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Learning and Evaluation/Archive/Learning modules/3Avoid leading questions

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Part 1: Introduction

Why Survey?
Why Surveys Are Useful
Survey instruments
Types of information
Attributes - a special case
Survey Objective and Planning

Part 2: Reliability & Validity

Reliability & Validity
Face Validity
Content Validity
Criterion Validity
Construct Validity

Part 3: Question Construction

Writing Good Questions
Questions from Existing Surveys
Constructing your own Questions
Be Specific
Be Concise
Avoid Double Negatives
Minimize Social Desirability Bias
Avoid Double-barreled questions
Avoid abbreviations, jargon, technical terms, or slang
Avoid leading questions
Avoid loaded questions
Use appropriate wording
Ask useful questions
Rely on second-hand data sparsely
Use caution when asking personal questions

Part 4: Response Options

Question types
Dichotomous pairs
Multiple choice
Check all that apply
Choosing response options

Part 5: Questionnaire structure

Important considerations
Questions order
Additional Resources

  Wikimedia Training Designing Effective Questions Menu

Avoid leading questions

Assess participant expectation for providing laptops as resources during editing workshop.

Very Poor
Don’t you agree that laptops should be available for use at every editing workshop?
The first part of this question is leading in that respondents are being led to answer a certain way.
How important is it for us to provide a few laptops for participants who may not have one?
This questions continues to be poor because the question lacks some context; most people will probably say "very important."
How important is it for workshops to have a few laptops available for participants who do not have one?
This final question participant need as the context for evaluation, so that participants can share their perception of resources in that context.