단계적인 지부 창립 가이드
This document is intended to be an easy to read introduction into the process of chapter creation. While it probably is not exhaustive and does not take into account differences between jurisdictions, it is the first stop for anyone thinking of forming a Wikimedia Chapter.
Please note that in some circumstances it may be possible (or necessary) to go about chapter creation in some other way. You might want to consult the Affiliations Committee about variations in procedure.
1단계: 사람들을 모은다
기본적으로 지부는 사람들의 모임을 말합니다. 그 사람들은 지리적으로 가까운 곳에 있고 위키미디어 프로젝트에 기여하고 지원하기를 원하는 사람들입니다.
사단법인의 요건에 맞는 인원의 회원을 모집하는 것이 필요합니다. 또한 준비위원회를 구성하는 것이 필요합니다. 준비위원회는 정관을 작성해야하고, 작성된 정관을 가지고 위키미디어 재단과 접촉해야하고 등기도 해야 하며, 등기시 설립자 및 임원을 제출하게 되어 있기 때문에 선출하여 임시 집행부를 구성해야 합니다.
또한, 지부의 장기적 지속 가능성을 위해 가맹 위원회에서는 지부 창립이나 가입에 관심이 있는 사람을 최소 25~30명 정도의 공동체를 형성하는 것을 권장합니다.
2단계: 목표와 조직 구성하기
당신이 최소한의 사람들을 모았다면, 지부 설립의 목표와 구조에 대해 토론을 시작하는 것이 좋습니다. 영감이 필요하다면 다음 질문에 답해 보십시오:
- 지부를 통해 무엇을 성취하고자 합니까? 당신의 사명은 무엇입니까?
- 당신은 어떤 활동을 하고 싶습니까? (예시: 봉사 활동, 기부금 모으기, 사회적 관계, 출판 등)
- 당신의 조직이 어떤 구조로 이루어지길 원하십니까? 이사회와 회원 총회는 있습니까?
- 이사회와 총회의 역할과 책임은 무엇입니까? 의사결정은 누가 합니까?
당신의 조직이 2년 후에는 어떻게 될 것이라 상상하십니까? 5년 후에는요?
In determining your goals and structure, you may also want to contact existing chapters for advice and inspiration.
3단계: 시험용 프로그램 가동 (선택적인 단계)=
So, you have some interested Wikimedians, and you have some basic idea about the kinds of activities your group would want to have as an officially recognized Wikimedia Chapter.
This is a perfect time to run a pilot program, which will give your group a concrete experience with running Wikimedian activities/events, strengthen the group's internal cohesion, increase motivation, and potentially draw in additional activists.
Here's a little secret: Nearly all activities and programs performed by chapters can be performed by non-chapters. Aside from fundraising and certain types of government outreach, any group of Wikimedians with the will and dedication to execute a program can do so, and the Wikimedia movement has some resources in place to help you do so:
The Wikimedia Foundation can grant you ad-hoc permission to use the Wikimedia trademarks (i.e. Wikipedia logo, Wikimedia logo) in your specific event/activity; the Foundation can provide funding for your program if required, via the Wikimedia Grants Program; other Wikimedia chapters can offer funding, advice, and other intangible resources.
So pick a program you'd like to run in your community or territory, making sure the scope is manageable and achievable for your group and your resources (especially human resources, i.e. time and skills!), before proceeding with the legal aspects of chapter creation.
The Affiliations Committee and the Wikimedia Board of Trustees are more likely to feel confident about your group's suitability to become the exclusive formal representative of the Wikimedia movement in your territory if your group can show at least one success in organizing Wikimedian work.
4 단계: 발기문과 정관을 작성한다
Your chapter's bylaws (statutes, or whatever the name of this document is in your language) should define the goals and objectives of your association in time and space. They should be precise and to the point. Avoid definitions which are either too vague or too restrictive.
When drafting the documents, you need to take several factors into account (in the order given below):
- the laws of your country
- the primary goals of your organization should be in line with those of the Wikimedia Foundation, i.e. to promote free content and support the Wikimedia projects.
- where possible, a non-profit status (or a status that allows you to tend towards non-profit)
- avoid ties to political statements/groups that do not fit within the scope of Wikimedia projects
In order to make sure that those are observed, we advise you to inspire yourself first from bylaws of other organisations in your country and then adapt those to the Wikimedia requirements and guidelines. Do not try and translate existing Wikimedia chapters' bylaws, as legal differs from one country to another and what seems evident in one country may make no sense in another.
If you have a lawyer in your group, make sure he/she is a strong part of the writing process, remember that you are ultimately responsible for the legal compliance of your organisation with the local laws.
5 단계: 위키미디어 재단으로부터 정관의 승인을 받는다
When your chapter's goals and organization are agreed upon and your documents are ready (but before you do anything that would make the association official, like opening a bank account, holding a founding assembly, registering with your country's authorities etc.!), you should translate them into English and submit them to the Affiliations Committee for approval.
The Affiliations Committee might ask for a lawyer approved translation of the bylaws, in which case it will provide the necessary budget to translate the bylaws.
The Affiliations Committee will review your applications and then will submit them to the Board of the Wikimedia Foundation to approve the creation of your organization as a Wikimedia chapter.
6 단계: 사단 법인으로 등록한다
After you have received the approval of the Wikimedia Foundation, you can go on and register your association as per is standard in your country. You will need to sign a chapter agreement with the Wikimedia Foundation. Note that at this stage various other agreements may be signed between the Wikimedia Foundation and the chapter as it is being created.
7 단계: 기금을 모금한다
By this time you will probably need some money. You may have to pay some registration fees, set up a bank account, etc. The first source of funds should be the community behind your organization (e.g. if you have set up a membership organization, now is the time to collect membership fees).
If you require more money than you can reasonably hope to gather from your group, you can ask the Affiliations Committee to provide you with some additional funding to get you on your way. The Foundation also issues chapter grants.
The money (or your time) is necessary even if the registered chapter does not do anyting. Usually after you registered the legal entity you need to prepare and provide regular reports to the state tax authorities and some other state bodies. Even if there are only zeros in the reports.
8 단계: 운영 시작
이제 정관에 따라서 사업을 수행할 수 있습니다.
If you want some hints about possible projects, you can always look at what other chapters have accomplished or are currently doing.
Remember, you can always ask the Affiliations Committee as well as other chapters for help.