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People, 1943

[edit]

Entertainers, 103

[edit]

Actors and actresses, 77

[edit]

Performing artists, 25

[edit]

Visual artists, 112

[edit]

Western painters and illustrators, 69

[edit]
Medieval era
  1. Hieronymus Bosch
  2. Jan van Eyck
  3. Giotto
  4. Andrei Rublev
Renaissance to early modern era

France

  1. Jacques-Louis David
  2. Eugène Delacroix
  3. Nicolas Poussin

Germany

  1. Albrecht Dürer
  2. Caspar David Friedrich
  3. Hans Holbein the Younger

Italy

  1. Caravaggio
  2. Giovanni Bellini
  3. Sandro Botticelli
  4. Canaletto
  5. Piero della Francesca
  6. Andrea Mantegna
  7. Masaccio
  8. Raphael
  9. Andrea del Sarto
  10. Tintoretto
  11. Titian
  12. Paolo Veronese
  13. Leonardo da Vinci

Netherlands

  1. Anthony van Dyck
  2. Peter Paul Rubens
  3. Rembrandt
  4. Johannes Vermeer

Spain

  1. El Greco
  2. Jusepe de Ribera
  3. Diego Velázquez
Modern era

Europe

  1. Marc Chagall
  2. René Magritte
  3. Paul Klee
  4. Gustav Klimt
  5. Edvard Munch
  6. Victor Vasarely

France

  1. Paul Cézanne
  2. Edgar Degas
  3. Paul Gauguin
  4. Marcel Duchamp
  5. Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
  6. Édouard Manet
  7. Henri Matisse
  8. Claude Monet
  9. Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  10. Henri Rousseau
  11. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
  12. Georges Seurat

Great Britain

  1. Francis Bacon (artist)
  2. William Hogarth
  3. J. M. W. Turner

Mexico

  1. Frida Kahlo

Netherlands

  1. M. C. Escher
  2. Vincent van Gogh
  3. Piet Mondrian

Russia

  1. Wassily Kandinsky
  2. Kazimir Malevich
  3. Ilya Repin
  4. Nicholas Roerich

Spain

  1. Salvador Dalí
  2. Francisco Goya
  3. Joan Miró
  4. Pablo Picasso

United States

  1. Mary Cassatt
  2. Georgia O'Keeffe
  3. Jackson Pollock
  4. Mark Rothko
  5. Andy Warhol
  6. Grant Wood

Sculptors, 5

[edit]
  1. Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  2. Donatello
  3. Michelangelo
  4. Phidias
  5. Auguste Rodin

Artisans, 1

[edit]
  1. Marie-Antoine Carême

Architects, 33

[edit]
Ancient and early modern period, 9
  1. Francesco Borromini
  2. Donato Bramante
  3. Imhotep
  4. Inigo Jones
  5. François Mansart
  6. Palladio
  7. Mimar Sinan
  8. Vitruvius
  9. Christopher Wren
19th century, 4
  1. Gaudí
  2. Victor Horta
  3. Karl Friedrich Schinkel
  4. Louis Sullivan
Modern architecture, 20
  1. Alvar Aalto
  2. Günter Behnisch
  3. Peter Behrens
  4. Le Corbusier
  5. Buckminster Fuller
  6. Frank Gehry
  7. Walter Burley Griffin
  8. Walter Gropius
  9. William Le Baron Jenney
  10. Richard Meier
  11. Erich Mendelsohn
  12. Richard Neutra
  13. Oscar Niemeyer
  14. Frei Otto
  15. I. M. Pei
  16. Renzo Piano
  17. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
  18. Hans Scharoun
  19. Kenzo Tange
  20. Frank Lloyd Wright

Non-Western traditions

[edit]
China
  1. Shitao
India
  1. Raja Ravi Varma
Japan
  1. Hiroshige
  2. Hokusai
  3. Sesshū Tōyō

Writers, 245

[edit]
  1. Abu Nuwas
  2. Adam Mickiewicz
  3. Alexander Pushkin
  4. Alejo Carpentier
  5. Alexandre Dumas
  6. Alice Walker
  7. Allen Ginsberg
  8. Amir Khusrow
  9. Anton Chekhov
  10. Arthur Rimbaud
  11. Brothers Grimm
  12. Carl Sandburg
  13. Charles Dickens
  14. Cicero
  15. Dashiell Hammett
  16. Douglas Adams
  17. Du Fu
  18. Edgar Allan Poe
  19. Eino Leino
  20. Emily Dickinson
  21. Erich Maria Remarque
  22. Ernest Hemingway
  23. F. Scott Fitzgerald
  24. Franz Kafka
  25. Fyodor Dostoyevsky
  26. John Donne
  27. Gabriel García Márquez
  28. Geoffrey Chaucer
  29. George Bernard Shaw
  30. George Orwell
  31. Ghalib
  32. H. G. Wells
  33. Hans Christian Andersen
  34. Harold Pinter
  35. Heinrich Heine
  36. Henrik Ibsen
  37. Henry James
  38. Henry Miller
  39. Hermann Hesse
  40. Ilf and Petrov
  41. Isaac Asimov
  42. Ivan Vazov
  43. J. R. R. Tolkien
  44. Jack Kerouac
  45. Jack London
  46. Rumi
  47. James Joyce
  48. Jane Austen
  49. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  50. John Steinbeck
  51. John Updike
  52. Jonathan Swift
  53. Jorge Luis Borges
  54. José Martí
  55. José Saramago
  56. Jules Verne
  57. Kālidāsa
  58. Langston Hughes
  59. Leo Tolstoy
  60. Lewis Carroll
  61. Li Bai
  62. Lord Byron
  63. Marcel Proust
  64. Mark Twain
  65. Mario Vargas Llosa
  66. Matsuo Bashō
  67. Maxim Gorky
  68. Miguel de Cervantes
  69. Mikhail Bulgakov
  70. Molière
  71. Murasaki Shikibu
  72. Naguib Mahfouz
  73. Nathaniel Hawthorne
  74. Nikolai Gogol
  75. Nikos Kazantzakis
  76. Olaf Stapledon
  77. Omar Khayyám
  78. Pablo Neruda
  79. Petrarch
  80. Philip K. Dick
  81. Rabindranath Tagore
  82. Rainer Maria Rilke
  83. Gabriele D’Annunzio
  84. Brontë family
  85. Robert A. Heinlein
  86. Saadi Shirazi
  87. Salman Rushdie
  88. Sappho
  89. Saul Bellow
  90. Thomas Hardy
  91. Thomas Mann
  92. Thomas Pynchon
  93. Toni Morrison
  94. Truman Capote
  95. Umberto Eco
  96. Victor Hugo
  97. Yasunari Kawabata
  98. Yukio Mishima

Ancient, 14

[edit]
  1. Qu Yuan
  2. Aesop
  3. Menander
  4. Aeschylus
  5. Aristophanes
  6. Euripides
  7. Hafez
  8. Homer
  9. Horace
  10. Ovid
  11. Plutarch
  12. Sophocles
  13. Virgil
  14. Pliny the Elder

Middle Ages, 12

[edit]
  1. Dante Alighieri
  2. Ferdowsi
  3. Jami
  4. Kabir
  5. Nizami Ganjavi
  6. Rudaki
  7. Giovanni Boccaccio
  8. Ali-Shir Nava'i
  9. William Shakespeare
  10. Chrétien de Troyes
  11. Christine de Pizan
  12. François Villon

Renaissance, 14

[edit]
  1. Fuzûlî
  2. Tulsidas
  3. Pedro Calderón de la Barca
  4. Luís de Camões
  5. Pierre Corneille
  6. Daniel Defoe
  7. Gavrila Derzhavin
  8. John Dryden
  9. Samuel Johnson
  10. John Milton
  11. Michel de Montaigne
  12. François Rabelais
  13. Jean Racine
  14. Lope de Vega

Modern, 106

[edit]
  1. Chinua Achebe
  2. Samuel Beckett
  3. William Blake
  4. Bertolt Brecht
  5. Ray Bradbury
  6. Raymond Chandler
  7. Agatha Christie
  8. Arthur C. Clarke
  9. Arthur Conan Doyle
  10. Roald Dahl
  11. Robert Frost
  12. Aldous Huxley
  13. Rudyard Kipling
  14. Astrid Lindgren
  15. Guy de Maupassant
  16. Arthur Miller
  17. Vladimir Nabokov
  18. J. K. Rowling
  19. Mary Shelley
  20. Wole Soyinka
  21. Robert Louis Stevenson
  22. Walt Whitman
  23. Oscar Wilde
  24. Mary Wollstonecraft
  25. Virginia Woolf
  26. W. B. Yeats
  27. Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o
  28. J. M. Coetzee
  29. Nadine Gordimer
  30. Margaret Atwood
  31. Pearl S. Buck
  32. Washington Irving
  33. Jaroslav Hašek
  34. T. S. Eliot
  35. Mihai Eminescu
  36. William Faulkner
  37. Ken Kesey
  38. Guillaume Apollinaire
  39. Constantine P. Cavafy
  40. Stendhal
  41. William Golding
  42. Stephen King
  43. Ursula K. Le Guin
  44. Sinclair Lewis
  45. Herman Melville
  46. Margaret Mitchell
  47. Mario Puzo
  48. Ezra Pound
  49. J. D. Salinger
  50. Isaac Bashevis Singer
  51. Harriet Beecher Stowe
  52. Kurt Vonnegut
  53. William Carlos Williams
  54. Jorge Amado
  55. Chinghiz Aitmatov
  56. Muhammad Iqbal
  57. Haruki Murakami
  58. Kenzaburō Ōe
  59. Orhan Pamuk
  60. Lu Xun
  61. Kahlil Gibran
  62. France Prešeren
  63. Ismail Kadare
  64. Joseph Conrad
  65. Sándor Petőfi
  66. Henryk Sienkiewicz
  67. Taras Shevchenko
  68. Anna Akhmatova
  69. Joseph Brodsky
  70. Ivan Bunin
  71. Nikolay Karamzin
  72. Mikhail Lermontov
  73. Vladimir Mayakovsky
  74. Nikolay Nekrasov
  75. Boris Pasternak
  76. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  77. Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy
  78. Ivan Turgenev
  79. Honoré de Balzac
  80. Charles Baudelaire
  81. Karen Blixen
  82. Gustave Flaubert
  83. Anne Frank
  84. Federico García Lorca
  85. André Gide
  86. Knut Hamsun
  87. Eugène Ionesco
  88. Selma Lagerlöf
  89. Luigi Pirandello
  90. Friedrich Schiller
  91. August Strindberg
  92. Tristan Tzara
  93. Émile Zola
  94. Paul Celan
  95. W. H. Auden
  96. Enid Blyton
  97. Anthony Burgess
  98. Graham Greene
  99. John Keats
  100. C. S. Lewis
  101. Alan Moore
  102. Walter Scott
  103. John Millington Synge
  104. William Wordsworth
  105. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  106. Percy Bysshe Shelley
  107. Ryūnosuke Akutagawa

Musicians and composers, 159

[edit]

Composers

[edit]
Medieval and Renaissance, 3
  1. Hildegard of Bingen
  2. Guillaume Dufay
  3. Giovanni da Palestrina
Baroque period (1600–1760), 4
  1. Johann Sebastian Bach
  2. George Frideric Handel
  3. Claudio Monteverdi
  4. Antonio Vivaldi
Classical period (1730–1820), 3
  1. Ludwig van Beethoven
  2. Joseph Haydn
  3. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Romantic period (1815–1910), 25
  1. Mily Balakirev
  2. Hector Berlioz
  3. Georges Bizet
  4. Alexander Borodin
  5. Johannes Brahms
  6. Anton Bruckner
  7. Frédéric Chopin
  8. César Cui
  9. Antonín Dvořák
  10. Edvard Grieg
  11. Franz Liszt
  12. Gustav Mahler
  13. Felix Mendelssohn
  14. Modest Mussorgsky
  15. Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
  16. Gioachino Rossini
  17. Franz Schubert
  18. Robert Schumann
  19. Bedřich Smetana
  20. Johann Strauss
  21. Gilbert and Sullivan
  22. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
  23. Giuseppe Verdi
  24. Richard Wagner
20th century, 14
  1. Béla Bartók
  2. Claude Debussy
  3. George Gershwin
  4. Gustav Holst
  5. Sergei Prokofiev
  6. Giacomo Puccini
  7. Maurice Ravel
  8. Arnold Schoenberg
  9. Dmitri Shostakovich
  10. Jean Sibelius
  11. Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji
  12. Richard Strauss
  13. Igor Stravinsky
  14. Pancho Vladigerov

Musicians

[edit]
Art music
Conductors, 1
  1. Leonard Bernstein
Singers, 11
  1. Marian Anderson
  2. Andrea Bocelli
  3. Enrico Caruso
  4. Boris Christoff
  5. Plácido Domingo
  6. Jenny Lind
  7. Birgit Nilsson
  8. Luciano Pavarotti
  9. Leontyne Price
  10. Renata Scotto
  11. Beverly Sills
Sitar players
  1. Ravi Shankar
Violinists and cellists, 2
  1. Yo-Yo Ma
  2. Niccolò Paganini
Popular music
Blues
  1. John Lee Hooker
  2. B.B. King
  3. Stevie Ray Vaughan
Country
  1. Johnny Cash
  2. Faith Hill
  3. George Jones
  4. Reba McEntire
  5. Dolly Parton
  6. Hank Williams
Electronic music
  1. Vangelis
Film music
  1. John Barry
  2. Jerry Goldsmith
  3. Joe Hisaishi
  4. Henry Mancini
  5. Ennio Morricone
  6. Richard Rodgers
  7. Miklós Rózsa
  8. Max Steiner
  9. John Williams
Folk
  1. Bob Dylan
  2. Joni Mitchell
  3. Peter, Paul and Mary
  4. Simon & Garfunkel
Hip-hop and rap
  1. Eminem
  2. Dr. Dre
  3. Tupac Shakur
Jazz
  1. Louis Armstrong
  2. Miles Davis
  3. Antônio Carlos Jobim
  4. Glenn Miller
Musical
  1. Irving Berlin
  2. Jerome Kern
  3. Cole Porter
  4. Andrew Lloyd Webber
Pop
  1. ABBA
  2. Mariah Carey
  3. Cher
  4. Bing Crosby
  5. Celine Dion
  6. Michael Jackson
  7. Elton John
  8. Madonna
  9. Dean Martin
  10. Frank Sinatra
  11. Barbra Streisand
Reggae
  1. Bob Marley
Rock
  1. AC/DC
  2. The Beatles
    1. John Lennon
    2. Paul McCartney
  3. Chuck Berry
  4. Black Sabbath
    1. Ozzy Osbourne
  5. David Bowie
  6. Eric Clapton
  7. Joe Cocker
  8. Phil Collins
  9. Alice Cooper
  10. David Coverdale
  11. Deep Purple
    1. Jon Lord
  12. Bruce Dickinson
  13. Ronnie James Dio
  14. The Doors
  15. Peter Gabriel
  16. Jimi Hendrix
  17. Janis Joplin
  18. Metallica
  19. Gary Moore
  20. Nirvana
  21. Alan Parsons
  22. Pink Floyd
    1. Roger Waters
  23. Elvis Presley
  24. Queen
    1. Freddie Mercury
  25. Linda Ronstadt
  26. Bruce Springsteen
  27. The Rolling Stones
    1. Keith Richards
    2. Mick Jagger
  28. Tina Turner
  29. U2
  30. Frank Zappa
  31. Led Zeppelin
Soul and funk
  1. James Brown
  2. Ray Charles
  3. Aretha Franklin
  4. Stevie Wonder
Non-English language singers
  1. Édith Piaf
  2. Umm Kulthum
  3. Lata Mangeshkar
  4. Alla Pugacheva
  5. Mohammed Rafi
  6. Vladimir Vysotsky
  7. Zhou Xuan

Criminals, 4

[edit]

Directors, producers & screenwriters, 76

[edit]

Businesspeople, 38

[edit]

Explorers, 30

[edit]

Philosophers, historians, political and social scientists, 206

[edit]

Philosophers, 97

[edit]

Historians, 21

[edit]

Economists, 15

[edit]

Linguists, 7

[edit]

Sociologists, 13

[edit]

Political writers, 11

[edit]

Psychologists, 31

[edit]

Other social scientists

[edit]
Anthropologists and cultural scientists, 2
  1. Claude Lévi-Strauss
  2. Margaret Mead
Art historians and critics, 4
  1. Walter Benjamin
  2. Clement Greenberg
  3. Erwin Panofsky
  4. Edward Said
Educators, 2
  1. Johan Amos Comenius
  2. Maria Montessori

Religious figures, 118

[edit]

Abrahamic religions

[edit]
Christianity
  1. Mary (mother of Jesus)
  2. Jesus
  3. John the Apostle
  4. John the Baptist
  5. Paul the Apostle
  6. Saint Peter
Eastern Christianity
  1. Arius
  2. Athanasius of Alexandria
  3. Basil of Caesarea
  4. John Chrysostom
  5. Clement of Alexandria
  6. Cyril of Alexandria
  7. John of Damascus
  8. Saints Cyril and Methodius
  9. Gregory of Nazianzus
  10. Nestorius
  11. Saint Nicholas
  12. Patriarch Nikon
  13. Gregory of Nyssa
  14. Origen
Popes
  1. Pope Clement I
  2. Pope Gregory I
  3. Pope John XXIII
  4. Pope John Paul II
  5. Pope Leo I
  6. Pope Paul VI
  7. Pope Pius IX
Protestantism
  1. Jacobus Arminius
  2. Karl Barth
  3. Dietrich Bonhoeffer
  4. John Calvin
  5. Thomas Cranmer
  6. Mary Baker Eddy
  7. Billy Graham
  8. John Knox
  9. Martin Luther
  10. Philipp Melanchthon
  11. Menno Simons
  12. Joseph Smith
  13. Charles Spurgeon
  14. John Wesley
  15. Huldrych Zwingli
Western Christianity
  1. Ambrose
  2. Benedict of Nursia
  3. Bonaventure
  4. Columba
  5. Francis of Assisi
  6. Saint George
  7. Jan Hus
  8. Ignatius of Loyola
  9. Irenaeus
  10. Jerome
  11. John of the Cross
  12. Girolamo Savonarola
  13. Tertullian
  14. Tomás de Torquemada
  15. John Wycliffe
  16. Francis Xavier
Islam
  1. Fatimah
  2. Muhammad
Shi'a Islam
  1. Ali
  2. Hussein ibn Ali
  3. Ja'far al-Sadiq
Sunni Islam
  1. Muhammad al-Bukhari
  2. Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj
  3. Al-Nawawi
  4. Al-Shafi‘i
  5. Malik ibn Anas
  6. Ahmad ibn Hanbal
  7. Abū Ḥanīfa
  8. Ibn Taymiyyah
Judaism
  1. Judah Loew ben Bezalel
  2. Vilna Gaon
  3. Akiva ben Joseph
  4. Rashi
  5. Baal Shem Tov
Others
  1. Al-Ghazali
  2. Ibn Arabi

Buddhism

[edit]
  1. Gautama Buddha
  2. Thich Nhat Hanh
  3. 14th Dalai Lama
  4. Nagarjuna
  5. Padmasambhava
Chinese Buddhism
  1. Bodhidharma
  2. Huineng
  3. Huiyuan (Buddhist)
  4. Kumārajīva
  5. Zhiyi
Indian Buddhism
  1. Ananda
  2. Maudgalyayana
  3. Sariputta
  4. Vasubandhu
Japanese Buddhism
  1. Dōgen
  2. Kūkai

Hinduism

[edit]
Ancient
  1. Kanada
  2. Kapila
  3. Patanjali
  4. Valmiki
  5. Vyasa
Medieval
  1. Basava
  2. Kumārila Bhaṭṭa
  3. Gaudapada
  4. Madhvacharya
  5. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
  6. Ramanuja
  7. Adi Shankara
Modern
  1. Sri Aurobindo
  2. Ramana Maharshi
  3. A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
  4. Ramakrishna
  5. Swami Vivekananda
  6. Paramahansa Yogananda

Others

[edit]
Bahá'í
  1. Báb
  2. Bahá'u'lláh
Sikhism
  1. Guru Nanak
  2. Guru Gobind Singh
Zoroastrianism
  1. Zoroaster
Mystics
  1. Nostradamus
  2. Grigori Rasputin

Politicians and leaders, 351

[edit]

Ancient, 47

[edit]

Middle Ages, 69

[edit]

Early modern period, 62

[edit]

Modern, 143

[edit]
Africa, 17
[edit]
Eastern Africa
  1. Haile Selassie I
  2. Idi Amin
  3. Julius Nyerere
Northern Africa
  1. Abdelkader El Djezairi
  2. Anwar Sadat
  3. Gamal Abdel Nasser
  4. Muammar Gaddafi
  5. Muhammad Ali of Egypt
Southern and Central Africa
  1. Cecil Rhodes
  2. Hastings Banda
  3. Mobutu Sese Seko
  4. Nelson Mandela
  5. Robert Mugabe
  6. Shaka
Western Africa
  1. Kofi Annan
  2. Kwame Nkrumah
  3. Léopold Sédar Senghor
Americas, 31
[edit]
Brazil
  1. Pedro I of Brazil
  2. Pedro II of Brazil
Canada
  1. Pierre Trudeau
Central America and Caribbean
  1. Daniel Ortega
  2. Fidel Castro
Mexico
  1. Benito Juárez
  2. Porfirio Díaz
South America
  1. Alfredo Stroessner
  2. Augusto Pinochet
  3. Eva Perón
  4. Hugo Chávez
  5. José de San Martín
  6. Salvador Allende
  7. Simón Bolívar
United States
  1. George W. Bush
  2. Dwight D. Eisenhower
  3. Al Gore
  4. Andrew Jackson
  5. Lyndon B. Johnson
  6. John F. Kennedy
  7. Abraham Lincoln
  8. Douglas MacArthur
  9. Richard Nixon
  10. Barack Obama
  11. James K. Polk
  12. Ronald Reagan
  13. Eleanor Roosevelt
  14. Franklin D. Roosevelt
  15. Theodore Roosevelt
  16. Harry S. Truman
  17. Woodrow Wilson
Asia, 37
[edit]
China
  1. Empress Dowager Cixi
  2. Zhou Enlai
  3. Hu Jintao
  4. Chiang Kai-shek
  5. Puyi
  6. Deng Xiaoping
  7. Sun Yat-sen
  8. Mao Zedong
Eastern Asia
  1. Park Chung-hee
  2. Hirohito
  3. Kim Il-sung
  4. Emperor Meiji
  5. Eisaku Satō
Central Asia
  1. Heydar Aliyev
  2. Nursultan Nazarbayev
  3. Saparmurat Niyazov
  4. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
India
  1. Indira Gandhi
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru
  3. Vallabhbhai Patel
Bangladesh
  1. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibar Rahman
Southeastern Asia
  1. Corazon Aquino
  2. Ferdinand Marcos
  3. Ho Chi Minh
  4. Mahathir Mohamad
  5. Pol Pot
  6. Suharto
  7. Sukarno
  8. Lee Kuan Yew
Southern Asia
  1. Benazir Bhutto
  2. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Western Asia
  1. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  2. David Ben-Gurion
  3. Abdul Hamid II
  4. Saddam Hussein
  5. Mahmud II
  6. Golda Meir
Europe, 58
[edit]
Austria-Hungary
  1. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
  2. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
  3. Franz Joseph I of Austria
  4. Klemens von Metternich
Eastern Europe
  1. Alexander Dubček
  2. Enver Hoxha
  3. Leonid Kuchma
  4. Josip Broz Tito
  5. Józef Piłsudski
  6. Lech Wałęsa
  7. Nicolae Ceaușescu
  8. Slobodan Milošević
  9. Václav Havel
France
  1. Charles de Gaulle
  2. François Mitterrand
  3. Louis Philippe I
  4. Napoleon
  5. Napoleon III
Germany
  1. Adolf Hitler
  2. Erich Honecker
  3. Willy Brandt
  4. Helmut Kohl
  5. Konrad Adenauer
  6. Otto von Bismarck
  7. Joseph Goebbels
  8. Wilhelm II, German Emperor
  9. William I, German Emperor
Russia and USSR
  1. Alexander II of Russia
  2. Boris Yeltsin
  3. Eduard Shevardnadze
  4. Joseph Stalin
  5. Leonid Brezhnev
  6. Mikhail Gorbachev
  7. Nicholas I of Russia
  8. Nicholas II of Russia
  9. Nikita Khrushchev
United Kingdom
  1. Benjamin Disraeli
  2. Clement Attlee
  3. Diana, Princess of Wales
  4. Elizabeth II
  5. Margaret Thatcher
  6. Queen Victoria
  7. William Ewart Gladstone
  8. Winston Churchill
  9. Robert Baden-Powell
Western Europe
  1. António de Oliveira Salazar
  2. Benito Mussolini
  3. Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
  4. Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
  5. Charles XIV John of Sweden
  6. Dag Hammarskjöld
  7. Francisco Franco
  8. Gro Harlem Brundtland
  9. Juan Carlos I of Spain
  10. Leopold II of Belgium
  11. Christian Michelsen
  12. Giuseppe Garibaldi
  13. Alcide De Gasperi

Current political leaders, 13

[edit]

Many Wikipedias have provisions for including current heads of government in their expanded vital article list. This list suggests the higher priority heads of state and government.

  1. António Guterres (U.N.)
  2. Pope Francis (Pope)
  3. Xi Jinping (China)
  4. Ursula von der Leyen (European Union)
  5. Emmanuel Macron (France)
  6. Olaf Scholz (Germany)
  7. Narendra Modi (India)
  8. Ali Khamenei (Iran)
  9. Benjamin Netanyahu (Israel)
  10. Vladimir Putin (Russia)
  11. Mohammed bin Salman (Saudi Arabia)
  12. Keir Starmer (U.K.)
  13. Joe Biden (U.S.)

Military leaders and military theorists, 16

[edit]

Rebels, revolutionaries and activists, 33

[edit]

Scientists, inventors and mathematicians, 283

[edit]

Pre-modern, 27

[edit]
Ancient
  1. Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī
  2. Archimedes
  3. Apollonius of Perga
  4. Archytas
  5. Aryabhata
  6. Diophantus
  7. Eratosthenes
  8. Euclid
  9. Eudoxus of Cnidus
  10. Hipparchus
  11. Hippocrates
  12. Hypatia
  13. Pappus of Alexandria
  14. Ptolemy
  15. Pythagoras
  16. Su Song
Middle Ages
  1. Alhacen
  2. Bhāskara II
  3. Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī
  4. Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
  5. Avicenna
  6. Brahmagupta
  7. Fibonacci
  8. Geber
  9. William Gilbert
  10. Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi
  11. Seki Takakazu

Physics and astronomy, 81

[edit]
Astronomy
  1. Tycho Brahe
  2. Nicolaus Copernicus
  3. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
  4. Galileo Galilei
  5. Edmond Halley
  6. William Herschel
  7. Edwin Hubble
  8. Johannes Kepler
  9. Ole Rømer
  10. Carl Sagan
Early modern
  1. Robert Hooke
  2. Christiaan Huygens
  3. Mikhail Lomonosov
  4. Isaac Newton
Modern
  1. André-Marie Ampère
  2. Amedeo Avogadro
  3. Johann Jakob Balmer
  4. William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin
  5. Henri Becquerel
  6. Hans Bethe
  7. Niels Bohr
  8. Ludwig Boltzmann
  9. Max Born
  10. William Henry Bragg
  11. Henry Cavendish
  12. James Chadwick
  13. Steven Chu
  14. Marie Curie
  15. Pierre Curie
  16. John Dalton
  17. James Dewar
  18. Johannes Diderik van der Waals
  19. Paul Dirac
  20. Albert Einstein
  21. Michael Faraday
  22. Enrico Fermi
  23. Richard Feynman
  24. Léon Foucault
  25. Augustin-Jean Fresnel
  26. Stephen Hawking
  27. Werner Heisenberg
  28. James Prescott Joule
  29. Gustav Kirchhoff
  30. Lev Landau
  31. Ernest Lawrence
  32. Hendrik Lorentz
  33. Ernst Mach
  34. James Clerk Maxwell
  35. Lise Meitner
  36. Albert A. Michelson
  37. Robert Andrews Millikan
  38. Pieter van Musschenbroek
  39. Georg Ohm
  40. J. Robert Oppenheimer
  41. Wolfgang Pauli
  42. Max Planck
  43. C. V. Raman
  44. Wilhelm Röntgen
  45. Andrei Sakharov
  46. Erwin Schrödinger
  47. Arnold Sommerfeld
  48. G. I. Taylor
  49. Edward Teller
  50. J. J. Thomson
  51. Thomas Young
  52. Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich
  53. Hans Christian Ørsted
  54. Murray Gell-Mann
  55. Wallace Carothers
  56. George FitzGerald
  57. Victor Francis Hess
  58. Gerard 't Hooft
  59. Alfred Kastler
  60. Philipp Lenard
  61. Osborne Reynolds
  62. Johannes Rydberg
  63. Michael Servetus
  64. Joseph Stefan
  65. John Hasbrouck Van Vleck
  66. Eugene Wigner
  67. Robert Wilson

Chemistry, 24

[edit]
  1. Svante Arrhenius
  2. Jöns Jacob Berzelius
  3. Humphry Davy
  4. Robert Boyle
  5. Peter Debye
  6. Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
  7. Josiah Willard Gibbs
  8. Otto Hahn
  9. Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
  10. Dorothy Hodgkin
  11. Antoine Lavoisier
  12. Justus von Liebig
  13. Dmitri Mendeleev
  14. Joseph Priestley
  15. Tadeus Reichstein
  16. Ernest Rutherford
  17. Frederick Soddy
  18. Linus Pauling
  19. Gilbert Lewis
  20. Fritz Haber
  21. Frederick Sanger
  22. Vladimir Vernadsky
  23. Robert Burns Woodward
  24. Carl Bosch

Natural sciences, 30

[edit]
Biology
  1. Norman Borlaug
  2. Santiago Ramón y Cajal
  3. Francis Crick
  4. Thomas Henry Huxley
  5. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  6. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
  7. Carl Linnaeus
  8. Konrad Lorenz
  9. Gregor Mendel
  10. Alfred Russel Wallace
  11. James Watson
Medicine
  1. Claude Bernard
  2. Casimir Funk
  3. William Harvey
  4. Robert Koch
  5. Paracelsus
  6. Louis Pasteur
  7. Jonas Salk
  8. Andreas Vesalius
Natural sciences
  1. John James Audubon
  2. Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
  3. Sadi Carnot
  4. Rachel Carson
  5. Jacques Cousteau
  6. Charles Darwin
  7. Alexander Fleming
  8. Galen
  9. Ernst Haeckel
  10. Edward Jenner
  11. Richard Leakey

Inventors, 53

[edit]
  1. John Logie Baird
  2. John Bardeen
  3. Georg Bednorz
  4. Alexander Graham Bell
  5. Karl Benz
  6. Emile Berliner
  7. Gerd Binnig
  8. Wernher von Braun
  9. David Brewster
  10. Wright brothers
  11. Nolan Bushnell
  12. Josephine Cochrane
  13. Christopher Cockerell
  14. Samuel Crompton
  15. Louis Daguerre
  16. Raymond Vahan Damadian
  17. Rudolf Diesel
  18. George Eastman
  19. Thomas Edison
  20. Leo Fender
  21. Lee De Forest
  22. Benjamin Franklin
  23. Robert Fulton
  24. Gordon Gould
  25. Wilson Greatbatch
  26. Johannes Gutenberg
  27. Elias Howe
  28. Joseph Marie Jacquard
  29. Robert Jarvik
  30. Philippe Kahn
  31. John George Kemeny
  32. Jack Kilby
  33. Stephanie Kwolek
  34. Jaron Lanier
  35. Ignacy Łukasiewicz
  36. Guglielmo Marconi
  37. Cyrus McCormick
  38. Robert Metcalfe
  39. Samuel Morse
  40. Alfred Nobel
  41. Robert Noyce
  42. Charles Algernon Parsons
  43. Roy J. Plunkett
  44. William Shockley
  45. Alan Shugart
  46. Isaac Singer
  47. Nikola Tesla
  48. Alessandro Volta
  49. Ernest Walton
  50. James Watt
  51. Wilhelm Eduard Weber
  52. Eli Whitney
  53. Charles Wilson

Mathematicians, 49

[edit]
Early modern
  1. Daniel Bernoulli
  2. Jacob Bernoulli
  3. Bonaventura Cavalieri
  4. Jean le Rond d'Alembert
  5. Leonhard Euler
  6. Pierre de Fermat
  7. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  8. Blaise Pascal
Modern
  1. Niels Henrik Abel
  2. Vladimir Arnold
  3. Stefan Banach
  4. Isaac Barrow
  5. George Boole
  6. Georg Cantor
  7. Élie Cartan
  8. Augustin-Louis Cauchy
  9. Richard Dedekind
  10. Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
  11. Gotthold Eisenstein
  12. Ronald Fisher
  13. Joseph Fourier
  14. Évariste Galois
  15. Carl Friedrich Gauss
  16. Alexander Grothendieck
  17. Kurt Gödel
  18. Jacques Hadamard
  19. William Hamilton
  20. G. H. Hardy
  21. Charles Hermite
  22. David Hilbert
  23. Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
  24. Felix Klein
  25. Andrey Kolmogorov
  26. Joseph Louis Lagrange
  27. Pierre-Simon Laplace
  28. Nikolai Lobachevsky
  29. Benoit Mandelbrot
  30. Pierre Louis Maupertuis
  31. Gaspard Monge
  32. John von Neumann
  33. Emmy Noether
  34. Grigori Perelman
  35. Henri Poincaré
  36. Jean-Victor Poncelet
  37. Srinivasa Ramanujan
  38. Bernhard Riemann
  39. James Harris Simons
  40. Karl Weierstrass
  41. Hermann Weyl

Computer scientists, 19

[edit]
  1. John Vincent Atanasoff
  2. Charles Babbage
  3. Tim Berners-Lee
  4. Dan Bricklin
  5. Seymour Cray
  6. Ward Cunningham
  7. Edsger W. Dijkstra
  8. Douglas Engelbart
  9. Herman Hollerith
  10. Gary Kildall
  11. Donald Knuth
  12. Ada Lovelace
  13. Dennis Ritchie
  14. Richard Stallman
  15. Linus Torvalds
  16. Alan Turing
  17. Niklaus Wirth
  18. Steve Wozniak
  19. Konrad Zuse

Journalists, 20

[edit]

Sports figures, 164

[edit]
Athletics, 21
  1. Roger Bannister
  2. Usain Bolt
  3. Bob Beamon
  4. Sergey Bubka
  5. Sebastian Coe
  6. Dick Fosbury
  7. Haile Gebrselassie
  8. Stefka Kostadinova
  9. Jackie Joyner-Kersee
  10. Rafer Johnson (US)
  11. Yelena Isinbayeva
  12. Carl Lewis (US)
  13. Kipchoge Keino
  14. Bobby Morrow (US)
  15. Edwin Moses (US)
  16. Paavo Nurmi
  17. Jesse Owens (US)
  18. Wilma Rudolph (US)
  19. Jim Thorpe
  20. Babe Didrikson Zaharias (US)
  21. Emil Zátopek
Alpine skiing, 5
  1. Jean-Claude Killy
  2. Hermann Maier
  3. Annemarie Moser-Pröll
  4. Ingemar Stenmark
  5. Lindsey Vonn (US)
American/Irish/Australian Football, 3
  1. Jim Brown (US)
  2. O. J. Simpson (US)
  3. Jerry Rice (US)
Badminton, 2
  1. Lin Dan
  2. Peter Gade
Basketball, 10
  1. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (US)
  2. Sergei Belov
  3. Larry Bird (US)
  4. Wilt Chamberlain (US)
  5. Tim Duncan (US)
  6. Magic Johnson (US)
  7. Michael Jordan (US)
  8. Dražen Petrović
  9. Bill Russell (US)
  10. Arvydas Sabonis
Baseball, 6
  1. Hank Aaron (US)
  2. Ty Cobb (US)
  3. Lou Gehrig (US)
  4. Willie Mays (US)
  5. Jackie Robinson (US)
  6. Babe Ruth (US)
Biathlon, 1
  1. Ole Einar Bjørndalen
Bicycle, 6
  1. Jacques Anquetil
  2. Gino Bartali
  3. Fausto Coppi
  4. Bernard Hinault
  5. Miguel Indurain
  6. Eddy Merckx
Boxing, 8
  1. Muhammad Ali (US)
  2. Henry Armstrong (US)
  3. Jack Dempsey (US)
  4. Rocky Marciano (US)
  5. Joe Louis (US)
  6. Ingemar Johansson
  7. Sugar Ray Robinson (US)
  8. Sugar Ray Leonard (US)
Chess, 2
  1. Bobby Fischer (US)
  2. Garry Kasparov
Cricket, 3
  1. Don Bradman
  2. W.G. Grace
  3. Sachin Tendulkar
Equestrian, 1
  1. Reiner Klimke
Field hockey, 2
  1. Luciana Aymar
  2. Dhyan Chand
Figureskating, 7
  1. Yuzuru Hanyu
  2. Sonja Henie
  3. Michelle Kwan (US)
  4. Tara Lipinski (US)
  5. Scott Moir
  6. Axel Paulsen
  7. Irina Rodnina
Golf, 8
  1. Ben Hogan (US)
  2. Bobby Jones (US)
  3. Jack Nicklaus (US)
  4. Arnold Palmer (US)
  5. Gary Player
  6. Annika Sörenstam
  7. Lee Trevino (US)
  8. Tiger Woods (US)
Gymnastics, 8
  1. Nadia Comăneci
  2. Sawao Kato
  3. Olga Korbut
  4. Larisa Latynina
  5. Li Ning
  6. Lilia Podkopayeva
  7. Vitaly Scherbo
  8. Ludmilla Tourischeva
Handball, 3
  1. Anja Andersen
  2. Ivano Balić
  3. Igor Turchin (handball)
Ice hockey, 9
  1. Wayne Gretzky
  2. Valeri Kharlamov
  3. Gordie Howe
  4. Bobby Hull
  5. Mario Lemieux
  6. Sergei Makarov
  7. Bobby Orr
  8. Maurice Richard
  9. Vladislav Tretiak
Motorsports, 6
  1. Mario Andretti
  2. Juan Manuel Fangio
  3. Alain Prost
  4. Michael Schumacher
  5. Ayrton Senna
  6. Jackie Stewart
Nordic skiing, 2
  1. Bjørn Dæhlie
  2. Matti Nykänen
Sailing, 2
  1. Ben Ainslie
  2. Paul Elvstrøm
Soccer, 22
  1. Franz Beckenbauer
  2. David Beckham
  3. Gianluigi Buffon
  4. Iker Casillas
  5. Bobby Charlton
  6. Johan Cruyff
  7. Alfredo Di Stéfano
  8. Eusébio
  9. Sir Alex Ferguson
  10. Garrincha
  11. Mia Hamm
  12. Diego Maradona
  13. Lionel Messi
  14. Gerd Müller
  15. Michel Platini
  16. Ferenc Puskas
  17. Ronaldo
  18. Cristiano Ronaldo
  19. Pelé
  20. Marco van Basten
  21. Lev Yashin
  22. Zinedine Zidane
Speedskating, 3
  1. Bonnie Blair
  2. Eric Heiden (US)
  3. Johann Olav Koss
Swimming, 3
  1. Mark Spitz
  2. Michael Phelps (US)
  3. Greg Louganis (US)
Table tennis, 1
  1. Jan-Ove Waldner
Tennis, 16
  1. Andre Agassi (US)
  2. Björn Borg
  3. Margaret Court
  4. Novak Djokovic
  5. Chris Evert (US)
  6. Roger Federer
  7. Steffi Graf
  8. Billie Jean King (US)
  9. Rod Laver
  10. Suzanne Lenglen
  11. John McEnroe (US)
  12. Rafael Nadal
  13. Martina Navratilova
  14. Pete Sampras (US)
  15. Bill Tilden (US)
  16. Serena Williams (US)
Volleyball, 1
  1. Karch Kiraly (US)

Sports executives and administrators, 3

[edit]
  1. Sepp Blatter
  2. Pierre de Coubertin
  3. Juan Antonio Samaranch