Sd.وڪي اخبار:اصل رپورٽنگ

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جيڪڏهن اوهان ۾ صحافت جي اهليت آهي ته پوءِ هتي ئي پنهنجي ڪم جي شروعات ڪندي ماڻهن سان رابطو ڪريو، انهن کان انٽرويو ڪريو يا اهڙو مواد مهيا ڪريو جيڪو اڃا تائين شايع نه ٿيو هجي. اوهان چاهيو ته ڪا به ڪارائتي خبر يا رپورٽ هتي پوسٽ ڪري سگهو ٿا.


نوٽس رکو

You must be able to provide evidence of everything you include in an original article. Therefore, it is vital that you keep adequate notes, and place your notes on the article's discussion page. Add the Original reporting template ({{original}}) to your story. Include everything you can, including (for example) transcripts of interviews and e-mails. You can upload audio files to the Commons. If you don't want to publish notes on Wikinews itself, whether for privacy or length reasons, feel free to e-mail the research to an administrator. Administrators should note on the article's talk page that they have received the research notes.

When taking notes, you might try making your own shorthand, such as leaving out vowels. Specify what are verbatim quotes.

Ensure you clearly identify yourself on the article's talk page in order for others to know who can verify the evidence. Wikinews is not a peer-reviewed scientific journal, but we would like to be taken seriously, and every bit of authenticity helps. Evidence which is of unknown source is not evidence.

Please do not misrepresent facts or swamp the article with similar unsourced material if unsourced material you have submitted is not being cited.


اخلاقيات

Journalists should follow a Code of Ethics, some aspects of which may be relevant to your conduct when in contact with third-party sources. Other behaviour is taken for granted in interview situations, which may not be documented in the ethics code, but which should be documented elsewhere. Some is documented below, but it is beyond the scope of this document to give detailed information about how to conduct an interview.


سورس يا خبر جا ذريعا

Usually try to get multiple sources. Especially for controversial topics, get sources from opposing sides.

You should correctly identify yourself to your source in advance, and inform them if you are recording, and when you are conducting an interview.

You should advise all correspondents that you wish to publish their replies. Ask in advance, because it's polite, and it's not easy to persuade someone after they spill the beans!

If they won't agree to this, then make sure you don't republish their correspondence in entirety on the site, simply quote relevant portions, whatever is needed. Fair use or fair dealing protects this in most countries, including the US where en.wikinews.org servers are hosted, for reporting of news. But no more than is needed for reporting is protected. You should research for yourself what the law is in your own country.

You will also need to ask about copyright for any material, images, or other media that the source can supply you which you wish to use on the site. Most commercial organisations probably won't agree to putting their things into public domain, so don't get your hopes up. Again, you will then have to fall back on fair use/fair dealing.

Journalists' views vary on using recorders. Many say recorders should not be over-relied upon.

In an interview, it often helps to put your source at ease.

When you are unsure of anything, clarify it.

If you speak to someone who deals with the press often, you should be mindful of the fact that such people often become expert at manipulating the impressions of reporters. Your ability to see through manipulation techniques will improve with practice. If your source has more practice being interviewed than you do asking questions, then it is important to consider what slant the person may want to give your final story, and to make sure that you, rather than the source, decide which questions are appropriate.

Names are very important and easy to get wrong. Some journalists will write a name down and show it to the source to verify that it is correctly spelled.

Interviews are best the closer they are to the source: for example, at their workplace instead of over the phone. Information from news releases, phone or e-mail interviews, etc., should be noted as such in the article.

You should normally prepare for interviews by learning some background information. For example, if you profile a mayor, you shouldn't ask him when he was elected. You should be able to learn that elsewhere beforehand.

As long as you have advised your source that you are a reporter, anything they say is presumptively "on the record" and can be quoted. However, sources may expect that only the formal "interview" part of your interaction is going to be used in your story, and may be surprised if you choose to use other material.

Agreeing to obscure your source's identity in a finished story can lead to irresponsible and inaccurate journalism if done too often, or with too little care. But it can also be an important and valuable way to obtain information that might not otherwise be available. If you do agree to obscure your source, be aware that there are terms of art with which experienced sources may expect you to be familiar. "Background" means you can quote their words but will obscure their identity in some way -- usually by describing them by occupation or some similar personal datum. It is very important to agree explicitly how a source on background is going to be identified. "Deep background" means you can use the information from the interview, but cannot quote the source's words. "Off the record" means you cannot use the information in any way in your finished story.

Since Wikinews has no formal approval process for authors, when contacting sources, you must represent yourself as an independent author/researcher, not as a 'representative' of Wikinews. You may of course inform the source where you are planning to publish, but please ensure they understand in this case that your own views and activities are not representative of anyone else who uses Wikinews, nor does the reputation of Wikinews, or lack of reputation of Wikinews, reflect on yourself. It is an open, public news forum, with transitory quality control, at best.

بااخلاق ۽ بي تعصب ٿيو.


شاهدي سميت خبر

When reporting as a witness of an event, explain briefly in the Original reporting notes section of the Talk subpage (described above) who you are and why you were present, in relation to the event, in addition to the usual features of the story. In this circumstance you are the source, and others may wish to contact you for verification, interview, or for other details.


پڻ ڏسو


ٻاهريون لنڪس

انٽرويو


رپورٽنگ جا بنياد


صحافتي سائٽس