봇 정책

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This page is a translated version of the page Bot policy and the translation is 23% complete.

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정책 및 지침

봇 정책 및 지침
This page outlines standards and guidelines related to bots which are enforced on some projects (see Bot policy/Implementation); this can be checked by visiting "Project:Bot policy" on that wiki, which should point here or redirect to the local policy. This page is also policy on Meta, including automatic approval and global bots. To request bot access on Meta, please go to Meta:Requests for adminship#Requests for bot flags.

Bots are automated or semi-automated processes that edit pages with reduced or no direct human supervision. Because bots may potentially strain server resources or accidentally disrupt the project, bots must follow the policy and guidelines outlined below. The policy outlines how bots may be used on applicable projects; bots which do not follow the policy may be blocked immediately until the operator has resolved any issues or non-compliance.

정책

봇 계정

A bot must be run using a separate account from the operator, as no human editor should be granted a bot flag. Its user page should clearly and visibly denote it as a bot to distinguish it from human editors, and operators must be available to answer any comments themselves. No user is permitted to make use of automated answering scripts. Some operators may choose to redirect the bot's talk page to their own, if their bot is not configured to detect messages.

Authorisation

There are three ways to obtain bot access on a wiki.

Global bots

Global bots are given access on all wikis that allow global bots (this must be explicitly permitted by local policy, see list). To qualify for global bot access, the following requirements must be met:
  • the bot must only maintain interlanguage links or fix double-redirects;
  • the bot must already be active on several wikis, with long-term contributions to back up its trustworthiness.
Global bot access should be requested on Steward requests/Bot status. (These rules do not prevent bots from performing other tasks on a wiki with its community's permission.)
  • The global bot status just gives the bot access to a restricted number of projects and wikis where they have the bot flag locally. You will find an exhaustive list of wikis where the global bot flag is active here. (You can continue to request local bot flags on projects where global bots are not allowed.)

Automatic approval

If automatic approval is explicitly allowed on the wiki, bot operators can request a local bot flag directly from stewards. To qualify for this, the following requirements must be met:
  • this must be permitted by the local bot policy or request page;
  • the bot must edit regularly without a bot flag for at least a week or make 100 edits on the applicable wikis for demonstration purposes;
  • the bot must only maintain interlanguage links or fix double-redirects.

Community consensus

Otherwise if there is a local community interested in processing bot applications, bots must obtain community approval on the most relevant local discussion page before editing without a bot flag at high speeds or without human supervision. Once there is consensus, a local bureaucrat will add the flag, or a steward may be requested to do so.
If there is no local community and the above does not apply, the bot must operate without a bot flag or not at all.

Unacceptable usage

  • Controversial changes: Bots may be used to perform edits which are most likely supported by other local editors; they should never be used to perform controversial edits. If you intend to expand the scope of the bot beyond that which was supported by the community, make note of this at the relevant discussion page to ensure that there is no opposition. If your bot flag was given by automatic approval, you must not exceed the limits described under "Automatic approval".
  • Data retrieval: Bots may not be used to retrieve bulk content for any use not directly related to an approved bot task. This includes dynamically loading pages from another website, which may result in the website being blacklisted and permanently denied access. If you would like to download bulk content or mirror a project, please do so by downloading or hosting your own copy of our database.
  • Spellchecking: No bot may automatically correct spelling mistakes without explicit community approval, particularly in the main content namespace. It is not technically possible in most languages to automatically correct spelling mistakes without a significant margin of error.

지침

사용자명

Although not required, the bot name should clearly contain the word "bot" in its user name to more easily distinguish it from human editors; the most common forms are derived from the operator's username (such as Pathosbot), or using disambiguation style (such as Xenophon (bot)).

편집 간격과 피크 시간대

봇 플래그 없이 동작하는 봇은 1분 이상의 편집 간격을 두고 편집해야 합니다. 일단 그들이 인정받고 봇 플래그를 받으면 완전히 5초 간격으로 편집(1분에 12번 편집)이 가능합니다. 봇은 바쁜 시간대 동안 작동하는 것을 피하도록 해야 합니다. 왜냐하면 사람인 독자와 편집자들을 위해 지정되어야 할 서버 자원들을 빠르게 사용하기 때문입니다. 이 시간동안, 자원을 아껴 쓰기 위해 봇을 20초 이상의 편집 간격(분당 3회 편집)을 두고 편집해야 합니다.

Bots' editing speeds can be automatically adjusted based on server load (slave database server lag) by appending an extra parameter to the query string of each requested URL; see mw:Manual:Maxlag parameter.

감독

Unless the bot is publicly stated to run autonomously, the operator should remain available, occasionally check for messages, and be ready to shut down the bot if it does not perform as desired or if complaints are received. If the operator is not available, the bot may be blocked until any issues are resolved.

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