User:Slowking4/congressional briefing handouts
What is Wikipedia?
Wikipedia is a multilingual, web-based, free-content encyclopedia.
It is based on an openly editable model.
Wikipedia is written collaboratively by Internet volunteers.
500 million monthly views
6th largest site, only top 100 site without user surveillance.
The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. is an American non-profit charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California, and organized under the laws of the state of Florida, where it was initially based.
The Foundation raises money through grants, and yearly fund raising banner.
It operates several online collaborative wiki projects including Wikipedia, Wikisource, Wikimedia Commons, Meta-Wiki.
Its Media-wiki software is used by others to power their websites.
Wikimedia DC is a local non-profit, an association of people interested in Wikimedia.
What is open source?
Free software and open-source software licenses were developed to make their work more freely available to others, including the Creative Commons.
In contrast to free culture, proponents of open-source culture (OSC) maintain that some intellectual property law needs to exist to protect cultural producers.
Yet they propose a more nuanced position than corporations have traditionally sought.
Instead of seeing intellectual property law as an expression of rules, to uphold either natural rights or desirable outcomes, an open-source culture takes into account a broader public good.
Open source is a way of using public domain intellectual property, to increase the diffusion of knowledge.
Copyright and the public domain?
Copyright initially was conceived as a way for government to restrict printing.
Copyright became a way to promote the creation of new works by giving authors control and profit.
Most jurisdictions recognize copyright limitations, allowing "fair" exceptions to the creator's exclusivity of copyright, and giving users certain rights.
The development of digital media and computer networks have prompted reinterpretation of these exceptions, introduced new difficulties in enforcing copyright, and inspired additional challenges to copyright law's philosophic basis.
Companies with a business model based upon copyright, have advocated the extension and expansion of their copyrights, and sought additional legal and technological enforcement.
see GLAM one pager