Help:Cambios recientes

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Recent changes and the translation is 25% complete.

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MediaWiki Handbook: Contents, Readers, Editors, Moderators, System admins, Researchers +/-
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The recent changes page in MediaWiki lets you see the most recent edits made to pages in your MediaWiki project. Using this page, users can monitor and review the work of other users, allowing mistakes to be corrected and vandalism to be eliminated. There is a link to the recent changes page at the top or in the sidebar of each page. You can also create a link to the page as [[Special:RecentChanges]].

Entender los cambios recientes

With the default preferences, the bulk of the page consists of 50 lines, one for each edit, looking like this:

This indicates four edits: the first by a user who is not logged in, to MediaWiki User's Guide: Editing mathematical formulae; the second by Brion VIBBER to MediaWiki User's Guide; the third by Maveric149 to Endnotes; and the fourth by IMandIR to Help:What links here.

De izquierda a derecha:

  • «diff» enlaza a la página que muestra las diferencias que ha conllevado esa edición; no está disponible para las páginas nuevas o para aquellas que hayan sido trasladadas.
  • En enlace «hist» corresponde al historial de la página editada: muestra, además de esa edición, las anteriores y las posteriores a la misma. Para los traslados de página, este enlace lleva al historial de la nueva página.
  • Una «m» en negrita indica que el usuario marcó la edición como «menor». Solo los usuarios registrados pueden hacer esto, de modo que se puedan evitar abusos.
  • Una «N» en negrita indica que la página es nueva; es decir, que previamente no existía. Es posible que un cambio sea marcado tanto con la «m» como con la «N»; esto es típico en las nuevas redirecciones.
  • Una «b» en negrita indica que la edición ha sido realizada por un bot —una cuenta con el flag de bot—, oq eu la edición ha sido ocultada por un bibliotecario-
  • Un signo de exclamación en negrita (!) indica que la página no ha sido verificada. Para más información al respecto, véase la página correspondiente.
  • El siguiente enlace es un enlace a la versión actual de la página en cuestión.
    • Si dicho enlace está sobresaltado en negrita, esto indica que la página forma parte de tu lista de seguimiento.
  • «10:06», por ejemplo, se refiere a la hora UTC. Puedas cambiar la hora, adecuándola a tu zona horaria, en la página de tus preferencias.
  • (+1,864) —habitualmente un número en verde precedido de un signo «+» o un número en rojo precedido de un signo «-»— se refiere al número de bytes que han sido añadidos o retirados.
    • Dicho número estará en negrita cuando la edición haya supuesto una variación superior a quinientos bytes.
  • Si la edición la ha realizado un usuario registrado y que haya accedido a su cuenta, el siguiente enlace es un enlace a su página de usuario. En cambio, si se trata de un usuario anónimo, el enlace llevará a su lista de contribuciones.
  • Finalmente, hay un enlace a la página de discusión del usuario que ha realizado la edición.
  • Para los traslados de página, se muestra dos enlaces, uno a la página con el título antiguo y uno a la página nueva.

Edits older than $wgRCMaxAge are not listed in recent changes. This can be especially restrictive in listing Recent changes of one namespace (possible since MediaWiki 1.5), in the case that edits in this namespace are not very frequent.

Opciones

After calling a recent changes page one can specify options to show a different selection of recent changes: one can specify a namespace, with or without the associated namespace (the talk pages, or conversely for a talk page namespace), and/or invert the selection (see the changes in all namespaces except the one or two specified).

Logged in users can set preferences to specify defaults for some of these options, and for the way the recent changes are arranged. For help in doing this, see how to log in and how to set preferences. The applicable options are:

  • Hide minor edits in recent changes – this hides all edits that have been marked as minor by logged in users;
  • Enhanced recent changes – with this option enabled, multiple edits are grouped together. This option uses JavaScript, and won't work in every browser (see Browser issues with MediaWiki). See Enhanced recent changes
  • Days to show in recent changes – You may select the number of days to be shown by default on the recent changes page.
  • Number of recent changes – You may select the number of changes which will be shown by default. Once on that page, links are provided for other options. In the case of enhanced recent changes, this number of changes includes those that are initially hidden.

Parte superior de la página Cambios recientes

The content of MediaWiki:Recentchangestext is what appears at the top of Special:Recentchanges. It can be edited when necessary. MediaWiki talk:Recentchangestext is for discussing what might go on it. See also below #Internationalisation.

Ver cambios nuevos a partir de un momento determinado

If you have loaded the recent changes at, for example, 16:37 sep 20, 2017, it gives a link "Show new changes starting from 16:37 sep 20, 2017", giving you the changes you have not seen yet. In order to use this link later, after you have used the browser window for other things, or if you switch off the computer in between, you can instruct your browser to bookmark it (with Internet Explorer: right-click on the link and choose "add to favorites"). Alternatively, you can save the page with recent changes.

To get the new changes without one of these preparations, use:

//meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Recentchanges&from=20170920163732

(format yyyymmddhhmmss, UTC time).

You can copy this URL to the address bar and change date and time. The "Number of titles in recent changes" set as preference is applicable. This feature can not be used in conjunction with "hide logged in users" (see below) unless the URL is modified manually.

Ocultar usuarios con sesión iniciada de los cambios recientes

Special:Recentchanges/hideliu is a version of recent changes that only shows changes by users who have not logged in. This can be useful for those watching out for vandalism. Features such as viewing changes starting from a particular time can be used with the hideliu feature, but only by manually altering the URL to add &hideliu=1 to it. For example, clicking the time (as described in the section above) may take you to the url

//meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Recentchanges&from=20170920163732

Necesitarías cambiar esto para leer

//meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Recentchanges&from=20170920163732&hideliu=1

in order to view the recent changes without logged in users starting from this time.

Edit records that are changed or lost

After a page has been renamed (moved), earlier edits, including the original creation of the page, are shown in recent changes etc. under the new name.

Luego de que una página haya sido borrada, las ediciones más tempranas, incluyendo la de creación de la página, no serán mostradas en los cambios recientes etc.

En esto, los cambios recientes, difieren de un verdadero registro de eventos de cambio (este último, en el sentido de que el registro de que algo ocurrió, no puede ser alterado posteriormente). Compárese con Historical revisionism.

However, some edit lines are in recent changes (as long as it lasts) but no longer in edit histories, watchlists, related changes or user contributions: when moving a page over a redirect, the creation of that redirect is only in recent changes (and only if that was recent enough, of course). In particular this applies in the case of re-renaming a page back to its original name, and subsequent renamings back and forth.

Robots

Bots can be shown in recent changes by adding &hidebots=0 to the url. It is possible for sysops to mark some edits as bot edits, thereby preventing their displaying in the default recent changes. See Help:Reverting for more information on this.

Web feed

Web feeds (RSS and Atom) for the recent changes of a wiki are obtained by assigning to "feed" (one of the parameters to index.php availablehttp://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Parameters_to_index.php#History) the value "rss" or "atom", i.e., by adding "&feed=rss" or "&feed=atom" to the URL of the recent changes page. This gives the diffs of a number of edits (on Meta it recently gave 881 edits, covering 31 hours), each with a link to the current page. Depending on the browser there may be possibilities such as sorting by author. See also w:Wikipedia:Syndicationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Syndication.

Recent changes stream

As an alternative to requesting changes, you can subscribe to a recent changes stream for all Wikimedia wikis, see wikitech:EventStreams. (This replaces the IRC recent changes feeds on irc.wikimedia.org.)

Difference with page history

In page history, every line represents one edit to the given page and the version resulting from it.

  • "last" is similar to "diff" explained above
  • "cur" gives the difference between this version and the current one, which is the cumulation of all later edits, including those which are not in this revision history because they were made after loading this page

The "cur" and "last" features are similar to those in enhanced recent changes, except for "cur" in the first line: it is not linked in the revision history, while in the enhanced recent changes it gives the differences corresponding to the last edit.

See also Help:Edit summary#Places_where_the_edit_summary_appears.

Internacionalización

The header of the Recent changes page is the content of system message "recentchanges" in the message file of the site language. As of Feb 2007 for ca. 90 languages the message file contains a translation. If the site language is not one of them, the text in the fall-back language is used, possibly specified in the message file (e.g., in MessagesAb.php, $fallback='ru'). The default fallback language is English, giving the header "recent changes".

A localized page title for use as target in internal, interwiki and external links, can be specified in the message file with array element $specialPageAliases ('Recentchanges'). This has been done for about 25 languages. Anyway Special:Recentchanges also works.

By default there is on every regular page a link to the recent changes page, labelled with the content of system message "recentchanges" in the message file of the user-specified interface language. Like above, if it is undefined, the text in the fall-back language is used, possibly specified in the message file, and otherwise English.

On some sites the page Mediawiki:Recentchanges exists, e.g. simple:MediaWiki:Recentchanges, with an alternative text overriding the default text.

There is a system message "recentchanges-url", specifying the target of the recent changes link, but in view of the above there is no need for deviating from the English content "Special:Recentchanges". If there is a localized page title for use as target in links (see above) this shows up, depending on the browser, in the status bar (see e.g. de:a). This is a disadvantage for users who are not familiar with the site language and have not set their preferred interface language. For those users generic names of link targets are helpful (see e.g. af:a).

The HTML-title (depending on the browser shown in a hover box) is defined in ta['n-recentchanges'] in the default system message "monobook.js". Again, localisation has disadvantages.

There are also the system message "recentchangestext" and several others related to recent changes.

Improvements and Beta features

ORES is used on certain wikis. In this case, the possibly damaging edits are marked as needing review with a red "r" letter and a pale yellow background.

New filters for edit review is a new way to filters recent changes, including highlighting and, on certain wikis, ORES predictions. This feature is only available on certain wikis as a Beta feature.

Véase también