A bot (short for software robot) is an automated software program used to perform certain repetitive tasks on a wiki. Bots typically require approval to operate, and are occasionally used by vandals to cause extensive damage to a wiki's content in a short period of time.
Special:ListUsers/bot produces a list of all accounts which are member of the “Bots” user group. Additionally, “bot” is a user right. Edits by a user with this “right” (read: property) do not show up in recent changes by default. Typically, a user from the group “Bots” will have the “bot” user right. User rights are often called “flags” and bots with user right “bot” are often called “flagged” bots.
Running your own bot
- Using Pywikibot
- English Wikipedia bot policy
- Steward requests/Bot status — to request an account be marked with a bot flag (for wikis without any active bureaucrat)
- Setting bot access — information for people running their own MediaWiki installation. Can be changed at Special:UserRights
- wikitech:Help:Toolforge/Developing successful tools — best practices for all bot-owners
Miscellaneous bot pages
- Bot policy
- Small wiki toolkits/Starter kit/Bots and Tools — list of popular and useful bots on Wikimedia wikis
- Vandalbot — advice on dealing with malicious bots
- robots.txt — file which tells web robots how to index your site.
- Rollback — includes instructions for using "bot rollback" to hide vandalism from recent changes
Frameworks and interfaces for bot development
- Pywikibot (Python)
- wiki-java (Java)
- jwiki (Java)
- Java Wiki Bot Framework (Java; last update in 2019)
- BotWikiAwk (Awk)
- MediaWiki::Bot (Perl; last updated in 2017)
- Wikimate (PHP)
See also mw:Manual:Creating a bot#Programming languages and libraries for a longer, more confusing, more outdated list of bot libraries and frameworks.