Dasar pengawasan

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This page is a translated version of the page Oversight policy and the translation is 38% complete.

Pengawasan atau perlindungan (bahasa Inggeris: oversight dan suppression) merujuk kepada tindakan melindungi semakan, ringkasan suntingan, nama pengguna atau daftar log daripada orang awam. Akses ini diberikan kepada pengawas (oversighters), steward dan pengguna-pengguna dalam kumpulan pengguna global staf. Data yang dilindungi hanya boleh dilihat dan dikembalikan oleh pengguna-pengguna dalam kumpulan ini.

Pengawasan dan perlindungan selalunya digunakan secara berselang-seli. Pengawasan diterbitkan daripada sambungan MediaWiki yang lama, Oversight, yang telah digantikan dengan satu ciri teras MediaWiki bernama RevisionDelete.


Pada awalnya, satu sambungan MediaWiki bernama Oversight telah digunakan untuk menyorok data daripada awam (termasuklah penyelia); hanya pengguna dengan kebenaran 'oversight' boleh melihat kandungan yang dilindungi. Oleh sebab ia memerlukan akses pangkalan data untuk membalikkan tindakan, satu sistem baru bernama RevisionDelete telah diperkenalkan sebagai sebahagia daripada teras MediaWiki dalam versi 1.16 untuk menggantikan Oversight.

RevisionDelete membolehkan suntingan-suntingan terlindung dan daftar-daftar log untuk dibalikkan tanpa menkueri pengkalan data secara terus. Tambahan lagi, ia mengenalpasti secara jelas dalam sejarah laman suntingan mana yang telah dilindungi. Pada 2014, setelah menukarkan tindakan-tindakan diawasi yang lama kepada tindakan terlindung, sambungan Oversight telah dinyahaktif di semua wiki Wikimedia kecuali Wikipedia Bahasa Inggeris.

Dengan ciri RevisionDelete MediaWiki, teks-teks semakan, ringkasan-ringkasan suntingan, dan nama pengguna dan alamat IP penyunting boleh dilindung daripada sejarah-sejarah laman. Dalam daftar log, sasaran serta parameter, ringkasan suntingan dan nama pengguna pelaku boleh dilindungi. Tambahan lagi, dengan kebenaran 'hideuser', pengawas boleh melindungi sesuatu nama pengguna daripada semua suntingan laman dan daftar log apabila menyekat seorang pengguna

Lindungan-lindungan dilog secara tersembunyi dan log ini hanya boleh dilihat oleh pengguna-pengguna dalam kumpulan-kumpulan yang telah disebutkan melalui Special:Log/suppress.


On Wikimedia wikis, users in oversight group have the following rights by default. Some wikis may have different configuration.

  • 'deleterevision' — Menghapuskan dan memulihkan semula mana-mana semakan bagi sesebuah laman
  • 'deletelogentry' — Memadamkan dan memulihkan entri log tertentu
  • 'hideuser' — Sekat atau nyahsekat nama pengguna, sembunyikan atau nyahsembunyikannya daripada orang ramai
  • 'suppressrevision' — Lihat, sembunyi dan nyahsembunyikan semakan-semakan laman yang khusus dari sesiapa pengguna
  • 'suppressionlog' — Melihat log rahsia
  • 'abusefilter-hide-log' — Menyembunyikan entri dalam log penyalahgunaan
  • 'abusefilter-hidden-log' — Melihat entri log penyalahgunaan yang disembunyikan

IRC channel

There is a private IRC channel (#wikimedia-privacysambungkan) to which all oversighters and stewards who use IRC should have access. Contact a steward if you need help gaining access.



This feature is approved for use in four cases:

  1. Removal of non-public personal information such as phone numbers, home addresses, workplaces or identities of pseudonymous or anonymous individuals who have not made their identity public, or of public individuals who have not made that personal information public.
  2. Removal of potentially libelous information either:
    • on the advice of Wikimedia Foundation counsel or
    • when the case is clear, and there is no editorial reason to keep the revision.
  3. Removal of copyright violations on the advice of Wikimedia Foundation counsel.
  4. Hiding of blatant attack names on automated lists and logs, where this does not disrupt edit histories. A blatant attack is one obviously intended to denigrate, threaten, libel, insult, or harass someone.

Local oversighters should generally handle local oversighting, when they're available. Stewards may perform local oversighting in emergencies, during crosswiki issues, or if there are no local oversighters available (see contact details).


Oversight access is granted by stewards. This section just describes steward practice and the access to nonpublic personal data policy.

Oversighters must be both 18 years of age and of legal age in their jurisdiction, and willing to sign the Wikimedia Foundation's confidentiality agreement for nonpublic information. They must also be familiar with the privacy policy.

Stewards can see oversighted revisions on all wikis and can grant themselves active oversight rights in emergency cases or on wikis without local oversighters when there’s a valid request. On any wiki, there must be at least two local oversighters, or none at all. This is so that they can mutually control and confirm their actions. If only one oversighter is left on a wiki (usually when the other retires or is removed), the community must appoint a new oversighter immediately or remove the remaining oversighter.

On wikis without an Arbitration Committee, the community must approve oversighters by consensus. The candidates must request it within the local community and advertise this request to the local community properly (community discussion page, mailing list, etc). After gaining consensus (at least 70–80% in pro/con voting or the highest number of votes in multiple choice elections) in their local community, and with at least 25–30 members' approval, the user should request access on Steward requests/Permissions with a link to the community's decision.

On wikis with an Arbitration Committee elected with 25–30 members' approval, users may also be appointed by the Arbitration Committee, unless the local community prefers independent elections. After agreement, a member of the local Arbitration Committee should place a request on Steward requests/Permissions.

Local administrators may also delete the specific revision or log entries containing the oversightable data, but it will continue to be visible to administrators until it is suppressed.

Removal of access

Oversight access is revoked by stewards, using rules adopted from the CheckUser policy. This section just describes steward practice.

Any user account with Oversight access that is inactive for more than a year will have their Oversight access removed.

In case of abusive use of the tool, the steward or the oversighter will have their access removed immediately. This will in particular happen if actions are done routinely without a serious motive to do so (links and proofs of bad behavior should be provided).

Suspicion of abuses of oversight should be discussed by each local wiki. On wikis with an approved Arbitration Committee, the committee can decide on the removal of access. On wikis without an approved Arbitration Committee, the community can vote for removal of access. Removal can only be done by stewards. A steward may not decide to remove access on their own, but can help provide information necessary to prove the abuse (such as logs). If necessary, and in particular in case of lack of respect towards the privacy policy, the Board of Wikimedia Foundation can be asked to declare removal of access as well.

Requests for oversight

Tolong jangan poskan permintaan anda kepada umum.

All Wikimedia wikis

  • Stewards can grant themselves temporary oversight access on individual wikis when needed.
  • Please check if the wiki has their own local oversighters before approaching a steward; the list is below.
  • Please do not put your request on the wiki or broadcast it on the public IRC channel. All requests should be made privately.
  • Ombuds have the technical ability to view suppressed revisions.


  • Users can contact stewards in the IRC channel #wikimedia-stewardssambungkan. Please ask for a steward in the channel, then make your request in a private message to that steward. Do not broadcast the request in the public channel. In emergencies type !steward, to get the attention of a steward. For normal requests type instead @steward. Then, in any case, write directly to the steward; usually just clicking on their name.


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