The Open Access movement wants to make all scholarly literature, and all publicly funded research, freely available to everyone online. Open Access is a prerequisite for an environment in which Wikimedia projects can flourish. Acknowledging this, Wikimedia has been part of the Open Access movement since 2009 or earlier, raising public awareness and intensifying cooperation with others in the OA movement.
How to help
Finding guides to OA.
- There is a "best practices guide" to institutional OA policies, via SPARC: Campus Based Publishing
- Currently, ask your librarian for details
- Replicate past #Wikimedia activities or join ongoing ones
- Expand this page.
- If it's not online we can't link it.
- If it's not in a free license we can't incorporate it.
- If it isn't digital and shared it may disappear.
- We want free culture and open content to expand in all fields. That's our end goal, not where the material is; and we all benefit from osmosis.
- Science needs to pervade the population, then they'll be in the right mindset for reading, writing, collaborating.
- Ignorance and illiteracy kills us.
- If research findings flow better, the population will be aware of them and share this increased knowledge with others, including on Wikimedia projects.
- Access helps those without local schools learn.
- By country
- There are only 20 countries in which at least one research funder has an Open Access policy (see ROARMAP).
- Look at templates and push for one to take effect in your country.
- Spread one success in your country to others.
- By field
- Write about open publishing
- Information is power. You have the power to have impact, to change things, to make them better. (Aaron Swartz)
- WP will open up the world. And you will bring your knowledge back to it.
- By topic
- Alternate metrics
- design and promote alt metrics that include publishing through Wikipedia. Articulate how publishing to WP helps to spread adoption of methods and ideas. Maintain, evaluate, and publish the results of evaluating those metrics.
- Make OA the default for everyone:
- Target research funders
- get them to require OA publishing to get funding. This affects 80% of all research (by #? by impact?) but much research is funded more by international agencies, not just gov. agencies.
- Sensitize people to WP as an OA signal
- get them to check the reference section on WP articles to measure OA impact.
- Get Wikimedia's public support
- Indicate global support for the effort and alignment of OA and free knowledge. The idea that OA is essential and part of good research.
Examples of OA in use
Jack Andraka (@jackandraka) won the ISEF science fair for his work creating a better test for pancreatic cancer (~10^9 better overall [performance*price] than existing tests). Most of the detailed research he needed beyond Google + Wikipedia knowledge was locked behind paywalls at ~$20-100 per item.
The Right to Research Coalition is a student-run organisation in the US. It plays a meaningful role in getting the US to do the right thing.
The article on Jack Andraka doesn't exist in Kazakh; that could be a good experience to think about the issues involved. Why did that matter to him, what did he achieve?
Promotion of OA
- Wikimedia Italia's Wiki and Open Access (Italian) (Open Access Week 2009, see short report (English))
- Wikimedia Italia's Condivisione, scienza, bene comune (Italian), Digital Freedoms Festival 2010.
- Wikimedia Deutschland 2011, 2012, 2013... conference for cultural institutions; and other initiatives
- Wikimedia Italia's and BEIC's virtual editathon on OA publishers , October 2014 (Open Access Week 2014)
- Wikimedia Italia's 2017 campaign to make articles cited by Wikipedia green Open Access with the help of Dissemin, Zenodo, oaDOI, OAbutton, Peter Suber, SPARC, SHERPA/RoMEO and phpList.
- and many others
Interaction with other OA promoters
- Dario Taraborelli, Transparency in measures of scientific impact, COASP 2011
- Daniel Mietchen, COASP 2014
Wikimania 2013 OA panel
- Etherpad for notes
Lane Rasberry - WiR for Consumer Reports.
Lesley Chan - bio informatics journal and related journals. It's a platform basd in Brazil since 1993. He's also assoc. director at U. Toronto Scarborough, teaching and studying how OA could address the N/S imbalance in knowledge production and related development issues: including neglected tropical diseases, food security, and social justice.
Daniel Mietchen - biophysicist; working on semantic data on the web. WM work on science sustainability, outreach to science communities, and collaboration across projects and chapters. WiR on Open Science. (slides)
An entire track, see wm2014:Open Scholarship.