Translation of the week/Translation candidates

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These are the candidates for Translation of the week.
Propose a new candidate

Two-thirds majority in favour (group 1)

  • (Except those who have only the vote of nomination, see group 5).
  • Sorted first by the net support (number of support votes minus number of oppose votes), second those with less negative votes and thirdly in order of nomination.

5 (=5-0)


4 (=4-0)


4 (=5-1)

en:Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony[edit]

(ja:広島平和記念式典)

(Net support = 4; Against = 16.667%) (Group 1)

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony is an annual Japanese vigil.

Support Support

  1. -- Shizhao (talk) 02:17, 1 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. -- Erebuss (talk) 19:59, 1 July 2019 (UTC)
  3. -- Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 23:49, 1 July 2019 (UTC)
  4. -- Cohaf (talk) 13:15, 4 August 2019 (UTC)
  5. -- Deryni (talk) 09:09, 18 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. Interesting, but it's a stub. Just a list of things made during the ceremony, without any explication: what is "dedication of water"? Dedication of flower? What does the mayor of Hiroshima say during his speach? What about the history of this ceremony? --Holapaco77 (talk) 19:52, 8 July 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


3 (=3-0)


3 (=4-1)

en:Museum of Soviet Arcade Machines[edit]

(ru:Музей советских игровых автоматов)

(Net support = 3; Against = 20%) (Group 1)

The Museum of Soviet Arcade Machines (Russian: Музей советских игровых автоматов) is a private historical interactive museum that keeps a collection of arcade machines that were produced in the USSR since the mid-1970s. April 13, 2007 is considered to be the foundation day of the museum. Visitors of the museum are given 15-kopeck coins at the entrance to get the arcade machines started. The ticket price also includes an excursion.

Support Support

  1. I think it's a very interesting museum --Holapaco77 (talk) 08:23, 4 September 2018 (UTC)
  2. Looks good. --Super Wang on zhwiki (Share your opinions) 08:27, 16 September 2018 (UTC)
  3. unequivocally--Cohaf (talk) 01:53, 26 September 2018 (UTC)
  4. Ohhhhhh*10 Viztor (talk) 02:05, 17 June 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. --Uruk (talk) 21:41, 20 June 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


en:Black Country Living Museum[edit]

(Net support = 3; Against = 20%) (Group 1)

The Black Country Living Museum (formerly The Black Country Museum) is an open-air museum of rebuilt historic buildings in Dudley in the West Midlands of England

Support Support

  1. --Shizhao (talk) 01:25, 5 November 2018 (UTC)
  2. --Cohaf (talk) 12:03, 10 November 2018 (UTC)
  3. --Super Wang on zhwiki (Share your opinions) 08:14, 22 November 2018 (UTC)
  4. Viztor (talk) 23:02, 20 July 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. -- Erebuss (talk) 12:35, 1 February 2019 (UTC) Too long.

Comment Comment


en:Pashkov House[edit]

(Net support = 3; Against = 20%) (Group 1)

The Pashkov House (Russian: Пашко́в дом) is a neoclassical mansion that stands on a hill overlooking the western wall of the Moscow Kremlin, near the crossing of the Mokhovaya and Vozdvizhenka streets. Its design has been attributed to Vasily Bazhenov. It used to be home to the Rumyantsev Museum—Moscow's first public museum—in the 19th century. The palace's current owner is the Russian State Library.

Support Support

  1. --Shizhao (talk) 02:53, 11 February 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Holapaco77 (talk) 23:15, 11 February 2019 (UTC)
    --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 07:23, 18 February 2019 (UTC)
  3. --Cohaf (talk) 07:53, 28 February 2019 (UTC)
  4. --Uruk (talk) 01:07, 15 March 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. Undersourced §2 and §3.1 to §3.3. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 03:13, 11 March 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


en:Close (film)[edit]

(Net support = 3; Against = 20%) (Group 1)

A 2019 action thriller film directed by Vicky Jewson and starring Noomi Rapace.

Support Support

  1. Six langs. Deryni (talk) 22:44, 3 May 2019 (UTC) --Deryni (talk) 22:44, 3 May 2019 (UTC)
  2. Okay--Cohaf (talk) 03:29, 13 May 2019 (UTC)
  3. -- Erebuss (talk) 12:45, 13 May 2019 (UTC)
  4. No problem. Release date is not a problem either. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 22:57, 13 May 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. Too recent (Release date: January 2019) --Holapaco77 (talk) 08:22, 13 May 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment

Yes, it's close in the meaning of close protection, i.e. bodyguard. Deryni (talk) 03:22, 13 May 2019 (UTC)


en:History of Gaborone[edit]

(Net support = 3; Against = 20%) (Group 1)

The history of Gaborone began with archaeological evidence in the area around Gaborone dating back to 400 BCE, and the first written accounts of Gaborone are from the earliest European settlers in the 19th century. Since the 1960s, when Botswana gained its independence from Britain and Gaborone became the capital, the city has grown from a small village in the Botswana scrubland to a major center in southern Africa.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 12:04, 16 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. -- Deryni (talk) 05:35, 18 July 2019 (UTC)
  3. --Cohaf (talk) 12:28, 30 July 2019 (UTC)
  4. -- Erebuss (talk) 06:38, 1 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 03:04, 29 July 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment



2 (=2-0)

en:Afghan diaspora[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 33.333%) (Group 2) (No votes from 16 days)

Afghan diaspora or Afghan immigrants are citizens of Afghanistan who have immigrated to other countries, or people of Afghan origin who are born outside Afghanistan. Traditionally, the borders between Afghanistan and its southern and eastern neighboring countries have been fluid and vague.

Support Support

  1. --Shizhao (talk) 01:43, 1 August 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 00:52, 2 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. Original research. Stub. Very incomplete. --Holapaco77 (talk) 20:18, 4 August 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


en:Crossing the inner German border[edit]

(Net support = 2; Against = 0%) (Group 1)

Crossing the inner German border remained possible throughout the Cold War; it was never entirely sealed in the fashion of the border between the two Koreas, though there were severe restrictions on the movement of East German citizens

Support Support

  1. --Shizhao (talk) 01:50, 1 August 2019 (UTC)
  2. -- Erebuss (talk) 06:39, 1 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose


Comment Comment


en:The Three Sisters (Alberta)[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 40%) (Group 2) (No votes from 17 days)

The Three Sisters are a trio of peaks near Canmore, Alberta, Canada. They are known individually as Big Sister, Middle Sister and Little Sister.

Support Support

  1. --Shizhao (talk) 01:55, 1 August 2019 (UTC)
  2. -- Erebuss (talk) 06:40, 1 August 2019 (UTC)
  3. --Uruk (talk) 10:05, 6 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. Really too much short. --Holapaco77 (talk) 20:20, 4 August 2019 (UTC)
  2. Needs expand. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 01:08, 7 August 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment



2 (=3-1)

en:Penne alla vodka[edit]

(it:Penne alla vodka)

(Net support = 2; Against = 25%) (Group 1)

Penne alla vodka is a pasta dish made with vodka and penne pasta, usually made with heavy cream, crushed tomatoes, onions, and sometimes sausage, pancetta or peas. The recipe became very popular in Italy and in the United States around the 1980s, when it was also offered to discotheque customers. The recipe thus became an icon of the fashionable cuisine of the time, which preferred the use of cream in first courses. Even today, penne alla vodka is a typical dish of Italian-American cuisine.

Support Support

  1. Buon appetito - Bon Appétit - Enjoy your meal! --Holapaco77 (talk) 09:13, 11 June 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Cohaf (talk) 17:44, 12 June 2019 (UTC)
  3. I love it. My mouth is watering. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 23:43, 12 June 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. Deryni (talk) 03:56, 29 July 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


en:United States Coast Guard Band[edit]

(Net support = 2; Against = 25%) (Group 1)

The United States Coast Guard Band is a military band maintained by the United States Coast Guard. Established in 1925 and classified as a "premier ensemble", the Coast Guard Band is stationed at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut and is responsible for providing musical support to the Coast Guard Academy's corps of cadets, as well as other official Coast Guard events and ceremonies. During the summer months it undertakes national and international tours to promote the Coast Guard.

Support Support

  1. --Shizhao (talk) 02:08, 1 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 09:45, 3 July 2019 (UTC)
  3. --Cohaf (talk) 03:47, 14 July 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. --Uruk (talk) 16:45, 8 July 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


en:Penal system in China[edit]

(Net support = 2; Against = 25%) (Group 1)

The penal system in China is mostly composed of an administrative detention system and a judicial incarceration system. As of mid 2015, it is reported prisoners held in prisons managed by Ministry of Justice is 1,649,804, result in a population rate of 118 per 100,000. Detainees in Ministry of Public Security facilities is 650,000 as of 2009, which combined would result in a population rate of 164 per 100,000. China also retained the use of death penalty with the approval right reserved to the Supreme People's Court, and have a system of death penalty with reprieve where the sentence is suspended unless the convicted commit another major crime within two years while detained. There are discussion urging increased use of community correction, and debate are ongoing to have Ministry of Justice oversee administrative detainees as well to prevent police from having too much power.

Support Support

  1. --Viztor (talk) 06:02, 17 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Shizhao (talk) 02:21, 22 July 2019 (UTC)
  3. --Cohaf (talk) 12:29, 30 July 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. --Holapaco77 (talk) 06:23, 4 August 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


Between 2/3 and 50% support (group 2)

  • Sorted first by the net support (number of support votes minus number of oppose votes) and second in order of nomination.
  • If a candidate has the number of oppose votes is 1/3 or more of that of total votes for two months, it will be removed from the list (rule 3).



2 (=4-2)

en:Tubâ[edit]

(Net support = 2; Against = 33.333%) (Group 2) (No votes from 1 month and 17 days)

Tubâ (Tagalog pronunciation: [tʊˈbaʔ]) is a Filipino alcoholic beverage created from the sap of various species of palm trees. During the Spanish colonial period, tubâ was introduced to Guam, the Marianas, and Mexico via the Manila Galleons. They remain popular in Mexico, especially in the states of Colima, Jalisco, Michoacán, and Guerrero. Tubâ was also introduced to the Torres Strait Islands of Australia in the mid-19th century by Filipino immigrant workers in the pearling industry.

Support Support

  1. -- Ranan (talk) 15:43, 21 June 2019 (UTC)
  2. -- Deryni (talk) 07:53, 23 June 2019 (UTC)
  3. --Cohaf (talk) 08:00, 23 June 2019 (UTC)
  4. -- Erebuss (talk) 19:55, 1 July 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 23:47, 4 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. Seems like no proper Chinese title. --Royal Patrol Vikarna 09:49, 8 July 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


2 (=5-3)

en:Norrmalmstorg robbery[edit]

(Net support = 2; Against = 37.5%) (Group 2) (No votes from 1 month and 17 days)

The Norrmalmstorg robbery was a bank robbery and hostage crisis best known as the origin of the term Stockholm syndrome. It occurred at the Norrmalmstorg square in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1973, and was the first criminal event in Sweden covered by live television. Jan-Erik Olsson, a convicted criminal on leave from prison, held up a bank, taking four hostages. During the ensuing crisis, the police agreed to bring his friend Clark Olofsson to the bank, and the two bonded with the hostages, who acted to protect their captors, despite being repeatedly threatened by them. After the police mounted a teargas attack five days into the crisis, the robbers surrendered. Olsson was sentenced to 10 years for the robbery, while Olofsson was ultimately acquitted. The paradoxical actions of the hostages led to a great deal of academic and public interest in the case, including a 2003 Swedish television film and a 2018 American film.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 12:44, 7 June 2019 (UTC)
  2. Interesting. Let us learn about Stockholm syndrome. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 23:53, 7 June 2019 (UTC)
  3. -- As Super Wang. Deryni (talk) 11:08, 8 June 2019 (UTC)
  4. count me in.--Cohaf (talk) 11:18, 8 June 2019 (UTC)
  5. -- Erebuss (talk) 19:56, 1 July 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. too langs--Shizhao (talk) 00:54, 10 June 2019 (UTC)
  2. Already has 15 language editions.--RekishiEJ (talk) 14:55, 4 July 2019 (UTC)
  3. --Uruk (talk) 10:04, 6 August 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment



1 (=2-1)

en:Pull-off bottle cap[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 33.333%) (Group 2) (No votes from 1 month and 4 days)

The pull-off bottle cap (also known as RingCrown, RipCap or Ring-pull closure) is a bottle closure that can be opened without any tools. It has a ring that can be pulled in order to detach the cap from the bottle. The cap splits along scores in the cap, therefore loosens and can be removed from the bottle. Drink companies use ring pull caps to differentiate themselves from competitors.

Support Support

  1. --Uruk (talk) 20:43, 8 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Cohaf (talk) 03:54, 14 July 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. I don't know how to translate this one. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 01:17, 30 July 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment Short article, with references, about an interesting element we see in many bottles in supermarkets and bars.


1 (=3-2)

en:Miss Baker[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 40%) (Group 2) (No votes from 1 month and 18 days)

Miss Baker (1957 – November 29, 1984) was a squirrel monkey who in 1959 became, along with rhesus macaque Miss Able, one of the first two animals launched into space by the United States and safely returned.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 11:28, 13 June 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Cohaf (talk) 18:16, 19 June 2019 (UTC)
  3. -- Deryni (talk) 21:22, 30 June 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. --Uruk (talk) 16:43, 8 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. I once attempted to translate, but didn't complete due to length. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 07:21, 14 July 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment



1 (=5-4)

en:Cyclone Kenneth[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 44.444%) (Group 2) (No votes from 17 days)

Intense Tropical Cyclone Kenneth was the strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall in Mozambique since modern records began. The cyclone also caused significant damage in the Comoro Islands and Tanzania. The fourteenth tropical storm, record-breaking tenth tropical cyclone, and tenth intense tropical cyclone of the 2018–19 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season, Kenneth formed from a vortex that the Météo-France office on La Réunion (MFR) first mentioned on 17 April. The MFR monitored the system over the next several days, before designating it as Tropical Disturbance 14 on 21 April. The disturbance was located in a favorable environment to the north of Madagascar, which allowed it to strengthen into a tropical depression and later a tropical storm, both on the next day. The storm then began a period of rapid intensification, ultimately peaking as an intense tropical cyclone with 10-minute sustained winds of 215 km/h (130 mph) and a minimum central pressure of 934 hPa (27.58 inHg). At that time, Kenneth began to undergo an eyewall replacement cycle and weakened slightly, before making landfall later that day as an intense tropical cyclone. As a result of land interaction, Kenneth became disorganised as it made landfall and rapidly degenerated thereafter. The storm then shifted southward, with the MFR cancelling all major warnings for inland cities. Kenneth was reclassified as an overland depression after landfall, with the MFR issuing its warning at midnight UTC on 26 April. Thunderstorm activity developed off the coast of Mozambique on 27 April as the system began drifting northward. Kenneth re-emerged off the coast of northern Mozambique on 28 April, before dissipating on the next day.

Prior to Kenneth's landfall, local authorities evacuated over 30,000 people in the path of the storm in northern Mozambique. Kenneth killed at least 52 people in total; in the country of Comoros; Kenneth's wind and rainfall caused at least seven deaths, while 45 people were killed in Mozambique. Damage is currently estimated at $100 million (2019 USD).

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 12:46, 16 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. -- Shizhao (talk) 08:03, 17 July 2019 (UTC)
  3. -- Deryni (talk) 05:31, 18 July 2019 (UTC)
  4. -- Iantriks (talk) 16:01, 22 July 2019 (UTC)
  5. -- Erebuss (talk) 06:38, 1 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. Too recent. --Holapaco77 (talk) 23:46, 28 July 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 03:05, 29 July 2019 (UTC)
  3. --Uruk (talk) 08:46, 4 August 2019 (UTC)
  4. Too technical. --Cohaf (talk) 13:14, 4 August 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


Equal oppose and support, and a minimum of 2 positive votes (group 3)

  • Sorted first by the net support and second in order of nomination.
  • If a candidate has an equal number of opposing votes and supporting votes for one month, it will be removed from the list (rule 2).
  • (With a minimum of 2 positive votes, of course. Candidates with 1-1 stay in group 5, to prevent unjust rewards.)

0 (3-3)


0 (=2-2)



Less than 50% support (group 4)

  • Sorted first by the net support (number of support votes minus number of oppose votes) and second in order of nomination.
  • If a candidate has more opposing votes than supporting ones for two weeks, it will be removed from the list (rule 1).


New candidates (group 5)

  • With only 1 positive vote. (Regardless of whether they receive a negative vote or more.)
  • Sorted first by the net support and second in order of nomination.
  • If a candidate has no vote after two weeks, it will be removed from the list (rule 4).

Propose a new candidate

en:Ministry of Home Affairs (India)[edit]

(Net support = -3; Against = 80%) (Group 5) (No votes from 5 days)

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) or Home Ministry (IAST: Gṛha Maṃtralāyā) is a ministry of the Government of India. As the interior ministry of India, it is mainly responsible for the maintenance of internal security and domestic policy. The Home Ministry is headed by Union Minister of Home Affairs Amit Shah.

Support Support

  1. --Shizhao (talk) 01:46, 1 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. Refimprove. --Holapaco77 (talk) 06:19, 4 August 2019 (UTC)
  2. The yellow refimprove template needs to be removed before I can support. --Cohaf (talk)13:13, 4 August 2019 (UTC)
  3. undersourced--Super Wang hates PC You hate, too? 02:14, 6 August 2019 (UTC)
  4. Yes, ref improve -- Erebuss (talk) 07:17, 13 August 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


en:Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 0%) (Group 5) (No votes from 3 days)

Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka (born 8 January 1970) is a Ugandan veterinarian and founder of Conservation Through Public Health, an organisation dedicated to the coexistence of endangered mountain gorillas, other wildlife, humans, and livestock in Africa. She was Uganda's first wildlife veterinary officer and was the star of the BBC documentary, Gladys the African Vet. In 2009 she won the Whitley Gold Award for her conservation work.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 09:06, 15 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose


Comment Comment


en:Nidhi Goyal[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 0%) (Group 5) (No votes from 3 days)

Nidhi Goyal (born 21 September 1985) is an Indian disability and gender rights activist who has been appointed to the UN Women Executive Director's advisory group. Goyal is the founder and director of Mumbai-based NGO Rising Flame and works in the areas of sexuality, gender, health and rights for women and girls with disabilities. She is also the first blind female stand-up comedian in India.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 09:12, 15 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose


Comment Comment


en:Zimbabwe fuel protests[edit]

(Net support = 0; Against = 50%) (Group 5) (No votes from 3 days)

Protests began in Zimbabwe on 14 January 2019 following a 130% increase in the price of fuel imposed by the government of Emmerson Mnangagwa. Thousands of Zimbabweans protested against the price increase, along with increasing levels of poverty, the poor state of the economy, and declining standards of living. The government responded with a coordinated crackdown that resulted in hundreds of arrests and multiple deaths. The protests stopped after three days; by 17 January, businesses started reopening as the protests ended.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 09:16, 15 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose

  1. 3 days of protests, like in many other countries. --Holapaco77 (talk) 11:25, 15 August 2019 (UTC)

Comment Comment


en:Indiana Dunes National Park[edit]

(Net support = 2; Against = 0%) (Group 1)

Indiana Dunes National Park is a United States National Park located in Northwestern Indiana, managed by the National Park Service. It was authorized by Congress in 1966 as the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, the name by which it was known until it was designated the nation's newest and 61st national park on February 15, 2019. The park runs for nearly 25 miles (40 km) along the southern shore of Lake Michigan; it contains approximately 15,000 acres (6,100 ha). Its visitors center is in Porter, Indiana. Located in the park are sand dune, wetland, prairie, river, and forest ecosystems.

Support Support

  1. The newest US national park --Holapaco77 (talk) 11:20, 15 August 2019 (UTC)
  2. --Uruk (talk) 15:39, 15 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose


Comment Comment


en:Duesenberg Model A[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 0%) (Group 5) (No votes from 1 day)

The Duesenberg Model A was the first automobile in series production to have hydraulic brakes and the first automobile in series production in the United States with a straight-eight engine. Officially known as the Duesenberg Straight Eight, the Model A was first shown in late 1920 in New York City. Production was delayed by substantial changes to the design of the car, including a change in the engine valvetrain from horizontal overhead valves to an overhead camshaft; also during this time, the company had moved its headquarters and factory from New Jersey to Indiana. The Model A was manufactured in Indianapolis, Indiana, from 1921 to 1925 by the Duesenberg Automobiles and Motors Company and from 1925 to 1926 at the same factory by the restructured Duesenberg Motor Company. The successors to the company began referring to the car as the Model A when the Model J was introduced.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 12:44, 17 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose


Comment Comment


en:Mozart and dance[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 0%) (Group 5) (No votes from 1 day)

The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote a great deal of dance music, both for public use and as elements of larger works such as operas, quartets, and symphonies. According to the reminiscences of those who knew him, the composer himself enjoyed dancing very much; he was skillful and danced often.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 13:23, 17 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose


Comment Comment


en:Sang de boeuf glaze[edit]

(Net support = 1; Against = 0%) (Group 5) (No votes from 1 day)

Sang de boeuf glaze, or sang-de-boeuf, is a deep red colour of ceramic glaze, first appearing in Chinese porcelain at the start of the 18th century. The name is French, meaning "ox blood" (or cow blood), and the glaze and the colour are also called ox-blood or oxblood in English, in this and other contexts. For Chinese ceramics, some museums and books prefer one, some the other, in both cases with varying use of hyphens, and capitals and italics for "sang de boeuf".

As with most Chinese red glazes, the main colouring agent is copper oxide, fired in a reducing atmosphere; finishing them in an oxidizing atmosphere may have been part of the process. The Chinese name for the glaze is langyao hong ("Lang kiln red").

From the late 19th century onwards, usually after lengthy experiment, many Western potters produced versions of the Chinese glaze, which is technically very difficult to achieve and control.

Support Support

  1. -- Zquid (talk) 13:31, 17 August 2019 (UTC)

Oppose Oppose


Comment Comment