Retningslinjer for inhabilitet

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This page is a translated version of the page Guidelines on potential conflicts of interest and the translation is 28% complete.

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Information

This is a document that was under community consultation at Guidelines on potential conflicts of interest. This is a draft version of the document. The final version was approved by the Board of Trustees on April 18, 2013, and is available at Guidelines on potential conflicts of interest on the Foundation Wiki.

Introduktion

We are asking for community opinion on these five movement-wide guidelines that would help identify potential conflicts of interest when asking for resources belonging to the Wikimedia movement. The proposed draft of these guidelines is set out below for community review. We welcome your comments at the meta discussion page. After community consultation, we expect to finalize the guidelines and propose them to the WMF Board of Trustees for adoption by resolution.

Generally, mismanaged personal interests resulting in potential conflicts of interest can hurt our movement, both in reputation and financially. The proposed guidelines seek to encourage full disclosure of personal and financial interests with respect to people’s requests for movement resources. The guidelines help ensure that those movement resources -- like grants, staff time, scholarships, trademark licenses, travel reimbursements, fellowships, employment, and conference resources -- are used in pursuit of our mission. The guidelines apply to requests for resources from any movement entities, groups, associations, or persons, such as the Wikimedia Foundation, chapters, thematic organizations, movement partners, user groups, Wiki Loves Monuments, GLAM organizations, and Wikipedians in Residence. The guidelines are not comprehensive or exhaustive. They are intended to support existing movement values and conflict of interest policies, which may require recusal or other ways of managing the conflict.[1]

Importantly, the guidelines are not intended to address directly more specific controversial topics, like paid editing. We understand that the community is engaged in that discussion in other venues. That said, these guidelines may serve as a foundation upon which to build more specific policies in the future. For now, however, we simply want to suggest some simple, hopefully uncontroversial guidelines to help people know when they should be disclosing their personal or financial interests in their requests for and use of movement resources.

We would like to hear what you think. Feel free to leave your comments or propose edits on the meta discussion page. We are not seeking consensus or an RfC. This is to help us hear where we need to improve the document. To help ensure global understanding and easier translations, we are proposing that the guidelines be short and confined to one page. The WMF legal department greatly appreciates the opportunity to hear your thoughts and benefit from your wisdom there. We of course will read and respond to your comments and take them into consideration in drafting a final version for proposal to the Board.

We anticipate closing the comment period on January 15, 2013. This may allow for a proposal to the Board during its February 1-2, 2013, meeting. Otherwise, we may extend the comment period and ask the Board to approve the guidelines at another time. We encourage international participation, and, if more time is needed to allow for translations or comments, we want to take that into consideration.

Many thanks, as always, for your comments and active participation.

Geoff Brigham
General Counsel
Wikimedia Foundation

  1. In the WMF Board’s resolution regarding organizational best practices, for example, “more developed organizations” are encouraged to “adopt core governance policies including a code of conduct for Board and staff that requires at least disclosure of all potential conflicts of interest.” Movement organizations, of course, are free to adopt more strict and tailored conflict of interest rules that go beyond the minimum standards of these proposed guidelines.

Bestyrelsens forslag til retningslinjer

VEDTAGET. Wikimediafondens bestyrelse godkender og vedtager hermed Wikimedias 'Retningslinjer for inhabilitet ved anmodning om midler fra bevægelsen' som de er angivet nedenstående. Disse retningslinjer er ment som et supplement til 'Beslutning om bedste praksis i organisationen', der blev vedtaget af samme bestyrelse 31. marts 2012. Både Wikimediaorganisationer og brugere opfordres til at overholde retningslinjerne, når de anmoder, og bruger, midler fra Wikimediabevægelsen.

Beslutningen vil træde i kraft fra og med XXXX.

[SE RETNINGSLINJERNE NEDENFOR]

Fem Wikimediaretningslinjer vedrørende inhabilitet ved anmodning om midler fra bevægelsen

Forkludrede personlige interesser, der fører til inhabilitet, kan skade vores bevægelse både i omtale og økonomisk. De følgende fem retningslinjer er givet for at fremme ærlighed og gennemsigtighed i alle anmodninger om bevægelsens midler. Det er bevægelsens midler og de skal altid bruges på at styrke vores projekt. Midlerne kan f.eks. være bevillinger, personaleomkostninger, legater, varemærkelicenser, stipendier, jobmuligheder, rejseudligninger og konferencefaciliteter. Retningslinjerne gælder for anmodninger om sådanne midler fra organer, grupper og foreninger i bevægelsen, så som Wikimediafonden, lokalafdelinger, temabaserede organisationer, samarbejdspartnere, brugergrupper, Wiki elsker monumenter og GLAM-brugergrupper. Retningslinjerne er ikke omfattende eller udtømmende, men er ment som et supplement til allerede gældende politikker om inhabilitet, hvor der er brug for upartiskhed eller andre måder at klare problemet på.

Movement resources include, for example, grants, staff time, scholarships, trademark licenses, fellowships, employment opportunities, travel reimbursements, and conference resources. The guidelines apply to requests for these resources from movement entities, groups, associations or persons, such as the Wikimedia Foundation, chapters, thematic organizations, movement partners, user groups, Wiki Loves Monuments, GLAM organizations, and Wikipedians in Residence.[1]

The guidelines are not comprehensive or exhaustive. They support existing conflicts of interest and other governance policies, which may require recusal or other ways of managing the conflict.

Første retningslinje
Hvis man bliver bliver betalt, eller modtager noget af værdi, fra en anden person eller organisation, bør forholdet klarlægges på forhånd, hvis man anmoder om midler fra bevægelsen, som de kan drage fordel af.
Anden retningslinje
Hvis man anmoder om midler fra bevægelsen, som kan gavne ens familiemedlemmer, ægtefæller, partner, forretningsforbindelse, nære ven eller deres organisationer eller arbejdsgivere, bør det angives ved anmodningen.
Tredje retninglinje
Man skal altid svare fuldstændigt og ærligt på ethvert relevant og passende spørgsmål ved anmodning og brug af bevægelsens midler.
Fjerde retningslinje
Hvis ens anmodning eller brug af bevægelsens midler kan opfattes af andre eller offentligheden som upassende, skal man på forhånd fremlægge hvorfor i anmodningen om midlerne. Selv en opfattelse af konflikt eller uberettiget personlig vinding skal fremlægges.
Femte retningslinje
Man skal ikke anmode eller bruge bevægelsens midler til egen vindings skyld.

Definition of "Disclose Actively"

Under the guidelines, a person should "disclose actively" a potential or actual conflict of interest. To "disclose actively" means (1) to report the conflict to the decision-maker or supervisor in charge of the allocation of the movement resources in question; and (2) to do so explicitly and in advance of any serious discussion or decision about the allocation or use of those movement resources.[2]

Eksempler

  • Eksempel ét: En wikimedianer beder om at få anbragt en blog på Wikimediafondens netsted, hvad der vil medføre arbejde for fondens kommunikationshold. Bloggen kommer til at dreje sig om en bestemt kunstner. Wikimedianeren er også ansat på kunstnerens ejendom. Wikimedianeren bør straks og på forhånd oplyse om dette betalingsforhold under sin første kontakt med kommunikationsholdet. Holdet kan uafhængigt bedømme, om bloggen afspejler en passende brug af fondens ressourcer, og om den bør oplyse om wikimedianerens forbindelse.
  • Eksempel to: Et medlem af fællesskabet ansøger om midler fra en lokal afdeling for at kunne arbejde med et fotograferingsprojekt til wikimedia commons. Hans støttede arbejde med projektet vil resultere i, at han må rejse til en by, hvor han har planlagt at besøge sin nedre halvdel. Fælleskabsmedlemmet bør oplyse om dette forhold og den mulige fordel, når han indgiver sin ansøgning. Afdelingens politik vedrørende interessekonflikter kan muligvis kræve en uafhængig vurdering af behovet for rejsen.
  • Eksempel tre: I en anmodning om bidrag fra FDC har et bestyrelsesmedlem i en afdeling en mulig, finansiel interessekonflikt. Selv om hendes interessekonflikt er fastslået på lokalafdelingens blog og hun tror, at FDC sikkert er klar over den, bør hun på forhånd oplyse om den mulige konflikt for at sikre sig, at FDC er klar over den.
  • Eksempel fire: En af afdelingerne udbetaler et beløb til et konsulentfirma vedrørende et open source-projekt. Firmaet udfører desuden betalt arbejde for en udbyttegivende virksomhed, der ejes af to af afdelingens bestyrelsesmedlemmer. Dette forretningsmæssige forhold bør oplyses under processen med ansøgning om midler og bør løses i overensstemmelse med afdelingens politik vedrørende interessekonflikter.
  • Eksempel fem: Et medlem af FDCs komité modtager en gave med dyre World Cup-billetter fra et bestyrelsesmedlem i en afdeling, som er ansøger til næste uddelingsrunde. FDC-komité medlemmet bør oplyse om gaven. FDC bør løse konflikten i overensstemmelse med sin politik vedrørende interessekonflikter og god skik.
  • Example six: The board of a thematic organization decides to hire an outside accountant to help with the bookkeeping. A board member wishes to hire his sister, who is a certified public accountant and is willing to offer her services at a reduced non-profit rate. The board member must reveal this personal connection to the rest of the board before proceeding with the hiring process. The rest of the board may then treat the conflict pursuant to its own conflict of interest policies, and independently assess the proposed hire.

__________________________

  1. Note: As a general matter, a conflict of interest normally does not arise simply because an individual previously had received a grant or authorized reimbursement from the Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) or a WMF-approved chapter or thematic organization. This is so however only when that grant or reimbursement was used in support of the Wikimedia mission without personal gain and in accordance with the established policy of the organization. As a matter of good practice, applicants for movement resources should disclose whether they are trustees, officers, employees, contractors, fellows, representatives, or members of WMF, chapters, or thematic organizations when requesting movement resources.
  2. A passive notice about a conflict on a user page, for example, would not constitute adequate disclosure with respect to a fellowship grant. The user instead must immediately notify the decision-maker about the conflict in the user's application for the fellowship grant.