Non-free content

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Non-free content on Wikimedia projects
This page examines the status of non-free content (like fair use) on Wikimedia Projects. Note that the Wikimedia licensing policy requires that any project allowing fair use implement an exemption doctrine policy.

Copyright policies[edit]

Wikipedia[edit]

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
als/Alemannisch yes yes Erklärige zum Urheberrächt similar to enwiki
ar/Arabic yes yes Non-free content similar to enwiki
bar/Bavarian yes yes Reglweak fia pragmatische Ausnahma similar to dewiki
be/Belarusian yes yes Крытэрыі добрасумленнага выкарыстання Linked page doesn't exist. similar to enwiki
be-x-old/беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ yes yes Крытэры добрасумленнага выкарыстаньня similar to enwiki
bg/Bulgarian no no
bn/Bengali yes yes উইকিপিডিয়া:মুক্ত নয় এমন উপাদান developing similar to enwiki's; non-free images of living people are strongly discouraged
ca/Catalan yes yes Continguts no lliures Narrowly defined circumstances when no other option is or will be available and when it is necessary to understand the subject; cannot be used for decorative purposes; strongly discouraged for living people.
ckb/Sorani Kurdish sysops yes ویکیپیدیا:بارکەرەکان
cs/Czech no no Licenční politika u souborů
da/Danish yes no
de/German yes yes Bilder, deren Urheber nicht bekannt ist Some simple logos are uploaded using the tag "Bild-LogoSH". The design of such logos is below the threshold of originality. The copyright tag does not mention this clearly (to avoid complaints). Therefore, Bild-LogoSH is not a fair use but a public domain tag.
If the date of death of the creator is unknown, images are allowed if they are old enough. Some of these images can be non-free. These images are marked with Bild-PD-alt-100 or Bild-PD-alt-1923.
el/Greek yes yes Βικιπαίδεια:Κριτήρια εύλογης χρήσης Fairuse criteria, not a new policy Allowed for logos, album covers, paintings and such, frames of films, deceased persons. Disallowed for living people and/or reproducible content. The criteria are the same as those on English Wikipedia, based on US copyright law. The Greek law has a provision that short excerpts of a work can be used for presentation, critical analysis, commentary etc.
en/English yes yes Non-free content criteria Narrowly defined circumstances, strongly discouraged for images of living people. A bot removes fair use images from non-article namespaces. | en:Category:Wikipedia non-free content
eo/Esperanto yes yes Regularo pri justa uzo eo:Kategorio:Ĉiuj neliberaj dosieroj
es/Spanish no no
et/Estonian yes yes Mittevaba sisu kriteeriumid Logos; media files specially allowed to be used in the Estonian Wikipedia.
eu/Basque no no
fa/Persian yes yes معیارهای محتوای غیر آزاد
fi/Finnish yes yes Sitaattioikeus Non-free images or music samples are allowed if 1) they are not replaceable by free content considering the purpose which they are serving in the article and 2) they are used in accordance with the quotation right of the Finnish copyright law. Historically significant non-free images are forbidden, as they could be replaced. Also non-free images of living people are forbidden.
fr/French yes yes Exceptions au droit d'auteur Logotypes, recent buildings and money.
frr/Northern Frisian yes yes License types incl. non-free content (B.,D.,E.,F.,G.) Policy according to dewiki.
gl/Galician yes no
hr/Croatian yes yes Politika doktrine izuzetaka
hy/Armenian yes yes Ոչ ազատ պատկերների օգտագործում Based on Armenian legislation (Law on Copyrights and related rights, article 22). Very similar to enwiki.
ia/Interlingua no no
id/Indonesian yes yes Penggunaan media non-bebas It is not a copyright violation if non-free content is used for educational (or knowledge) purposes.
is/Icelandic yes yes EDP per is.wiki 1) Allowed when no comparable file is on commons. 2) Short excerpts of a work can be used for critical analysis or commentary. 3) Pictures of buildings and artwork placed permanently outdoors with the photographers' permission. 4) Pictures of trademarks. 5) Documents from the Icelandic government. 6) Free images should be uploaded to commons. Note: All text on is.wiki, including information about images, has to be in Icelandic.
it/Italian yes yes EDP per it.wiki Non-free images are allowed if they are not replaceable by free content considering the purpose which they are serving in the article. Narrowly defined circumstances when no other option is or will be available and when it is necessary to understand the subject. Cannot be used for decorative purposes. Allowed for logos, album covers, stamps and such, frames of films, deceased persons. Disallowed for living people. The Italian copyright law has a provision that short excerpts of a work can be used for presentation, critical analysis, commentary, etc.
ja/Japanese yes yes 1) 屋外美術を被写体とする写真の利用方針 ("policy on usage of images portraying outdoor artwork"), 2) 日本で著作権が消滅し、米国で著作権が消滅していない画像の利用方針 ("policy on the use of images whose copyright expired in Japan but not in the United States of America", experimental policy) 1) This is a policy on usage of photographs portraying outdoor artwork, concerining freedom of panorama. §46 of Japanese copyright law allows non-commercial reproduction of artistic works located permanently in open places accessible by public, or where it could easily be seen by public. The use must be considered "fair use" regarding the US copyright. 2) This is an experimental policy on usages of images that are in the public domain in Japan but not in the United States because of URAA (Uruguay Round Agreement Act). The use must be considered "fair use" regarding the US copyright.
jbo/Lojban yes yes Doesn't appear to have an EDP Similar to enwiki.
ko/Korean yes no A draft EDP was rejected by the community.
lb/Luxembourgish yes yes Richtlinne fir d'Applikatioun vun der Ausnamsdoktrin similar to enwiki
lt/Lithuanian yes yes Fairuse
lv/Latvian yes yes Godprātīga lietošana
mk/Macedonian yes yes mk:Википедија:Подигање на слики#Фер употреба mk:Категорија:Википедија:Неслободна содржина
ml/Malayalam yes yes ? similar to enwiki
ms/Malay yes yes Kriteria kandungan tidak bebas somewhat similar to enwiki, but taking into account the Akta Hakcipta Malaysia | ms:Kategori:Kandungan Wikipedia bukan bebas
nds/Low German no no
nl/Dutch yes no
nn/Norwegian Nynorsk yes no
no/Norwegian (bokmål) yes no
pl/Polish no no
pt/Portuguese yes yes Política de Isenção da Doutrina pt:Categoria:!Política de conteúdo restrito
ro/Romanian yes yes Materiale_protejate Similar to enwiki's. Romanian copyright law allows for similar fair use exemptions.
ru/Russian yes yes Добросовестное использование
sa/Sanskrit yes yes ? Similar to enwiki's. As of now, no formal policy page exists, but one is in development.
si/Sinhala yes yes ? similar to enwiki
simple/Simple English yes no no image uploads, but free-use sound uploads are allowed
sl/Slovenian yes yes Politika izjem similar to enwiki
sr/Serbian yes yes Политика доктрине изузећа
sv/Swedish no no
ta/Tamil yes yes in development
th/Thai yes yes เงื่อนไขสำหรับเนื้อหาที่ใช้งานโดยชอบธรรม similar to enwiki
tl/Tagalog yes yes in development
Pamantayan ng nilalamang 'di-malaya
Similar to enwiki as the Philippines shares the same fair use doctrine of the United States, but modified to allow for the use of looser Philippine fair use interpretations in certain circumstances. Strongly discouraged for images of living people, and images of standing buildings are forbidden.
tr/Turkish yes yes Adil kullanım politikası strongly discouraged for images of living people
tt/Tatar yes yes Намуслы куллану шартлары
uk/Ukrainian yes yes Критерії добропорядного використання similar to enwiki
vi/Vietnamese yes yes Tiêu chuẩn cho nội dung không tự do vi:Thể loại:Nội dung không tự do Wikipedia
zh/Chinese yes yes 合理使用準則 Similar to enwiki; strongly discouraged for images of living people. A bot removes all EDP images from non-article namespaces.

Wiktionary[edit]

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
cs/Czech sysops no
de/German yes no
en/English sysops yes Wiktionary:Non-free content criteria based on enwiki's
es/Spanish sysops no
is/Icelandic sysops no
it/Italian sysops no
ja/Japanese no no
pt/Portuguese no no
sv/Swedish sysops no

Wikisource[edit]

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
oldwikisource yes no
ar/Arabic yes  ? Unclear
as/Assamese yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
az/Azerbaijani yes  ? Unclear
be/Belarusian yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
bg/Bulgarian no no The local upload form is hidden via CSS, but some files are present on the wiki.
bn/Bengali yes  ? Unclear
br/Breton no (de facto) yes some non-free texts, no policy
bs/Bosnian yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
ca/Catalan yes yes Unclear Non-free content is apparently permitted, but no EDP can be found.
cs/Czech sysops no
cy/Welsh yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
da/Danish yes no
de/German yes  ? Non-free media seems to be disallowed, but the situation is unclear.
el/Greek yes  ? Non-free media seems to be disallowed, but the situation is unclear.
en/English yes no
eo/Esperanto yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
es/Spanish yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
et/Estonian yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
fa/Persian yes yes Defers to Persian Wikipedia This project does not have its own EDP; instead, it links across to fawiki's.
fi/Finnish yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
fo/Faroese yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
fr/French yes yes Respect du copyright, Vote Unfree media is discouraged; some media files are free according to lex loci but not US law.
gl/Galician yes  ? Unclear
gu/Gujarati yes  ? Unclear
he/Hebrew yes  ? Unclear Many images, some of which may be non-free, are present.
hu/Hungarian yes  ? Unclear
hy/Armenian yes  ? Unclear
id/Indonesian yes  ? Unclear
is/Icelandic yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
it/Italian yes  ? Unclear
ja/Japanese no no
kn/Kannada yes  ? no non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21)
ko/Korean yes no
la/Latin yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
li/Limburgish yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
lt/Lithuanian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
mk/Macedonian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
ml/Malayalam yes  ? Unclear
mr/Marathi yes  ? Unclear
nl/Dutch yes no
no/Norwegian (bokmål) yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
pl/Polish yes no
pt/Portuguese yes no
ro/Romanian yes  ? Unclear
ru/Russian yes  ? Unclear
sa/Sanskrit yes  ? Unclear
sah/Sakha yes  ? Unclear
sk/Slovak yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
sl/Slovenian yes  ? Unclear
sr/Serbian yes  ? Unclear
sv/Swedish sysops and
autopatrollers
no Media published in Sweden and Finland has to respect Swedish and Finnish copyright law, besides the US.
ta/Tamil yes yes Unclear Some non-free files appear to be present.
te/Telugu yes  ? Unclear
th/Thai yes  ? Unclear
tr/Turkish yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
uk/Ukrainian yes  ?
vec/vèneto yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
vi/Vietnamese yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).
yi/Yiddish yes  ?
zh/Chinese yes no? The upload form does not indicate that non-free media is forbidden.
zh-min-nan/Chinese (Min Nan) yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-21).

Wikibooks[edit]

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
af/Afrikaans yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-24).
ar/Arabic yes  ? Unclear
az/Azerbaijani yes yes Unclear The fair-use tag does not link to an EDP.
be/Belarusian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-24).
bg/Bulgarian no no The local upload form is hidden via CSS. However, many files are present on the wiki.
bn/Bengali yes yes Unclear The upload form description (copied verbatim from bn.wp) says that non-free media is allowed. However, no EDP is correctly linked from that form.
bs/Bosnian yes yes Unclear The fair use policy is a broken link.
ca/Catalan yes no
cs/Czech sysops no
cv/Chuvash yes yes Unclear Various screenshots of non-free software are present.
cy/Welsh yes yes Unclear Various screenshots of non-free software are present.
da/Danish yes  ? Non-free media seems to be disallowed, but it is unclear.
de/German yes no
el/Greek yes yes Unclear The image use policy is a redlink. Many images that appear non-free are present.
en/English uploaders
and sysops
yes Media Local uploads for non-free content only.
eo/Esperanto yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-24).
es/Spanish no no
et/Estonian yes yes Unclear Various screenshots of non-free software are present.
eu/Basque yes  ? Unclear
fa/Persian yes yes Defers to Persian Wikipedia This project does not have its own EDP, instead linking across to fawiki.
fi/Finnish yes  ? Unclear
fr/French yes  ? Unclear
fy/Western Frisian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-24).
gl/Galician yes  ? Unclear The image use policy is a redlink.
he/Hebrew yes  ? Unclear
hi/Hindi yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-30).
hr/Croatian yes yes Unclear The fair-use tag, in use on 2 images (as of 2013-01-30), does not link to an EDP.
hu/Hungarian yes  ? Unclear The upload form description (copied verbatim from hu.wp) contains a broken link to "image guidelines".
hy/Armenian yes yes Unclear Various screenshots of non-free software are present.
ia/Interlingua yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-30).
id/Indonesian yes yes Unclear Fair use is permitted per the upload form, there is plenty of non-free media present, and a license tag (b:id:Template:Fairuse) exists. But there is no EDP.
ie/Interlingue yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-30).
is/Icelandic sysops no
it/Italian yes yes b:it:Aiuto:Copyright immagini#.28d.29 Fair use The EDP (if you can call it that) only allows non-free images of money.
ja/Japanese yes  ? Unclear Like fa, ja defers to Japanese Wikipedia. However, it links to jawiki's general image use policy, not specifically to the EDP, so it is unclear if non-free media is accepted on Japanese Wikibooks. Some non-free media seems to exist.
pt/Portuguese yes no

Wikiquote[edit]

Note: All Wikiquote editions host text under fair use doctrines. Currently, the table below relates to images only. Anyone is welcome to expand the table to include text-related EDP links.

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
af/Afrikaans yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
ar/Arabic yes  ? Unclear The image use policy is a redlink. There appear to be a few non-free files.
az/Azerbaijani yes  ? Unclear There are a couple of non-free (?) logos.
be/Belarusian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
bg/Bulgarian no no The local upload form is hidden via CSS.
br/Breton yes yes Defers to Breton Wikipedia This project does not have its own EDP, instead linking across to brwiki.
ca/Catalan yes yes Unclear There are a few non-free files copied from other projects (such as q:ca:File:Companys.jpg).
cs/Czech sysops no
de/German yes no
el/Greek yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
en/English no no Text governed by Fair use.
eo/Esperanto yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
es/Spanish no no
et/Estonian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
eu/Basque yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
fa/Persian yes yes Defers to Persian Wikipedia This project does not have its own EDP, instead linking across to fawiki.
fi/Finnish yes yes Unclear The upload form says that fair use media is accepted, but there is no policy, and no fair-use files are actually present.
fr/French yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
gl/Galician yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
gu/Gujarati yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
he/Hebrew yes yes q:he:ויקיציטוט:רישוי/שימוש הוגן
hi/Hindi yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
hr/Croatian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
hu/Hungarian yes no
hy/Armenian yes yes Unclear There are a few non-free files, but no evidence of a policy.
id/Indonesian yes yes Unclear There are a few non-free files, but the fair use policy is a redlink.
is/Icelandic bureaucrats no
it/Italian no no
ja/Japanese yes  ? Unclear Like br and fa, ja defers to Japanese Wikipedia. However, it links to jawiki's general image use policy, not specifically to the EDP, so it is unclear if non-free media is accepted on Japanese Wikiquote. Whatever the case, there is no non-free media present.
ka/Georgian yes yes Unclear There are non-free content tags in use on several images, but the linked policy page does not exist.
kn/Kannada yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
ko/Korean yes  ? No obviously non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
ku/Kurdish yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
ky/Kyrgyz yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
la/Latin yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
li/Limburgish yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
lt/Lithuanian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
ml/Malayalam yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
mr/Marathi yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
nl/Dutch yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
nn/Norwegian Nynorsk yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
no/Norwegian (bokmål) yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
pl/Polish yes no
pt/Portuguese yes yes Unclear There are a few non-free files, but no evidence of a policy.
ro/Romanian yes yes Unclear There are a few non-free files, but no evidence of a policy.
ru/Russian no no
sk/Slovak yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
sl/Slovenian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
sq/Albanian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
sr/Serbian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
su/Sundanese yes  ? Google Translate doesn't understand Sundanese :(
sv/Swedish yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
ta/Tamil yes yes Unclear There are a few non-free files, but no evidence of a policy.
te/Telugu yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
te/Telugu yes yes Unclear There are many non-free files, but no evidence of a policy.
tr/Turkish yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
uk/Ukrainian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
ur/Urdu yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
uz/Uzbek yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
vi/Vietnamese unwanted no Notice on upload page states that file uploads are not wanted.
wo/Wolof yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
zh/Chinese yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
zh-min-nan/Chinese (Min Nan) yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).

Wikinews[edit]

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
ar/Arabic yes no
bg/Bulgarian no no
bs/Bosnian no no
ca/Catalan no no
cs/Czech sysops  ? No files have been uploaded other than the logo (as of 2013-01-06).
de/German yes yes Unclear
el/Greek no no
en/English yes yes Fair use
eo/Esperanto no no
es/Spanish no no
fa/Persian yes yes n:fa:ویکی‌خبر:استفاده منصفانه The linked policy page doesn't actually exist. There are many non-free files.
fi/Finnish no no
fr/French no no
he/Hebrew yes  ? Unclear There are a few non-free files, but no evidence of a policy.
it/Italian yes yes Unclear Image copyright tags link back to Italian Wikipedia policies
ja/Japanese no no
ko/Korean yes  ? No files have been uploaded other than the logo (as of 2013-01-06).
no/Norwegian (bokmål) yes yes n:no:Wikinytt:Bildepolicy
pl/Polish yes yes Dozwolony użytek
pt/Portuguese no no
ro/Romanian no no
ru/Russian no no
sr/Serbian no no
sq/Albanian no no
sv/Swedish no no
ta/Tamil no no
tr/Turkish yes  ? Unclear There is a non-free content tag in use on several images, but the linked policy page does not exist.
uk/Ukrainian no no
zh/Chinese no no

Wikiversity[edit]

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
betawikiversity yes  ? Presumably, non-free content would not be permitted on this project, but there doesn't seem to be a policy.
cs/Czech sysops no No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
el/Greek yes  ? Under development Doesn't appear to have any non-free content (as of 2013-01-06).
en/English yes yes Uploading files
es/Spanish no no Local upload form hidden by CSS.
fi/Finnish yes  ? Unclear. Some non-free files appear to be present
fr/French yes  ? Unclear. Some non-free files appear to be present
it/Italian yes  ? Most files are awaiting deletion.
ja/Japanese yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
sl/Slovenian yes  ? No non-free files present (as of 2013-01-06).
sv/Swedish no no

Wikivoyage[edit]

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
de/German yes  ? Unclear; appears to accept some free media that is not accepted by Commons
el/Greek yes  ? Unclear; no non-free files present as of 2013-08-08.
en/English yes yes Non-free content Only photographs of travel-relevant artwork and architecture are allowed, and aside from the copyrighted content, the photos must otherwise be freely licensed.
es/Spanish no no
fr/French yes yes Contenu_non_libre
(DRAFT)
Only photographs of travel-relevant artwork and architecture are allowed, and aside from the copyrighted content, the photos must otherwise be freely licensed.
he/Hebrew yes  ? Unclear
it/Italian sysop no
nl/Dutch no no
pl/Polish yes  ? Unclear; no files present as of 2013-08-08.
pt/Portuguese no no
ro/Romanian yes  ? Unclear; no files present as of 2013-08-08.
ru/Russian yes yes Правила добросовестного использования Only photographs of travel-relevant artwork and architecture are allowed, and aside from the copyrighted content, the photos must otherwise be freely licensed.
sv/Swedish yes no "All content is 100% free." (voy:sv:Wikivoyage:Regler och riktlinjer)
uk/Ukrainian sysops and
uploaders
no only noFOP photos are allowed
vi/Vietnamese  ?  ?
zh/Chinese yes yes Per Chinese Wikipedia and/or English Wikivoyage?

Other projects[edit]

Language Local
uploads
Non-free
content
Exemption Doctrine Policy EDP summary
commons yes no
incubator bureaucrats no No local file uploads, except logos.
mediawikiwiki yes no
meta yes no
species no no Image guidelines
wikidata no no

See also[edit]