The City of Dar es Salaam , is the largest city in Tanzania. It is also the country's richest city and a regionally important economic centre. The city of Dar es Salaam is located within the DSM, an administrative province within Tanzania, and consists of three local government areas or administrative districts of Kinondoni to the north, Ilala in the centre of the region, and Temeke to the south. The Dar es Salaam had a population of 4,364,541 as of the official 2012 census.page: 2 Though Dar es Salaam lost its official status as capital city to Dodoma in 1974 (a move which was not complete until 1996), it remains the centre of the permanent central government bureaucracy and continues to serve as the capital for the surrounding Dar es Salaam Region.
Saint Joseph's Metropolitan Cathedral constructed in 1897–1902
In the 19th century Mzizima (Swahili for "healthy town") was a coastal fishing village on the periphery of Indian Ocean trade routes. In 1865 or 1866 Sultan Majid bin Said of Zanzibar began building a new city very close to Mzizima and named it Dar es Salaam. The name is commonly translated as "harbor/haven of peace" or "abode/home of peace", based on the Persian/Arabic bandar ("harbor") or the Arabic dar ("house"), and the Arabic es salaam ("of peace") (cf. "DSM"). Dar es Salaam fell into decline after Majid's death in 1870, but was revived in 1887, when the German East Africa Company established a station there. The town's growth was facilitated by its role as the administrative and commercial centre of German East Africa and industrial expansion resulting from the construction of the Central Railway Line in the early 1900s.
German East Africa was captured by the British during War 1 and from then on was referred to as Tanganyika. Dar es Salaam was retained as the territory's administrative and commercial centre. Under British rule, separate European (e.g. Oyster Bay) and African (e.g. Kariakoo and Ilala) areas developed at a distance from the city centre. The town's population also included a large number of South Asians. After World War II, Dar es Salaam experienced a period of rapid growth.
Political developments, including the formation and growth of the TANU, led to Tanganyika attaining independence from colonial rule in December 1961. Dar es Salaam continued to serve as its capital, also when in 1964 Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form Tanzania. However, in 1973 provisions were made to relocate the capital to Dodoma, a more centrally located city in Tanzania's interior. The relocation process has not yet been completed, and Dar es Salaam remains Tanzania's primary city
Visa to enter Dar es Salaam
The Citizens of the following countries do not need a visa in order to enter Tanzania, every person planing to enter in Tanzania supposed to have a valid traveling documents to prove his/her citizenship within the Tanzanian borders or at any airport, also all citizens of countries that are members of the commonwealth are visa free unless otherwise diplomatic problems regarding to immigrants cause in any case of difficulty don't hesitate to contact the Tanzanian Embassy or the consulate in your country or the Immigration Commissioner: http://www.tanzania.go.tz/visa
Citizens of the following countries have visa-free access to Dar es Salaam as stated above:
Need a Visa
Citizens of the following countries are required to get a visa in one of Tanzania's consulates around the world. Visa issuing fee is 50 USD for all countries below except USA. For USA the visa fee is 100 USD.
Getting to Dar es Salaam
The just few of the newer aircraft bought by SAA
Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 767-200ER
China Southern B777-200 B-2080 at Schiphol Amsterdam
A Boeing 767-300ER approaching Frankfurt International Airport in 2011
The merger of Air France and KLM occurred in 2004
All participants from the countries of Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, DRC, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Sudan and Uganda can travel by Bus to Dar es Salaam. All the roads surrounding Tanzanian borders are constructed at tarmac level, Buses or private vehicles can pass at any time of dry or rainy season. for travelers from the countries of Comoros can get at Dar es Salaam through Zanzibar by boat transportation is only two hours away from Zanzibar to Dar es Salaam. Either for the participants traveling with Condor Air can get a connection with Kenya Air ways or Precisionair to Julius Nyerere International Airport
- ↑ Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013
- ↑ "Dar Es Salaam", by The Tanzania Society (TNR Tanzania Notes and Records 71 from 1970):
"Dar es Salaam is popularly believed to mean "the Harbour (or Haven) of Peace"—from the Persian–Arabic Bandar-ul-Salaam (Swahili Bandari ya Salama) ... However, this derivation of the name can be challenged on both linguistic and historical grounds. In the first place, it is not likely that Bandar, with the accent on the first syllable would have been contracted into Dar. Moreover, contemporary records of the City's early years—the late 1860s—rendered the name simply as Dar Salaam, meaning "The House (or Abode) of Peace (or Salvation). This more likely derivation was supported by a visitor in the 1880s, who noted how the name had already been misconstrued, and who also indicated that the Swahili form Dari Salama was that originally chosen by the City's founder, Seyyid Majid, Sulta of Zanzibar. Whether this was entirely correct, whether the name was meant to refer to the Sultan's palace specifically or to the new town in general, and how closely Majid was really likening Dar es Salaam to Paradise, we shall probably never know. Nor is the matter worth pursuing further."
(further references to earlier TNR publications 3 and 19, from 1937 and 1945)
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Visa arrangements should start long time in advance. Organizers will provide assistance if required.
- ↑ LIST OF COUNTRIES AND SPECIFIC VISA ELIGIBILITY, Immigration Services Department of Tanzania