筹款基本原则

From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page Fundraising principles and the translation is 37% complete.

Other languages:
English • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎català • ‎dansk • ‎latviešu • ‎български • ‎русский • ‎ייִדיש • ‎العربية • ‎中文 • ‎日本語

以下为筹款基本原则以及对于处理捐款者数据和处理捐款者信息之机构的标准。这些基本原则和标准最初由维基媒体基金会起草,适用于维基媒体旗下所有筹款活动。

筹款活动

筹款基本原则:[1]

与使命、愿景及价值观的一致性
所有维基媒体筹款活动都必须严格保证与我们整体使命、愿景及价值观的一致性。它们不应给项目带来不必要的法律纠纷,或者其他对我们完成使命能力的干扰。
最小化的开支与干扰
所有维基媒体筹款活动必须以有效地从捐款人处筹款作为目标——缩减管理成本,对计划用户的干扰和打搅最小化,避免拖慢捐款进程。
透明度
所有维基媒体捐款活动对潜在捐款人务必真实。我们需要在他们捐款之前告知其捐款的去向。我们需要及时报告资金实际使用情况。
Responsibility
All Wikimedia fundraising activities must ensure funds received are safe from fraud or misuse as determined by existing third-party standards for appropriate financial controls, and must adhere to relevant laws and regulations.
Internationalism
Our movement is international in scope, and our fundraising practices must support the easiest possible transfer of money internationally in support of the movement's priorities.
Independence
We prefer a fundraising model in which we are supported primarily via the many-small-donors model, because this is the model that best supports our independence.
Flexibility
We do not need to adhere to a single monolithic model for fundraising: multiple donation streams are fine.
Sustainable donor relations
We must safeguard donor privacy in all fundraising interactions, and support effective communication with donors.
Good faith
The Wikimedia movement assumes that all movement participants are acting in good faith, with regards to each other's actions and intentions.
Maximal participation
Consistent with the principles of empowerment underlying Wikimedia’s success, we should empower individuals and groups world-wide to constructively contribute to direct messaging, public outreach, and other activities that drive the success of Wikimedia’s fundraising efforts.

本地支付处理

The WMF is deeply committed to decentralized pursuit of our mission and to supporting the long-term sustainability of chapters and other movement partners. Because of its role as operator of the websites, it has to be satisfied that any organization directly receiving donor funds will treat them with an appropriately high level of care and transparency.[2]

An organization can directly receive donor funds as a payment processor if the following criteria are met:

  1. Sufficient money is raised by the movement annually in the organization's geography to merit the logistical effort.
  2. The organization offers tax deductibility or other incentives to local donors.
  3. There are no major regulatory issues limiting international flows of funds out of the country.
  4. The organization's current financial resources are not enough to fund proposed program work.
  5. The organization has a strong track record of transparency and efficiency, allowing the WMF to confidently assure donors that donations to the organization will be safeguarded, and used in line with our transparency principles and the messages used to attract donors.
  6. The organization is living up to current fundraising agreements and reporting deadlines.
  7. The donation process clearly discloses information about the organization.

参考资料