Wikipedia Cultural Diversity Observatory/Culture Gap (spread)

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This page shows some stastistics that explain how well each Wikipedia language edition Cultural Context Content (CCC) articles are spread across other languages.

The following table is particularly useful in order to understand the content culture gap between language editions, that is the imbalances across languages editions in content representing cultural context. Specifically, it shows which language CCC is more popular among all Wikipedia language editions by counting the CCC spread articles, i.e. articles from one language CCC that exist in other language editions.

Languages are sorted in alphabetic order by their Wikicode, and the columns present the following statistics: (CCC %) the number of CCC articles and the percentage it occupies in the language computed in relation to their total number of articles, the first five other languages with more spread articles from the language CCC and the percentage they occupy computed in relation to their corresponding total number of articles, the relative spread (R. Spread) of a language CCC across all the other languages computed as the average of the percentage they occupy in each other language edition, the total spread (T. Spread) of a CCC across all the other languages computed as the percentage in relation to all languages articles (not counting the own), and finally, the total number of language CCC articles (Spread Art.) that exists across all the other language editions.

These latter statistics show, for instance, that English CCC occupies more than a quarter (T. Spread) of the sum of all articles from all Wikipedia language editions, which equates to almost seven million of articles. This language CCC is followed by other occidental languages which have had a dominant geopolitical position.

This table is updated automatically on a monthly basis as soon as a new CCC dataset is generated and the percentages are calculated.

  • Statistics at Tue, 02 Oct 2018 15:29:45
Language CCC % nº1 nº2 nº3 nº4 nº5 R.Spread T.Spread Spread Art.
Afar 0 (0.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0
Abkhaz 143 (4.12%) ru (0.01%) ka (0.08%) 0 cs (0.01%) hy (0.02%) 0.04 0.0 1,857
Acehnese 4,689 (62.7%) sv (0.05%) ceb (0.04%) nl (0.1%) id (0.42%) ms (0.44%) 0.02 0.02 10,648
Adyghe 32 (5.88%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.06 0.0 1,353
Afrikaans 12,510 (23.99%) en (0.12%) de (0.12%) fr (0.13%) nso (29.79%) nl (0.12%) 1.05 0.11 52,839
Akan language 92 (14.91%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.0 1,346
Alemannic 10,420 (41.98%) de (0.43%) fr (0.38%) en (0.13%) it (0.48%) nl (0.35%) 1.23 0.42 197,688
Amharic 395 (2.67%) 0 fr (0.01%) 0 0 0 0.04 0.0 2,292
Aragonese 4,845 (14.65%) es (0.24%) ca (0.34%) en (0.03%) fr (0.09%) eu (0.49%) 0.33 0.1 46,866
Old English 262 (8.57%) 0 pl (0.02%) fr (0.01%) nl (0.01%) sv (0.01%) 0.21 0.03 12,894
Arabic 240,034 (40.78%) en (1.48%) fr (2.61%) fa (6.48%) de (1.69%) ru (2.45%) 9.46 2.71 1,268,514
Aramaic 33 (1.99%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 0.0 2,124
Egyptian Arabic 5,736 (31.15%) ar (0.61%) en (0.04%) fr (0.08%) de (0.06%) fa (0.2%) 1.43 0.12 55,103
Assamese 1,662 (33.55%) en (0.02%) bn (1.1%) hi (0.28%) ta (0.19%) zh (0.02%) 0.07 0.02 8,386
Asturian 3,517 (4.18%) es (0.16%) en (0.02%) ca (0.14%) fr (0.03%) de (0.03%) 0.14 0.04 19,649
Atikamekw 9 (2.07%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 84
Avar 244 (10.26%) 0 az (0.11%) ru (0.01%) it (0.01%) uk (0.01%) 0.11 0.01 3,841
Aymara 413 (9.01%) en (0.01%) qu (1.75%) zh (0.03%) es (0.02%) it (0.02%) 0.07 0.01 5,899
Azerbaijani 34,306 (24.92%) en (0.17%) ru (0.46%) ms (1.58%) it (0.31%) fa (0.55%) 0.75 0.23 109,915
South Azerbaijani 2,256 (2.51%) en (0.04%) fa (0.36%) ms (0.66%) sv (0.02%) ceb (0.01%) 0.03 0.02 11,485
Bashkir language 9,554 (22.21%) ru (0.59%) tt (8.64%) kk (2.56%) hy (1.97%) ce (2.68%) 0.38 0.13 59,267
Bavarian language 4,478 (17.72%) de (0.19%) en (0.03%) pl (0.14%) fr (0.08%) it (0.1%) 0.21 0.11 51,237
Samogitian 10,758 (65.98%) lt (3.94%) pl (0.09%) en (0.02%) et (0.4%) ru (0.05%) 0.16 0.05 22,473
Central Bikol 420 (5.25%) en (0.01%) tl (0.39%) ilo (2.62%) ceb (0.01%) nl (0.02%) 0.09 0.01 5,400
Belarusian 48,535 (31.21%) be-x-old (27.95%) ru (1.07%) uk (0.93%) pl (0.54%) en (0.08%) 1.23 0.21 97,122
Taraškievica 22,483 (35.31%) be (11.32%) ru (0.62%) pl (0.4%) uk (0.55%) en (0.06%) 0.26 0.15 69,843
Bulgarian 41,737 (17.19%) en (0.19%) ru (0.68%) uk (1.0%) ro (1.69%) pl (0.39%) 0.64 0.25 118,240
Bihari languages 1,907 (24.77%) en (0.03%) ne (3.33%) hi (0.82%) new (1.34%) pl (0.07%) 0.23 0.06 28,837
Bislama 39 (2.97%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.0 1,056
Banjar 246 (12.77%) id (0.06%) ms (0.08%) jv (0.45%) map-bms (0.52%) 0 0.01 0.0 1,279
Bambara 71 (10.07%) 0 0 0 fi (0.01%) 0 0.08 0.0 2,206
Bengali 16,746 (28.6%) en (0.2%) zh (0.25%) hi (1.96%) fr (0.12%) it (0.16%) 0.74 0.18 83,170
Tibetan 280 (2.66%) 0 fr (0.01%) zh (0.02%) nl (0.01%) de (0.01%) 0.05 0.01 4,891
Bishnupriya Manipuri 592 (2.37%) 0 it (0.01%) zh (0.02%) bn (0.28%) vi (0.01%) 0.02 0.01 2,993
Breton 5,877 (9.11%) fr (0.21%) en (0.05%) de (0.12%) it (0.17%) ca (0.42%) 0.38 0.17 78,230
Bosnian 11,787 (15.29%) fr (0.37%) sr (1.25%) en (0.11%) sh (1.37%) hr (3.43%) 0.33 0.14 65,620
Buginese 4 (0.03%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.0 411
Buryat 100 (4.75%) ru (0.01%) 0 ce (0.03%) uk (0.01%) 0 0.08 0.0 2,172
Catalan 99,922 (17.09%) es (1.82%) en (0.21%) fr (0.47%) it (0.46%) de (0.24%) 0.54 0.33 154,785
Chavacano 192 (6.21%) 0 bcl (2.32%) tl (0.24%) ilo (1.63%) nl (0.01%) 0.04 0.01 3,331
Min Dong 287 (2.07%) zh (0.03%) 0 nan (0.08%) ja (0.01%) zh-yue (0.22%) 0.04 0.01 3,682
Chechen 1,146 (0.7%) ru (0.07%) 0 uk (0.03%) de (0.01%) it (0.01%) 0.13 0.01 6,275
Cebuano 27,876 (0.59%) en (0.06%) tl (3.15%) de (0.11%) nl (0.12%) it (0.15%) 0.79 0.11 46,913
Chamorro 36 (7.29%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.0 973
Choctaw 0 (0.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0
Cherokee 12 (1.28%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.0 499
Cheyenne 44 (5.72%) 0 0 0 0 sh (0.01%) 0.01 0.0 1,161
Central Kurdish 1,819 (9.01%) en (0.02%) fa (0.17%) ar (0.12%) ku (2.55%) sv (0.01%) 0.06 0.02 10,725
Corsican 1,516 (27.54%) fr (0.05%) en (0.01%) it (0.05%) de (0.03%) es (0.05%) 0.16 0.05 23,444
Cree 41 (34.17%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.0 1,549
Crimean Tatar 2,648 (44.59%) uk (0.33%) ru (0.18%) ro (0.58%) hy (0.85%) zh (0.16%) 0.24 0.07 31,304
Czech 103,447 (25.26%) en (0.38%) de (0.87%) pl (1.16%) sk (6.46%) fr (0.62%) 0.51 0.54 255,273
Kashubian 1,344 (25.49%) pl (0.1%) en (0.02%) ceb (0.01%) de (0.02%) fa (0.08%) 0.08 0.02 10,442
Old Church Slavonic 119 (18.09%) 0 ru (0.01%) fr (0.01%) it (0.01%) uk (0.01%) 0.3 0.02 10,154
Chuvash 2,376 (5.79%) ru (0.06%) tt (0.86%) ce (0.31%) uk (0.03%) 0 0.08 0.01 5,486
Welsh 22,779 (22.81%) en (0.17%) fr (0.14%) br (4.05%) de (0.11%) sv (0.07%) 0.37 0.14 64,908
Danish 87,080 (36.45%) en (0.45%) de (0.9%) sv (0.46%) nl (0.82%) no (3.13%) 3.49 0.84 394,031
German 739,702 (33.69%) en (2.95%) fr (5.26%) it (5.53%) pl (5.73%) ru (4.83%) 4.63 3.64 1,644,796
Dinka 26 (13.47%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.0 850
Zazaki 2,468 (28.29%) tr (0.55%) en (0.02%) vi (0.09%) de (0.05%) fr (0.04%) 0.68 0.09 42,371
Lower Sorbian 180 (5.63%) de (0.01%) hsb (1.0%) ru (0.01%) 0 pl (0.01%) 0.02 0.01 3,227
Doteli language 192 (6.92%) ne (0.58%) 0 pl (0.01%) ms (0.05%) mai (1.28%) 0.01 0.0 1,630
Maldivian 992 (24.16%) en (0.01%) nl (0.02%) sv (0.01%) ceb (0.01%) sk (0.11%) 0.04 0.01 6,575
Dzongkha 32 (11.43%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.0 1,013
Ewe 24 (6.59%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.0 828
Greek 47,266 (31.58%) en (0.34%) fr (0.52%) it (0.68%) de (0.43%) ru (0.62%) 1.08 0.5 236,324
Emilian-Romagnol 611 (5.94%) it (0.04%) en (0.01%) fr (0.02%) de (0.02%) es (0.03%) 0.14 0.03 16,404
English 2,510,963 (44.23%) fr (18.4%) de (13.98%) it (19.94%) es (19.51%) pl (15.72%) 18.07 12.65 5,281,633
Esperanto 6,443 (2.6%) en (0.01%) fr (0.02%) hu (0.07%) it (0.02%) es (0.02%) 0.17 0.02 10,115
Spanish 416,507 (29.93%) en (2.62%) ca (14.28%) fr (3.89%) nl (3.66%) it (4.36%) 4.91 3.11 1,430,255
Estonian 55,203 (32.22%) en (0.19%) pl (0.62%) de (0.32%) hy (2.43%) fr (0.29%) 0.84 0.29 135,631
Basque 23,033 (7.66%) es (0.79%) fr (0.41%) en (0.13%) ca (1.19%) it (0.42%) 0.37 0.35 165,970
Extremaduran 308 (10.02%) es (0.02%) 0 ca (0.03%) pt (0.01%) fr (0.01%) 0.02 0.01 4,078
Persian 137,553 (21.86%) en (1.32%) ar (4.02%) ms (6.6%) sv (0.35%) ceb (0.25%) 0.99 0.6 282,181
Fula 30 (10.27%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.19 0.01 3,081
Finnish 106,532 (24.3%) en (0.37%) sv (0.47%) fr (0.49%) de (0.41%) ru (0.55%) 0.84 0.38 177,744
Võro 507 (9.22%) et (0.26%) hy (0.16%) uk (0.05%) vo (0.3%) pl (0.03%) 0.02 0.01 3,830
Fijian 88 (17.71%) 0 hif (0.72%) 0 0 0 0.02 0.0 1,201
Faroese 1,914 (15.06%) da (0.4%) no (0.17%) en (0.01%) de (0.03%) sv (0.01%) 0.06 0.02 9,312
French 536,760 (26.9%) en (3.67%) de (5.74%) it (8.01%) nl (5.49%) es (7.59%) 7.29 5.49 2,493,595
Franco-Provençal 944 (31.69%) fr (0.04%) en (0.01%) de (0.04%) it (0.06%) es (0.06%) 1.57 0.11 54,418
North Frisian 506 (7.29%) de (0.02%) da (0.11%) 0 nl (0.01%) fr (0.01%) 0.07 0.01 7,100
Friulian 484 (14.45%) it (0.02%) en (0.01%) ca (0.05%) fr (0.01%) de (0.01%) 0.05 0.02 11,200
West Frisian 9,025 (22.43%) nl (0.22%) en (0.03%) fr (0.06%) nan (0.43%) de (0.03%) 0.58 0.06 27,741
Irish 1,844 (3.89%) en (0.02%) eu (0.16%) ru (0.03%) fr (0.02%) es (0.03%) 0.11 0.02 11,057
Gagauz 152 (6.11%) 0 ro (0.01%) uk (0.01%) 0 bg (0.01%) 0.0 0.0 865
Gan 1,024 (15.88%) zh (0.05%) ja (0.02%) 0 vi (0.02%) ko (0.04%) 0.04 0.01 4,194
Scottish Gaelic 3,269 (22.13%) en (0.04%) ga (3.09%) de (0.06%) sv (0.03%) fr (0.06%) 0.13 0.06 27,036
Galician 35,373 (23.88%) es (0.29%) ca (0.32%) en (0.03%) pms (2.83%) pt (0.16%) 0.22 0.08 39,642
Gilaki 96 (2.21%) fa (0.01%) 0 ms (0.02%) ar (0.01%) 0 0.0 0.0 776
Guarani 715 (19.92%) es (0.05%) en (0.01%) pt (0.05%) it (0.03%) zh (0.04%) 0.19 0.03 13,874
Goan Konkani 374 (10.29%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.06 0.0 2,139
Gorontalo 30 (2.75%) id (0.01%) 0 ms (0.01%) 0 0 0.0 0.0 420
Gothic 418 (62.67%) en (0.01%) fr (0.02%) es (0.03%) it (0.02%) de (0.02%) 3.15 0.08 36,703
Gujarati 21,007 (74.8%) en (0.04%) hi (0.6%) mr (1.17%) ta (0.49%) sv (0.01%) 0.18 0.04 19,229
Manx 243 (4.88%) 0 fr (0.01%) no (0.01%) 0 0 0.02 0.0 1,971
Hausa 256 (11.83%) 0 fr (0.01%) de (0.01%) it (0.01%) ru (0.01%) 0.09 0.01 5,822
Hakka 759 (8.61%) zh (0.07%) en (0.01%) ja (0.06%) ko (0.15%) nan (0.27%) 0.21 0.03 12,449
Hawaiian 108 (4.06%) 0 es (0.01%) pl (0.01%) it (0.01%) pt (0.01%) 0.02 0.01 2,661
Hebrew 48,177 (21.19%) en (0.28%) de (0.27%) ru (0.4%) fr (0.29%) pl (0.43%) 0.68 0.25 118,878
Hindi 71,134 (56.33%) en (0.43%) new (30.41%) ta (7.11%) mr (14.64%) fr (0.33%) 2.39 0.55 259,610
Fiji Hindi 1,181 (14.12%) en (0.01%) 0 fr (0.01%) de (0.01%) 0 0.32 0.01 4,668
Hiri Motu 0 (0.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0
Croatian 38,633 (23.04%) sh (4.38%) en (0.27%) sr (2.59%) bs (17.12%) uk (1.22%) 0.56 0.39 184,008
Upper Sorbian 1,697 (13.1%) de (0.06%) ru (0.05%) en (0.01%) pl (0.04%) nl (0.03%) 0.07 0.04 16,767
Haitian Creole 2,324 (4.38%) en (0.01%) fr (0.03%) es (0.03%) pt (0.04%) it (0.02%) 0.05 0.02 7,374
Hungarian 89,760 (20.84%) en (0.45%) eo (9.49%) fr (1.0%) de (0.81%) it (1.12%) 1.41 0.84 396,657
Armenian 31,023 (12.88%) en (0.13%) ru (0.46%) fa (0.84%) fr (0.23%) uk (0.5%) 1.0 0.28 132,414
Herero 0 (0.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0
Interlingua 102 (0.49%) 0 eo (0.01%) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 217
Indonesian 110,341 (25.49%) nl (1.88%) ms (8.93%) jv (45.76%) en (0.22%) su (24.95%) 1.34 0.43 203,384
Interlingue 16 (0.39%) ia (0.03%) 0 0 0 io (0.01%) 0.0 0.0 53
Igbo 272 (19.88%) 0 fr (0.01%) yo (0.49%) de (0.01%) pt (0.01%) 0.12 0.01 5,707
Nuosu language 2 (25.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 50
Inupiat 50 (7.75%) 0 0 0 tr (0.01%) 0 0.04 0.0 1,742
Ilocano 309 (2.72%) en (0.01%) de (0.01%) es (0.02%) ceb (0.01%) tl (0.34%) 0.07 0.01 4,839
Ingush 22 (3.12%) 0 0 os (0.14%) 0 ce (0.01%) 0.05 0.0 923
Ido 427 (1.51%) en (0.01%) fr (0.01%) ja (0.03%) it (0.02%) zh (0.03%) 0.17 0.02 11,411
Icelandic 10,834 (23.89%) en (0.05%) de (0.1%) fr (0.09%) sv (0.05%) es (0.11%) 0.28 0.08 40,064
Italian 272,307 (18.83%) en (1.42%) fr (3.02%) de (2.22%) es (2.68%) ru (2.22%) 4.16 2.01 925,670
Inuktitut 38 (7.55%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.0 1,209
Japanese 566,074 (50.97%) en (1.5%) zh (6.08%) fr (2.04%) ko (9.43%) it (1.94%) 1.77 1.33 617,161
Jamaican Patois 163 (9.68%) 0 0 0 es (0.01%) 0 0.03 0.01 2,505
Lojban 0 (0.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0
Javanese 27,147 (51.98%) id (5.39%) nl (0.53%) ms (2.46%) map-bms (54.55%) en (0.06%) 0.72 0.18 85,272
Georgian 18,092 (14.86%) ru (0.27%) en (0.07%) hy (1.0%) fr (0.09%) uk (0.21%) 0.3 0.09 43,536
Karakalpak 103 (5.17%) uz (0.05%) 0 0 uk (0.01%) tr (0.02%) 0.03 0.0 1,631
Kabyle 271 (8.54%) fr (0.01%) ar (0.04%) 0 it (0.02%) pt (0.02%) 0.01 0.01 3,095
Kabardian 36 (2.25%) 0 os (0.26%) ce (0.02%) 0 0 0.05 0.0 1,156
Kabiye 78 (5.13%) 0 0 zh (0.01%) 0 0 0.31 0.01 6,019
Kongo 132 (10.89%) 0 fr (0.01%) 0 it (0.01%) ru (0.01%) 0.1 0.01 3,855
Gikuyu 16 (1.11%) 0 sw (0.02%) 0 0 0 0.01 0.0 383
Kwanyama 0 (0.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0
Kazakh 31,303 (14.01%) ru (0.81%) uk (0.95%) be (1.97%) en (0.05%) de (0.08%) 0.72 0.17 79,973
Greenlandic 94 (5.52%) 0 da (0.04%) 0 0 no (0.02%) 0.02 0.0 2,181
Khmer 1,764 (26.87%) en (0.01%) vi (0.04%) fr (0.02%) ru (0.02%) pl (0.02%) 0.21 0.02 10,818
Kannada 6,574 (28.49%) en (0.06%) ta (0.82%) hi (0.61%) ml (1.21%) mr (1.25%) 0.27 0.05 24,945
Korean 64,220 (15.29%) en (0.24%) zh (0.93%) ja (0.73%) fr (0.24%) id (1.04%) 0.82 0.25 116,810
Komi-Permyak 95 (2.72%) kv (1.13%) 0 fi (0.01%) et (0.02%) 0 0.02 0.0 1,265
Kanuri 0 (0.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0
Karachay-Balkar 36 (1.76%) 0 ce (0.02%) 0 hy (0.01%) 0 0.05 0.0 1,150
Kashmiri 23 (6.25%) 0 hi (0.01%) ur (0.01%) 0 0 0.0 0.0 523
Ripuarian language 407 (14.42%) de (0.02%) nl (0.01%) 0 fr (0.01%) ru (0.01%) 0.12 0.01 6,831
Kurdish 11,664 (49.92%) tr (1.46%) vi (0.29%) en (0.05%) de (0.08%) fa (0.29%) 0.92 0.14 66,873
Komi-Zyrian 377 (6.99%) ru (0.01%) koi (3.58%) fi (0.01%) 0 ce (0.03%) 0.02 0.0 1,565
Cornish 167 (4.36%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.09 0.01 2,778
Kyrgyz 13,088 (18.29%) en (0.05%) ru (0.16%) uz (1.56%) sv (0.05%) nl (0.09%) 0.55 0.12 58,275
Latin 1,501 (1.17%) it (0.08%) en (0.02%) de (0.05%) fr (0.05%) es (0.07%) 0.49 0.08 40,177
Ladino 235 (6.14%) he (0.09%) 0 es (0.01%) fr (0.01%) ru (0.01%) 0.13 0.01 7,099
Luxembourgish 14,427 (26.7%) fr (0.28%) en (0.1%) nl (0.26%) ca (0.81%) de (0.21%) 0.55 0.24 115,639
Lak 17 (1.39%) lez (0.3%) 0 0 av (0.42%) 0 0.05 0.0 728
Lezgian 999 (25.34%) ru (0.05%) ce (0.22%) uk (0.03%) az (0.15%) 0 0.09 0.01 5,018
Lingua Franca Nova 3 (0.1%) 0 0 0 0 ay (0.02%) 0.0 0.0 61
Luganda 69 (3.15%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 175
Limburgish 2,096 (17.45%) nl (0.08%) fr (0.04%) en (0.01%) nan (0.23%) de (0.02%) 0.04 0.02 10,907
Ligurian 461 (13.1%) it (0.02%) en (0.01%) fr (0.01%) de (0.01%) ru (0.02%) 0.05 0.02 10,333
Lombard 6,259 (16.84%) it (0.37%) en (0.08%) fr (0.19%) de (0.17%) nl (0.19%) 0.66 0.28 130,317
Lingala 351 (11.91%) fr (0.01%) 0 0 0 0 0.06 0.01 2,459
Lao 128 (3.5%) 0 th (0.04%) 0 0 0 0.04 0.0 1,744
Northern Luri 24 (0.63%) 0 0 0 0 az (0.01%) 0.02 0.0 948
Lithuanian 66,394 (35.58%) pl (0.84%) en (0.17%) bat-smg (45.59%) de (0.23%) ru (0.3%) 0.37 0.16 77,636
Latgalian 74 (8.19%) lv (0.06%) 0 0 et (0.01%) da (0.01%) 0.01 0.0 469
Latvian 23,625 (27.43%) ru (0.37%) en (0.09%) et (1.64%) de (0.11%) pl (0.19%) 0.43 0.12 55,973
Maithili 1,235 (10.31%) en (0.02%) pl (0.08%) ne (2.98%) ms (0.3%) new (1.01%) 0.12 0.03 11,907
Banyumasan 4,151 (30.72%) id (0.96%) jv (7.12%) nl (0.16%) su (2.48%) 0 0.05 0.03 13,828
Moksha 38 (2.89%) 0 ce (0.02%) myv (0.55%) hu (0.01%) tt (0.03%) 0.05 0.0 1,142
Malagasy 1,550 (1.83%) fr (0.07%) en (0.02%) nl (0.06%) it (0.05%) fa (0.05%) 0.06 0.02 8,477
Marshallese 2 (28.57%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 0.0 219
Meadow Mari 578 (6.01%) ru (0.01%) tt (0.19%) ce (0.08%) 0 zh (0.01%) 0.03 0.01 3,020
Māori 19 (0.31%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.0 823
Minangkabau 1,173 (0.53%) id (0.23%) nl (0.03%) ms (0.13%) jv (0.29%) 0 0.01 0.01 3,291
Macedonian 13,901 (14.71%) bg (2.56%) en (0.06%) sr (0.62%) fr (0.15%) sh (0.53%) 0.33 0.12 58,113
Malayalam 16,154 (28.25%) en (0.15%) ta (2.31%) sv (0.05%) vi (0.13%) ceb (0.03%) 0.41 0.11 53,765
Mongolian 3,807 (19.41%) en (0.03%) ru (0.1%) zh (0.12%) fr (0.05%) it (0.07%) 0.34 0.07 33,164
Marathi 10,817 (21.76%) en (0.08%) hi (1.68%) ta (1.25%) fr (0.06%) it (0.08%) 0.62 0.11 51,800
Hill Mari language 218 (2.08%) mhr (1.31%) tt (0.15%) ce (0.07%) ru (0.01%) cv (0.04%) 0.02 0.0 1,035
Malay 67,757 (22.14%) id (6.75%) nl (0.72%) en (0.19%) jv (14.58%) su (17.26%) 0.86 0.27 127,351
Maltese 673 (20.16%) en (0.01%) it (0.03%) de (0.02%) fr (0.02%) pl (0.02%) 0.06 0.01 6,913
Muscogee 2 (100.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 29
Mirandese 66 (1.7%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.0 820
Burmese 26,181 (65.67%) en (0.05%) zh (0.08%) fr (0.03%) th (0.43%) sv (0.01%) 0.13 0.03 15,147
Erzya 237 (4.62%) ru (0.01%) ce (0.11%) 0 tt (0.2%) zh (0.02%) 0.08 0.01 4,312
Mazanderani 1,472 (11.64%) fa (0.18%) en (0.02%) sv (0.01%) ceb (0.01%) ar (0.05%) 0.03 0.01 5,965
Nauruan 34 (2.61%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.0 1,062
Nahuatl 128 (1.83%) es (0.01%) 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.01 2,559
Neapolitan 1,585 (10.86%) it (0.1%) en (0.02%) fr (0.06%) es (0.08%) de (0.05%) 0.16 0.09 41,168
Low Saxon 2,182 (7.28%) de (0.06%) en (0.01%) nl (0.03%) pl (0.04%) it (0.03%) 0.04 0.03 14,431
Dutch Low Saxon 1,465 (21.64%) nl (0.07%) nan (0.36%) fr (0.04%) en (0.01%) ceb (0.01%) 0.1 0.03 12,541
Nepali 5,903 (18.68%) en (0.04%) new (2.22%) mai (8.65%) pl (0.08%) fr (0.05%) 0.43 0.06 30,708
Nepal Bhasa 1,137 (1.58%) en (0.02%) ms (0.26%) it (0.03%) ne (1.59%) pl (0.04%) 0.09 0.02 11,495
Ndonga 1 (6.67%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 26
Dutch 173,889 (8.98%) en (0.65%) fr (1.28%) de (0.84%) it (0.8%) pl (0.75%) 1.47 0.6 274,621
Norwegian (Nynorsk) 35,295 (25.51%) no (6.18%) en (0.28%) sv (0.18%) de (0.26%) fr (0.25%) 0.67 0.33 154,782
Bokmål 118,012 (24.16%) en (0.57%) nn (21.43%) sv (0.31%) de (0.44%) fr (0.41%) 0.67 0.43 203,617
Novial 5 (0.3%) 0 0 0 0 an (0.01%) 0.0 0.0 108
Norman 66 (1.71%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.0 1,230
Northern Sotho 1,157 (14.43%) af (1.89%) en (0.01%) de (0.01%) nl (0.01%) it (0.01%) 0.19 0.01 4,751
Navajo 834 (14.46%) en (0.01%) fa (0.09%) ceb (0.01%) es (0.04%) sh (0.11%) 0.07 0.03 13,123
Chewa 23 (5.42%) 0 0 0 tr (0.01%) 0 0.06 0.0 1,101
Occitan 17,547 (20.72%) fr (0.84%) en (0.28%) ca (2.68%) es (1.12%) it (1.07%) 1.05 0.96 452,350
Livvi-Karelian 587 (20.62%) ru (0.04%) ce (0.29%) fi (0.06%) hy (0.05%) zh (0.01%) 0.03 0.01 3,250
Oromo 307 (33.15%) 0 fr (0.01%) 0 0 zh (0.01%) 0.07 0.01 2,426
Odia 3,823 (27.58%) en (0.04%) hi (0.49%) it (0.04%) zh (0.05%) vi (0.04%) 0.24 0.04 17,841
Ossetian 2,014 (18.79%) ru (0.04%) ka (0.35%) 0 hy (0.06%) fr (0.01%) 0.09 0.01 6,334
Punjabi 7,386 (23.77%) en (0.04%) pnb (2.13%) hi (0.68%) ur (0.47%) ta (0.52%) 0.23 0.05 23,292
Pangasinan 52 (1.04%) 0 0 0 ilo (0.43%) 0 0.01 0.0 836
Kapampangan 412 (4.81%) 0 tl (0.17%) nl (0.01%) de (0.01%) it (0.01%) 0.14 0.01 2,598
Papiamento 85 (4.27%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.0 1,559
Picard 1,860 (49.84%) fr (0.09%) en (0.03%) nl (0.08%) de (0.07%) it (0.11%) 0.13 0.11 50,694
Pennsylvania German 326 (17.0%) 0 es (0.01%) sh (0.03%) sr (0.02%) 0 0.16 0.01 5,756
Palatinate German 1,338 (68.65%) de (0.06%) en (0.02%) fr (0.06%) nl (0.06%) pl (0.09%) 0.09 0.08 38,100
Pali 29 (0.91%) 0 hi (0.02%) mr (0.05%) 0 ta (0.02%) 0.05 0.0 1,577
Norfuk 24 (3.66%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.06 0.0 794
Polish 296,819 (23.12%) en (1.51%) fr (2.0%) de (1.3%) ru (1.67%) nl (0.92%) 1.21 0.94 433,511
Piedmontese 4,329 (6.73%) it (0.26%) en (0.06%) fr (0.17%) de (0.15%) es (0.23%) 0.48 0.25 116,231
Lahnda languages 7,411 (16.16%) en (0.05%) ur (1.63%) pa (4.76%) fa (0.23%) hi (1.1%) 0.68 0.11 50,035
Pontic Greek 6 (1.22%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 276
Pashto 560 (6.17%) en (0.01%) fa (0.06%) it (0.02%) fr (0.01%) pnb (0.54%) 0.1 0.02 8,742
Portuguese 197,215 (19.79%) en (0.92%) es (2.22%) nl (1.53%) fr (1.45%) de (1.09%) 2.16 1.21 560,471
Southern Quechua 733 (3.51%) en (0.01%) es (0.04%) zh (0.04%) it (0.03%) pt (0.04%) 0.39 0.01 6,774
Romansh 655 (18.32%) de (0.02%) en (0.01%) it (0.02%) fr (0.02%) nl (0.02%) 0.14 0.02 9,528
Romani 46 (6.72%) 0 ro (0.01%) 0 0 0 0.07 0.0 2,062
Kirundi 234 (42.09%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.0 2,039
Romanian 73,167 (18.96%) en (0.46%) uk (2.78%) sr (3.09%) sh (3.75%) ceb (0.31%) 0.67 0.54 256,152
Aromanian 18 (1.45%) 0 0 0 bg (0.01%) mk (0.02%) 0.0 0.0 645
Tarantino 255 (2.76%) it (0.02%) de (0.01%) 0 hu (0.06%) fr (0.01%) 0.03 0.02 9,392
Russian 477,707 (32.24%) uk (14.84%) ce (46.84%) en (1.29%) hy (24.68%) pl (3.87%) 4.65 2.47 1,132,446
Rusyn 635 (9.69%) uk (0.08%) hu (0.14%) eo (0.24%) pl (0.05%) sk (0.25%) 0.01 0.02 10,704
Kinyarwanda 115 (6.03%) 0 0 0 ca (0.01%) pt (0.01%) 0.06 0.0 2,143
Sanskrit 273 (2.43%) 0 hi (0.2%) fr (0.01%) ur (0.17%) ru (0.02%) 0.07 0.02 7,668
Sakha 2,706 (21.72%) ru (0.07%) en (0.01%) ce (0.2%) uk (0.04%) it (0.02%) 0.1 0.02 9,814
Santali 0 (0.0%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0
Sardinian 408 (6.74%) it (0.03%) en (0.01%) ca (0.05%) fr (0.01%) es (0.02%) 0.09 0.02 10,605
Sicilian 2,540 (9.78%) it (0.1%) en (0.02%) fr (0.06%) de (0.05%) es (0.08%) 1.22 0.11 52,140
Scots 4,590 (8.73%) en (0.08%) fr (0.13%) de (0.11%) it (0.14%) es (0.11%) 0.17 0.09 43,892
Sindhi 1,442 (14.46%) en (0.01%) ur (0.42%) fa (0.05%) fr (0.01%) ru (0.02%) 1.09 0.03 14,197
Northern Sami 434 (5.76%) no (0.08%) en (0.01%) nn (0.24%) fi (0.07%) sv (0.01%) 0.03 0.02 7,874
Sango 61 (21.71%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.0 1,673
Serbo-Croatian 22,724 (5.12%) sr (3.55%) fr (0.68%) en (0.24%) sl (4.65%) hr (4.29%) 0.52 0.31 146,158
Sinhala 3,272 (18.0%) en (0.04%) ta (0.82%) fr (0.02%) de (0.01%) ja (0.02%) 0.1 0.02 10,625
Basic English 49,200 (36.22%) en (0.86%) fr (1.81%) it (2.24%) de (1.45%) es (2.26%) 7.49 2.19 1,037,138
Slovak 6,079 (2.68%) cs (0.43%) en (0.03%) fr (0.06%) de (0.06%) it (0.08%) 0.09 0.05 24,549
Slovene 35,092 (21.7%) en (0.21%) nl (0.41%) uk (0.93%) ro (1.8%) bs (7.65%) 0.28 0.21 101,424
Samoan 35 (4.23%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.0 1,136
Shona 268 (9.15%) 0 0 0 0 pt (0.01%) 0.11 0.01 4,195
Somali 922 (18.75%) en (0.01%) de (0.01%) it (0.02%) fr (0.01%) ar (0.04%) 0.23 0.02 9,944
Albanian 18,245 (23.3%) en (0.09%) pl (0.2%) fr (0.1%) de (0.09%) it (0.13%) 0.34 0.11 50,952
Serbian 55,302 (10.11%) sh (5.93%) en (0.44%) fr (1.02%) hr (9.85%) sl (8.93%) 0.92 0.59 278,137
Sranan tongo 222 (19.63%) 0 nl (0.01%) fr (0.01%) de (0.01%) pt (0.01%) 0.1 0.01 6,648
Swazi 69 (14.97%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.11 0.0 1,896
Sotho 175 (29.07%) 0 af (0.28%) nso (1.65%) fr (0.01%) 0 0.17 0.01 3,509
Saterland Frisian 167 (4.16%) de (0.01%) nl (0.01%) 0 fr (0.01%) pl (0.01%) 0.02 0.01 3,765
Sundanese 8,352 (21.61%) id (1.72%) nl (0.29%) ms (1.82%) jv (4.3%) map-bms (11.28%) 0.09 0.05 25,622
Swedish 333,969 (8.86%) ceb (1.84%) war (4.96%) en (0.83%) vi (3.91%) de (1.01%) 1.98 1.28 560,636
Swahili 8,056 (18.99%) ceb (0.06%) en (0.04%) fr (0.04%) de (0.03%) it (0.05%) 0.34 0.05 24,668
Silesian 285 (3.86%) pl (0.02%) 0 de (0.01%) nl (0.01%) fr (0.01%) 0.06 0.01 4,275
Tamil 48,453 (41.04%) en (0.23%) ml (3.92%) it (0.11%) zh (0.15%) te (2.27%) 0.43 0.13 61,622
Tulu 365 (32.53%) kn (0.58%) 0 ru (0.01%) ta (0.06%) hi (0.05%) 0.1 0.01 4,690
Telugu 31,160 (45.95%) en (0.14%) ta (1.81%) hi (1.04%) ur (0.91%) new (1.43%) 0.34 0.08 39,703
Tetum 202 (13.74%) de (0.01%) ms (0.05%) 0 0 0 0.01 0.0 938
Tajik 5,941 (6.51%) ru (0.1%) en (0.02%) fa (0.15%) uk (0.12%) de (0.04%) 0.74 0.08 39,819
Thai 28,494 (22.95%) en (0.14%) de (0.16%) vi (0.26%) ja (0.23%) ceb (0.05%) 0.88 0.17 78,926
Tigrinya 23 (7.88%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.0 942
Turkmen 611 (9.3%) en (0.01%) ru (0.02%) fa (0.03%) it (0.01%) tr (0.05%) 0.06 0.01 6,147
Tagalog 11,884 (15.04%) en (0.13%) nl (0.14%) de (0.11%) ceb (0.05%) fr (0.12%) 0.8 0.12 57,159
Tswana 378 (52.65%) en (0.01%) fr (0.01%) pl (0.02%) it (0.02%) nl (0.01%) 0.12 0.01 4,744
Tongan 466 (28.06%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.02 0.0 1,431
Tok Pisin 97 (6.5%) 0 zh (0.01%) 0 0 fa (0.01%) 0.02 0.0 2,099
Turkish 86,846 (28.03%) vi (2.61%) en (0.44%) de (0.56%) fr (0.4%) ms (2.47%) 1.54 0.51 241,549
Tsonga 63 (11.07%) 0 0 0 0 af (0.07%) 0.07 0.0 1,616
Tatar 5,254 (6.6%) ru (0.18%) ba (3.05%) en (0.01%) uk (0.06%) ce (0.27%) 0.14 0.03 16,142
Tumbuka 8 (1.26%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 156
Twi 20 (3.45%) 0 ak (1.62%) gl (0.01%) 0 0 0.02 0.0 437
Tahitian 5 (0.39%) 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 130
Tuvan 94 (5.16%) tr (0.02%) 0 uk (0.01%) 0 0 0.04 0.0 1,283
Udmurt 442 (9.82%) ru (0.01%) uk (0.02%) fi (0.02%) tt (0.11%) 0 0.05 0.0 2,175
Uyghur 778 (13.76%) zh (0.07%) sv (0.01%) 0 0 ru (0.01%) 0.93 0.02 8,753
Ukrainian 172,190 (21.77%) ru (5.02%) ro (9.23%) zh (2.6%) pl (1.74%) hy (8.36%) 1.03 0.75 347,948
Urdu 25,235 (18.39%) en (0.34%) hi (4.73%) fa (0.88%) it (0.34%) zh (0.44%) 1.64 0.39 184,417
Uzbek 12,354 (9.72%) ru (0.3%) en (0.06%) uk (0.35%) de (0.11%) fr (0.12%) 2.01 0.28 133,423
Venda 50 (15.48%) af (0.08%) 0 nso (0.51%) 0 0 0.06 0.0 1,046
Venetian 1,289 (11.5%) it (0.09%) en (0.02%) fr (0.05%) de (0.04%) es (0.07%) 0.12 0.07 33,421
Veps 385 (6.74%) ru (0.02%) 0 fi (0.04%) zh (0.02%) ce (0.1%) 0.04 0.01 5,240
Vietnamese 37,218 (3.15%) en (0.15%) zh (0.53%) nl (0.18%) fr (0.17%) sv (0.08%) 0.58 0.18 82,082
West Flemish 1,159 (17.9%) nl (0.05%) fr (0.03%) en (0.01%) de (0.01%) pt (0.03%) 0.12 0.02 10,743
Volapük 1,704 (1.41%) eo (0.02%) 0 la (0.01%) 0 0 0.0 0.0 455
Walloon 1,507 (12.43%) fr (0.03%) nl (0.03%) en (0.01%) de (0.01%) sv (0.01%) 0.08 0.02 9,024
Waray language 501 (0.04%) ceb (0.01%) sv (0.01%) nl (0.01%) vi (0.02%) 0 0.06 0.01 4,407
Wolof 151 (11.57%) 0 0 0 it (0.01%) es (0.01%) 0.09 0.01 3,498
Wu Chinese 1,026 (9.49%) zh (0.09%) en (0.01%) ja (0.06%) fr (0.02%) ko (0.1%) 0.11 0.02 11,460
Kalmyk Oirat 42 (1.85%) 0 0 0 0 ce (0.02%) 0.05 0.0 1,586
Xhosa 34 (3.54%) 0 af (0.05%) 0 nso (0.3%) 0 0.09 0.0 1,526
Mingrelian 264 (2.11%) ka (0.21%) ru (0.01%) 0 hy (0.04%) 0 0.02 0.01 2,779
Yiddish 2,043 (14.3%) he (0.63%) fr (0.03%) en (0.01%) ru (0.03%) de (0.02%) 0.64 0.06 28,617
Yoruba 2,534 (7.98%) en (0.04%) fr (0.05%) it (0.07%) nan (0.32%) pt (0.05%) 0.13 0.03 13,973
Zhuang 68 (5.21%) 0 0 zh (0.01%) zh-yue (0.1%) fa (0.01%) 0.03 0.0 2,290
Zeelandic 628 (14.14%) nl (0.03%) en (0.01%) fr (0.02%) nan (0.12%) de (0.01%) 0.05 0.01 5,991
Standard Chinese 112,909 (11.15%) en (0.46%) sv (0.45%) ceb (0.26%) zh-yue (16.95%) ja (1.01%) 1.15 0.42 194,262
Classical Chinese 1,145 (14.39%) zh (0.11%) en (0.02%) ja (0.08%) zh-yue (1.13%) ko (0.17%) 0.44 0.06 26,605
Southern Min 1,106 (0.49%) zh (0.1%) en (0.01%) ja (0.07%) ko (0.16%) vi (0.05%) 0.14 0.03 14,042
Cantonese 16,669 (24.57%) zh (1.01%) en (0.1%) ja (0.18%) fr (0.07%) ko (0.31%) 0.2 0.09 40,891