무료 공공 정보 브로셔

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This page is a translated version of the page Free Public Information Brochure and the translation is 33% complete.
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"다음은 File:Fri offentlig information.pdf에 대한 번역 페이지입니다."

공익 정보

"국민의, 국민에 의한, 국민을 위한 정부" – ABRAHAM LINCOLN

문제가 뭔가요?

생산 된 공공 수단이 오늘날 모든 시민이 쉽게 이용할 수 있다는 것은 분명하지 않습니다. 또한 어떤 상황에서는 사람들이 접근 비용을 지불 할 수 있습니다. 그것은 그들이 한 번 더 지불한다는 것을 의미합니다. 이는 부당하다고 생각하며 가능한 한 빨리 변경해야합니다.

오늘날 국토조시(National Land Survey) 지도를 활용하려면 비용이 듭니다. 이것들이 무료이고 자유롭게 이용 가능하고, 위키백과에서 사용될 수 있고 새로운 혁신을 가능하게 할 수 있습니까? 이러한 혁신은 예를 들어 계약자 및 다른 사람들이 국토조시가 접근할 수 있는 정보를 기반으로 구축 할 수 있는 휴대폰 용 무료 앱일 수 있습니다.

비슷한 문제는 미국 국토조사와 다른 당국이 15년 동안 지속되는 카탈로그 보호를 주장하며 데이터베이스가 일부 정보로 업데이트되는 즉시 자동으로 갱신된다는 것입니다. 이는 동적 데이터베이스를 사용할 수 "없음"을 의미합니다. 이것은 데이터베이스에있는 "대부분의" 정보가 15년 동안 업데이트되지 "않았음"에도 불구하고! 이 해석이 옹호된다면, 많은 (대부분은 아니지만) 공개 데이터가 절대로 공개되지 않을 것이며, 모든 "무제한"은 저작권에 의해 보호되어 더 이상 사용하지 못함을 의미합니다.

Many authorities, municipalities and other public organizations do not compile in the current situation their data in a structured and machine-readable manner and clearer guidelines and the access to resources is necessary to change this. Open data is central to Swedish growth!

가능성?

That information is freely available makes it possible for researchers, students, journalists and the general public around the world to take part of the material without economic or practical obstacles. To keep up with what is produced for public means is important and it is in many people's interests that the material is spread. The question, however, is greater than that.

The benefits are numerous:

We, the interested public can take part in the research that we've been with and paid for. By sharing our knowledge with each other, we can ensure that all people have equal access to information, education and knowledge.

It also allows the creation of applications and the use of a third party. The advantage is the increased use of the material and the promotion of further processing. This applies to both individuals and business people directly, but there are also a lot of material that could improve Wikipedia and make everyone's favorite encyclopaedia even better and more credible. The ways that this type of information can be used is endless, and we believe that the next Google could be developed in Sweden. We want to help make this possible.

"Information is the currency of democracy". –Thomas Jefferson.

"The Many Minds Principle: the coolest thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else." –Jo Walsh

좋은 예시

In several other countries, the data has already been opened up and the benefits of this are many. An excellent example of this is the Open Data Challenge, held in Europe in 2011, where participants received entries with applications based on the open data that is available within the EU. One of the winning entries was Live London Underground Tube Map where all the underground trains in London show their location in real time. An independent study has shown that this application has saved the Londoners 58 million pounds.

In 2011, New York announced an application contest based on the city's open data. During the contest developed 96 applications. E-services spans over several areas, including the planning of cycle routes, report the problem in the public environment, support for families to find playgrounds, location of the nearest library and much more.

A nearer example is the page bestofsvt.se, a service that creates a top ten list of the most popular programs on national television.

THE WAY FORWARD

There are several ways to go; one of the simplest is that authorities requires that materials they purchase are produced under free license. Without changing a single law, man has ensured that the material can be reused.

You can also make small adjustments in the copyright law, in order to for example, pictures and maps produced is copyright free. The Copyright Law contains an exemption for regulations, opinions, decisions, and some translations which means they can be used freely. But there is an exception to that exception, and that is among pictures and maps. Since these are often part of the document, it will be difficult to spread the word in its entirety. But the solution is not difficult, just by deleting the exceptions to the exceptions in the second paragraph of § 9 URL 1960:729, so the whole thing becomes immediately very simple.

It may also require that research funded by public money becomes freely available. It would make it easier for innovators, educational institutions and others to build on information and knowledge that has been created by public means. This has happened in other countries and we are confident that this would also happen in Sweden.

ROLE MODELS

In the U.S., the Obama administration launched project data.gov where one can find data from different authorities. Many of these authorities have also made it possible to utilize the information directly. In addition to the data we ourselves have also developed tools that use the database to increase transparency in public administration. An example of this is the Federal IT Dashboard that shows how parts of the public sector consumes resources within the IT field.

In Chicago, Mayor Rahm Emanuel issued a directive to the city authorities that they must share public data on its open data platform. "With more data being available to residents and developers in Chicago, we can easily get past difficult administrative and technological barriers and thus find solutions to the city's most complex problems," Brett Goldstein, Chicago's Chief Data Officer and Commissioner of the Department of Innovation and Technology.

Wikimedia Sverige
Box 500
101 29 Stockholm

info(_AT_)wikimedia.se
wikimedia.se

Wikimedia Sweden is a nonprofit organization whose purpose is to make knowledge freely available to all people, especially by supporting the Wikimedia Foundation (Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, Wikiversity, Wiktionary, etc.).

The association works to spread knowledge about these projects, enhance its content, promote the use of them, as well as support for projects essential technology. Free knowledge means information that is permitted to be copied, reproduced and disseminated, including for commercial purposes, without charge or other restriction than attribution.

License, images and text: CC-BY-SA-3.0