Wikipedia Primary School/Methodology
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Wikipedia Primary School Methodology
The aim of the project is to allow students, families and teachers to find on Wikipedia the documentation necessary to obtain the primary school qualification in their country, in their language. This means to strengthen the capacity of Wikipedia to respond directly to curriculum-based questions. By fostering content related to primary education in different countries, the project provides anyone with better, more complete and international articles on Wikipedia.
The aim and the challenge of bridging Wikipedia and primary education for students, families and teachers.
Among the human species there are several races. The humans of black race live mainly in Africa, Oceania and America. The humans of yellow race live mainly in Asia. And they are the most numerous. The humans of white race live mainly in Europe, America and North Africa . Jean Criaud et des enseignants camerounais, chapitre 21 Les races dans le monde, Histoire et géographie du Cameroun, C.E.2, Les classiques africains, 1992, p. 49.
To strengthen the capacity of Wikipedia to respond directly to curriculum-based questions, the project does not simply transfer content from national schoolbooks into Wikipedia. The methodology of the project is based on the idea of moving the Wikipedia community towards a focus on primary education, and at the same time to strengthen the capacity of the education ecosystem to contribute to Wikipedia, and in general to open collaborative knowledge.
Contributing to Wikipedia
Wikipedia is a very peculiar encyclopaedia. It is a living organism made of a wide community with specific policies, clusters and dynamics. Contributing to Wikipedia means to play a fair game, and to respect the way Wikipedia works, its rules and community. To strengthen the capacity of Wikipedia to respond directly to curriculum-based questions, the project does not simply transfer content from national schoolbooks into Wikipedia. The methodology is centred around research and fieldwork activities.
Research activities focus on monitoring Wikipedia in different linguistic editions; understanding the different national education systems and identifying which are the content capable of responding to curriculum-based questions; involving a scientific committee in contributing to the project; establishing and managing a Wikipedia Scientific Journal, a peer-reviewed scientific publication in Creative Commons attributions share-alike license, designed to involve scholars and to assess Wikipedia articles, in collaboration with other scientific journals and by fostering synergies between scientific knowledge and Wikipedia and open access; producing datasets to generate stub articles on Wikipedia in all linguistic editions; uploading content, in particular OER Open Educational Resources already available and images and texts provided with an open license compatible with Wikipedia; supporting territorial development with tutors and with upload capacities (in particular for countries with low connectivity); monitoring and evaluating the project.
Fieldwork activities focus on testing and enhancing the use of Wikipedia in primary school and it is developed in collaboration with the stakeholders already working in education. They provide training, in particular training for Wikipedians in residence; they organise Wikipedia events, in particular Wiki Loves Monuments; they allow networking with institutions and governments to facilitate the release of content with open licenses; they tutor institutions and people; they develop pilot projects in schools and in collaboration with NGOs working in education; they establish hotspots where needed; and they facilitate the distribution of Wikipedia offline in countries where relevant.
Education is at the centre of a wide ecosystem of people and institutions. Students, teachers, parents, NGOs, educational programmes, private and public initiatives, governments, grant makers are part of this ecosystem, together with all the people and institutions who produce knowledge, distribute it and facilitate its access with educational programmes. All those people and institutions are extremely valuable resources, they have specific knowledge and networks, and they are in any country of the world. It is also important to mention that many of those institutions and people already support Open Educational Resources: content provided with open licenses for educational purposes. For those reasons, to contribute to primary education the project follows the following general rules:
IP Intellectual Propriety and OER Open Educational Resources
Enriching Wikipedia with content relevant to primary education means to deal with intellectual propriety and OER Open Educational Resources. Wikipedia has a Creative Commons attribution share-alike license. This means that all content uploaded on Wikipedia (text and multimedia file) require a compatible license. OER Open Educational Resources are existing content provided with open licenses; this means that those resources can be used for educational purpose, but it does not mean that this content can be used on Wikipedia. Often OER have a more restrictive license than Wikipedia. For this reason
What we do
What we do NOT do
Wikipedia Primary School is a scalable and international project with a specific goal: it responds to a real need, it relies on existing networks and resources, and it is structured to allow people and institutions to contribute to it. The very nature of the project is meant to produce a broad impact. If the project Wikipedia Primary School is successful, it can be developed in the future by producing content for other cycle of education.