Darmowa publiczna broszura informacyjna
This is a translation page for File:Fri offentlig information.pdf.
"Rząd z ludzi, przez ludzi, dla ludzi," -ABRAHAM LINCOLN
W czym problem ?
Nie jest oczywistym że wyprodukowane publiczne zasoby są dziś łatwo dostępne dla wszystkich obywateli. Dodatkowo, ludzie w niektórych sytuacjach muszą płacić za dostęp. To oznacza że płacą podwójnie. Uważamy że ta sytuacja jest nie rozsądna i powinna zostać zmieniona jak najszybciej.
Obecnie korzystanie z map National Land Survey jest za opłatą. Powinny one być za darmo i łatwo dostępne, mogłyby być użyte w wikipedii, pozwalając tym samym na innowacje. Tymi innowacjami mogłyby być na przykład darmowe aplikacje na komórki gdzie kontrahenci i inni mogli by budować na informacjach do których National Land Survey ma dostęp.
Podobnym problemem jest to że National Land Survey i inne władze twierdzą że katalogi muszą być pod ochroną, która trwa 15 lat, automatycznie odnawianą w chwili gdy baza danych jest uaktualniona nowymi informacjami. T może oznaczać że dynamiczna baza danych nigdy nie będzie dostępna.Tak dzieje się pomimo iż większość informacji w bazie danych nie była uaktualniana od 15 lat! Jeżeli ta interpretacja zostanie, oznaczać to będzie że wiele (jak nie większość ) publicznych danych nigdy nie zostanie otwartych, wszystkie "nieskończoności" są chronione przez zastrzeżenie prawa(copyright) co uniemożliwia dalsze użytkowanie.
Many authorities, municipalities and other public organizations do not compile in the current situation their data in a structured and machine-readable manner and clearer guidelines and the access to resources is necessary to change this. Open data is central to Swedish growth!
That information is freely available makes it possible for researchers, students, journalists and the general public around the world to take part of the material without economic or practical obstacles. To keep up with what is produced for public means is important and it is in many people's interests that the material is spread. The question, however, is greater than that.
The benefits are numerous:
We, the interested public can take part in the research that we've been with and paid for. By sharing our knowledge with each other, we can ensure that all people have equal access to information, education and knowledge.
It also allows the creation of applications and the use of a third party. The advantage is the increased use of the material and the promotion of further processing. This applies to both individuals and business people directly, but there are also a lot of material that could improve Wikipedia and make everyone's favorite encyclopaedia even better and more credible. The ways that this type of information can be used is endless, and we believe that the next Google could be developed in Sweden. We want to help make this possible.
"Information is the currency of democracy". –Thomas Jefferson.
"The Many Minds Principle: the coolest thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else." –Jo Walsh
In several other countries, the data has already been opened up and the benefits of this are many. An excellent example of this is the Open Data Challenge, held in Europe in 2011, where participants received entries with applications based on the open data that is available within the EU. One of the winning entries was Live London Underground Tube Map where all the underground trains in London show their location in real time. An independent study has shown that this application has saved the Londoners 58 million pounds.
In 2011, New York announced an application contest based on the city's open data. During the contest developed 96 applications. E-services spans over several areas, including the planning of cycle routes, report the problem in the public environment, support for families to find playgrounds, location of the nearest library and much more.
A nearer example is the page bestofsvt.se, a service that creates a top ten list of the most popular programs on national television.
THE WAY FORWARD
There are several ways to go; one of the simplest is that authorities requires that materials they purchase are produced under free license. Without changing a single law, man has ensured that the material can be reused.
You can also make small adjustments in the copyright law, in order to for example, pictures and maps produced is copyright free. The Copyright Law contains an exemption for regulations, opinions, decisions, and some translations which means they can be used freely. But there is an exception to that exception, and that is among pictures and maps. Since these are often part of the document, it will be difficult to spread the word in its entirety. But the solution is not difficult, just by deleting the exceptions to the exceptions in the second paragraph of § 9 URL 1960:729, so the whole thing becomes immediately very simple.
It may also require that research funded by public money becomes freely available. It would make it easier for innovators, educational institutions and others to build on information and knowledge that has been created by public means. This has happened in other countries and we are confident that this would also happen in Sweden.
In the U.S., the Obama administration launched project data.gov where one can find data from different authorities. Many of these authorities have also made it possible to utilize the information directly. In addition to the data we ourselves have also developed tools that use the database to increase transparency in public administration. An example of this is the Federal IT Dashboard that shows how parts of the public sector consumes resources within the IT field.
In Chicago, Mayor Rahm Emanuel issued a directive to the city authorities that they must share public data on its open data platform. "With more data being available to residents and developers in Chicago, we can easily get past difficult administrative and technological barriers and thus find solutions to the city's most complex problems," Brett Goldstein, Chicago's Chief Data Officer and Commissioner of the Department of Innovation and Technology.
101 29 Stockholm
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