Help:最近更改

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Recent changes and the translation is 39% complete.

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MediaWiki Handbook: Contents, Readers, Editors, Moderators, System admins, Researchers +/-

MediaWiki中的最近更改页面让你看到你的 MediaWiki 项目中最近的编辑。使用此页面,用户可以监看其他用户的编辑,以便更正错误和破坏。在每个页面的上方或侧边栏有进入最近更改的链接。你也可以用[[Special:RecentChanges]]来创建一个进入的链接。对于大量使用的 MediaWiki 项目如维基百科,由于变化太快,最近更改页面的用处也难以体现。

界面

Filters as they are in October 2017, using highlighting function.

The interface is composed of two main elements:

  • on top, the filters, that will allow you to triage edits;
  • below, the recent changes list.

过滤器

过滤器实例

Since October 2017, some advanced filters have been added to the Recent Changes page. They allow the following actions:

Filtering
This page explains how the improved filtering interface works and how to get the most out of the new tools.
高亮
User-defined Highlighting tools let you use color to emphasize the edits that interest you most. The functions and techniques described on this page will help you to make your Recent Changes results more meaningful.
Quality and Intent Filters
"New filters for edit review" introduces two filter groups—Contribution Quality and User Intent—that are powered by machine learning and work differently from other filters.They offer probabilistic predictions about, respectively, whether or not edits are likely to contain problems and whether the user who made them was acting in good faith. Knowing a bit about how these unique tools work will help you use them more effectively.
书签
Save and restore your favorite filters.

Some other options are available.

最近更改列表

在默认设置下,页面显示50条记录,每个编辑一条,显示如下(对于从左至右阅读语言wiki):

Understand the list

This indicates four edits: the first by a user who is not logged in, to MediaWiki User's Guide: Editing mathematical formulae; the second by Brion VIBBER to MediaWiki User's Guide; the third by Maveric149 to Endnotes; and the fourth by IMandIR to Help:What links here.

From left to right:

  • The bullet-list has a signification: if it is filled like a disk, it means you haven't visited the page for that change yet. Otherwise, it is a simple circle.
  • "diff" links to the diff-page for this edit; it is not available for new pages, or for page moves
  • The "hist" link corresponds to the Page history link on the edited page: it shows not just this edit but also older and newer ones. For page moves, the hist link leads to the history of the new page title
  • A bold m indicates that the user marked the edit "minor". Only logged in users can mark edits minor, to avoid abuse.
  • A bold N indicates that the page is "new", i.e., previously did not exist. It is possible for a change to possess both the "minor" and "new" indicators; this is typically used for new redirects.
  • A bold b indicates that the edit is made by a bot (an account with bot flag), or that the edit is hidden by an administrator.
  • A bold ! indicates that the page is unpatrolled. For more information see the Help topic Patrolled Edit.

ORES is used on certain wikis. In this case, the possibly damaging edits are marked as needing review with a red "r" letter and a pale yellow background.

  • The next link is a link to the current version of the page in question. A bold Link indicates this page is part of your watchlist.
  • 10:06 refers to the time in UTC. You can change the time to your time zone using your preferences - see how to set preferences.
  • (+1,864) (generally a green number with a +, or a red number with a -) refers to the number of bytes that have been added or removed.
    • The number will appear in bold when more than 500 bytes were added or removed.
  • For logged in users, the next link is a link to their user homepage (as usual with internal links, the view page if the page exists, the edit page if it does not, the two being styled differently). For users who are not logged in, the link is to their User Contributions.
  • Finally, there is a link to the user's talk page (the same remarks regarding existence apply).
  • For page moves, a link is given to both the old and new title.

There is a limit of edits displayed, the first reached of those two:

  • edits older than 90 day
  • 500 edits

Edit records that are changed or lost

After a page has been renamed (moved), earlier edits, including the original creation of the page, are shown in recent changes etc. under the new name.

After a page has been deleted, earlier edits, including the original creation of the page, are not shown in recent changes etc.

In this recent changes differs from a real log of editing events (the latter in the sense that something that has happened can not be changed afterwards). Compare Historical revisionism.

However, some edit lines are in recent changes (as long as it lasts) but no longer in edit histories, watchlists, related changes or user contributions: when moving a page over a redirect, the creation of that redirect is only in recent changes (and only if that was recent enough, of course). In particular this applies in the case of re-renaming a page back to its original name, and subsequent renamings back and forth.

机器人编辑

Bots can be shown in recent changes by adding &hidebots=0 to the URL. It is possible for sysops to mark some edits as bot edits, thereby preventing their displaying in the default recent changes. See Help:Reverting for more information on this.

自定义

最近更改页面上方

The content of MediaWiki:Recentchangestext is what appears at the top of Special:Recentchanges. It is collapsed in the Other review tools menu. It can be edited when necessary. MediaWiki talk:Recentchangestext is for discussing what might go on it. See also below #Internationalisation.

旧编辑

Edits older than $wgRCMaxAge (90 days on most wikis) are not listed in recent changes. This can be especially restrictive in listing Recent changes of one namespace (possible since MediaWiki 1.5), in the case that edits in this namespace are not very frequent.

Opt-out the filters

Users can opt out of the new filters by going to the "Opt out" section at the bottom of Special:Preferences#mw-prefsection-rc on the wikis they are active on.

Those users can check the old configuration documentation.

高级功能

Web订阅

Web feeds (RSS and Atom) for the recent changes of a wiki are obtained by assigning to "feed" (one of the parameters to index.php availablehttp://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Parameters_to_index.php#History) the value "rss" or "atom", i.e., by adding "&feed=rss" or "&feed=atom" to the URL of the recent changes page. This gives the diffs of a number of edits (on Meta it recently gave 881 edits, covering 31 hours), each with a link to the current page. Depending on the browser there may be possibilities such as sorting by author. See also w:Wikipedia:Syndicationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Syndication.

最近更改流

作为请求更改的替代方式,你也可以订阅所有维基媒体危机项目的最近更改信息流,参见wikitech:EventStreams。(这取代了irc.wikimedia.org上的 IRC 最近更改源。)

国际化

The header of the Recent changes page is the content of system message "recentchanges" in the message file of the site language. As of Feb 2007 for ca. 90 languages the message file contains a translation. If the site language is not one of them, the text in the fall-back language is used, possibly specified in the message file (e.g., in MessagesAb.php, $fallback='ru'). The default fallback language is English, giving the header "recent changes".

A localized page title for use as target in internal, interwiki and external links, can be specified in the message file with array element $specialPageAliases ('Recentchanges'). This has been done for about 25 languages. Anyway Special:Recentchanges also works.

By default there is on every regular page a link to the recent changes page, labelled with the content of system message "recentchanges" in the message file of the user-specified interface language. Like above, if it is undefined, the text in the fall-back language is used, possibly specified in the message file, and otherwise English.

On some sites the page Mediawiki:Recentchanges exists, e.g. simple:MediaWiki:Recentchanges, with an alternative text overriding the default text.

There is a system message "recentchanges-url", specifying the target of the recent changes link, but in view of the above there is no need for deviating from the English content "Special:Recentchanges". If there is a localized page title for use as target in links (see above) this shows up, depending on the browser, in the status bar (see e.g. de:a). This is a disadvantage for users who are not familiar with the site language and have not set their preferred interface language. For those users generic names of link targets are helpful (see e.g. af:a).

The HTML-title (depending on the browser shown in a hover box) is defined in ta['n-recentchanges'] in the default system message "monobook.js". Again, localisation has disadvantages.

There are also the system message "recentchangestext" and several others related to recent changes.

与页面编辑历史的差异

页面历史中,每一条代表对给定页面的编辑和版本。

  • "prev"与上文提到的"diff"类似
  • "cur"是给定版本与当前版本间的差异,是之间所有编辑的累积,包括不是本次编辑但发生在本次之后的编辑。

The "cur" and "prev" features are similar to those in enhanced recent changes, except for "cur" in the first line: it is not linked in the revision history, while in the enhanced recent changes it gives the differences corresponding to the last edit.

參見Help:Edit summary#Places_where_the_edit_summary_appears

參見

Links to other help pages

Help contents
Meta · Wikinews · Wikipedia · Wikiquote · Wiktionary · Commons: · Wikidata · MediaWiki · Wikibooks · Wikisource · MediaWiki: Manual · Google
Versions of this help page (for other languages see further)
What links here on Meta or from Meta · Wikipedia · MediaWiki
Reading
Go · Search · Stop words · Namespace · Page name · Section · Backlinks · Redirect · Category · Image page · Special pages · Printable version
Tracking changes
Recent changes (enhanced) | Related changes · Watching pages · Diff · Page history · Edit summary · User contributions · Minor edit · Patrolled edit
Logging in and preferences
Logging in · Preferences · User style
Editing
Starting a new page · Advanced editing · Editing FAQ · Edit toolbar · Export · Import · Shortcuts · Edit conflict · Page size
Referencing
Links · URL · Piped links · Interwiki linking · Footnotes
Style and formatting
Wikitext examples · CSS · Reference card · HTML in wikitext · Formula · List · Table · Sorting · Colors · Images and file uploads
Fixing mistakes
Show preview · Testing · Reverting edits
Advanced functioning
Expansion · Template · Advanced templates · Parser function · Parameter default · Variable · System message · Substitution · Array · Calculation · Embed page
Others
Special characters · Renaming (moving) a page · Preparing a page for translation · Talk page · Signatures · Sandbox · Legal issues for editors
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