2014年12月维基媒体亮点

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikimedia Highlights, December 2014 and the translation is 73% complete.

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亮点来源于2014年12月维基媒体博客,覆盖了一部分维基媒体基金会活动报告和其他重要的维基媒体活动事宜

MediaWiki flame graph screenshot 2014-12-15 22.png
HHVM技術提供了火焰圖(flame graph)。它把最消耗中央處理單元(CPU)計算時間的程式碼視覺化呈現出來,讓未來能夠更簡單的改善MediaWiki的效能表現。

我们如何使编辑维基百科加快两倍

過去六個月來,維基媒體基金會應用了一個可以加速MediaWiki(以PHP為基礎的,維基百科主要使用的程式碼)的新技術。這項新技術名為HipHop Virtual Machine,或簡稱HHVM。它可以減少編輯在儲存頁面時的時間,每頁儲存時間中位數從過去的7.5秒到現在的2.5秒,而每頁儲存時間平均數則從過去的6秒進步到現在的3秒。這份技術報告有說明我們如何開發出這個技術的。


2014 Pacific typhoon season summary.png
2014年太平洋颱風季為英語維基百科2014年度被編輯最多的條目之一。
Image by Keith Edkins. Data from NASA/Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Public domain.

2014年度英文维基百科上被编辑次数前十多的页面

在2014年,志愿者们在所有语言的维基百科中一共创建了300万以上的页面并进行了1亿次以上的编辑操作。这里选出了2014年度英文维基百科上被编辑次数前十多的页面。这其中包括了2014年的逝者,马航事故和以色列-加沙冲突



Карпатский 05.jpg
此图片来自乌克兰喀尔巴阡山国家公园,于2014年赢得维基爱地球一等奖。
Photo by Dmytro Balkhovitin, under CC-BY-SA-3.0

2014年维基爱地球获奖者揭晓

维基爱地球,一个自然景观摄影大赛,于2014年首次在国际上出现并被16个国家举办。在经过精心拣择后,国际评审团发布了获胜者名单。奖品颁发给从喀尔巴阡国家公园(乌克兰)、上帝的手指岩(巴西)和Mukri自然公园(爱沙尼亚)拍摄的照片。这次比赛中,有来自15个国家的3000多名代表提交的超过70000照片参选。您可以在此观看一些获胜照片



Wikipedia: #Edit2014 tells the story of what you read and edited in 2014. 您可以在YouTube上观看此视频Video by Victor Grigas, CC BY-SA 3.0.

维基百科前所未有的年度视频

The Wikimedia Foundation's first-ever year-in-review video chronicles the celebration, pain, fear, resilience, and discovery that came to characterize 2014. While watching the video, you embark on a journey through the world and Wikipedia, revisiting what you read and edited this year. From the FIFA World Cup to the Indian general elections, and the Ice Bucket Challenge to Ebola in West Africa, we follow threads of discovery through Wikipedia in various languages, finding opportunities to contribute along the way. Watch the video, which takes you from Sochi to outer space in less than three minutes.


How to Make Wikipedia Better - Wikimania 2013 - 59.jpg
许多社区成员认为“友善对待他人”有助于维基百科的进步。'How can we improve Wikipedia?' photo by Fabrice Florin, CC BY-SA 3.0.

善良的文化

Can we improve Wikipedia by being nicer to each other? In this personal view, Fabrice Florin shares ideas for growing a “culture of kindness” on Wikipedia. Over the past few years, he collected hundreds of community suggestions for improving Wikipedia -- inviting contributors to write down their idea on a notepad, and get their photo taken. Some of the most frequent responses invite contributors to be more civil: "Be nice," "Be kind," "Be friendly." Participants often observe that participating on Wikipedia can be a frustrating experience for new and experienced users alike, because many of our members lack civility. Ideas for building more trust in our communities include: help newbies, train editors, reward kindness, build more social tools, use friendlier channels and give everyone a voice. Read more and watch the video here.


全球影响:维基百科图书馆和波斯语维基百科

Last fall, the Wikipedia Library announced another round of digital resource access partnerships. These partnerships allow experienced editors from all around the globe to access research materials behind a paywall, to advance our goal of creating and sharing a summary of all human knowledge. One of the longest lasting and most useful donation partnerships has been with journal archive JSTOR. It saw significant participation from non-English editors, speaking languages like German, Spanish, French -- and Persian, which came as a pleasant surprise. To learn more, we asked one of our most active Persian editors with a JSTOR account, User:4nn1l2, why he finds the Wikipedia Library important to his work.


获取源自社区的知识

Wikipedia has made huge progress towards its mission to provide free access to the sum of human knowledge. But indigenous knowledge is largely excluded because the majority of it is not available in writing. To address this issue, community volunteer Peter Gallert designed a workshop for the 2014 Participatory Design conference in Namibia, to produce and document examples of relevant oral citations. Last October, a small group of Wikipedians traveled to the Namibian village of Otjinene to interview elders about traditions, culture and development of the local Herero community. The aim of the interview was to directly convert narratives into Wikipedia content with oral citations.


This selection includes the top 5 stories published on the Wikimedia Blog in December 2014 (based on total page views up to Jan. 30, 2015) -- as well as other noteworthy stories contributed by community members that month.



Video of the monthly Wikimedia Foundation metrics and activities meeting on January 15, 2015, focusing on the topic of quality (slides)

Fabrice Florin (WMF),维基媒体基金会活动通信管理人员

Tilman Bayer (WMF),维基媒体基金会高级分析师