特殊语言代码

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This page is a translated version of the page Special language codes and the translation is 73% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
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维基媒体wiki的语言可在每个页面的<html>元素中langxml:lang属性找到。这些语言代码通常应被BCP 47定义为标准语言标签。

在多数情况下,我们为项目使用的子域名名称与语言代码符合一致,但也有些例外。通常这是因为历史原因,在项目创建之初有效的ISO 639代码不可用。

Deprecated or removed ISO 639 codes are still considered valid in BCP 47 (where existing codes are normally not removed) most often as possible fallbacks for missing translations or to allow upward compatibility, even if they are no longer recommended for modern use and newly created contents (using these codes can potentially create unsolvable disputes in Wikimedia unless they are distinguished with distinct translations using newer codes). In some cases, some early distinctions in ISO 639 have also been removed because they were introduced artificially for a temporary time (sometimes for non-neutral political reasons) but not well supported by users, and when they unnecessarily complicated the task of translators, or when they too frequently required the use of language fallbacks or automatic transliterators (when a reliable standard and orthographic conventions was adopted between most users of different script variants), or because of development of education for better mutual understanding and acceptation of multiple variants in vernacular use.

不匹配它們的lang属性的子域名

子域名 语言 项目 注释
als Local name: Alemannisch
English name: Alemannic
Language familyGermanic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikibooks, Wikiquote 使用gsw,它匹配语言的ISO 639-3代码。
be-x-old Local name: беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎
English name: Belarusian (Taraškievica)
Language familySlavic
Wikipedia 使用IETF语言标签be-tarask
bh Local name: भोजपुरी
English name: Bihari
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Wikipedia

使用bho,它匹配语言的ISO 639-3代码。

crh Local name: qırımtatarca
English name: Crimean Tatar
Language familyTurkic
Wikipedia 网站代码正确,然而其使用拉丁字母变体crh-Latn作为默认语言代码。
roa-rup Local name: armãneashti
English name: Aromanian
Language familyItalic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary 使用rup,它匹配语言的ISO 639-3代码。
simple Local name: Simple English
English name: Simple English
Language familyGermanic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary 使用普通英语的en
zh-classical Local name: 文言
English name: Classical Chinese
Language familySinitic
Wikipedia 文言文有ISO 639-3代码lzh
zh-min-nan Local name: Bân-lâm-gú
English name: Minnan
Language familySinitic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikibooks, Wikiquote, Wikisource 闽南语有ISO 639-3代码nan
zh-yue Local name: 粵語
English name: Cantonese
Language familySinitic
Wikipedia 粤文有ISO 639-3代码yue

杂项:

  • 所有wikimedia.org的子域名

不符合有效的ISO 639语言代码的子域名

子域名 语言 项目 注释
als Local name: Alemannisch
English name: Alemannic
Language familyGermanic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikibooks, Wikiquote 阿勒曼尼语有ISO 639-3代码gsw。ISO 639-3代码als被另外分配给Tosk Albanian(参见phab:T25215)。
bat-smg Local name: žemaitėška
English name: Samogitian
Language familyBaltic
Wikipedia 萨莫吉提亚语有ISO 639代码sgs(参见phab:T27522)。
cbk-zam Local name: Chavacano de Zamboanga
English name: Chavacano de Zamboanga
Language familyPidgin and Creole
Wikipedia 作为单个语言,Chavacano de Zamboanga没有ISO 639代码。ISO 639-3代码cbk被分配给查瓦卡诺语,这是Chavacano de Zamboanga的超集。(参见phab:T124657
eml Local name: emiliàn e rumagnòl
English name: Emilian-Romagnol
Language familyItalic
Wikipedia 用于艾米利亚-罗马涅语的ISO 639-3代码eml现已停用,并拆分为egl(艾米利亚语)和rgn(罗马涅语)。然而eml仍将永久作为有效的BCP 47语言标签(参见phab:T36217)。
fiu-vro Local name: Võro
English name: Võro
Language familyFinno-Permic
Wikipedia 佛罗语有ISO 639-3代码vro(参见phab:T31186)。
iu Local name: ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut
English name: Inuktitut
Language familyEskimo-Aleut
Wikipedia ISO 639认为iu/iku不是單個语言,而是包括ikeikt的大语言。MediaWiki同意这一点(參見phabricator),但语言备选设定至ike,叫做ike-cans;添加了ike-latn;没有ikt支持。CLDR认为Cans是正确字母。
ksh Local name: Ripoarisch
English name: Ripuarian
Language familyGermanic
Wikipedia ISO 639-3代码ksh被分配给科隆语,这是利普里安语的子集。
map-bms Local name: Basa Banyumasan
English name: Banyumasan
Language familySunda-Sulawesi
Wikipedia 作为单个语言,Banyumasan没有ISO 639代码。ISO 639-1代码jv/jav被分配给爪哇语,这是Banyumasan的超集。
nds-nl Local name: Nedersaksies
English name: Dutch Low Saxon
Language familyGermanic
Wikipedia 低地德语nds重复。
nrm Local name: Nouormand
English name: Norman
Language familyItalic
Wikipedia 作为单个语言,诺曼语没有ISO 639代码(然而诺曼语的两种方言——Guernésiais和Jèrriais则分享ISO 639-3代码nrf)。ISO 639-3代码nrm被另外分配给Narom语。ISO 639-3将诺曼语与法语结合在一起,就好像各种北部的法语方言一样(参见phab:T25216)。
roa-rup Local name: armãneashti
English name: Aromanian
Language familyItalic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary 阿罗马尼亚语有ISO 639-3代码rup(参见phab:T17988)。
roa-tara Local name: tarandíne
English name: Tarantino
Language familyItalic
Wikipedia 作为单个语言,塔伦蒂诺语没有ISO 639代码。ISO 639-3将其与意大利语结合在一起,就好像各种北部的意大利语方言一样。
sh Local name: srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски
English name: Serbo-Croatian
Language familySlavic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary sh原本是塞尔维亚-克罗地亚语的ISO 639-1代码,但它已不再活跃。然而它仍然是有效的BCP 47语言标签。塞尔维亚-克罗地亚语有ISO 639-3代码hbs。在CLDR别名中,sh映射到sr-Latn(参见phab:T127679phab:T127680)。
simple Local name: Simple English
English name: Simple English
Language familyGermanic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary 简单英语没有ISO 639代码,但拥有IETF子标签simple。(参见phab:T110190
zh-classical Local name: 文言
English name: Classical Chinese
Language familySinitic
Wikipedia 文言文有ISO 639-3代码lzh(参见phab:T10217phab:T30443)。
zh-min-nan Local name: Bân-lâm-gú
English name: Minnan
Language familySinitic
Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikibooks, Wikiquote, Wikisource 闽南语有ISO 639-3代码nan(参见phab:T10217phab:T30442)。
zh-yue Local name: 粵語
English name: Cantonese
Language familySinitic
Wikipedia 粤文有ISO 639-3代码yue(参见phab:T10217phab:T30441)。

杂项:

  • tokipona – defunct Wikipedia subdomain
  • ru-sib – defunct Wikipedia subdomain, hoax in fictional “Siberian” language
  • be-x-old – fixed and redirected to be-tarask Wikipedia subdomain (see phab:T11823)

其他區別

子域名 语言 项目 注释
ak Local name: Akan
English name: Akan
Language familyNiger-Congo
Wikipedia;
Closed: Wikibooks, Wiktionary
这两个維基集合是同一种语言么?见维基百科条目。
tw Local name: Twi
English name: Twi
Language familyNiger-Congo
Wikipedia;
Closed: Wiktionary
de-formal Local name: Deutsch
English name: German
Language familyGermanic

没有作为主机名称使用,但作为伪变体子标签(未注册)用于translatewiki.net翻译(用在元维基方针一类的页面上):我们应使用一个私有用途的扩展

nl-informal Local name: Nederlands
English name: Dutch
Language familyGermanic

参见