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編輯

我如何幫助構建維基百科?

感谢您有兴趣帮助改进维基百科。维基百科依靠志愿者来生成和维护所有内容,以及制定管理网站的政策和指南。这是一个合作项目,来自世界各地的人们将他们的技能和兴趣融入到所有人的免费汇编和知识传播中。我们维护的其他项目也是依赖志愿者的协作,众包项目。

您可以通过多种方式加入。

  • 你喜欢研究还是写作?您是否知道您可以直接为维基百科的文章做出贡献?每种语言维基百科都有关于在侧面链接中做出贡献的信息,有时在诸如交互之类的下拉标题下。英语维基百科的教程是en:Wikipedia:Tutorial
  • 你喜欢拍照吗?画画?设计图表、地图或汇总音频文件?你也有一个地方!您创建的具有百科全书价值并且您愿意捐赠的媒体文件可以上传到维基共享资源,可以在维基百科和其他维基媒体基金会项目以及其他地方使用! 参见如何创建帐户(Maggie Dennis简介)。
  • 您是程序员或Web开发人员还是有兴趣成为一名?您是否知道维基百科使用的软件主要由志愿者开发?如果你对那里的投球感兴趣,请看如何成为MediaWiki黑客

由于维基媒体基金会是一个在线服务提供商,而不是出版商,我们实际上并没有积极主动地管理社区。其大多数政策和实践都是由志愿者创建的,如果您对志愿服务体验有疑问,他们可以提供最好的帮助。如果您想了解更多信息,可以访问我们网站每个页面左侧链接的“帮助”论坛,了解哪些问题可以发送到社区,或者您可能想写 info@wikimedia.org.

维基媒体项目正在做错事,我该如何解决?

维基百科是一个协作百科全书(如Wikipedia:介绍所述),因此任何人都可以编辑其文章。它确实有管理文章开发的政策,这些政策也是由社区协作创建的。简而言之,文章中的信息必须可以根据社区的定义来验证可靠的来源,并且必须从中立的角度编写,公平且无偏见地代表所有多数和重要的少数观点(见五大支柱)。

维基百科没有中央权威。维基媒体运动部分基于这样一个前提,即通过编辑为彼此提供的制衡来实现好的文章。当编辑不同意如何实现这些目标时,他们必须通过共识解决争议,并在必要时利用更广泛的社区。您可以在WP:DR上阅读有关争议解决流程的更多信息。可以在Wikipedia:Dispute resolution requests中找到人们可以寻求争议解决方式的列表。您将在阅读这些页面时注意到,争议解决过程也存在以解决行为争议,如果编辑认为其他人正在阻碍维基百科的正确发展,那么社区也是一种吸引力的途径。

If you believe that article content is being developed in a manner inconsistent with the policies discussed above, or that editors are obstructing the proper development of Wikipedia, I would encourage you to join the community in working through the issues within the dispute resolution process. You don't even need to log in to edit, although creating an account gives you more options and helps you keep track of your contributions. You can create an account at en:Special:UserLogin/signup. Wikipedia:Introduction and Wikipedia:Tutorial are useful reading for newcomers. I would encourage you to refer back to the Five Pillars, linked above, and especially the fourth section in your engagement with others, as following these principles is generally very helpful in successful collaboration.


財務狀況

捐贈都來自哪裡?

The Huffington Post wrote on February 6 that Wikipedia donors are most likely to be from India: [1]. Is that true? Where do most donors live? Where does most of the money come from?

Wikipedia and the other projects rely on the generosity of donors from all over the world. In 2011, money was donated from over 200 different countries. Donors from India have certainly been generous in their support, with 39,000 people investing in the mission. However, India is not the country that produces the most donors to support Wikipedia and its sister projects.

It seems that this misunderstanding may arise from some confusion about a recent survey. The Wikimedia Foundation surveyed readers, not donors, and the readers who responded were asked about their willingness to donate. In their responses, readers from India (42%) expressed the strongest interest in donating to Wikipedia. This does not, however, reflect the actual demographic distribution of donors to the movement.

In 2011, most of the donors to support the movement were located in the United States of America, with 535,666 people donating. Other countries with a high number of donors - over 39,000 - include Germany (more than 160,000), Italy (77,200), Canada (58.141), Australia (43,857), the United Kingdom (more than 45,000), and Russia (42,693). The United States is also the country that donates the largest amount of money, with donations totaling $14,398,721 USD in 2011. Germany was second in dollar amount. While all of the figures may not yet be in for the fundraiser that was held at the end of the year, as of this writing their total tally for 2011 is $5,430,724 USD. Also filling out the top five were the United Kingdom, France, and Canada, where donations totaled $1,682,151 USD, $1,345,933 USD and $1,334,899, respectively.

(Thanks to the Head of Annual Fundraiser Megan Hernandez for her assistance with this response. Dollar amounts are taken from the still evolving chart "2010-2011 Fundraiser by Country". Numbers are preliminary and may change, as not all bank transfers and checks have been tallied. Precise figures for numbers of donors throughout the year are not currently available for some areas where local chapters conducted fundraising, but in Germany and the United Kingdom the numbers known exceed 39,000.)

While certain countries may have greater numbers of donors and may collect higher amounts, the Wikimedia Foundation recognizes and appreciates the contributions of individuals everywhere. Its mission is global, and its supporters are global as well; whether one donor in Djibouti or 6,500 in Poland, $5 USD in Tonga or $748,258 USD in Japan, every donor and every dollar represents commitment to our shared dream of a world in which every single human being can freely share in the sum of all knowledge.

Finance: The difference between charging for services and asking for donations

What's the difference between selling Wikipedia and asking for donations? Are the projects really "free" if you ask for money from people who read it?

The Wikimedia Foundation's core mission is to encourage the growth, development and distribution of educational materials and to provide these to the public free of charge. The Foundation does not want to limit access to these educational resources to those who can afford to pay and are in fact always looking for more ways to get the information out there, even to people who do not have access to the internet. The difference between asking for donations and charging for Wikipedia and the other projects is that the donor model allows the Foundation to gather enough revenue to continue offering the projects without requiring payment. People can contribute financially if they are able and so inclined, but if they are not in position to pay can continue to access the resources for free.


Foundation: Where does the Foundation stand on the "Stop Online Piracy Act"?

Because the Wikimedia Foundation is based in the United States, it is subject to U.S. law, and the proposed Stop Online Piracy Act has caused a lot of conversation amongst the volunteers who support our projects. The Foundation has been asked by several to clarify its position on the bill, and General Counsel Geoff Brigham released a statement on the Wikimedia Foundation blog detailing some of his thoughts about it and its potential impact.


Finance: Why don't you advertise?

The Wikimedia Foundation is occasionally asked why it doesn't turn to advertising to raise the money it needs.

The Foundation is not against the world of online advertising or against other organizations that host ads, but it does not believe that advertising belongs in a project devoted to education, particularly one that is driven by the values consistent with a balanced, neutral encyclopedia. The global volunteer community has always felt that advertising would have a major effect on our ability to stay neutral and that ultimately ads would weaken the readers' overall confidence in the articles they are reading. Even if advertisers put no pressure on us to slant articles to their favor, readers may fear that they exert an influence, consciously or otherwise.

In addition, the Foundation has strong views about reader privacy. Current models for web advertising are inconsistent with these, particularly contextual advertising, which reads the content you are viewing. The Foundation also thinks it intrusive to deliver ads to readers based on their geography.

If you'd like to read more about the history of discussions about advertising Wikipedia - including both pros and cons - the volunteer community has written a page about it at Wikipedia:Advertisements.


組織治理

維基媒體基金會如何支援多樣性?

What is the Wikimedia Foundation's policy on "affirmative action", in both hiring and editing practices? How does it promote diversity?

The Wikimedia Foundation is committed to equality. Its non discrimination policy prohibits discrimination against prospective users or employees on the basis of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, age, disability, sexual orientation, or any other legally protected characteristics. In accordance, in keeping with its policy on pluralism, internationalism, and diversity, it solicits employees and contractors from around the world and takes proactive steps to create from the resulting diverse community of employees and contractors a cohesive, functioning team.

In terms of volunteer contributions, that non discrimination policy is built into the way our website works. Reading and editing our projects is open to people without any regard to their race, color, gender, religion, or other personal factors; because we do not require demographic information from volunteer contributors, we do not know this information about the people who choose to edit. That doesn't mean that the Wikimedia Foundation is uninterested in this information. We do conduct surveys of editors which explore in part the diversity of the editing community. The first such study was conducted in April 2011; the results can be read here. Demographic information begins on page 18. A second survey was conducted later in 2011, with results here. Demographic data begins on page 5. Reporting on the 2012 editor survey is currently ongoing; we will have a better idea of the demographic trends of our volunteer contributors after this is complete. (You can read more about this, and also see the results when posted, here.)

One of the ways we are working to encourage diversity is in raising our profile around the world, making sure that as many people as possible are aware of and have access to our projects. For instance, with Wikipedia Zero we seek to reduce barriers to accessing and contributing to free knowledge in developing countries by helping to coordinate mobile access to Wikipedia free of data charges. For many readers in developing countries, their primary (and often only) access to the internet is via mobile. You can read more information about this program at Mobile partnerships.

Does the Wikimedia Foundation actively support a free and open Internet? How?

Yes, the Wikimedia Foundation actively supports a free and open internet. We begin demonstrating our commitment to this ideal by living it—our software and user-generated content are open source, licensed under liberal copyleft licenses to permit their modification and reuse, even commercially, so long as the material and any resulting derivatives remain free. (See our Terms of Use and Mission for more information). Beyond this, we occasionally offer support to movements that support our mission or speak against measures which threaten it, for instance with our 2011 community-supported blackout to protest SOPA (you can see more at the English Wikipedia discussion) or taking part in the EU Copyright Consultation to encourage international consistency and reasonable term limits. You can get more information on some of the advocacy actions taken by Wikimedia and the Wikimedia Foundation at Advocacy and on the Wikimedia Foundation's guidelines for advocacy.


雜項

維基媒體基金會是否積極地支援自由與開發的網際網路?以及如何?

Yes, the Wikimedia Foundation actively supports a free and open internet. We begin demonstrating our commitment to this ideal by living it—our software and user-generated content are open source, licensed under liberal copyleft licenses to permit their modification and reuse, even commercially, so long as the material and any resulting derivatives remain free. (See our Terms of Use and Mission for more information). Beyond this, we occasionally offer support to movements that support our mission or speak against measures which threaten it, for instance with our 2011 community-supported blackout to protest SOPA (you can see more at the English Wikipedia discussion) or taking part in the EU Copyright Consultation to encourage international consistency and reasonable term limits. You can get more information on some of the advocacy actions taken by Wikimedia and the Wikimedia Foundation at Advocacy and on the Wikimedia Foundation's guidelines for advocacy.