Соглашение о Cookie

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This page is a translated version of the page Cookie statement and the translation is 62% complete.

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Please note that the original version of this document is the English version on the Foundation Wiki. In the event of any differences in content, meaning, or interpretation between this document and the Foundation Wiki document, the English version on the Foundation Wiki takes precedence.


As stated in our Privacy Policy, Wikimedia believes strongly in the values of privacy and transparency. To that end, we’ve created this Cookie Statement as a clear reference guide to the use of cookies on Wikimedia Sites. This Cookie Statement explains how we use cookies (and other locally stored data technologies), how third-party cookies are used on Wikimedia Sites, and how you can manage your cookie options. For more information on our privacy practices, please visit our Privacy Policy.

The Wikimedia Foundation, the non-profit organization that hosts the Wikimedia Sites, actively collects some types of information with a variety of commonly-used technologies. These generally include tracking pixels, JavaScript, and a variety of "locally stored data" technologies, such as cookies and local storage.

1. Что такое «куки» (cookie)?

A “cookie” is a tiny data file that we transfer onto your computer, mobile phone, or any other device that you use to access the Wikimedia Sites, generally used for authentication and tracking. Every cookie expires after a certain period of time, but that period varies depending on what the cookie is used for and how your browser is configured.

A “session” cookie is one that generally expires when you close your web browser or mobile application. A “persistent” cookie is one that remains in your device, even after you close your browser or mobile application. A persistent cookie expires according to the duration set by us (or when you delete it manually). Learn more on Wikipedia.

You may remove or disable cookies through your browser settings. For more information on how to manage your cookie options, please see Section 5 of this Cookie Statement below.

For more information on this and other key terms that may be relevant, please read through our Privacy Policy Glossary.

2. Как мы используем куки?

We use the information we receive from cookies and other locally stored data to make your experience with the Wikimedia Sites safer and better, to gain a greater understanding of user preferences and interactions with the Wikimedia Sites, and to generally improve our services.

Cookies and other locally stored data, JavaScript, and tracking pixels help us do things like:

  • Provide you with a personalized experience, such as using cookies to know your language preference, to remember the user preferences you set so we can provide you with the customized look and feel that you want, and to tell you about interesting Wikimedia issues and events in your area.
  • Deliver more relevant content to you faster. For example, we may use local storage to store your most recently read articles directly on your device, so they can be retrieved quickly. Also, we may use cookies to learn about the topics searched so that we can optimize the search results we deliver to you.
  • Understand how you use the Wikimedia Sites, so that we know what works and what is useful. For example, we might use cookies to learn about the list of articles you are following on your watchlist so that we can recommend similar articles that you may be interested in.
  • Understand how you use the Wikimedia Sites across different devices, so that we can make our varied Wikimedia Sites more efficient and effective for you.
  • Make the Wikimedia Sites more convenient to use, such as by using cookies to maintain your session when you log in or to remember your username in the login field.

3. Какие типы куки используются в проектах Викимедиа?

The cookies and other locally stored data technologies used by the Wikimedia Sites generally fall into the following categories:

  • Functionality: These cookies help the Wikimedia Sites work, including essential features like logging in.
  • Preferences: These cookies store your preferences, so that they can be remembered the next time you use the Wikimedia Sites.
  • Performance and Analysis: These cookies collect information about how you use the Wikimedia Sites, so that we can better understand how the Wikimedia Sites work and improve them for you and other users.
  • Third-Party: These cookies allow us to render services provided by third parties, such as “like” and “share” buttons. When a third party provides these kinds of services, they may require the use of a cookie in order to provide their services. (These kind of cookies would only be used with your permission.)

For more specific examples, we have provided the table below. But before you start reading, here is some background on Cookie Prefixes ("{$wgCookiePrefix}") you’ll find in the table.

Many of the Wikimedia Sites are technically separate sites – for example, French Wikipedia is different from English Wikipedia, and both are separate from French Wikibooks. As a result, we may set different cookies for different Wikimedia Sites. To help you (and your computer!) tell the Wikimedia Sites apart, each Wikimedia Site may set cookies that reflect their name. For example, enwikiUserName is a cookie that sets your username in “enwiki” - i.e., in English Wikipedia. frwikinewsUserName is a cookie that sets your username in “frwikinews” - i.e., in French Wikinews. We could list 800+ versions of UserName (one for each language and project), but instead this table will just have one entry for “UserName” - {$wgCookiePrefix}UserName. Wherever you see {$wgCookiePrefix}, that means you'll get one copy of the cookie for each of the Wikimedia Sites that you visit, and the name will be the “cookie prefix” (like enwiki, frwikinews, etc.) plus the rest of the name.

И теперь — к таблице!

Название Истекает Категория Что делает?
30 дней, или когда пользователь выйдет из браузера (в зависимости от того, что наступит раньше) функциональность Позволяют вам авторизоваться в большинстве проектов Викимедиа, используя одну единственную точку входа, и оставаться авторизованным после предъявления своего пароля.
CentralAuthAnon 1 день функциональность Позволяют нам понять, что вы сейчас не авторизованы с помощью нашей централизованной системы учётных записей.
centralnotice_bucket 7 дней производительность и аналитика Помогают нам оценить эффективность сообщений, показываемых пользователям через расширение CentralNotice. Более подробно об этом см. на сайте MediaWiki по ссылке https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:CentralNotice.
{$wgCookiePrefix}UserID, UserName, Token 180 дней функциональность Помогают вики-проекту идентифицировать вас, а также сохраняют ваш статус авторизованного участника (выполнившего вход)
{$wgCookiePrefix}forceHTTPS 30 дней функциональность Если вы были авторизованы по протоколу https, а затем заходите по http, то будете перенаправлены на https.
centralnotice_fundraising 1 год функциональность Позволяют нам остановить показ баннеров тем, кто уже сделал пожертвование.
stopMobileRedirect 180 дней настройки Сообщают нам, что не нужно переключать вас на мобильную версию, если вы не хотите этого.
{$wgCookiePrefix}disableImages 180 дней настройки Разрешают вам отключить изображения в мобильной версии.
mfNearbyLastSearchResult локальное хранилище, не куки функциональность Помогают нам быстро показать вам результаты поиска, связанные с тем, что находится вокруг вас.
uls-preferences локальное хранилище, не куки настройки Разрешают вам выполнять настройку функциональности универсального переключателя языков.

4. Каким образом на сайтах Викимедиа используются сторонние куки?

Third-party cookies allow us to render services provided by third parties, such as “like” and “share” buttons. When a third party provides these kinds of services, they may require the use of a cookie in order to provide their services.

We will never use third-party cookies, unless we get your permission to do so. If you ever come across a third-party data collection tool that has not been authorized by you (such as one that may have been mistakenly placed by another user or administrator), please report it to us at privacy(at)wikimedia.org.

5. Как я могу управлять использованием моих данных?

While this is not a comprehensive list, here are some of the things that you can do to limit use of cookies and other locally stored data on your device. You can:

  • remove or disable specific locally stored data on your browser’s settings;
  • use a browser that can block third-party cookies; or
  • install a plug-in to block locally stored data, if one is available.

We believe this data collection helps improve your user experience, but you may remove or disable some or all locally stored data through your browser settings, depending on your browser. You can learn more about some options you have in our FAQ. While cookies and other locally stored data may not be necessary to use our sites, some features may not function properly if you disable locally stored data.

6. Где я могу найти дополнительные сведения?

Более подробные сведения можно найти в нашей Политике конфиденциальности. Если остались какие-то ещё вопросы, их можно задать по адресу privacy(at)wikimedia.org.