Research:Codex/Norms

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[WikiPapers]

Summary[edit]

Research questions[edit]

  • How are rules developed on Wikimedia sites?
  • How have those rules evolved over time?
  • How are those rules used?
  • What are the consequences of those rules?

Development of rules[edit]

In their analysis of the creation of norms, they notably considered WikiProjects, "the small, decentralized social structures" that have become "local jurisdictions in the site".[1]

WikiProjects are most commonly organized around subject matter; however, many WikiProjects for specific tasks such as creating audio versions of articles (Spoken Wikipedia), or identifying and eliminating bias (WikiProject Countering systemic bias) also exist.

They concluded by highlighting the importance of "old-timers" in propagating norms:

We suggest that the Wikipedia community has remained healthy in large part due to the continued presence of “old-timers” who carry a set of social norms and organizational ideals with them into every WikiProject, committee, and local process in which they take part. Instead of fracturing, the community has (so far) gracefully distributed the pressure of expansion among its members.

Evolution of rules[edit]

Usage of rules[edit]

Consequences of rules[edit]

Current research[edit]

Open questions[edit]

Avenues of research, gaps in literature, including leads and resources

Sources to add[edit]

[2] [3] [1] [4] [5] [6] [7]

Kriplean 2007[8]

References[edit]

  1. a b Forte, A.; Bruckman, A. (2008-01-01). "Scaling Consensus: Increasing Decentralization in Wikipedia Governance" (PDF). Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Proceedings of the 41st Annual: 157–157. doi:10.1109/HICSS.2008.383. 
  2. Beschatstnikh, Ivan; Kriplean, Travis; McDonald, David W (2008). Wikipedian Self-Governance in Action: Motivating the Policy Lens (PDF). International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM 2008). 
  3. Butler, Brian; Joyce, Elisabeth; Pike, Jacqueline (2008-01-01). "Don't Look Now, but We've Created a Bureaucracy: The Nature and Roles of Policies and Rules in Wikipedia" (PDF). Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. CHI '08 (New York, NY, USA: ACM): 1101–1110. ISBN 978-1-60558-011-1. doi:10.1145/1357054.1357227. 
  4. Ostrom, Elinor; Walker, James; Gardner, Roy (1992-06-01). "Covenants with and without a Sword: Self-Governance Is Possible." (PDF). American Political Science Review 86 (02): 404–417. ISSN 1537-5943. doi:10.2307/1964229. 
  5. Ford, Heather; Geiger, R. Stuart (2012-01-01). ""Writing Up Rather Than Writing Down": Becoming Wikipedia Literate" (PDF). Proceedings of the Eighth Annual International Symposium on Wikis and Open Collaboration. WikiSym '12 (New York, NY, USA: ACM): 16:1–16:4. ISBN 978-1-4503-1605-7. doi:10.1145/2462932.2462954. 
  6. Ostrom, Elinor; Walker, James; Gardner, Roy (1992-06-01). "Covenants with and without a Sword: Self-Governance Is Possible." (PDF). American Political Science Review 86 (02): 404–417. ISSN 1537-5943. doi:10.2307/1964229. 
  7. Halfaker, Aaron; Geiger, R. Stuart; Morgan, Jonathan T.; Riedl, John (2012-12-28). "The Rise and Decline of an Open Collaboration System: How Wikipedia’s Reaction to Popularity Is Causing Its Decline" (PDF). American Behavioral Scientist 57 (5): 664–688. ISSN 0002-7642. doi:10.1177/0002764212469365. 
  8. Kriplean, Travis; Beschastnikh, Ivan; McDonald, David W.; Golder, Scott A. (2007-01-01). "Community, Consensus, Coercion, Control: Cs*W or How Policy Mediates Mass Participation" (PDF). Proceedings of the 2007 International ACM Conference on Supporting Group Work. GROUP '07 (New York, NY, USA: ACM): 167–176. ISBN 9781595938459. doi:10.1145/1316624.1316648.