Licensing update/zh-hant

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重要提示:以下內容是英文原文一個志願的書面翻譯。它可能已經過時,不完整或不正確。如有疑問,請參閱英文原文,或幫助改善翻譯。

更新版權協議
維基媒體基金會理事會邀請維基媒體社群就維基媒體內容版權的提案投票,此提案可令維基媒體內容根據共享創意姓名標示-相同方式分享許可證 (CC-BY-SA)方式授權,而同時保持根據GNU自由文檔許可證 (GFDL)方式的雙重授權許可。理事會已經衡量過各種可行而且適合維基媒體內容的授權方式選項,並且相信本提案是通向達成我們的共同目標——也就是收集、發展、傳播教育性內容,並永遠地讓所有人不論身在何處,也可以免費地取得這些內容——的最佳途徑。

具體而言,維基媒體基金會的提案是修改全個網站所有計劃的授權條款和使用條款,詳情如下:

  1. 將現時所有根據GNU自由文檔許可證發佈(連帶最新版本條文)的內容額外同時在CC-BY-SA 3.0下提供(最新版本的GFDL明確允許)。
  2. 要求其後維基社群的新編輯以此方式按雙重許可協議發佈,但允許來自第三方的内容只按CC-BY-SA發佈。
  3. 告知使用者只按照CC-BY-SA發佈的資訊不能按照GFDL發佈。

為與所制定的政策、做法,以及CC-BY-SA授權模式保持一致,作者與編者需要默許被用家提及;最低限度透過他們貢獻文章的超連結。

更完整的概觀請參見許可協議更新/問答
版權協議更新
操作: 查看 · 討論 · 編輯

動機[edit]

是次提議改變的主因如下:

  • 我們目前雙向地不能與其他CC-BY-SA授權項目分享文字內容。全球有數以十萬計作者採用共享創意授權(參見統計數據), 迅速地成為軟件以外最被廣泛使用的法定工具發表作品的權利。因此這個與其他非營利組織及網上社群相互操作的障礙與維基媒體的使命有所衝突。
  • GFDL有些繁冗的要求,例如需要在每個副本中包含協議全文。這些要求阻礙我們重用自由內容文本與媒體檔(如口述之文章或列印之圖文)。維基媒體基金會需最大限度顧及自由知識的傳播。雖然我們一直允許使用比較低限制的再使用條款,但不一致性可能導致恐懼,不確定,以及懷疑合法與否。祗有能夠負擔法律諮詢費用的用戶才能研究使用條款。這與維基媒體的使命有所衝突。

提議的授權更新可達到更大的相互操作性和世界知識的運用以達致我們的願景:一個人人皆可自由地分享所有集成知識的世界。

表決過程[edit]

我們誠邀所有在2009年3月15日之前在任何一個維基計劃編輯達25次的貢獻者參與是次表決。表決透過委員會投票軟件實行,並將由第三方安全地執行。

投票有三個選項:

  • 是,我支持是次改變。
  • 不,我反對是次改變。
  • 我對是次改變沒有意見。

若少於一半的投票者表達支持改變的意願,決議不會立即實行,而作進一步委員會與社群的諮詢。

若一半或以上的投票者表達支持改變的意願,決議會轉交理事會承認。根據投票結果及反對性質,理事會會考慮進一步商討、修訂建議,或按原定實行。若理事會通過,會設定實行日期。

投票在2009年4月12日開始,並會在2009年5月3日完結。時間表草稿在時間表

投票之前及期間,可在討論頁表達意見。

建議的使用條款[edit]

這些使用條款將應用於目前使用GFDL協議的各計劃:

  • 網站頁尾將會改為:
All text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Text may also be available under the GNU Free Documentation License. See ((link to copyright policy)) for further details. See the page history for a list of authors. Media files are available under different licenses; click the file for more information.
  • 編輯頁面條款將會改為:
By submitting an edit, you agree to release your contribution under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and the GNU Free Documentation License. Re-users will be required to credit you, at minimum, through a hyperlink or URL to the article you are contributing to, and you hereby agree that such credit is sufficient in any medium. See ((link to copyright policy)) for details. If you do not want your writing to be edited mercilessly and redistributed at will, then do not submit it here. You are also promising us that you wrote this yourself, or copied it from a public domain or similar free resource. PLEASE DO NOT SUBMIT COPYRIGHTED WORK WITHOUT PERMISSION.
  • 一份(英文)標準版權政策會被提供,以作字面翻譯至其他語言。在兩項授權的文字以外,對用家的政策會包含以下預期(在CC-BY-SA下使用指引):
  • Attribution of text: To re-distribute an article page in any form, provide credit to the authors either by including a) a hyperlink (where possible) or URL to the article or articles you are re-using, b) a hyperlink (where possible) or URL to an alternative, stable online copy which is freely accessible, which conforms with the license, and which provides credit to the authors in a manner equivalent to the credit given on this website, or c) a list of all authors. (Any list of authors may be filtered to exclude very small or irrelevant contributions.)
  • Attribution of rich media: Rich media (images, sound, video, etc.) that were created through substantive collaborations between at least five people can be credited in the same fashion as text; other rich media files must be attributed in any reasonable manner specified by the contributor(s).
  • Attribution of externally contributed content: The above attribution requirements apply to content developed and uploaded by the Wikimedia community. Text and rich media contributions that come from external sources may attach additional attribution requirements to the work, which we will strive to indicate clearly to you on the article or the description page for the file(s) in question.
  • Copyleft/Share and Share Alike: If you make modifications or additions to the page or work you re-use, you must license them under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 or later.
  • Indicate changes: If you make modifications or additions, you must indicate in a reasonable fashion that the original work has been modified. If you are re-using the page in a wiki, for example, indicating this in the page history is sufficient.
  • For further information, please refer to the legal code of the CC-BY-SA License.
  • 版權政策將會包含以下關於第三方加入的CC-BY-SA授權內容的陳述:
You may import content from other sources that is only available under the CC-BY-SA license, but not only under the GNU Free Documentation License. You are under no obligation whatsoever to obtain such content also under the GFDL. If you import such content, you must abide by the terms of the license; specifically, you must, in a reasonable fashion, credit the author(s). Where such credit is commonly given through page histories (such as wiki-to-wiki copying), it is sufficient to give attribution in the edit summary, which is recorded in the page history, when importing the content.
  • 版權政策將會包含以下關於GFDL授權內容應用的陳述:
If you want to re-use pages under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, you must verify, for every page you re-use, that it does not include information that is exclusively licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. This should be noted in the page history, the footer, or the discussion page. If such information is included, you cannot re-use the page under the GFDL. Revisions created prior to ((date of license update)) can be reasonably expected to not include any CC-BY-SA-only text.

維基基金會可能會合理地修改此等條款中字句作澄請及闡述用途。

最後,我們將會鼓勵社群識別目前以GFDL(但非限定GFDL1.2)授權的媒體檔案以供CC-BY-SA下使用。