Google

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Google

Relationship between Wikimedia and Google.

Google search[edit]

Wikipedia frequently appears as one of the top Google search results[1][2][3]. In fact, in 2006 Wikipedia was apparently the top recipient of Google Search's outgoing traffic.[4] Google is also the top incoming external referer (sic) to Wikimedia sites.[5] Partially because of Wikipedia's high PageRank score, it has become targeted by SEO / advertisements. In July/August 2015, Wikipedia saw a massive decline in page views, leading some to speculate that it had been penalized by Google.[6] Business Insider attributed this drop to Google changing its algorithm to prefer official websites over Wikipedia.[7] This has been contested by Wikimedia analytics, who noted that there was actually an increase in viewers from Google.[8] Stone Temple Consulting compared rankings for Wikipedia and Google's own websites, and found that while Wikipedia's ranking has slightly decreased, it is still higher than Google's own properties.[9]

Google Knowledge Graph[edit]

Knowledge Graph

In 2012, Google introduced a new feature to its search engine called Knowledge Graph. This summarizes information from around the Web about the search term in a box, similar to an infobox. According to various news sources, this feature has caused a decline in Wikipedia's page views.[10][11][12][13][14]

Relationship with the Wikimedia organizations[edit]

The Wikimedia Foundation has, controversially, referred to Google as its "partner", and maintains this language on their corporate website.[15]

Donations[edit]

In 2010, Google donated USD$2 million to the Wikimedia Foundation.[16][17] Initial development of Wikidata was funded with a donation of 1.3 million Euros, one quarter of which came from Google.[18] Also: wmf:Press releases/Brin Wojcicki Foundation Announces $500,000 Grant to Wikimedia. In 2019, Google donated another $1.1 million to the Foundation, and $2 million to the Wikimedia Endowment.[19]

Various chapters have accepted Google Grants. Google also frequently sponsors Wikimania events.[20][21][22][23][24]

Knol[edit]

Google launched a Wikipedia competitor called "Knol", which failed to become popular and was deleted. Here are some example knols: about H1N1, Democratic globalization.

Wikidata[edit]

Freebase Logo optimised.svg

As noted above, Google funded development of Wikidata. They also announced that they were closing Freebase (which is used by Knowledge Vault and Knowledge Graph), and merging its content into Wikidata.

Free/Open source[edit]

Wikimedia Foundation participates in the Google outreach programs mw:Google Summer of Code and mw:Google Code-In.

Google Summer of Code[edit]

Google Code-In[edit]

Google Translate[edit]

The Content translation tool, used on many Wikipedias, supports the use of Google translate, which is closed-source.[25] (See FAQ.)


References[edit]

  1. https://econsultancy.com/blog/9009-why-wikipedia-is-top-on-google-the-seo-truth-no-one-wants-to-hear
  2. https://econsultancy.com/blog/8987-does-google-give-too-much-prominence-to-wikipedia
  3. http://www.thegooglecache.com/white-hat-seo/966-of-wikipedia-pages-rank-in-googles-top-10/
  4. http://www.skrenta.com/2006/12/wikipedia_is_the_top_recipient_of_googles_traffic.html
  5. https://stats.wikimedia.org/wikimedia/squids/SquidReportOrigins.htm
  6. http://blog.similarweb.com/wikipedia-google-penalty/
  7. http://www.businessinsider.com/wikipedia-sees-traffic-from-google-decline-2015-8
  8. c:File:Google_referral_report.pdf
  9. https://www.stonetemple.com/google-still-loves-wikipedia-more-than-its-own-properties/
  10. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/01/13/google_stabs_wikipedia_in_the_front/
  11. http://wikipediocracy.com/2014/01/06/googles-knowledge-graph-killing-wikipedia/
  12. http://www.techradar.com/news/world-of-tech/like-harvey-dent-google-has-become-two-face-1214953
  13. http://www.abondance.com/actualites/20140114-13550-le-knowledge-graph-de-google-ferait-baisser-le-trafic-de-wikipedia.html
  14. http://www.forbes.com/sites/jaysondemers/2015/09/03/is-the-google-knowledge-graph-killing-wikipedia/
  15. https://wikimediafoundation.org/our-work/
  16. http://mashable.com/2010/02/16/google-wikipedia-donation/
  17. http://www.theguardian.com/technology/blog/2010/feb/18/wikipedia-google
  18. https://techcrunch.com/2012/03/30/wikipedias-next-big-thing-wikidata-a-machine-readable-user-editable-database-funded-by-google-paul-allen-and-others/
  19. https://wikimediafoundation.org/news/2019/01/22/google-and-wikimedia-foundation-partner-to-increase-knowledge-equity-online/
  20. https://wikimediadc.org/wiki/Press:Google_joins_Wikimania_2012_as_a_Diamond-Level_Sponsor
  21. https://wikimania2014.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania
  22. https://wikimania2015.wikimedia.org/wiki/Sponsors
  23. https://wikimania2017.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania
  24. https://wikimania2018.wikimedia.org/wiki/Sponsor/en
  25. https://wikimediafoundation.org/news/2019/01/09/you-can-now-use-google-translate-to-translate-articles-on-wikipedia/ .