Kwa kifupi, Wikipedia ni nini? Na Wikimedia?
Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org) ni kamusi elezo kubwa zaidi duniani na inayopendelewa na watu wengi zaidi.Ipo kwenye mtandao, ni bure kutumia kwa shughuli na matumizi yoyote , na haina matangazo ya kibiashara.Wikipedia ina zaidi ya makala milioni 23 yaliyochangwa na wahanga kwa zaidi ya lugha 285 , na hutembelewa na zaidi ya watu milioni 400 kila mwezi na kuifanya kuwa mojawapo wa wavuti pendelezi duniani.
Wikipedia imetengenezwa na kuboreshewa kupitia ushirikiano wa mamilioni ya watu kwa kuongeza na kuhariri kwa kipindi cha miaka kumi iliyopita: mtu yeyote anaweza kuhariri wakati wowote. Imekuwa kapu kuu la kushiriki la maarifa katika historia ya binadamu.Watu wanaochangia na kusaidia wameunganishwa na upendo wao wa masomo,kiu chao cha maarifa, na utambuzi wa kuwa pamoja twafahamu mengi kushinda kila mmoja wetu akiwa kivyake.Mpmayenge 12:54, 20 September 2011 (UTC)
Wikimedia Foundation sio shirika la kiserikali na ndilo linaloendesha shughuli za wikipedia na miradi mingine ya maarifa ya bure. Kwa pamoja wavuti hizi zimeorodheshwa kama nambari tano kulingana na idadi ya watu ambao wanazitembelea.Shirika la Wikimedia sio la kibiashara na lina offisi mjini San Francisco, Carlifonia, USA na limepewa msamaha wa kulipa kodi(tangu Aprili 2005) chini ya kifungu 501(c)(3) cha US Internal Revenue code ambacho kinatambua wikimedia kama upendo wa umma. Unaweza kutizama Barua yetu ya msamaha wa kulipa kodi na ripoti zetu za kimwaka za matumizi ya fedha.
Ujumbe wetu ni kuwezesha jamii ya wahanga wote duniani kusanya pamoja na kuendeleza maarifa duniani na kuyafanya yapatikane na kila mtu bure bila malipo kwa matumizi yoyote.Tunafanya kazi pamoja namtandao wa chapters katika nchi nyingi tofauti ili kufikia lengo hili.
Nikichangia Wikimedia, Pesa zangu zinatumika vipi?
Pesa unazochanga zinatumika kulipa wafanyakazi mishahara na kulipia teknolojia tunazotumia.Hata ingawa Wikipedia na miradi mingine kama wikipedia inafikia zaidi ya watu milioni 400 kila mwezi, tumeajiri watu 148 pekee; tazama muhtasari wa wafanyakazi.
Wafanyikazi wetu wamegawanywa katika programu tatu za idara: technolojia (uendeshaji wa wavuti, utengenezaji wa programu); Jamii (kuwafikia umma, uhusiano wa wasomaji na programu za jamii, kutafuta fedha), na maendeleo ya kiulimwengu (kusaidia uandalizi wa chapter na kuongezeka kwa Wikimedia duniani kote). Salio la wafanyakazi hao wengine wetu wako katika usimamizi, fedha, na utawala, ambao ni pamoja na ulinzi wa kisheria wa kazi zetu. Mchango wako pia unalipia seva, upana-bendi, na kuweka taarifa kwenye Internet ambazo zinatuwezesha kuendesha shughuli na kukuza miradi ya Wikimedia. Kama utachangia chapter ya nchini mwako, mchango wako utasaidia shirika la Wikimedia pamoja na shughuli za Wikimedia katika nchi yako.
Juu ya yote,Shirika la Wikimedia lipo ili kusaidia na kukuza mtandao mkubwa wa wahanga ambao huandika na kuhariri Wikipedia na miradi mingine ya Wikimedia - ambayo ni zaidi ya watu 100,000 kote duniani.
Ni wapi ninaweza kupata habari zaidi za kifedha?
2009–2010 Wikimedia Foundation Annual Report ina angazia mwaka uliopita (Julai 1, 2009 mpaka Juni 30, 2010) kwa kuangalia yale yajayo mbele. Hii ni ripoti yetu ya tatu ya mwaka. . Hii ripoti ya kila mwaka ya shirika la Wikimedia ni muhtasari wa matumizi na hali ya fedha,mpangalio wa shughuli zetu, mafanikio na maendeleo.
2011-12 Annual Plan ni bajeti yetu ya mwaka uliopo sasa.Ina muhtasari wa malengo yetu ya kimkakati, ripoti ya kina inayoashiria matumizi na mapato, na maelezo ya kina na uchambuzi.
Bonyeza katika picha zilizofuatia hapa chini ili upate nakala za ripoti za kila mwaka ama mpango wetu wa mwaka.
Mipango yako ni ipi? Mradi huu unaelekea wapi?
Kama vile mwanzilishi wa Wikimedia Jimmy Wales alivyosema: "Hebu fikiria dunia ambayo kila binadamu angeweza kushiriki katika jumla ya maarifa yote duniani."
We're serious about this vision. Kila mwezi, zaidi ya watu milioni 400 duniani kote tayari wanatumia wikipedia. Inapatikana kwenye mtandao, kwenye elektroniki zako za mkono, kwenye DVD, katika vitabu, na katika aina nyingine nyingi. Tunatamani kufikia kila mtu, na daima kutoa habari zaidi na nzuri.
Tukiungwa Mkono na mchakato mkali wa jamii inayotokana na mipango, katika mwaka wa 2010 Bodi ya Wadhamini wa wakfu wa Wikimedia waliweka "malengo jasiri, makubwa, hairy " kwa Wikimedia. Haya malengo ya miaka mitano (PDF) yanajumuisha kuongeza idadi ya watu wanaopata huduma za Wikimedia kufikia takriban watu bilioni moja na kuongeza makala katika Wikipedia yafike millioni hamsini. We're also setting out to dramatically increase and diversify participation, and to measure and improve quality of all Wikimedia content.
Wikimedia sio shirika la jadi. Ni harakati ya kimataifa. Msingi wa hizi kazi hufanywa na maelfu ya wahanga duniani nzima.Jamii hii ya wahanga inasaidiwa na mtandao wa mashirika, pamoja na shirika la Wikimedia foundation likiwa katikati likifanaya kazi kwa ushirikiano na sura zenye umakini wa kijiografia local chapters katika mikoa au nchi 39. Ni jamii yetu ya wahanga ambayo inatuwezesha kukamilisha miradi mingi ingawaje kwa kidogo tulicho nacho.
Hizi ni shughuli ambazo tumelenga sasa hivi;
||Operating the world's fifth largest web property. At its heart, Wikimedia requires operational excellence to continue to exist. As of 2011, we're operating several hundred servers in three locations. While our global traffic continues to grow, our aim is to provide the best possible site experience to everyone in the world, to maximize uptime, and to ensure that all the information in Wikimedia projects is safe and secure.
Photograph: Wikimedia servers in our Florida hosting facility.
Kuwapa wahanga wa Wikimedia zana bora zinazowawezesha kufanya kazi yao. 'Teknolojia ya kimsingi ifanyayo Wikipedia na miradi mingine ya wikimedia kuwezekana, wiki, ilizuliwa mwaka wa 1995. Mambo yamebadilika kiasi tangu wakati huo. Miradi ya Wikimedia run kwenye programu wazi ya wiki iitayo MediaWiki, ambayo sisi huendeleza na kuboresha. Lengo letu ni kufanya kuchangia elimu kuwe rahisi kadri iwezekanavyo, na kupea wahanga na wasomaji zana za kutathmini na kuboresha makala. Katika baadhi ya maeneo, sisi kuongoza na innovation. Kwa kiwango cha chini kabisa, ni lazima kuweka juu mienendo yetu ya muhimu katika mtandao inayobadilika ambayo sisi ni sehemu yake. Kwa sababu programu yetu ni wazi, kila mtu anaweza kutumia na kuboresha.
Photograph: Affinity diagram created based on Wikipedia usability research.
Developing recruiting resources for new volunteers. Wikimedia is made of people. To grow our global community, we need to excite people about the prospect of being part of it – and help them with their first steps. To this end, we develop and maintain a library of outreach resources, such as videos and screencasts, but also printed "how-tos" and other more targeted resources (for teachers, librarians, students, and others). See the bookshelf of outreach resources.
Video: Wikimedia volunteers speak about their motivations, shot at the Wikimania 2010 conference (best played in Firefox).
Staging outreach and community events world-wide. Once a year, hundreds of Wikimedia volunteers come together at Wikimania, in a different location around the world each year. (You should come! In Summer 2012 Wikimania will be in Washington DC, USA.) And, Wikimedia's chapter organizations have staged dozens of additional events, competitions and conferences around the world. Some are targeted at recruiting new volunteers; some give the community space to think about its work, and to do it. Recognizing the value of people coming together because they are passionate about Wikimedia's mission has been key to our success.
Photograph: Participants of the "Free Your Knowledge" student competition in Indonesia listening to an introductory presentation (2010).
||Partnering with cultural institutions. Galleries, libraries, archives, and museums protect and make available the world's history, culture and knowledge. Their mission is to serve and inform the public, just like Wikimedia's. We've successfully partnered with cultural institutions around the world – not just in working with them to make digital reproductions available for free, but also in improving Wikipedia articles and other content related to their collections and archives. Wikimedia chapters are playing a lead role in organizing conferences and meetings targeting the cultural sector, and executing partnerships.
Photograph: Wikipedia volunteers at a "backstage pass" event organized by the British Museum (2010).
||Working with the educational sector. In the age of the open web, there's the potential for student projects to be more than just exercises. Pioneering professors have long assigned Wikipedia writing as coursework to their students. Everybody wins: students get an audience for their work, teachers successfully motivate their students, and readers get better articles. Wikimedia chapters have also reached out to schools to develop media literacy and to promote responsible use of Wikipedia in the classroom.
Photograph: Indiana University students of Barry Rubin's Seminar in Urban Economic Development are improving Wikipedia articles as part of their coursework.
Providing access to Wikipedia everywhere. The next billion people to discover the web will do it using mobile phones, some without ever having touched a laptop. We need to make sure that our sites and services work both on modern smartphones and (to the extent it's possible) on lower-end devices. Our current mobile version is a start and we'll continue to improve it (including moving beyond the read-only experience). And for people with no or intermittent Internet access, we're supporting copies of Wikipedia that can be used completely offline, including projects like the WikiReader, offline readers for desktops and smartphones, and printed versions of Wikimedia content.
Photograph: Wikipedia's mobile version works on the PlayStation Portable – and on your smartphone.
Informing our decision-making with facts and data. Analytics, research, experiments and forecasts are essential to make good decisions in a complex environment like Wikimedia. The Wikimedia Foundation Report Card and the Statistics Portal provide a wealth of up-to-date analysis which helps us understand the impact of our work. The Strategy Wiki is a public planning space where longer term trends are analyzed. Research projects provide us with in-depth analysis and experiments, supported by the volunteer-driven Research Committee. We're data nerds – what else would you expect from the kinds of people who love working on an online encyclopedia?
Illustration: Projection regarding availability of mature language editions useful to different segments of the world's population.
The Wikimedia Foundation isn't a start-up company that will fade away in a few years. We're in this for the long haul. Everything we do is aimed at providing you, and the rest of the world, with free and immediate access to all the world's knowledge. Join us!
Which projects do you support?
The Wikimedia Foundation supports Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia and one of the five most-visited websites world-wide. From the founding of Wikipedia in January 2001, and the incorporation of the Wikimedia Foundation in June 2003, our growth has been staggering. The English-language Wikipedia, our first project, has expanded to more than 4,000,000 articles today. All Wikipedia languages combined contain more than 23,200,000 articles.
Besides Wikipedia, the Wikimedia Foundation also supports:
- Wikimedia Commons, a media repository containing more than 17,000,000 freely usable images, videos, and sound files
- Wikibooks, a project to create free textbooks
- Wiktionary, a multilingual dictionary and thesaurus
- Wikisource, a library of source texts containing more than 722,000 proofread pages in 28 languages
- Wikinews, a citizen news website
- Wikiversity, an interactive learning platform
- Wikiquote, a collection of quotations
- Wikispecies, a directory of life on Earth
We lead and support the development of MediaWiki, the open source wiki software behind all our public websites. We help to organize outreach and community events to encourage people to contribute to our projects, and we provide downloadable offline copies and database archives of Wikipedia content.
The Wikimedia Foundation is not affiliated with WikiLeaks.
More information may be found on the page about our projects.
How do you balance keeping Wikipedia open with making it more reliable?
We believe increased participation makes Wikipedia better. At the same time, we must maintain the tough standards that have made Wikipedia respected by scientists, academics, journalists, and foundations.
How is the Wikimedia Foundation run?
The Wikimedia Foundation has a staff of 148, led by the Executive Director, Sue Gardner. The staff supports the work of the hundreds of thousands of volunteers who contribute content to the Wikimedia projects. The Wikimedia Foundation is also supported by countless volunteers participating through committees, as interns, or on an ad hoc basis.
The Board of Trustees articulates the mission and vision of the Wikimedia Foundation, reviews and helps to develop long term plans, provides oversight, and supports the Wikimedia Foundation's fundraising efforts. It is the ultimate organizational authority of the Wikimedia Foundation as defined in its bylaws. See Meetings for published Board minutes and Resolutions for published Board resolutions. The Board is partially elected from the community of contributors to the Wikimedia projects. The Board is supported by an Advisory Board, chaired by Angela Beesley Starling.
We have an office, located in San Francisco, California (USA), where most of our employees are working. All board members and remaining staff work remotely.
We strive to operate highly transparently, and have published key policies and financial information.
How is the Wikimedia Foundation funded?
Wikimedia is funded primarily through donations from hundreds of thousands of individuals, but also through several grants and gifts of servers and hosting (see benefactors).
The Wikimedia Foundation receives donations from more than 50 countries around the world. The average donation is quite small, but their sheer numbers have ensured our success. People make contributions year-round, and once a year the Wikimedia Foundation makes a formal request for donations.
We are not considering advertising as a source of revenue.
The Wikimedia Foundation has 501(c)(3) tax exempt status in the United States. Donations made from other nations may also be tax deductible. See deductibility of donations for details. Click here for details on how to make a donation via PayPal, MoneyBookers or by postal mail. For all other types of donation, please contact us through donatewikimedia.org.
How much money are you hoping to raise?
The 2011-12 plan posits revenue of $29.5 million, a 24% increase over projected revenue of $23.8 million for 2010-11.
More details about our finances can be found in our financial reports. Here is our 2011-12 Plan (PDF), and here is the Questions and Answers page related to it.
Who else is supporting you in this goal?
Most of our funding comes from individuals – people like you. We also receive grants from community and private foundations, as well as in-kind contributions from corporations. They can be seen on our Benefactors page.
Where can I learn more about your recent activities?
For the fiscal year 2009-10, please Download the 2009-2010 Annual Report: PDF version (5.0 MB)
If you want to keep up with Wikimedia events more regularly, we recommend the following sources:
Nitachangia kwa jinsi gani?
Ili kuchangia, tafadhali tembeleaukurasa wetu wa kutafuta fedha. Unaweza toa mchango wako kupitia any major credit card (ikiwa ni pamoja na VISA, Mastercard, Discover or American Express), PayPal, Moneybookers, bank transfer, ama kwa kutumia Foundation hundi. Njia zetu za kutafuta michango ni nyingi hata ingawa sio sarafu zote zinakubalika.
Je, naweza toa mchango wa moja kwa moja kama zawadi ya kila mwezi?
Ndio. Shirika la Wikimedia linaunga mkono michango ya mara kwa mara kila mwezi - unaweza jisajili kwa kupitia huu ukurasa. Monthly recurring donations are processed by PayPal, but may be funded using any of their approved payment methods, which include credit cards. You will be required to set up a PayPal account. Recurring gifts happen once per month, on the anniversary of the date you made your first monthly gift, and continue for 12 months. During the twelfth month, you will be sent a notification asking you whether you wish to continue the gift. If you do not, do nothing. The gift will not automatically renew. If you wish to extend it for another year, follow the instructions that will be provided then.
Can you withdraw my monthly gift directly from my bank account?
While the Wikimedia Foundation can not directly withdraw your gift from your bank account, you may fund your PayPal account that way - see PayPal for up-to-date instructions.
What if I need to cancel my automatic monthly gift?
We understand that circumstances may change. If you need to cancel your monthly gift, log into your PayPal account, locate the "subscription creation" line item, click "details", and then click "cancel subscription". You will not be billed any further monthly payments. Alternatively, you can cancel by contacting the Wikimedia Foundation (email givingwikimedia.org) with your name, your email address, and a telephone number (so that we can let you know it has been cancelled).
Where do I send checks?
Send checks to:
- Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
- P.O. Box 894879
- Los Angeles, CA 90189-4879
- Note: donations by check are processed directly by Citibank at their centralized lockbox location which is in Los Angeles.
Our preference is for checks in U.S. dollars, drawn on U.S. bank accounts. Checks in currencies other than U.S. dollars, or from bank accounts outside the U.S., can be very expensive for us to process, which reduces the value of your gift. If you do not have a U.S. bank account, you can maximize the value of your donation by giving via credit card, PayPal or wire transfer.
Where do I send forms, letters or other materials to the Wikimedia Foundation?
Please send all correspondence, including Payroll Deduction applications and Matching Gifts forms, to our secure lockbox address:
- Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
- P.O. Box 894879
- Los Angeles, CA 90189-4879
- Note: donations by check are processed directly by Citibank at their centralized lockbox location which is in Los Angeles.
Can I make a stock donation to the Wikimedia Foundation?
The Wikimedia Foundation accepts stock donations. You can make a donation by transferring stock from your brokerage to ours by providing your broker with our name, investment account number and DTCC clearing number.
- Account holder name: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
Financial broker: Smith Barney
Investment account number: 546-0356C-14-782
DTCC Clearing account number: #0418
Are my donations tax-deductible?
Please refer to the list of countries for the details of tax-deductibility.
If I make a donation, how do I get my tax receipt?
If you donate by PayPal or credit card, you'll receive a tax receipt by e-mail, as long as your e-mail address was included with your donation. Donations by check over $50 will receive a tax receipt by mail, if you gave us your return address. You may also request a tax receipt for your donation by writing us at givingwikimedia.org (please include your contact information, the method you used to donate, and the amount of your donation).
Can I give you a targeted or restricted donation to be used for something very specific?
Charities based in the United States, including the Wikimedia Foundation, are required to honor restrictions requested by donors. This means that if you specify your donation needs to be restricted for a specific use, we will either honor your request or return your donation. But before you decide to do that, please consider that unrestricted donations are much more useful for us. Every restriction imposes administrative overhead and planning costs, and increases internal complexity.
Why is there a minimum donation?
The minimum donation amount is $1. We receive small donations from people who don't have much money, and we are really, really grateful to those donors. Truly, if the gift is meaningful to you, it's meaningful to us. But, it's not uncommon for people to use donation mechanisms such as ours to test stolen credit cards to see if they work. Those people typically use a very small dollar amount for their testing: we find a $1 minimum donation amount seems to deter them.
What can I do to help you spread the word?
Spread the word any way you can! Tell your friends and family. Tell them what Wikipedia means to you. Ask them if they use it and if so, what it means to them. Use this text as the signature file on the bottom of your emails:
We’ve created the greatest collection of shared knowledge in history. Help protect Wikipedia. Donate now: http://donate.wikimedia.org
How can I contact the Foundation?
If you still have questions or concerns please feel free to contact us. For donation questions you can email donationswikimedia.org
For other questions see the Contact us page for more details.