User:SandraF (WMF)/CIDOC 2018 workshop
Welcome to an introduction to the Wikimedia ecosystem for museums!
This page provides a (non-comprehensive) list of links, pointers and resources for this topic. It was compiled in September 2018, for a full-day workshop at the CIDOC 2018 conference, Heraklion, Sunday 30 September 2018, and can be repurposed and re-used by anyone.
Since almost a decade, museums and other cultural institutions around the world (GLAMs – Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums) have been working together with volunteers from the Wikimedia movement (Wikipedia and its sister projects). Such GLAM-Wiki collaboration projects offer a way to reach broad audiences and to make collections available for enrichment and re-use. Wikipedia, the non-profit, free encyclopedia, is the most well-known platform of the Wikimedia ecosystem. But there is also a lot of potential in sharing museum collections via Wikipedia’s sister projects: the free media repository Wikimedia Commons, and via the free, multilingual knowledge base Wikidata.
The Wikimedia ecosystem
Wikimedia projects: more than Wikipedia
Free knowledge and copyright
The Wikimedia community
Statistics about the size of the Wikimedia community and its activity on Wikimedia projects: https://stats.wikimedia.org
Wikimedia movement affiliates
- Portal for GLAM-Wiki: https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM
- GLAM-Wiki newsletter: https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Newsletter
- GLAM mailing list: https://lists.wikimedia.org/mailman/listinfo/glam
Museums as Wikimedia community members - accounts and Conflict of Interest (COI)
Tips (see also the GLAM conflict of interest guide):
- As a GLAM staff member, you must edit Wikimedia projects under a personal account – do not use an institutional account that is shared with others.
- Conflict of Interest policy on Wikimedia projects. You must disclose that you are a paid employee of a cultural institution; you can do that by writing a short introduction or bio on your user page. Example of a nice user page of a GLAM staff member
- Working with Wikimedia projects means being an active part of the Wikimedia community, learning about, and respecting its policies – just like academic publishing has its social habits and policies as well. Interact with other community members, and don't be afraid to ask questions!
Museums and Wikipedia
First step: find your museum (and its collections) on Wikipedia
- Let's look at the anatomy of that page, and the community activity around it. Its structure, its talk page, its history.
- In how many languages does your museum have an article?
- Are there also Wikipedia articles about items from your collections?
Is it OK to edit information about your museum on Wikipedia?
Tactics for activities on Wikipedia
- Get in touch with your local chapter or user group to build a connection with your local Wikimedia communities
- Behind the scenes activities
- Interns working on Wikimedia assignments
- Education projects together with your local universities
- Wikimedian in Residence
Examples of museums (and cultural organizations) active on Wikipedia
- Metropolitan Museum of Art - organizes campaigns and activities of its own and in collaboration with Wikimedia community initiatives (e.g. Asian History Month). Has a Wikipedian in Residence.
- Europeana works with the Wikimedia community through a variety of campaigns and activities and by connecting its data to Wikidata. A Wikimedia ambassador is employed by Europeana.
- UNESCO also employs a Wikimedian in Residence who organizes a variety of cultural activities on Wikimedia projects and who promotes the use of open data and free licenses at UNESCO.
- Pageviews tool
Structured data and Linked Open Data for GLAMs in the Wikimedia ecosystem
Museums and Wikidata
Find your museum on Wikidata!
- Does it have a Wikidata item?
- Explore and learn about the structure of a Wikidata item (see general info about Wikidata's approach to data structuring)
- Can you improve a Wikidata item? Tip: look at well-known / notable similar items to see how they are modelled
- Wikidata's SPARQL query engine
- User manual
- SPARQL example query: museums in Belgium - on a map - timeline
- Turn SPARQL queries into lists on Wikipedia with Template:Wikidata list (only to be used in subpages of one's own user page!) (example)
Examples of museum (and GLAM) partnerships on Wikidata
- Flemish museums used Wikidata for Linked Open Data publication of their data
- Europeana Art History Challenge, a Europe-wide campaign to improve information on Wikipedia and Wikidata about prominent European artworks
- National Library of Wales, where a Wikidata Visiting Scholar created Linked Open Data for a collection of prints
- See Data donation for more information about the data partnership process
Examples of community-driven GLAM and museum initiatives on Wikidata
- Some Wikipedia languages (example: infoboxes on French Wikipedia, ArticlePlaceholder on smaller-language Wikipedias, a Wikidata-driven list article on Catalan Wikipedia)
- VIAF (example)
- Quora (example)
- A few custom Wikidata-driven interfaces for cultural heritage:
- Crotos - an interface to art and culture-related information on Wikidata. See also the Cosmos interface and the IIIF cropper
- Manuscript Explorer - custom interface for browsing manuscripts on Wikidata
- WikiDP - Wikidata for Digital Preservation - interface for editing and browsing Wikidata specifically in the field of digital preservation (search for Netscape Navigator to find a good example)
Tools for interacting with (and editing) Wikidata
- Reasonator, for browsing Wikidata items with a more lively and rich layout (example: Smithsonian Institution)
- Wikidata Graph Builder, for exploring trees in Wikidata (example: museum and its subclasses)
- SQID, for browsing properties and classes
- Terminator, for translation of labels and descriptions (example: museums in Taiwan)
- GraFa, faceted browsing of Wikidata's triples
- Mix'n'match, for matching external datasets with Wikidata
- QuickStatements, for bulk editing Wikidata
- OpenRefine 3.0 and later supports bulk editing Wikidata and Wikidata reconciliation
- Wikipedia and Wikidata Tools for Google spreadsheets
- WikiShootMe, shows a map with Wikidata items in a specified area, and allows adding images to those items that don't have an image yet
- Wikidata Guessr Game (addictive!)
Extensive list of external tools: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wikidata:Tools
Measuring activity and impact
- SPARQL-rc (SPARQL Recent Changes), a tool to investigate edits to a set of Wikidata (example: edits to museums in Taiwan in the past month)
Museums and Wikimedia Commons
Find your museum on Wikimedia Commons.
- Does it have its own Commons category?
- Does it have an Institution template?
- Upload a file related to your collections, or improve the metadata for an existing file
From 2019: Structured Data on Wikimedia Commons
- Files on Commons described with data (entities) from Wikidata in addition to strings in Wikitext
- Multilinguality of Wikidata's entities can then be used in full
- Improved and more refined APIs
- Back-and-forth feedback ('roundtripping') of changes in metadata becomes possible
Examples of museum partnerships on Wikimedia Commons
- Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam, a long-term collaboration
- Carpatian Ethnography, collaboration between Wikimedia Poland and the National Ethnographic Museum
- More case studies here and here
Examples of community-driven GLAM and museum initiatives on Wikimedia Commons
- Wiki Loves Art (started in 2009 - 2017 campaign in Belgium)
Batch uploading to Wikimedia Commons
- Many larger-scale uploads to Commons are done with bots written by Wikimedia community members.
- Pattypan - mainly for smaller-scale uploads; stand-alone software that takes Excel sheets as input. Can be used by people without bot-writing or programming skills and for collections without extensive XML export facilities or APIs
- GLAMWiki Toolset - XML-based uploads, especially suitable for large batches (tens to hundreds of thousands of files). Is not actively maintained anymore and will not support structured data on Commons.
- GLAMorous, usage on Wikimedia projects of files in a specific Commons category (example: Images from the Groeningemuseum)
- GLAMorgan, page views on Wikimedia projects of files in a specific Commons category (example: Images from the Groeningemuseum in August 2018)
- BaGLAMa, the GLAMorgan data plotted over time (example: Media contributed by Textielmuseum)
- Why you should be paying attention to Wikidata and GLAM, Wikimedia blog, August 2016
- Wikimedia and The Met: A shared digital vision, blog of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, April 2018