Jump to content

ウィキメディア寄付基金

From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki
This page is a translated version of the page Wikimedia Endowment and the translation is 28% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

ウィキメディア寄付基金とは

The Wikimedia Endowment is a permanent fund that generates income to support the Wikimedia Projects in perpetuity. The Endowment was launched in January 2016 on the 15th anniversary of Wikipedia as a Collective Action Fund with the Tides Foundation, with the initial goal of raising US$100 million by 2026 – a target that was reached in June 2021.

The Endowment has now entered the second phase of fundraising and is also providing financial support to technical innovation in the Wikimedia Projects. As of June 30, 2023, the Wikimedia Endowment was valued at US$119 million. It has been established as a 501(c)3 charity headquartered in the United States. See WikimediaEndowment.org for more information.

Mission Statement

The Wikimedia Endowment mission statement reads:

"Access to knowledge is a fundamental human right. The Wikimedia Endowment is our enduring commitment to a world of freely shared knowledge, now and in perpetuity."

ウィキメディア財団寄付基金委員会

ウィキメディア財団寄付基金委員会は、教育、技術、営利事業を含むさまざまな業界の献身的なボランティアで構成されます。各委員はウィキメディアのビジョンである、すべての知識の総計を自由に共有できる世界に貢献します。委員は洞察と指導を提供し、基金を通してウィキメディアの持続可能性を促進します。

You can also read about the Endowment Board of Directors on the Wikimedia Endowment website.

Current Members

ジミー・ウェールズ

ウィキメディア財団理事ジミー・ウェールズは2016年1月14日に委嘱されました(決議案)。

Internet and technology entrepreneur Jimmy Wales, is founder of the online non-profit encyclopaedia Wikipedia and co-founder of the privately owned Wikia, Inc. including its entertainment media brand, Fandom powered by Wikia. Wales serves on the board of trustees of the Wikimedia Foundation, the non-profit charitable organisation he established to operate Wikipedia. In April 2017, Jimmy launched WikiTribune – a news website involving professional journalists working alongside volunteers to curate fact checked and reliable articles. In 2006 Jimmy was named in Time magazine's ‘100 Most Influential People in the World' for his role in creating Wikipedia.

アネット・キャンベル=ホワイト

アネット・キャンベル=ホワイトは2016年5月11日に委嘱されました決議案)。

Annette Campbell-White is a recognized pioneer for women in the world of venture capital investment and a longtime supporter of the Wikimedia Foundation and its mission to make knowledge free and accessible to everyone.

Prior to retiring in 2015, Annette served as Founder and Senior Managing Partner of MedVenture Associates, a biomedical venture capital firm that invests in life-improving medical devices. Before that, Annette was the first biotechnology analyst on Wall Street and the first female partner at Hambrecht & Quist, a leading international banking firm. Annette has received prominent recognition for her business achievements, including being named on Forbes Midas List from 2005–2007.

Annette has also served on the boards of several performing arts associations, including the San Francisco Opera and Cal Performances, a major presenter of the performing arts at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1997, Annette established the Kia Ora Foundation to assist New Zealand students in postgraduate study in the fields of musical performance, science and engineering. In addition to scholarships, the Foundation funds special projects, which support activities involving New Zealand artists.

アネット・キャンベル=ホワイトの情報は財団ブログを参照してください

ピーター・ボールドウィン

ピーター・ボールドウィン2016年9月9日に委嘱されました

ピーター・ボールドウィン(en) はカリフォルニア大学ロランゼルス校の歴史学教授であり、ニューヨーク大学グローバル名誉教授であり、慈善事業アーケイディア財団の共同創設者でもあります。

Baldwin has long been dedicated to preserving cultural heritage, the environment, and supporting open access resources. In 2002, he and his wife Lisbet Rausing, both long-time Wikimedia Foundation supporters, founded Arcadia to focus on these missions. Since then, Arcadia has made grant commitments of over US$363 million to charities and scholarly institutions globally that preserve cultural heritage and the environment, and promote open access.

ピーター・ボールドウィンは近代国家の発展史に取り組む著名な研究者でもあります。ボールドウィンの情報は財団ブログを参照してください

マイケル・キム

マイケル・キムは2017年6月5日に委嘱されました

Michael Kim is the founder and Managing Partner of Cendana Capital, an investment firm focused on early stage venture capital, and former trustee of the Asian Art Museum and San Francisco Employee Retirement System.

In addition to his expertise in investment strategy and venture capital, Michael is actively involved in arts and public service in San Francisco, where he and his family reside. In 2004, he was appointed by then San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom to a five year term as a Trustee of the San Francisco Employee Retirement System, a US$20 billion pension fund, and served as the President of the board and the Chairman of the Investment Committee.

マイケル・キムの情報は財団ブログを参照してください

Patricio Lorente

Patricio Lorente was appointed on 22 July 2021.

Patricio Lorente of City Bell, Argentina is a scholar devoted to outreach activities in education. He is currently the General Secretary of Administration of the National University of La Plata. Lorente joined Spanish Wikipedia as an editor in early 2005 and has been an administrator since 2006. He is a founding member of Wikimedia Argentina and served as president from 2007–2012. Lorente was selected as a Wikimedia Foundation Board Trustee in the years 2012, 2014, and 2016, and he served as chair of the Wikimedia Foundation Board from July 2015 through June 2016.

ドロン・ウェバー

Doron Weberは2021年7月22日付で着任。

Doron Weber currently serves as Vice President of Programs at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. Weber is a graduate of Brown University (B.A). and studied at the Sorbonne and Oxford University (M.A., 1981), where he was a Rhodes Scholar. At the Sloan Foundation, he runs the Public Understanding of Science and Technology Program, with national programs in science and the arts, and the Universal Access to Knowledge Program, which has supported the Wikimedia Foundation since 2008. A published author, Doron has been a Wikimedia Foundation Board Visitor since 2011, mentored by Jan-Bart de Vreede.

フィービー・エイヤーズ

Phoebe Ayers は2021年8月7日付で着任。

Phoebe Ayers is a long-time editor in English Wikipedia, Commons, Wikidata, WikiVoyage, and elsewhere. A former Wikimedia Foundation trustee, she has been a long-time participant in Wikimedia Foundation governance, as well as community events, including many Wikimanias, and outreach to educators and librarians. Phoebe has been an academic reference librarian in the science and engineering library at Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 2015. Prior, she was a librarian in the Physical Sciences & Engineering Library at the University of California, Davis.

Alexander M. Farman-Farmaian

Alexander M. Farman-Farmaian was appointed to the Endowment Board and its Finance Committee on 26 August 2022.

Alexander M. Farman-Farmaian is Vice Chairman, Partner and Portfolio Manager at Edgewood Management. Prior to Edgewood, Alex was for 19 years a senior member of the Portfolio Management team at W.P. Stewart & Co., and chaired the Investment Oversight Committee.

He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR – NY), the World Presidents' Organization (WPO), Chief Executives Organization (CEO), and formerly of Tiger21. He served as a Trustee of the International Women's Health Coalition (IWHC). This merged to create Fos Feminista in 2021, a large international organization for reproductive health, rights and justice. Alex is on the Board of CollegeSpring.

Alex received a BA in Economics from Princeton University in 1987. He speaks fluent French, Spanish, and conversational Farsi and Italian.

Lisa Lewin

Lisa Lewin was appointed to the Endowment Board and its Governance Committee on 26 October 2022.

Lisa Lewin is a strategist and operating executive with 25 years of experience leading and advising private, public, and nonprofit sector organizations. She is CEO of General Assembly, which has built transparent career pathways for over one million people and diverse talent pipelines for hundreds of the world's leading employers. Prior, she held various roles at Pearson and McGraw-Hill, and founded Ethical Ventures, a New York City-based management consulting firm advising some of the world's most ambitious social enterprises and mission-driven companies.

Lisa serves on the boards of Bank Street College of Education, Custom Ink, and the Leadership Now Project. She is the co-author of the Racial Equity Pledge and a member of Politico's Women Rule Collective. Lisa received a BS from Washington University in St. Louis and an MBA with honors from Harvard Business School.

Laura Duchâtelet

Laura Duchâtelet is a Belgian facilitator, philanthropist, and the owner of a small business that facilitates team building among professionals. She is a board member of Elex, leading their philanthropy committee. Laura studied Economics at the University of Antwerp, earning an undergraduate degree; she earned her Master’s degree at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB).  Laura and her family have been longtime financial supporters of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Former Members

ニルス・クリスチャン・ニールセン

ニルス・クリスチャン・ニールセンは 2017年2月13日に委嘱され、2022年7月21日に任期満了。ブログで人物評をご紹介しています。

Annual Endowment Fundraising Reports

基金

Wikimedia Endowment Investment Policy

The purpose of the Wikimedia Endowment is to serve as a permanent safekeeping fund to generate income to support the operations and activities of the Wikimedia projects in perpetuity. The following investment policy is meant to guide the long-term investment strategy of the Wikimedia Endowment; this policy is reviewed by the Investment Committee annually.

Please refer to the updated investment policy.

Adopted February 8th, 2024 by the Wikimedia Endowment Board of Directors.

よくある質問

1. ウィキメディア寄付基金とは? ウィキメディア寄付基金とは恒久的な保管基金であり、ウィキメディアのプロジェクト群の運営と活動を永続的に支える収入を生み出します(Wikimedia Endowment)。当寄付基金はウィキペディア創立15周年に当たる2016年に開設し、2022年には免税特権 501(c)(3) 資格を付与されました。

1.1. 寄付基金とは一般にどんなもの?
寄付基金とは(通常は)恒久基金であり、特定の組織または特定の大義を永続的に支援する目的で、終了日時を定めないで長期間に設定するものです。寄付基金を設定済みの組織は通常、その基金を金融資産に投資し、毎年、利息や投資収入を生み出すとその一部を支出または支弁します。こうしてその基金は財政支援を長期にわたって提供できます。
1.2. What are the industry's best practices around endowments in the US nonprofit sector?
In the nonprofit sector, endowments are considered an important part of good financial planning for organizations that aspire to continue fulfilling their nonprofit mission for the long-term. While organizations look to annual fundraising and other revenue streams to support their day-to-day operations, they look to endowments to support their long-term goals. Knowing that there will be a steady stream of funds across multiple years helps organizations plan for more ambitious and long term projects.

2. What is the strategic purpose of the Wikimedia Endowment? How will the Endowment support Wikimedia projects?

The purpose of the Wikimedia Endowment is to support the Wikimedia projects in perpetuity. During times of prosperity, the Wikimedia Endowment will serve as a springboard for growth and innovation. During tough economic times, the Endowment will help fund the most critical operations that keep the Wikimedia projects functioning. After we met the initial fundraising goal, the Endowment board made the decision to start providing project funding and adopted a spending policy. We conducted interviews with people who donated to the Wikimedia Endowment and asked them what the Endowment should support in the near future. The theme that emerged from these conversation was a focus on funding technical innovation, so that the Wikimedia Projects stay relevant in a time of rapid technological change. You can find a list of projects that the Wikimedia Endowment supported last year on Diff. This work is led by Endowment's Board Grantmaking and Community Committee.

3. ウィキメディアのコミュニティは、ウィキメディア寄付基金に関してどのように位置付けるのか?

The Endowment Board is made of people who have supported Wikipedia and other Wikimedia projects for a very long time. First, one seat is reserved for Jimmy Wales, the founder of Wikipedia. It also includes people who have been significant donors to the Wikimedia Foundation for over a decade and are now also volunteering their time to help raise funds, provide governance, and offer investment guidance for the Wikimedia Endowment. Similar to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees, there are seats for people from our volunteer editing community. Phoebe Ayers and Patricio Lorente currently fill those seats and bring deep experience in the Wikimedia communities and are both former community-elected board members of the Wikimedia Foundation. The full composition of the Board can be found in the "Wikimedia Endowment Board Members" section above.

4. ウィキメディア寄付基金は法的にどんな形態であるか、501(c)(3) とはどんな制度か?

A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code. The 501(c)(3) status of the Wikimedia Endowment was approved in 2022. The Wikimedia Endowment Board has put all necessary policies and processes in place to ensure a functional and operational 501(c)(3). They can be found on Wikimedia Foundation Governance Wiki.
4.1. How will the Wikimedia Endowment report its activity?
Transparency is important to the Wikimedia Endowment Board, and the following documents and reporting will be provided:
  • Annually: Annual plan, audit, Form 990, Fundraising Report
  • Semi-annually: Board meeting agenda and minutes (once approved)
  • Ad hoc: Other updates, as needed

5. How are Wikimedia Endowment funds invested?

The Wikimedia Endowment has a Finance Committee that meets every quarter to review the portfolio's performance and composition according to its Investment Policy. Historically, the Endowment has invested in indexed mutual funds spanning the US Equity, US Fixed Income, US Real Estate, ex-US Developed Equity, and Emerging Markets Equity asset classes.

6. How much investment income do you anticipate the Endowment will generate?

We monitor and track the Endowment portfolio's income on an ongoing, annual basis. This depends on market changes during the year. The income is generally reinvested in the underlying indexed funds which comprise the portfolio.

7. 寄付基金とウィキメディア財団が実施する毎年恒例の資金調達キャンペーンとはどのように住み分けるのか?

In the nonprofit sector, endowments are considered an important part of proactive financial planning for organizations that aspire to continue fulfilling their mission for the long-term. While organizations look to annual fundraising and other revenue streams to support their day-to-day operations, they look to endowments to provide more predictable multi-year funding to support their long-term goals and mission. While the Endowment does not replace our need to raise our annual fund to support day-to-day operations, it does give us more resiliency, and it is a testament to the value that so many people place on the need for knowledge.

8. How does planned giving support the Endowment?

Gifts in wills provide donors with an opportunity to continue making an impact for generations to come. Their planned, future gifts will provide another stream of donations to ensure the Endowment's growth and independence. The Endowment's first donation was a legacy gift from Jim Pacha, who generously donated much of his estate to seed its initial funding. Today, more than 2,300 members of the Wikipedia Legacy Society have committed to leave a portion of their estate to the Wikimedia Endowment.

9. Does the Endowment have its own employees and contractors?

No, the Wikimedia Endowment does not have any employees nor has it had its own contractors. Wikimedia Foundation staff work in support of the Endowment. Beginning in FY2022-23 (after the fund reached the initial US$100 million goal), the Endowment began reimbursing the Wikimedia Foundation for the cost of the time that the Wikimedia Foundation employees work on the Endowment as well as the other expenses that the Wikimedia Foundation incurs on its behalf. In FY22-23, the Endowment reimbursed the Wikimedia Foundation US$1,297,620 for expenses as well as US$420,177 in payment processing fees for the donations that the Wikimedia Foundation received on the endowment's behalf, which were deducted at the point of sale. In FY23-24, the Wikimedia Endowment is budgeting to reimburse the Wikimedia Foundation US$2.09 million.

Advisory Board Meetings

Updates and Articles

Financial Reports

Governance Documents

背景