隐私政策/常见问题

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This page is a translated version of the page Privacy policy/FAQ and the translation is 78% complete.

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此常见问题并非隐私政策的一部分。它也不是起码的法律文档。我们祝愿您能够在此得到足够的帮助。

常见问题

这个隐私政策有何不同?我能看看旧版本么?[edit]

與許多組織一樣,我們多年來一直在發展和改變,我們起草了這項隱私政策,希望它不僅更好地反映我們當前的做法,而且希望我們希望在未來走向。我們的目標是使本隱私政策易於閱讀和透明地了解我們收集信息的方式,並使用它來更好地了解和改進維基媒體網站。

如果您对我们过去的隐私政策内容感兴趣,我们的隐私政策页面有历史版本可供大家阅览。您大可浏览隐私政策页的所有历史版本,只因为那是一个wiki页面!诸如以下链接分别提供该页面的2003年版本2006年版本2008年版本

什么是一个“初始账户”和一个“非初始账户”?[edit]

標準帳戶是您可以註冊瀏覽或編輯維基百科或維基共享資源等主要維基媒體項目的帳戶。通常,您不需要提供多於一個用戶名和密碼就可以使用基金會創建一個標準帳戶;然而,如果您使用由第三方運行的系統創建標準帳戶,則可能需要提供其他信息,例如電子郵件地址。非標準帳戶是您可以註冊參加維基媒體運動的一種更加深入的方式,在閱讀或貢獻我們的主要項目之一,如維基百科之外。例如,如果您在BugzillaGerritOTRS註冊帳戶或在全球教育等特殊計劃上工作,您可能需要註冊一個帳戶參與和註冊這些帳戶可能需要除用戶名和密碼以外的其他信息,如電子郵件地址。

[回到隐私政策]

您能否告诉我一些使用cookie的情形么?[edit]

當然!維基媒體網站使用的Cookie(和相關的LocalStorage存儲技術)通常分為以下類別:

  • 功能:這些cookie幫助網站工作,包括登錄等基本功能。
  • 首選項:這些cookie存儲您的首選項,以便下次使用該網站時可以記住它們。
  • 性能和分析:這些cookie收集有關您如何使用我們的網站的信息,以便我們可以更好地了解網站的工作原理,並為您和其他用戶改進資訊。
  • 第三方:這些cookie允許我們提供第三方提供的服務,例如“喜歡”和“分享”按鈕。當第三方提供這些服務時,他們可能需要使用cookie才能提供服務。(這些只會與您的肯定同意使用。)

對於更具體的例子,我們提供了下表。但在你開始閱讀之前,這裡是一些Cookie前綴(“{$wgCookiePrefix}”)的背景,你會在表中找到。

我們的許多網站在技術上是獨立的網站 - 例如,法國維基百科與英語維基百科不同,兩者都與法語維基教科書分開。因此,我們可能會為不同的網站設置不同的Cookie。為了幫助你(和你的電腦!)告訴分開的網站,每個網站可能會設置反映他們的名字的cookie。例如,enwikiUserName是一個Cookie,用於在“enwiki”中設置您的用戶名,即英語維基百科。 frwikinewsUserName是一個cookie,它在“frwikinews”中設置您的用戶名 - 即法語Wikinews。我們可以列出800多個版本的UserName(每個語言和項目一個),但是這個表只有一個條目“UserName” - {$wgCookiePrefix}UserName。無論您在何處看到{$wgCookiePrefix},這意味著您將為我們訪問的每個網站獲取一個Cookie副本,該名稱將是“Cookie前綴”(如enwiki、frwikinews等)的名稱。

并且现在就在这里!

名称 有效期 分类 它的作用是什么?
centralauth_User_Session
_Token_LoggedOut
30天,或直至您退出浏览器(如果不选择保持登录复选框的话) 功能 允許您使用單一表單登錄多個維基媒體項目,並在提供密碼後保持登錄。
CentralAuthAnon 1天 功能 允許我們知道您當前沒有通過我們的集中帳戶系統登錄。
centralnotice_bucket 7天 性能与分析 幫助我們了解通過中心通告扩展向用戶提供的通知的有效性。有關更多詳細信息,請參閱MediaWiki上的扩展:中心通告
{$wgCookiePrefix}UserID,
{$wgCookiePrefix}UserName,
{$wgCookiePrefix}Token
180天 功能 为了让维基百科识别出你的身份,请保持登陆状态。
{$wgCookiePrefix}forceHTTPS 30天 功能 如果您使用https登录,之后访问http,这将把您重定向到https。
centralnotice_fundraising 1年 功能 使我们能够停止给捐赠过的人显示标语。
stopMobileRedirect 180天 系统设置 如果您不喜欢,告诉我们不要重定向到彼移动电话网站。
{$wgCookiePrefix}disableImages 180天 系统设置 允许您在移动站点中禁用图像。
mfNearbyLastSearchResult 本地存储,不依赖Cookie 功能 帮助我们快速的显示你最近的搜索结果。
uls-preferences 本地存储,不依赖Cookie 设置 能够让我们为你设置多国语言选择的个人偏好。

[返回隐私权政策]

什麼是一些選項,我必須限制本地存儲的數據在我的設備上的使用?[edit]

雖然這不是一個全面的列表,以下是您可以做的一些事情,以限制在設備上使用本地存儲的數據。您可以:

  • 刪除或禁用瀏覽器設置上的特定本地存儲的數據;
  • 使用一个封锁第三方cookie的浏览器;或
  • 安装一个插件封锁本地存储数据,如果可用。

[返回隐私权政策]

如何在維基媒體網站中發送電子郵件,以及如何更改我收到的通知?[edit]

您可以通過以下方式更改您收到的通知:

(一)點擊我們發送給您的任何通知電子郵件底部的“要控制哪些電子郵件發送給您,檢查您的偏好設置”之後的鏈接,如下所示;或者
ENWP Welcome Email.png
(二)登錄您的帳戶,然後點擊屏幕右上角的「Preferences」,然後點擊「Notifications」。
“Preferences”标签
“Notifications”标签

您還可以選擇啟用“通過電子郵件發送此用戶”功能,其他用戶可以通過在用戶頁面上的工具箱菜單中點擊“Email this user”直接向您發送電子郵件。如果您啟用此功能,當其他用戶與您聯繫時,您的電子郵件地址將不會顯示(但如果您回复,則會顯示)。如果您啟用此功能,任何其他用戶都可以向您發送電子郵件,我們不會控制他們向您發送電子郵件的頻率或頻率。以下是啟用此功能的方法:

登录你的账户,单击“Preferences”,然后单击“User profile”,选中“Enable email from other users”复选框。
“User profile”标签页
“Enable email from other users”复选框

[返回隐私权政策]

你能給我一個例子,說明你如何使用GPS和其他定位技術向我顯示更相關的內容?[edit]

當然! 如果您使用維基百科移動應用程式,可以使用“Nearby”按鈕查看這附近的地點是否有與您相關的事物與文章。 您的設備會在實際操作您的位置信息之前,先詢問您是否同意辨識並使用您當前的位置。 如果您在筆電,桌機或沒有GPS的設備上使用此功能,這個功能將使用您的瀏覽器中的信息找出您的位置,並找到附近相關地方和事物(如公共藝術或著名建築)的文章。

[返回隐私权政策]

What do you mean you “infer my geographical location”? And why do you need to do that?[edit]

We use some downloaded products, like MaxMind’s GeoIP City DB, which allows us to internally determine the approximate location of our users. And when we say “approximate,” we mean it: the GeoIP City DB resolves your location at the center of the most precise area data associated with your IP. The only possibilities for associated area data are postal code, city, region, or country. Unless you are habitually positioned in the geographical middle of the most specific area associated with your IP address, the data we retrieve is unlikely to be good enough to have a sandwich delivered.

We do this so that you can be served with appropriate regional content such as local notices, event announcements, and local fundraising campaigns. To see what information we have on record for your IP address, you can load our GeoIP lookup tool at any time and check the result.

[返回隐私权政策]

What are some examples of when I would give you permission to share my information?[edit]

If you receive a scholarship to go to Wikimania, we may ask your permission to share your information with the local chapter hosting Wikimania that year so we can make appropriate travel arrangements. Or if you apply for a grant, we may ask your permission to share your information with members of the Funds Dissemination Committee reviewing your grant application. Or you may want to use your Wikimedia username and password to log in and send information to a third-party site, using such services as OpenID or OAuth, in which case your information will only be sent to the third-party site with your explicit permission.

[返回隐私权政策]

What are some ways that you may share user information to investigate, enforce, or defend the Wikimedia Sites and policies?[edit]

It is important for us to be able to make sure everyone plays by the same rules, and sometimes that means we need to investigate and share specific users' information to ensure that they are.

For example, user information may be shared when a CheckUser is investigating abuse on a Project, such as suspected use of malicious “sockpuppets” (duplicate accounts), vandalism, harassment of other users, or disruptive behavior. If a user is found to be violating our Terms of Use or other relevant policy, the user’s personal information may be released to a service provider, carrier, or other third-party entity, for example, to assist in the targeting of IP blocks or to launch a complaint to the relevant Internet Service Provider.

As another example, if we are notified that a user has made a bomb threat, we may have to report some information related to that threat to local authorities to save lives.

[返回隐私权政策]

Can you give me some examples of when you would share my information with third-party providers?[edit]

Of course! For example, Wikimedia Sites rely on hosting providers, fiber-optic network providers, data centers, and other service providers and contractors. We have a contract with these service providers, and they only have data access to your data to perform services for us consistent with this policy. Other times, we may use third-party providers to help us manage the information we store or use. For example, we may use third-party grants management systems to hold grant applicant information and make our application process simpler and more efficient or we may use third-party providers for email services for staff.

[返回隐私权政策]

What is the risk of re-identification?[edit]

In a few instances (not involving the Wikimedia Sites as far as we know!), independent researchers have been able to link non-personal and aggregate information from different sources to particular users. While we try to avoid this by seeking to anonymize information before sharing it for research purposes, we want to make you are aware of this risk.

[返回隐私权政策]

我能否使用https连接站点?[edit]

Yes! Logins are always https, and you always have the option of using https when visiting pages, either by editing the URL or by using a tool like HTTPS Everywhere. We're also working to enable https much more widely. To learn more about that, see our HTTPS status page.

[返回隐私权政策]

有哪些关于如何保护我的数据的例子?[edit]

It depends on the type of data and how it was collected. For example, information that can be accessed by the CheckUser tool is deleted after three months. Other information, such as the IP addresses associated with contributions from unregistered users are visible in an article’s revision history indefinitely. You can learn more about how long we keep different types of data in our data retention guidelines.

[返回隐私权政策]

Is there a community body in charge of investigating alleged privacy violations?[edit]

A group of experienced users called the Ombudsman Commission has the power and authority to investigate violations and alleged violations of this Privacy Policy and make recommendations to us on how to address a violation or alleged violation.

[返回隐私权政策]

There is outdated or inaccurate information about me on a Wikipedia article! How do I update my information?[edit]

The Wikimedia Projects are collaboratively written and driven by consensus. This means that information in Wikipedia articles is written, updated, and policed by a global community of users like you. If you are the subject of a Wikipedia article or are mentioned in a discussion page and believe that it contains inaccurate or outdated information about you, you must go through the user community’s content policies and procedures to address them. You can get help with this by emailing info@wikimedia.org. The Wikimedia Foundation does not get involved in content disputes and believes that working with the community is the best way to resolve potential disputes.

What are Do Not Track ("DNT") signals and how does the Wikimedia Foundation respond to them?[edit]

"Do Not Track" or "DNT" is a way for your web browser to tell the website you are visiting that you do not want to be be tracked by third parties whose websites you did not visit, like analytics services, advertising networks, and social platforms. When using this mechanism, a signal is sent by your browser, expressing your desire that your personal information, particularly about your online activities and network interactions, should not be passed on to third parties. When receiving a DNT signal sent to by your browser, the person or entity that owns the website has the option to either honor or ignore the above-mentioned request.

The Wikimedia Foundation is strongly committed to not sharing the information we collect from you (including your online activities and network interactions with Wikimedia Sites) with any third parties, except under the specific situations detailed in the "When May We Share Your Information" section of our Privacy Policy.

Because of this commitment, we protect everyone, and do not change our behavior in response to a web browser's DNT signal. We believe that, as of this writing, this approach is as or more protective than the obligations for "first parties" set out in the World Wide Web Consortium's Do Not Track specification. However, the specification is still being revised and changed, often in important ways. We will continue to monitor the specification as it moves towards completion and update our behavior and this FAQ consistent with the principles laid out in the Privacy Policy.

You can find more information about "Do Not Track" technology and policy proposal at Do Not Track Us, and the World Wide Web Consortium’s Do Not Track Specification.

[返回隐私权政策]

我想我从不需要一个账户阅读或贡献!我一定要注册一个账户阅读或贡献么?[edit]

You never need an account to read a public Wikimedia Site. And in most cases, you don't need an account to contribute to a Wikimedia Site. However, there are a few rare instances where you will need to register an account if you want to contribute. A local community of editors or contributors (for example, the English Wikipedia community or the Malay Wiktionary community) or the Wikimedia Foundation itself may decide to place temporary or permanent restrictions on what you can change. For example, a specific page may be temporarily restricted from editing to allow only experienced or administrative users because of vandalism or copyright concerns. You may also not upload content such as images or videos without being logged in because we need to verify that proper permissions have been obtained from the copyright holder (if the media is not already in the public domain) in order to post the content.

[返回隐私权政策]

公共日志包含什么信息?可以举些例子吗?[edit]

当然!公共日志包含许多信息,比如你的账户是何时创建的,你何时删除了某个页面,或是你何时感谢了哪个用户。如果你想看一些例子,可以在Special:Log浏览一些公共日志。

[回到隐私政策]

隐私相关页面