隐私政策/常见问题

From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page Privacy policy/FAQ and the translation is 38% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.

想要協助翻译?翻译缺失的信息

Other languages:
العربية • ‎башҡортса • ‎български • ‎বাংলা • ‎bosanski • ‎čeština • ‎Deutsch • ‎emiliàn e rumagnòl • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎español • ‎فارسی • ‎suomi • ‎français • ‎Frysk • ‎galego • ‎Avañe'ẽ • ‎हिन्दी • ‎hrvatski • ‎magyar • ‎Bahasa Indonesia • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎Адыгэбзэ • ‎ភាសាខ្មែរ • ‎한국어 • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎lietuvių • ‎latviešu • ‎Bahasa Melayu • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎नेपाली • ‎Nederlands • ‎occitan • ‎ਪੰਜਾਬੀ • ‎polski • ‎پښتو • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎русский • ‎سنڌي • ‎slovenčina • ‎svenska • ‎తెలుగు • ‎ไทย • ‎Türkçe • ‎українська • ‎اردو • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎ייִדיש • ‎中文

Contents

==

这个隐私政策有何不同?我能看看旧版本么?

==

與許多組織一樣,我們多年來一直在發展和改變,我們起草了這項隱私政策,希望它不僅更好地反映我們當前的做法,而且希望我們希望在未來走向。我們的目標是使本隱私政策易於閱讀和透明地了解我們收集信息的方式,並使用它來更好地了解和改進維基媒體網站。

如果您对我们过去的隐私政策内容感兴趣,我们的隐私政策页面有历史版本可供大家阅览。您大可浏览[$privacypolicyhistory 隐私政策页的所有历史版本],只因为那是一个wiki页面!诸如以下链接分别提供该页面的[$PP2003 2003年版本]、[$PP2006 2006年版本]和[$PP2008 2008年版本]。

==

什么是一个“初始账户”和一个“非初始账户”?

==

標準帳戶是您可以註冊瀏覽或編輯維基百科或維基共享資源等主要維基媒體項目的帳戶。通常,您不需要提供多於一個用戶名和密碼就可以使用基金會創建一個標準帳戶;然而,如果您使用由第三方運行的系統創建標準帳戶,則可能需要提供其他信息,例如電子郵件地址。非標準帳戶是您可以註冊參加維基媒體運動的一種更加深入的方式,在閱讀或貢獻我們的主要項目之一,如維基百科之外。例如,如果您在[$bugzillalink Bugzilla]、[$gerritlink Gerrit]或OTRS註冊帳戶或在全球教育等特殊計劃上工作,您可能需要註冊一個帳戶參與和註冊這些帳戶可能需要除用戶名和密碼以外的其他信息,如電子郵件地址。

[回到隐私政策]

您能否告诉我一些使用cookie的情形么?

當然!維基媒體網站使用的Cookie(和相關的LocalStorage存儲技術)通常分為以下類別:

功能:這些cookie幫助網站工作,包括登錄等基本功能。

  • 首選項:這些cookie存儲您的首選項,以便下次使用該網站時可以記住它們。
  • 性能和分析:這些cookie收集有關您如何使用我們的網站的信息,以便我們可以更好地了解網站的工作原理,並為您和其他用戶改進資訊。

第三方:這些cookie允許我們提供第三方提供的服務,例如“喜歡”和“分享”按鈕。當第三方提供這些服務時,他們可能需要使用cookie才能提供服務。(這些只會與您的肯定同意使用。)

對於更具體的例子,我們提供了下表。但在你開始閱讀之前,這裡是一些Cookie前綴(“{$wgCookiePrefix}”)的背景,你會在表中找到。

[Back to Privacy Policy]

什麼是一些選項,我必須限制本地存儲的數據在我的設備上的使用?

雖然這不是一個全面的列表,以下是您可以做的一些事情,以限制在設備上使用本地存儲的數據。您可以:

刪除或禁用瀏覽器設置上的特定本地存儲的數據;

  • 使用一个封锁第三方cookie的浏览器;或
  • 安装一个插件封锁本地存储数据,如果可用。

[

]

如何在維基媒體網站中發送電子郵件,以及如何更改我收到的通知?

您可以通過以下方式更改您收到的通知:

(一)點擊我們發送給您的任何通知電子郵件底部的“要控制哪些電子郵件發送給您,檢查您的偏好設置”之後的鏈接,如下所示;或者

ENWP Welcome Email.png
(二)登錄您的帳戶,然後點擊屏幕右上角的「Preferences」,然後點擊「Notifications」。
“Preferences”标签
“Notifications”标签

您還可以選擇啟用“通過電子郵件發送此用戶”功能,其他用戶可以通過在用戶頁面上的工具箱菜單中點擊“Email this user”直接向您發送電子郵件。如果您啟用此功能,當其他用戶與您聯繫時,您的電子郵件地址將不會顯示(但如果您回复,則會顯示)。如果您啟用此功能,任何其他用戶都可以向您發送電子郵件,我們不會控制他們向您發送電子郵件的頻率或頻率。以下是啟用此功能的方法:

登录你的账户,单击“Preferences”,然后单击“User profile”,选中“Allow other users to email me”复选框。
“User profile”标签页
“Allow other users to email me”复选框

[返回隐私权政策]

你能給我一個例子,說明你如何使用GPS和其他定位技術向我顯示更相關的內容?

當然! 如果您使用維基百科移動應用程式,可以使用“Nearby”按鈕查看這附近的地點是否有與您相關的事物與文章。 您的設備會在實際操作您的位置信息之前,先詢問您是否同意辨識並使用您當前的位置。 如果您在筆電,桌機或沒有GPS的設備上使用此功能,這個功能將使用您的瀏覽器中的信息找出您的位置,並找到附近相關地方和事物(如公共藝術或著名建築)的文章。

[返回隐私权政策]

What do you mean you "infer my geographical location"? And why do you need to do that?

We use some downloaded products, like MaxMind's GeoIP City DB, which allows us to internally determine the approximate location of our users. And when we say "approximate," we mean it: the GeoIP City DB resolves your location at the center of the most precise area data associated with your IP. The only possibilities for associated area data are postal code, city, region, or country. Unless you are habitually positioned in the geographical middle of the most specific area associated with your IP address, the data we retrieve is unlikely to be good enough to have a sandwich delivered.

We do this so that you can be served with appropriate regional content such as local notices, event announcements, and local fundraising campaigns. To see what information we have on record for your IP address, you can load our GeoIP lookup tool at any time and check the result.

[返回隐私权政策]

What are some examples of when I would give you permission to share my information?

If you receive a scholarship to go to Wikimania, we may ask your permission to share your information with the local chapter hosting Wikimania that year so we can make appropriate travel arrangements. Or if you apply for a grant, we may ask your permission to share your information with members of the funds dissemination committee reviewing your grant application. Or you may want to use your Wikimedia username and password to log in and send information to a third- party site, using such services as OpenID (http://openid.net/) or OAuth (http://oauth.net/), in which case your information will only be sent to the third-party site with your explicit permission.

[返回隐私权政策]

What are some ways that you may use or share user information, such as to investigate, enforce, or defend the Wikimedia Sites and policies?

It is important for us to be able to make sure everyone plays by the same rules, and sometimes that means we need to investigate and share specific users' information to ensure that they are.

For example, user information may be used or shared when a CheckUser is investigating abuse on a Project, such as suspected use of malicious "sockpuppets" (duplicate accounts), vandalism, harassment of other users, or disruptive behavior. If a user is found to be violating our Terms of Use or other relevant policy, the user's Personal Information may be released to a service provider, carrier, or other third-party entity, for example, to assist in the targeting of IP blocks or to launch a complaint to the relevant Internet Service Provider.

As another example, if we are notified that a user has made a bomb threat, we may have to report some information related to that threat to local authorities to save lives.

We also may use Personal Information for other legitimate charitable purposes described in our Privacy Policy.

[返回隐私权政策]

Can you give me some examples of when you would share my information with third-party providers?

Of course! For example, Wikimedia Sites rely on hosting providers, fiber-optic network providers, data centers, and other service providers and contractors. We have a contract with these service providers, and they only have access to your data to perform services for us consistent with this policy. Other times, we may use third-party providers to help us manage the information we store or use. For example, we may use third-party grants management systems to hold grant applicant information and make our application process simpler and more efficient or we may use third-party providers for email services for staff.

[返回隐私权政策]

What information is revealed when I click a link on a Wikimedia site that takes me to an external third party site?

When you click a link on a Wikimedia site that sends you to an external website, the referrer information transmits only your domain origin, not the specific Wikimedia page visited, to that third-party destination. For example, if you're reading an article on Wikipedia and click on a citation that directs you to a news article on an external site, the referrer information contains only the Wikipedia domain, not the specific article URL. This type of referrer policy is known as "origin-when-cross-origin".

We limit referrer information in this way to protect user privacy, and avoid revealing sensitive information about the pages viewed by users, while allowing movement affiliates and partners to collect aggregate information on traffic received from Wikimedia operated websites. For those who would like to know more, and may be interested in having greater control over referrer information, the Wikimedia Foundation Security team has prepared a page on Meta with some further detail and recommended tools.

[Back to Privacy Policy]

What is the risk of re-identification?

In a few instances (not involving the Wikimedia Sites as far as we know!), independent researchers have been able to link non-personal and aggregate information from different sources to particular users. While we try to avoid this by seeking to anonymize information before sharing it for research purposes, we want to make you are aware of this risk.

[返回隐私权政策]

==

我能否使用https连接站点?

==

Yes! We've been implementing HTTPS-only communications on all of the Wikimedia Sites since 2015. We've also implemented several related measures to further secure our traffic beyond the industry minimum standards, including: HSTS, Browser HSTS preloading, OCSP Stapling, and ECDSA server certificates. We embed signed certificate timestamps for Certificate Transparency, and enable best-in-class cipher options, including X25519 and Chacha20-Poly1305. We also deprecate outdated ciphers before they become the next emergency. For the latest on our efforts, see our HTTPS status page.

[返回隐私权政策]

有哪些关于如何保护我的数据的例子?

It depends on the type of data and how it was collected. For example, information that can be accessed by the CheckUser tool is deleted after three months. IP addresses associated with contributions from unregistered users may be visible in an article's revision history indefinitely. You can learn more about how long we keep different types of data in our data retention guidelines.

[返回隐私权政策]

Is there a community body in charge of investigating alleged privacy violations?

A group of experienced users called the Ombudsman Commission has the power and authority to investigate violations and alleged violations of this Privacy Policy and make recommendations to us on how to address a violation or alleged violation.

[返回隐私权政策]

There is outdated or inaccurate information about me on a Wikipedia article! How do I update my information?

The Wikimedia Projects are collaboratively written and driven by consensus. This means that information in Wikipedia articles is written, updated, and policed by a global community of users like you. If you are the subject of a Wikipedia article or are mentioned in a discussion page and believe that it contains inaccurate or outdated information about you, you must go through the user community's content policies and procedures to address them. You can get help with this by emailing info@wikimedia.org. The Wikimedia Foundation does not get involved in content disputes and believes that working with the community is the best way to resolve potential disputes.

What are Do Not Track ("DNT") signals and how does the Wikimedia Foundation respond to them?

"Do Not Track" or "DNT" is a way for your web browser to tell the website you are visiting that you do not want to be be tracked by third parties whose websites you did not visit, like analytics services, advertising networks, and social platforms. When using this mechanism, a signal is sent by your browser, expressing your desire that your Personal Information, particularly about your online activities and network interactions, should not be passed on to third parties. When receiving a DNT signal sent by your browser, the person or entity that owns the website has the option to either honor or ignore the above-mentioned request.

The Wikimedia Foundation is strongly committed to not sharing the information we collect from you (including your online activities and network interactions with Wikimedia Sites) with any third parties, except under the specific situations detailed in the "When May We Share Your Information" section of our Privacy Policy.

Because of this commitment, we protect everyone, and do not change our behavior in response to a web browser's DNT signal.

You can find more information about "Do Not Track" technology and policy proposal at Do Not Track Us, and the World Wide Web Consortium's Do Not Track Specification.

[返回隐私权政策]

我想我从不需要一个账户阅读或贡献!我一定要注册一个账户阅读或贡献么?

You never need an account to read a public Wikimedia Site. And in most cases, you don't need an account to contribute to a Wikimedia Site. However, there are a few rare instances where you will need to register an account if you want to contribute. A local community of editors or contributors (for example, the English Wikipedia community or the Malay Wiktionary community) or the Wikimedia Foundation itself may decide to place temporary or permanent restrictions on what you can change. For example, a specific page may be temporarily restricted from editing to allow only experienced or administrative users because of vandalism or copyright concerns. You may also not upload content such as images or videos without being logged in because we need to verify that proper permissions have been obtained from the copyright holder (if the media is not already in the public domain) in order to post the content.

[返回隐私权政策]

公共日志包含什么信息?可以举些例子吗?

当然!公共日志包含许多信息,比如你的账户是何时创建的,你何时删除了某个页面,或是你何时感谢了哪个用户。如果你想看一些例子,可以在Special:Log浏览一些公共日志。

[Back to Privacy Policy]

Can I delete and/or anonymize any content I post on any Wikimedia Site, if I don't want to be personally identified? If so, how?

The Wikimedia Sites use publicly-available revision histories to build consensus, promote transparency amongst contributors and editors, and affirm the authenticity of the content of our sites. Therefore, once you post information to the Wikimedia Sites, it is public and you will likely not be able to remove it. Even if you remove certain content (say from a Wikipedia article) yourself, it will still remain publicly available in the "view history" section of the article. Under certain circumstances, you may be able to request removal of a page or file or a part of the history of a page or file from public visibility (for example, if you accidentally post high-risk Personal Information like your credit card number). Please note that removal decisions (i.e. the deletion of a whole article) are not always made centrally, and sometimes they come after a public discussion amongst the Wikipedia community (see English Wikipedia's deletion policy for further reference). This procedure does not ensure complete or comprehensive removal of the content or information posted on the Wikimedia Sites.

You can also request suppression (oversight), in order to hide revisions, user names in edit histories and logs, or portions of individual log entries. Suppression is an on-wiki process that applies to specific uses. Please refer to the Meta-Wiki page on suppression for further information and instructions.

If you are a registered user, we encourage you not to use your real name as your username if you do not want others to have a connection between what you post on the Wikimedia Sites and your real name. You can learn more about choosing your username in English Wikipedia’s username policy. Please note that this Username Policy is only applicable to English Wikipedia, and different Wikipedias have different policies. We recommend checking the username policy on the project you intend to use to be sure you are in compliance with local practice.

If you have already included personally identifying information (such as your real name) in your username and do not want to be personally identified with your contributions, we encourage you to request the anonymization of the information (instead of proceeding with the removal and suppression processes described above) by requesting a change of your username. For information on how to change your username, see the Meta-Wiki page on Changing Username.

The anonymization process cannot ensure complete or comprehensive anonymization of all of the content or information posted on Wikimedia Sites related to your prior username. If your request is granted, the name change will only occur in automatically generated logs (such as page histories) in association with content that you posted. The name change will not delete mentions of your prior username by third parties. For example, if you changed your username from MichaelPaul to Owlwatcher345, the content you contributed will be attributed to Owlwatcher345, but if another user has mentioned you by the name MichaelPaul in a discussion page, MichaelPaul will continue to appear rather than Owlwatcher345.

Please refer to our Privacy Policy for more information about your choices with respect to our use of your Personal Information and how you may exercise these choices.

[回到隐私政策]

隐私相关页面