euskara • ‎français • ‎galego • ‎עברית • ‎हिन्दी • ‎hrvatski • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎ქართული • ‎한국어 • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎lietuvių • ‎Nederlands • ‎occitan • ‎polski • ‎پښتو • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎русский • ‎සිංහල • ‎shqip • ‎српски / srpski • ‎ไทย • ‎Türkçe • ‎中文
MediaWiki Handbook: Inhalt, Leser, Autoren, Moderatoren, Systemadministratoren +/-
Review filters beta-icon-ltr.svg

New filters available for Recent Changes

Try the new beta feature and combine filters in new ways to fight vandalism and help newcomers.

Learn more about the new filters

Translate this template

Die Seite der Letzten Änderungen in MediaWiki lässt dich die letzten Beiträge zu deinem gesamten MediaWiki-Projekt sehen. Mithilfe dieser Seite können Benutzer die Arbeit der Anderen überwachen und überprüfen, und somit Fehler und Vandalismus beseitigen. Den Link zu den letzten Änderungen gibt es oben oder an der Seitenleiste einer jeden Seite. Mithilfe von [[Special:RecentChanges]] kannst du auch auf diese Seite verlinken. Da sich die letzten Änderungen bei stark genutzten MediaWiki-Projekten, wie der Wikipedia, extrem schnell ändern, ist die Nutzbarkeit dieser Seite fraglich.

Die letzten Änderungen verstehen

Mit den vorgegebenen Einstellungen besteht der Großteil der Seite aus 50 Zeilen, eine pro Beitrag, welche jeweils so aussehen sollten:

Dies weist auf vier Beiträge hin: der erste war von einem Benutzer, welcher nicht eingeloggt war, zu der Seite MediaWiki User's Guide: Editing mathematical formulae; der zweite von Brion VIBBER zu MediaWiki User's Guide; der dritte von Maveric149 zu Endnotes; und der vierte von IMandIR zu Help:What links here.

Von links nach rechts:

  • "Unterschied" linkt zu einer Seite, welche den Unterschied anzeigt; sie ist nicht für neue Seiten oder Verschiebungen verfügbar
  • Der "Versionen"-Link leitet dich auf die Versionsgeschichte der bearbeiteten Seite weiter: Diese zeigt nicht nur die in den letzten Änderungen angezeigte Änderung, sondern auch die Älteren und Neueren. Bei Verschiebungen linkt der "Versionen"-Link zu der Versionsgeschichte des neuen Lemmas
  • Ein fettes K zeigt an, dass diese Änderung von dem Benutzer als "Kleinigkeit" markiert wurde. Um Missbrauch zu vermeiden können nur eingeloggte Benutzer Änderungen als Kleinigkeit markieren.
  • Ein fettes N zeigt die Neuanlage einer Seite an. Es ist möglich für eine Änderung K und N anzeigen zu lassen; dies wird normalerweise für neue Weiterleitungen verwendet.
  • Ein Fettes B zeigt an, dass diese Änderung von einem Bot gemacht wurde (einem Akkount mit Botflag), oder dass eine Änderung von einem Administrator versteckt wurde.
  • Ein fettes ! zeigt an, dass die Seite noch nicht gesichtet wurde. Für mehr Informationen siehe unter Gesichtete Versionen.
  • Der nächste Link ist ein Link zu der aktuellen Version der Seite. in question.
  • 10:06 bezieht sich auf die Zeit in UTC. Du kannst die Zeit auf deine Zeitzone in deinen Einstellungen einstellen
  • (+1,864) (in der Regel eine grüne Nummer mit einem + oder eine Rote mit einem -) bezieht sich auf die Anzahl der Bytes, welche hinzugefügt oder entfernt wurden.
    • Die Nummer wird fett angezeigt, wenn mehr als 500 Bytes hinzugefügt oder entfernt wurden.
  • Für eingeloggte Benutzer ist der nächste Link zu ihrer Benutzerseite (normalerweise mit internen Links, , the next link is a link to their user homepage (as usual with internal links, the view page if the page exists, the edit page if it does not, the two being styled differently). For users who are not logged in, the link is to their User Contributions.
  • Finally, there is a link to the user's talk page (the same remarks regarding existence apply).
  • For page moves, a link is given to both the old and new title.

Edits older than $wgRCMaxAge are not listed in recent changes. This can be especially restrictive in listing Recent changes of one namespace (possible since MediaWiki 1.5), in the case that edits in this namespace are not very frequent.

Optionen

After calling a recent changes page one can specify options to show a different selection of recent changes: one can specify a namespace, with or without the associated namespace (the talk pages, or conversely for a talk page namespace), and/or invert the selection (see the changes in all namespaces except the one or two specified).

Logged in users can set preferences to specify defaults for some of these options, and for the way the recent changes are arranged. For help in doing this, see how to log in and how to set preferences. The applicable options are:

  • Hide minor edits in recent changes – this hides all edits that have been marked as minor by logged in users;
  • Enhanced recent changes – with this option enabled, multiple edits are grouped together. This option uses JavaScript, and won't work in every browser (see Browser issues with MediaWiki). See Enhanced recent changes
  • Days to show in recent changes – You may select the number of days to be shown by default on the recent changes page.
  • Number of recent changes – You may select the number of changes which will be shown by default. Once on that page, links are provided for other options. In the case of enhanced recent changes, this number of changes includes those that are initially hidden.

Top of recent changes page

The content of MediaWiki:Recentchangestext is what appears at the top of Special:Recentchanges. It can be edited when necessary. MediaWiki talk:Recentchangestext is for discussing what might go on it. See also below #Internationalisation.

Sich die neuen Änderungen ab einer bestimmten Zeit ansehen

If you have loaded the recent changes at, for example, 09:32 Sep. 26, 2017, it gives a link "Show new changes starting from 09:32 Sep. 26, 2017", giving you the changes you have not seen yet. In order to use this link later, after you have used the browser window for other things, or if you switch off the computer in between, you can instruct your browser to bookmark it (with Internet Explorer: right-click on the link and choose "add to favorites"). Alternatively, you can save the page with recent changes.

To get the new changes without one of these preparations, use:

//meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Recentchanges&from=20170926093235

(Format JJJJMMTTMMSS, UTC Zeit)

You can copy this URL to the address bar and change date and time. The "Number of titles in recent changes" set as preference is applicable. This feature can not be used in conjunction with "hide logged in users" (see below) unless the URL is modified manually.

Eingeloggte Benutzer verstecken

Special:Recentchanges/hideliu is a version of recent changes that only shows changes by users who have not logged in. This can be useful for those watching out for vandalism. Features such as viewing changes starting from a particular time can be used with the hideliu feature, but only by manually altering the URL to add &hideliu=1 to it. For example, clicking the time (as described in the section above) may take you to the url

//meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Recentchanges&from=20170926093235

You would need to change this to read

//meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Recentchanges&from=20170926093235&hideliu=1

in order to view the recent changes without logged in users starting from this time.

Edit records that are changed or lost

After a page has been renamed (moved), earlier edits, including the original creation of the page, are shown in recent changes etc. under the new name.

After a page has been deleted, earlier edits, including the original creation of the page, are not shown in recent changes etc.

In this recent changes differs from a real log of editing events (the latter in the sense that something that has happened can not be changed afterwards). Compare Historical revisionism.

However, some edit lines are in recent changes (as long as it lasts) but no longer in edit histories, watchlists, related changes or user contributions: when moving a page over a redirect, the creation of that redirect is only in recent changes (and only if that was recent enough, of course). In particular this applies in the case of re-renaming a page back to its original name, and subsequent renamings back and forth.

Bots

Bots can be shown in recent changes by adding &hidebots=0 to the url. It is possible for sysops to mark some edits as bot edits, thereby preventing their displaying in the default recent changes. See Help:Reverting for more information on this.

Web feed

Web feeds (RSS and Atom) for the recent changes of a wiki are obtained by assigning to "feed" (one of the parameters to index.php availablehttp://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Parameters_to_index.php#History) the value "rss" or "atom", i.e., by adding "&feed=rss" or "&feed=atom" to the URL of the recent changes page. This gives the diffs of a number of edits (on Meta it recently gave 881 edits, covering 31 hours), each with a link to the current page. Depending on the browser there may be possibilities such as sorting by author. See also w:Wikipedia:Syndicationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Syndication.

Recent changes stream

As an alternative to requesting changes, you can subscribe to a recent changes stream for all Wikimedia wikis, see wikitech:EventStreams. (This replaces the IRC recent changes feeds on irc.wikimedia.org.)

Difference with page history

In page history, every line represents one edit to the given page and the version resulting from it.

  • "last" is similar to "diff" explained above
  • "cur" gives the difference between this version and the current one, which is the cumulation of all later edits, including those which are not in this revision history because they were made after loading this page

The "cur" and "last" features are similar to those in enhanced recent changes, except for "cur" in the first line: it is not linked in the revision history, while in the enhanced recent changes it gives the differences corresponding to the last edit.

See also Help:Edit summary#Places_where_the_edit_summary_appears.

Internationalisierung

The header of the Recent changes page is the content of system message "recentchanges" in the message file of the site language. As of Feb 2007 for ca. 90 languages the message file contains a translation. If the site language is not one of them, the text in the fall-back language is used, possibly specified in the message file (e.g., in MessagesAb.php, $fallback='ru'). The default fallback language is English, giving the header "recent changes".

A localized page title for use as target in internal, interwiki and external links, can be specified in the message file with array element $specialPageAliases ('Recentchanges'). This has been done for about 25 languages. Anyway Special:Recentchanges also works.

By default there is on every regular page a link to the recent changes page, labelled with the content of system message "recentchanges" in the message file of the user-specified interface language. Like above, if it is undefined, the text in the fall-back language is used, possibly specified in the message file, and otherwise English.

On some sites the page Mediawiki:Recentchanges exists, e.g. simple:MediaWiki:Recentchanges, with an alternative text overriding the default text.

There is a system message "recentchanges-url", specifying the target of the recent changes link, but in view of the above there is no need for deviating from the English content "Special:Recentchanges". If there is a localized page title for use as target in links (see above) this shows up, depending on the browser, in the status bar (see e.g. de:a). This is a disadvantage for users who are not familiar with the site language and have not set their preferred interface language. For those users generic names of link targets are helpful (see e.g. af:a).

The HTML-title (depending on the browser shown in a hover box) is defined in ta['n-recentchanges'] in the default system message "monobook.js". Again, localisation has disadvantages.

There are also the system message "recentchangestext" and several others related to recent changes.

Improvements and Beta features

ORES is used on certain wikis. In this case, the possibly damaging edits are marked as needing review with a red "r" letter and a pale yellow background.

New filters for edit review is a new way to filters recent changes, including highlighting and, on certain wikis, ORES predictions. This feature is only available on certain wikis as a Beta feature.

Siehe auch