Sustainability Initiative

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Welcome to the Sustainability Initiative!

Welcome to the Sustainability Initiative, which aims at discussing, and eventually reducing, the environmental impact of the Wikimedia movement.

What is the environmental impact of the Wikimedia movement and why does it matter?[edit]

By relying on energy produced from fossil fuels like this coal-fired power plant in Texas, the Wikimedia projects contribute to global warming.

The environmental impact of the Wikimedia movement is bigger than you think. From running the Wikipedia servers, over heating, cooling and lighting the Wikimedia Foundation's and its movement affiliates' offices, and flying volunteer contributors across the globe for Wikimania and other events, to finally displaying any Wikipedia article on a reader's device – all this requires a significant amount of energy, the production of which contributes to global warming.

We have a powerful brand and can use it to show green leadership. Given the Wikimedia Movement's outsized influence as a brand and customer of data center services, there is a lot of potential for it to play a highly positive role in this space. This is why the environmental impact of the Wikimedia movement matters a lot.

How are we doing?[edit]

Overall, the Wikimedia movement does not have a massive energy footprint compared to other high-traffic sites like Google or Facebook. Part of this may be due to efforts by Wikipedia to be efficient, and part of it is just a nature of the pages that it is serving – mostly text, with little video. Also, the Wikimedia movement employs relatively few people.

As to energy sources, the Wikimedia movement relies heavily on carbon-intensive energy sources, with a couple of positive exceptions. On the good side, the Wikimedia Foundation has been open about this and made the first steps towards a renewable energy commitment.

Barely passing: "D" score for Wikipedia in Greenpeace USA's 2015 "Click Green Scorecard".[1]

Energy usage and energy sources[edit]

A view of some Wikimedia servers.

Data centers[edit]

The Wikimedia Foundation's servers are spread out in four colocation data centers in Virginia, Texas and San Francisco in the United States, and Amsterdam in Europe. As of May 2016, the servers use 222 kW, summing up to about 2 GWh of electrical energy per year. For comparison: An average household in the United States uses 11 MWh/year,[2] the average for Germany is 3 MWh/year.

Only the few servers in Amsterdam run on renewable energy, the other use different conventional energy mixes. Overall, just 9% of Wikimedia Foundation data centers' energy comes from renewable sources, with the rest split evenly between coal, gas and nuclear power (34%, 28%, and 28%, respectively) [1]. The bulk of the Wikimedia movement's electricity demand is in Virginia and Texas, which unfortunately have both very fossil fuel heavy grids.

Server name Data center location Provider Date
opened
Average
energy
consumption
(kW)
Energy sources Carbon footprint (CO2/year) Renewable
option
and cost
eqiad Ashburn, VA
20146-20149
USA
Equinix (Website) February 2011 May 2016: 130

May 2015: 152

32% coal
20% natural gas
25% nuclear
17% renewable[3]

1,040,000 lb = 520 short tons = 470 metric tons

= 0.32 * 130 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 2.1 lb CO2/kWh for coal[4]
+ 0.20 * 130 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 1.22lb CO2/kWh for nat gas[4]
+ 0.25 * 130 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 0 lb CO2/kWh for nuclear
+ 0.17 * 130 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 0 lb CO2/kWh for renewable

In 2015, Equinix made "a long-term commitment to use 100 percent clean and renewable energy". In 2017, Equinix renewed this pledge.
codfw Carrollton, TX
75007
USA
CyrusOne (Website) May 2014 May 2016: 77

May 2015: 70

23% coal
56% natural gas
6% nuclear
1% hydro/biomass/solar/other
14% wind (Oncor/Ercot)

790,000 lb = 400 short tons = 360 metric tons

= 0.23 * 77 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 2.1 lb CO2/kWh for coal[4]
+ 0.56 * 77 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 1.22lb CO2/kWh for nat gas[4]
+ 0.06 * 77 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 0 lb CO2/kWh for nuclear
+ 0.15 * 77 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 0 lb CO2/kWh for renewables

?
esams Haarlem
2031 BE
Netherlands
EvoSwitch (Website) December 2008 May 2016: < 10

May 2015: 10

"a combination of wind power, hydro and biomass"[5]

0 n.a.
ulsfo San Francisco, CA
94124
USA
UnitedLayer (Website) June 2012 May 2016: < 5

May 2015: < 5

25% natural gas
23% nuclear
30% renewable
6% hydro
17% unspecified (PG&E)[6]

13,000 lb = 6.7 short tons = 6.1 metric tons (+ unspecified)

= 0.00 * 5 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 2.1 lb CO2/kWh for coal[4]
+ 0.25 * 5 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 1.22lb CO2/kWh for nat gas[4]
+ 0.23 * 5 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 0 lb CO2/kWh for nuclear
+ 0.36 * 5 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * 0 lb CO2/kWh for hydro/renewable
+ 0.17 * 5 kW * 8765.76 hr/yr * ? lb CO2/kWh for unspecified

?

To do:

  • update carbon footprint of servers whenever new data become available
  • determine carbon footprint of unspecified portion of utility grid power in San Francisco

Travel and events[edit]

Thousands of Wikimedians use commercial aviation to travel to events every year; this is a significant source of carbon emissions. A rough estimate of the carbon emissions generated by air travel for Wikimania is 1,874 metric tons of CO2,[7] which is more than twice the CO2 generated by running the servers.

  • evaluate estimate of carbon emissions generated by air travel for Wikimania and other conferences
  • discuss mitigation options

Offices[edit]

A look at the ventilation system of the Wikimedia Foundation's offices in San Francisco.

Wikimedia Foundation has an office in San Francisco and around 250 employees,[8] about half of which are remote workers. Wikimedia Deutschland has an office in Berlin for 77 people[9] that is supplied with renewable energy.[10] Other movement organizations may have offices as well. It is not currently known what their energy usage or sources are.

Organization name Office location Number of on-site employees Yearly energy consumption Energy sources Carbon footprint (CO2/year) Renewable option and cost
Wikimedia Foundation San Francisco, USA 2016: 127 (out of 254 total) 2015: 383 MWh (estimate) 25% natural gas

23% nuclear
30% renewable
6% hydro
17% unspecified
(PG&E)[6]

120,000 lb = 58 short tons = 53 metric tons (+ unspecified)

= 0.25 * 383000 kWh * 1.22lb CO2/kWh for nat gas[4]
+ 0.23 * 383000 kWh * 0 lb CO2/kWh for nuclear
+ 0.36 * 383000 kWh * 0 lb CO2/kWh for renewables
+ 0.17 * 383000 kWh * ? lb CO2/kWh for unspecified

PG&E Solar Choice:

~ $ 900/month

Wikimedia Deutschland Berlin, Germany 2017: 88 2016: 52 MWh 55% hydro

46% mixed renewable (Naturstrom 2015)

0 n.a.
other Wikimedia organizations (various) ? ? ? ? ?

To do:

  • gather information regarding energy usage of other offices
  • estimate carbon footprint of commuters
  • update carbon footprint of offices whenever new data become available
  • determine carbon footprint of unspecified portion of utility grid power in San Francisco

Transparency[edit]

The Wikimedia foundation is being somewhat transparent about its environmental impact as can be seen above. As it has reported key figures to Greenpeace USA for their 2015 "Click Green Scorecard" report, it is considered an "energy transparency leader" in the internet sector.[11]

Commitment[edit]

On February 24, 2017, the board of trustees of the Wikimedia Foundation adopted the following resolution as a result of this initiative:

The Wikimedia Foundation is committed to seeking ways to reduce the impact of our activities on the environment. We aim to always act responsibly and sustainably as possible, including favoring renewable energy for our operations. We believe that a long-term commitment to sustainability is an essential component of our work towards the Wikimedia mission and vision.
To this end, the Wikimedia Foundation makes the following commitments:
  • We will seek to minimize our overall impact on the environment;
  • We will consider sustainability as an important part of decisions around servers, operations, travel, offices, and other procurement;
  • We will use green energy where it is available and financially prudent; and
  • Starting in 2018, we will include an environmental impact statement in our annual plan.

But...[edit]

Isn't the Wikimedia movement's environmental impact negligible?[edit]

Some have expressed since the Wikimedia movement's energy use is significantly smaller than that of other popular internet destinations, we should not treat our environmental impact as a problem. But with global warming being an imminent threat to our civilization, every organization should look for ways to play its part in saving the planet.

Doesn't Wikipedia replace printed books? And doesn't Wikipedia help enough by educating its readers about environmental topics?[edit]

Some community members have expressed that Wikipedia might have an overall positive impact on the environment since it replaces printed encyclopaedias and educates it users about environmental issues. However, such indirect effects are difficult to calculate and even if they exist, it still is a good idea to reduce Wikipedia's negative impact on the environment.

How is this Initiative linked to Wikimedia's mission?[edit]

Saving the planet is of course not directly linked to promoting the access to knowledge. However, as Wikimedians, we know that we share the common responsibility to fight against global warming – just read about it on Wikipedia.

What can we do?[edit]

Be even more transparent[edit]

The Wikimedia Foundation could issue an annual energy transparency report, similar to the one it already publishes on privacy issues, that offers the public information on how much electricity it uses, what kind of sources the power comes from, and what its carbon footprint is. Much of the required data has already been produced in the past. This would set an example for the internet industry.

  • Current status:
  • Key people:

Switch to green energy[edit]

Letter to Equinix asking for information about green hosting possibilities.

The Wikimedia Foundation could work with its colocation vendors to let them know that it is interested in procuring renewable energy where possible, and exploring options to do so.

  • Current status: Symbol wait.svg In progress... In August 2017, the Wikimedia Foundation sent letters to its colocation providers CyrusOne and Equinix asking about information regarding the servers' energy sources
  • Key people: Victoria Coleman, Chief Technology Officer, Wikimedia Foundation; Jaime Villagomez, Chief Financial Officer, Wikimedia Foundation; Pamela Swaby, Procurement Manager, Wikimedia Foundation
  • Current status: Symbol wait.svg In progress... As of February 2017, a renewable energy roadmap for the existing Wikimedia servers has been submitted to the Wikimedia Foundation.
  • Key people: Victoria Coleman, Chief Technology Officer, Wikimedia Foundation; Jaime Villagomez, Chief Financial Officer, Wikimedia Foundation

Use less energy and produce less waste[edit]

Using less energy means using more power-efficient equipment, like energy efficient buildings, traveling less, and server capacity and location planning.[12] Waste reduction includes recycling more old equipment and used paper, for example.

  • Current status:
  • Key people:

Make a green energy commitment[edit]

The Wikimedia Foundation can make a long-term commitment to power with 100% renewable energy. While that's definitely not something that can be done tomorrow or even (most likely) in the next couple of years, setting an aspirational goal for 100% renewable energy sends a very strong signal to vendors and the market that there is customer demand for renewable energy. Setting a goal publicly helps show the world what the Movement's intentions are, and good things often come from that. A draft commitment has been submitted to the board in 2015.

  • Current status: Resolution passed Resolution passed After a draft renewable energy commitment had been sent to the Wikimedia Foundation for review in August 2015, the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees has adopted a resolution stating that the Wikimedia Foundation is committed to seeking ways to reduce the impact of its activities on the environment in February 2017.
  • Key people: User:Raystorm (María Sefidari), Vice Chair of the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees

Have a green energy investment strategy[edit]

When setting up its endowment fund, the Wikimedia Foundation could make investments in renewable energy a priority and/or rule out investments in non-renewable energy.

A literature review shows that «there is indeed clear empirical evidence for a positive correlation between corporate social and financial performance»[13] and returns of USA environmental funds in 2001–2009 have been on par with non-ethical funds.[14]

  • Current status: Symbol wait.svg In progress... The preliminary investment policy of the Wikimedia Endowment, which was adopted by the endowment's Advisory Board in January 2017, does not reflect sustainability issues. However, the funds are currently being invested according to certain sustainability standards by Tides.[citation needed] As of August 2017, there are discussions to adopt a sustainable investment policy by June 2018.
  • Key people: Lisa Seitz-Gruwell, Chief Advancement Officer, Wikimedia Foundation

What would be the benefit?[edit]

In order to be able to compare the goal of reducing our environmental impact with the other goals and values of the movement, we need to understand the benefit of improving on how we are doing. As a best-case estimate we can assume that on all measures introduced above – energy use, energy sources, transparency, and commitment – we achieve the best possible outcome. What would be the actual measurable benefit of that? This will allow us to estimate how much effort in order to achieve these goals is warranted.

  • To do: estimate benefit of individual proposals

Show your support[edit]

Add your signature
As a community member, you can show your support for a reduction of the Movement's environmental impact here.

  1. --Gnom (talk) 18:39, 31 July 2015 (UTC)
  2. --Aubrey (talk) 18:24, 1 August 2015 (UTC)
  3. --Hogü-456 (talk) 07:12, 26 September 2015 (UTC)
  4. --Jopparn (talk) 18:26, 21 February 2016 (UTC) I strongly believe that this is an area where WMF should, and could, do much more.
  5. --User:K9re11 (talk) 18:53, 21 February 2016 (UTC) I consider this to be an area which should be of big importance to Wikipedia.
  6. --Haxpett (talk) 23:15, 22 February 2016 (UTC)
  7. --Myskoxen (talk) 00:34, 23 February 2016 (UTC) Combatting climate change is everyones responsibility! That includes us.
  8. --Ternarius (talk) 22:42, 24 February 2016 (UTC)
  9. --VIGNERON * discut. 09:49, 10 March 2016 (UTC)
  10. --Velella (talk) 23:00, 11 March 2016 (UTC) It would also be good to make informed estimates of the wider additional environmental savings (costs?) that the use of services provided by the WMF deliver globally.
  11. --Salix alba (talk) 00:25, 12 March 2016 (UTC) This really needs pushing. I was disappointed that neither Jimbo, or Lila bothered to reply when i tried to raise the issue.
  12. --Thgoiter (talk) 18:30, 12 March 2016 (UTC)
  13. --Coyote III (talk) 07:48, 13 March 2016 (UTC)
  14. I feel exactly like @Jopparn; many thanks to @Gnom and @Aubrey for starting this page, and do feel free to reach out to me if you need any help. odder (talk) 13:19, 13 March 2016 (UTC)
  15. Shyamal (talk) 15:01, 29 April 2016 (UTC) long long overdue and on par if not more important than several other concerns taken up so far
  16. --Pintoch (talk) 12:26, 17 March 2016 (UTC)
  17. --Blech (talk) 13:11, 20 March 2016 (UTC) Many of the proposals could be realized cost-neutral, I think.
  18. --Danimations (talk) 01:15, 25 March 2016 (UTC) Could there be cases for Wikimedia to establish datacentres in regions where a greater proportion of energy is harnessed from renewable sources? For example, in South Australia?
  19. --TGCP (talk) 10:58, 26 March 2016 (UTC) Iceland has low price of clean electricity and cooling, good internet connection to EU and North America in the future, alhtough not yet. I think Wikimedia's information impact is much bigger than its environmental impact.
  20. --Victorgrigas (talk) 22:41, 5 April 2016 (UTC)
  21. --MichaelSchoenitzer (talk) 16:10, 26 March 2016 (UTC)
  22. --Theredmonkey (talk) 22:04, 26 March 2016 (UTC)
  23. -- FourViolas (talk) 15:02, 27 March 2016 (UTC) As a highly successful nonprofit in the Internet sector, WM has a lot of "soft power". Let's put it to use and set an example.
  24. --brion (talk) Measure twice, cut once. Let's start with the measuring. :)
  25. --Volker E. (talk) 18:58, 31 March 2016 (UTC)
  26. --Milimetric (talk) 20:05, 5 April 2016 (UTC)
  27. --Awjrichards (talk) 00:04, 6 April 2016 (UTC) Yes please, let's start understanding our current impact particularly around travel.
  28. --Ori Livneh (talk) 01:37, 6 April 2016 (UTC)
  29. —M@sssly 08:02, 6 April 2016 (UTC)
  30. Drop the "what can we do part". The very first step is to have a clear picture of emissions. Which are what ISO 14064 or GHG Protocol are for. So until it is measured, that remains unmanageable :-D Antoine "hashar" Musso (talk) 12:00, 6 April 2016 (UTC)
  31. --Mforns (talk) 14:42, 6 April 2016 (UTC)
  32. --Skra31 (talk) 16:13, 23 April 2016 (UTC)
  33. Dimi z (talk) 18:02, 26 April 2016 (UTC)
  34. --Wittylama (talk) 20:28, 26 April 2016 (UTC)
  35. --Thuvack (talk) 12:49, 29 April 2016 (UTC) -- About time we talked about this.
  36. Not so much the servers as the carbon-wasteful travel and accommodation associated with the extraordinary low-impact meetups. Tony (talk) 13:38, 29 April 2016 (UTC)
  37. Increase the impact! Just not in a negative direction. Rich Farmbrough 22:01 29 April 2016 (GMT).
  38. --Itu (talk) 16:17, 5 May 2016 (UTC) .....
  39. --Steinsplitter (talk) 16:25, 5 May 2016 (UTC)
  40. --Luke081515 17:27, 5 May 2016 (UTC)
  41. --SammyMajed (talk) 08:49, 27 January 2017 (UTC) This seriously must happen. (I am not on wikimedia, but on wikipedia.)
  42. --Chiara Storti --Nonoranonqui (talk) 21:40, 5 May 2016 (UTC)
  43. --—DerHexer (Talk) 07:03, 7 May 2016 (UTC)
  44. Natuur12 (talk) 19:09, 7 May 2016 (UTC)
  45. --Vituzzu (talk) 13:49, 15 May 2016 (UTC)
  46. --Allan D. Mercant (talk) 19:31, 15 May 2016 (UTC)
  47. --Kritzolina (talk) 19:35, 15 May 2016 (UTC)
  48. --Milad A380 talk 19:38, 15 May 2016 (UTC)
  49. The first step to reducing the carbon footprint is to have public accountability of that footprint, as it is the public who pays for it. Fully support measurement of environmental impact, especially by the major offices around the world, and most importantly travel funded by donors. Then we can have a decent discussion about how to best reduce the footprint. John Vandenberg (talk) 07:14, 16 May 2016 (UTC)
  50. --CristianCantoro (talk) 09:38, 16 May 2016 (UTC)
  51. --Mélanie Huguet (talk) 21:51, 23 May 2016 (UTC)
  52. --John Cummings (talk) 20:33, 5 June 2016 (UTC)
  53. --Rogol Domedonfors (talk) 21:23, 5 June 2016 (UTC)
  54. --Kurt Jansson (talk) 07:00, 18 June 2016 (UTC)
  55. --Slashme (talk) 16:01, 24 June 2016 (UTC)
  56. --Hadi (talk) 17:36, 27 June 2016 (UTC)
  57. --Cameron11598 (Converse) 17:13, 12 August 2016 (UTC)
  58. --NNW (talk) 09:12, 18 November 2016 (UTC) Do we really need to talk about this? It should be self-evident.
  59. --RudolfSimon (talk) 16:36, 26 November 2016 (UTC) -- super initiative!
  60. --— KPFC💬 17:20, 27 November 2016 (UTC)
  61. -- Freddy2001 talk 22:15, 28 November 2016 (UTC)
  62. --Marcus Cyron (talk) 10:28, 8 December 2016 (UTC)
  63. --Nicor (talk) 17:19, 8 December 2016 (UTC)
  64. --Nonformality (talk) 12:45, 9 December 2016 (UTC) If you need a hand measuring twice or slicing once: happy to help.
  65. --Simulo (talk) 20:09, 11 December 2016 (UTC)
  66. --Superbass (talk) 11:06, 12 December 2016 (UTC) Make America green again!
  67. --Mglaser (talk) 11:21, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  68. --Lampestrasse (talk) 11:23, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  69. --MB-one (talk) 11:34, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  70. --WS ReNu (talk) 11:47, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  71. --Wlanowski (talk) 11:50, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  72. --Raymond (talk) 11:57, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  73. --Chris Keating (The Land) (talk) 12:03, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  74. --— TBhagat (talk) 12:24, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  75. --Matthias Süßen (talk) 12:53, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  76. --DCB (talk) 13:03, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  77. --Achim Raschka (talk) 14:46, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  78. --Wnme 17:42, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  79. --FCT Berlin=>?! • 19:48, 12 December 2016 (UTC)
  80. --Lingveno (talk) 10:18, 13 December 2016 (UTC)
  81. --Geolina163 (talk) 23:07, 19 December 2016 (UTC) siehe Superbass ;))
  82. --Enter (talk) 19:09, 22 December 2016 (UTC)
  83. --Pauli-Pirat (talk) 19:12, 22 December 2016 (UTC)
  84. --Atomiccocktail (talk) 23:43, 25 December 2016 (UTC)
  85. --Ireas (talk) 19:54, 29 December 2016 (UTC)
  86. --Kippelboy (talk) 10:06, 30 December 2016 (UTC)
  87. --Schreibvieh (talk) 10:12, 30 December 2016 (UTC)
  88. --Code (talk) 10:33, 30 December 2016 (UTC)
  89. --Austriantraveler (talk) 10:41, 30 December 2016 (UTC)
  90. --MEW (talk) 11:18, 30 December 2016 (UTC)
  91. --Horst Gräbner (talk) 08:10, 31 December 2016 (UTC)
  92. --M.L (talk) 09:02, 1 January 2017 (UTC)
  93. --DasMonstaaa (talk) 15:21, 2 January 2017 (UTC)
  94. --Raboe001 (talk) 10:04, 3 January 2017 (UTC)
  95. --Yarl (talk) 12:18, 7 January 2017 (UTC)
  96. --Olaf Simons (talk) 21:03, 9 January 2017 (UTC)
  97. --Jojoona (talk) 20:07, 12 January 2017 (UTC)
  98. --Daniel Case (talk) 06:51, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  99. --Jith12 (talk) 15:33, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  100. --Jarble (talk) 20:20, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  101. --Danielkueh (talk) 20:56, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  102. --John Hill (talk) 21:01, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  103. --Wolbo (talk) 22:21, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  104. Yes, we should do more here, and this page provides a good overview. -- Daniel Mietchen (talk) 21:24, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  105. --Johanna-Hypatia (talk) 22:15, 15 January 2017 (UTC) It would be so nice to be able to make a real difference.
  106. --SilentResident (talk) 22:20, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  107. OhanaUnitedTalk page 22:23, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  108. --Xzesey (talk) 22:25, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  109. I believe this is a great thing to do. Wikipedia should set a good example here! Nightwalker-87 (talk) 22:28, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  110. Great initiative! Vaselineeeeeeee★★★ 22:30, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  111. --Rkmlai (talk) 22:39, 15 January 2017 (UTC)
  112. --Rberchie (talk)Rberchie (talk) 08:41, 16 January 2017 (UTC)
  113. --Plantsurfer (talk) 00:27, 16 January 2017 (UTC)
  114. Please show your commitment to clean, renewable energy and go Solar or Wind to reduce the impact on our environment! Dainomite (talk) 06:24, 16 January 2017 (UTC)
  115. Shocked to see existing situation. Such a progressive movement should be leading in zero-carbon energy consumption, and ditching fossil-fuels by the end of 2017. Fully support this initiative. Simonjon (talk) 07:58, 16 January 2017 (UTC)
  116. --Weneedwikipedia (talk) 10:38, 16 January 2017
  117. Come on, WMF! Do the right thing! :) Eman235/talk 10:58, 16 January 2017 (UTC)
  118. To advance the reduction of evironmental impact from the major websites. Tk420 (talk) 11:31, 16 January 2017 (UTC)
  119. --Johnson487682 17:12, 16 January 2017 (UTC)
  120. - Willybeez (talk) 23:04, 16 January 2017 (WAT)
  121. Fully support! It's a great idea that I'm surprised hasn't already been implemented! Megalibrarygirl (talk) 20:08, 17 January 2017 (UTC)
  122. Definitely; I wonder why this has not already been done. --Zenith4237 (talk) 21:18, 17 January 2017 (UTC)
  123. --Hickorypine (talk) 11:56, 17 January 2017 (UTC)
  124. --Mazuritz --Mazuritz (talk) 10:10, 18 January 2017 (UTC)
  125. --Berdea (talk) 10:28, 18 January 2017 (UTC)
    I inform that I have created for the french Wikipedia a user box to promote this project. You can see it here. --Berdea (talk) 13:53, 18 January 2017 (UTC)
  126. --Tyseria (talk) 13:26, 18 January 2017 (UTC)
  127. -- Buaidh  18:29, 18 January 2017 (UTC) professional energy engineer
  128. --Arthur Crbz (talk) 10:30, 21 January 2017 (UTC)
  129. --Jn045 (talk) 08:42, 24 January 2017 (UTC)
  130. --The RedBurn (talk) 21:40, 24 January 2017 (UTC) It can't hurt and it would be good for Wikimedia's image.
  131. --Lämpel (talk) 22:46, 24 January 2017 (UTC)
  132. --Alchemist-hp (talk) 00:16, 25 January 2017 (UTC)
  133. --GerardM (talk) 17:48, 25 January 2017 (UTC)
  134. --Prcc27 (talk) 18:35, 25 January 2017 (UTC)
  135. --Wuselig (talk) 19:42, 25 January 2017 (UTC)
  136. --Cirdan (talk) 22:54, 25 January 2017 (UTC)
  137. --Bestoernesto (talk) 04:51, 27 January 2017 (UTC)
  138. --Blippy1998 (talk) 09:38, 29 January 2017 (UTC)
  139. --Mampato (talk) 18:39, 01 February 2017(UTC)
  140. The Wikimedia Foundation should definitely switch away from fossil-fuel-generated electricity and towards wind, nuclear, solar, hydro, geothermal, etc., and preferably sooner rather than later. Checking in from the English Wikipedia, Whoop whoop pull up (talk) 17:09, 29 January 2017 (UTC)
  141. --w:User:JeffMik1 I show here my commitment to renewable energies.
  142. -AlbBurguete (talk) 00:44, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  143. --Antón Francho (talk) 01:26, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  144. --EdgarCabreraFariña (talk) 10:39, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  145. -- Rexmania (talk) 13:29, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  146. ----Juandedeboca (talk) 15:40, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  147. --Geom Habla conmigo 16:04, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  148. -- JaviDex (talk) 16:54, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  149. --Super Dromaeosaurus (talk) 17:01, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  150. --Correogsk or Gustavo (Editrocito or ¡Heme aquí!) 18:59, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  151. --Pablohn6 (talk) 20:38, 30 January 2017 (UTC)
  152. --RobFK (talk) 16:39, 31 January 2017 (UTC)
  153. --MARC912374 (talk) 18:00, 31 January 2017 (UTC)
  154. --Jerusha Abbott (talk) 19:00, 31 January 2017 (UTC)
  155. --Humberto del Torrejón (talk) 23:56, 1 February 2017 (UTC)
  156. --Yohannvt (talk) 10:33, 2 February 2017 (UTC)
  157. --Matiras (talk) 20:16, 3 February 2017 (UTC)
  158. --Piotrus (talk) 23:36, 3 February 2017 (UTC)
  159. --Ojota (talk) 05:53, 4 February 2017 (UTC)
  160. --Samiclaus (talk) 13:27, 4 February 2017 (UTC)
  161. Jules78120 (talk) 15:05, 4 February 2017 (UTC)
  162. -- GrandCelinien (talk) 16:48, 4 February 2017 (UTC)
  163. --3Jo7 (talk) 16:56, 4 February 2017 (UTC)
  164. 0x010C ~talk~ 09:20, 5 February 2017 (UTC)
  165. --Totodu74 (talk) 09:59, 5 February 2017 (UTC)
  166. --Carlitoscarlos (talk) 14:28, 5 February 2017 (UTC)
  167. -- Archibald Tuttle (talk) 19:24, 5 February 2017 (UTC) Since this canot make things much worse ....
  168. Pamputt (talk) 20:43, 5 February 2017 (UTC)
  169. -- XDamx (talk) 08:13, 6 February 2017 (UTC) Wikipedia/Wikimedia has been changing the world for years, environmental impact is part of it!
  170. X-Javier [m'écrire] 09:22, 6 February 2017 (UTC)
  171. —— DePlusJean (from FR) 23:48, 6 February 2017 (UTC)
  172. --Radwaydenard (talk) 18:55, 7 February 2017 (UTC)
  173. -- Smallbones (talk) 19:21, 7 February 2017 (UTC)
  174. -- Гармонический Мир (talk) 07:50, 8 February 2017 (UTC)
  175. -- Vanamonde93 (talk) 15:50, 8 February 2017 (UTC)
  176. -- DimiTalen (talk) 11:42, 10 February 2017 (UTC)
  177. -- Magere Hein (talk) 11:53, 10 February 2017 (UTC)
  178. -- Ikkenickdanniet (talk) 17:12, 10 February 2017 (UTC)
  179. Grueslayer (talk) 07:40, 11 February 2017 (UTC)
  180. --Wosch21149 (talk) 10:43, 11 February 2017 (UTC)
  181. Épico (talk)/(contribs) 13:13, 11 February 2017 (UTC)
  182. --Hume42 (talk) 13:29, 11 February 2017 (UTC)
  183. Alessandro SILmanda 10:54, 11 Febuary 2017 (UTC-3).
  184. Athena in Wonderland (talk) 15:50, 11 February 2017 (UTC)
  185. Corleoneμη τα μασάς!@ 16:23, 11 February 2017 (UTC)
  186. -- LIVE NIEUWS (talk) 17:19, 11 February 2017 (UTC) 100% SUPPORT!
  187. --Phi (talk) 21:06, 11 February 2017 (UTC)
  188. --Wormke-Grutman (talk) 09:42, 13 February 2017 (UTC)
  189. --UncleMartin (talk) 06:21, 19 February 2017 (UTC)
  190. --ArgonSim (talk) 12:44, 19 February 2017 (UTC)
  191. -- R-5 (talk) 08:31, 21 February 2017 (UTC)
  192. --Trebol6 (talk) 23:28, 21 February 2017 (UTC) Freedom is a duty.
  193. Morcius (talk) 10:58, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  194. --Trident90 (talk) 11:57, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  195. --V.C. (talk) 12:50, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  196. Carabus (talk) 13:36, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  197. --Bahnmoeller (talk) 14:02, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  198. --Harald Krichel (talk) 14:15, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  199. --Shumkichi (talk) 17:06, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  200. --Valerio Bozzolan (talk) 17:37, 22 February 2017 (UTC) Obvious to ask, not so to apply.
  201. --Sng (talk) 19:01, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  202. Czytelnik Janek (talk) 18:51, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  203. --Dawidst (talk) 20:11, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  204. --LukaszM600 (talk) 21:22, 22 February 2017 (UTC)
  205. --Ghilt (talk) 09:36, 23 February 2017 (UTC)
  206. --Andrea014 (talk) 15:02, 23 February 2017 (UTC)
  207. --Jmarchn --Jmarchn (talk) 15:47, 23 February 2017 (UTC)
  208. --Kuba Walczak (talk) 20:09, 23 February 2017 (UTC)
  209. --Neonek12 (talk) 19:41, 25 February 2017 (UTC)
  210. --Denis Apel (talk) 14:32, 26 February 2017 (UTC)
  211. --Interros (talk) 19:09, 27 February 2017 (UTC)
  212. --Galazan (talk) 08:16, 28 February 2017 (UTC)
  213. Leyo (talk) 22:32, 28 February 2017 (UTC)
  214. --Marlus Gancher (talk) 20:01, 2 March 2017 (UTC)
  215. --GroßerHund (talk) 07:41, 6 March 2017 (UTC)
  216. Batorry (talk) 15:47, 9 March 2017 (UTC)
  217. Szoltys (talk) 18:57, 12 March 2017 (UTC)
  218. Tkarcher (talk) 21:54, 12 March 2017 (UTC)
  219. --Ot (talk) 05:39, 14 March 2017 (UTC)
  220. --.js[democracy needed] 00:10, 15 March 2017 (UTC)
  221. Why not Support support this? --Liuxinyu970226 (talk) 05:33, 15 March 2017 (UTC)
  222. --Codc (talk) 21:15, 20 March 2017 (UTC)
  223. --Annika Möller (talk) 09:30, 25 March 2017 (UTC)
  224. --Leanex77 (talk) 23:53, 26 March 2017 (UTC)
  225. Tesser4D (talk) 11:13, 27 March 2017 (UTC) sounds good to me
  226. --山田晴通 (talk) 01:02, 28 March 2017 (UTC)
  227. Mardetanha talk 15:43, 29 March 2017 (UTC)
  228. Lotje (talk) 16:00, 29 March 2017 (UTC)
  229. Edward M. Nyameri 30 March 2017
  230. --Taweethaも (talk) 10:48, 31 March 2017 (UTC)
  231. Samwalton9 (talk) 16:21, 1 April 2017 (UTC)
  232. Spinster (talk) 16:24, 1 April 2017 (UTC)
  233. --ARipstra (WMF) (talk) 16:27, 1 April 2017 (UTC)
  234. - Sakhalinio (talk) 10:19, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  235. --FriedhelmW (talk) 18:35, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  236. --Pimpinellus (talk) – WikiMUC – 18:38, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  237. --Aquilinae (talk) 18:51, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  238. -- Catrin (talk) 18:57, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  239. --Andropov (talk) 19:32, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  240. --Karl Gruber (talk) 19:52, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  241. --Albinfo (talk) 20:02, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  242. SDKmac (talk) 20:20, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  243. - Sargoth (talk) 20:43, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  244. --MGChecker (talk) 21:43, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  245. --I. Berger (talk) 21:54, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  246. -- User: Perhelion 23:57, 2 April 2017 (UTC)
  247. --LPfi (talk) 08:16, 3 April 2017 (UTC) It is definitely good to get a clear picture, but many measures are well-known and can be taken (and some are already) without more information.
  248. --Morhelluin (talk) 10:35, 3 April 2017 (UTC)
  249. --Haltiamieli (talk) 15:22, 3 April 2017 (UTC)
  250. --ColAflash (talk) 19:09, 3 April 2017 (UTC)
  251. ----Pitxiquin (talk) 02:33, 4 April 2017 (UTC)
  252. --Ptolusque (talk) 16:36, 4 April 2017 (UTC) Free knowledge should be achieved trough sustainable means.
  253. // Martin Kraft (talk) 07:45, 5 April 2017 (UTC) for a project like Wikipedia enviromental sustainability should be a top priority
  254. I love free knowledge, but I also love a cleaner and greener environment. --Pokéfan95 (talk) 10:27, 5 April 2017 (UTC)
  255. --George Ho (talk) 16:25, 5 April 2017 (UTC)
  256. --Gestumblindi (talk) 22:07, 8 April 2017 (UTC)
  257. --Athikhun.suw (talk) 06:47, 9 April 2017 (UTC)
  258. Rollingcontributor (talk) 10:13, 9 April 2017 (UTC)
  259. --h-stt !? 14:09, 9 April 2017 (UTC)
  260. --Eclipsis Proteo (talk) 15:32, 9 April 2017 (UTC)
  261. --Sol de Mayo de la Libertad.gif AnselmiJuan (discusión) 18:55, 9 April 2017 (UTC)
  262. --Arandu Y.M. (talk) 20:24, 9 April 2017 (UTC)
  263. --LiterallySimon (talk) 22:57, 9 April 2017 (UTC)
  264. --30greenmcrfan (talk) 04:07, 10 April 2017 (UTC)
  265. --Ce Ele 415 (talk) 14:22, 10 April 2017 (UTC)
  266. -- ThePlatypusofDoom (talk) 16:27, 10 April 2017 (UTC)
  267. --Raimundo Pastor (talk) 17:05, 10 April 2017 (UTC)
  268. Rübenkopf (talk) 07:35, 11 April 2017 (UTC)
  269. --Framawiki (talk) 18:41, 13 April 2017 (UTC)
  270. --FocalPoint (talk) 18:46, 13 April 2017 (UTC) I fully support minimizing the environmental impact of Wikimedia
  271. Windino (talk) 19:20, 13 April 2017 (UTC)
  272. I am surprised this was organized only in 2016.--Alexmar983 (talk) 04:58, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  273. Taketa (talk) 06:50, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  274. HenriDuvent (talk) 09:11, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  275. --Luisalvaz (talk) 14:59, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  276. --Lichinga (talk) 15:18, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  277. --Flixtey (talk) 16:25, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  278. --Margott (talk) 17:16, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  279. FeuVertClignotant.gif --Acer11 (talk) 17:17, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  280. --Rosiestep (talk) 19:56, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  281. --Liridon (talk) 20:25, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  282. --Tanweer (talk) 20:42, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  283. --Superjuju10 [Aubline available to you], 21:18, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  284. NickK (talk) 22:19, 14 April 2017 (UTC)
  285. petrohs (gracias) 05:51, 15 April 2017 (UTC)
  286. Alvaro Molina ( - ) 06:20, 15 April 2017 (UTC)
  287. --Geugeor (talk) 10:31, 15 April 2017 (UTC)
  288. Fhala.K (talk) 17:46, 15 April 2017 (UTC)
  289. --Netha Hussain (talk) 10:42, 16 April 2017 (UTC)
  290. Bishdatta (talk) 15:42, 16 April 2017 (UTC)
  291. --EEIM (talk) 01:37, 17 April 2017 (UTC)
  292. - Stephane (talk) 16:56, 17 April 2017 (UTC)
  293. -- Anthere (talk) 08:13, 18 April 2017 (UTC)
  294. -- Michaelphoya (talk) 19:22, 19 April 2017 (UTC)
  295. --TimeWaitsForNobody (talk) 07:09, 20 April 2017 (UTC)
  296. --Julian Fischer (WMDE) (talk) 08:01, 20 April 2017 (UTC) Great initiative!
  297. --[[kgh]] (talk) 19:41, 21 April 2017 (UTC)
  298. YourEyesOnly (talk) 07:19, 23 April 2017 (UTC)
  299. TheDJ (talkcontribs) 16:13, 25 April 2017 (UTC)
  300. ---Zaddica (talk) 22:04, 26 April 2017 (UTC)
  301. --Thepwnco (talk) 15:28, 27 April 2017 (UTC)
  302. Stepro (talk) 02:03, 29 April 2017 (UTC)
  303. Bastenbas (talk) 23:13, 30 April 2017 (UTC)
  304. --Арсений1 (talk) 08:37, 6 May 2017 (UTC)
  305. --JonskiC (talk) 17:39, 6 May 2017 (UTC)
  306. --Braaark (talk) 20:45, 6 May 2017 (UTC) This is absolutely crucial.
  307. --Mosellaender (talk) 10:03, 14 May 2017 (UTC)
  308. --Kolossos (talk) 16:11, 5 June 2017 (UTC) Strong support. A world with free knowledge, but destroyed climate makes no sense.
  309. --Mag678 (talk) 19:31, 8 June 2017 (UTC)
  310. --Pols12 (talk) 14:20, 19 June 2017 (UTC)
  311. -- Symbol strong support vote.svg Strong support, Emha (talk) 19:35, 19 June 2017 (UTC)
  312. --Suzelfe (talk) 08:54, 24 June 2017 (UTC)
  313. --Nightflyer (talk) 18:12, 27 June 2017 (UTC)
  314. --AxelHH (talk) 21:59, 27 June 2017 (UTC)
  315. --A ri gi bod (talk)____Wikimedia Foundation should vote to support local publicly-owned, non-profit electric power agencies, municipalities and cities world-wide.
  316. --Daylen (talk) 22:59, 16 July 2017 (UTC)
  317. --Abhinav619 (talk) 16:49, 17 July 2017 (UTC)
  318. Rozmador [Talk] 00:02, 31 July 2017 (UTC)
  319. ~Cybularny Speak? 10:57, 31 July 2017 (UTC)
  320. Romaine (talk) 13:33, 10 August 2017 (UTC)
  321. ~ Moheen (keep talking) 18:12, 12 August 2017 (UTC)
  322. --Jetam2 (talk) 15:06, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
  323. --Rlbberlin (talk) 15:11, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
  324. MusikAnimal talk 15:17, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
  325. Doc James (talk · contribs · email) 15:18, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
  326. --FULBERT (talk) 15:20, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
  327. --Incabell (talk) 15:46, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
  328. --Tdslk (talk) 17:41, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
  329. --Frank Schulenburg (talk) 23:48, 13 August 2017 (UTC)
  330. -- Toblu (talk) 07:04, 14 August 2017 (UTC)
  331. --Xlynx (talk) 09:28, 23 August 2017 (UTC)
  332. Anasuyas (talk) 17:02, 23 August 2017 (UTC)
  333. Ivana Guslarevic (talk) 09:23, 5 September 2017 (UTC)
  334. --Frhdkazan (talk) 14:29, 5 September 2017 (UTC)
  335. --Sarcelles (talk) 17:31, 10 September 2017 (UTC)
  336. Skull33 (talk) 10:36, 11 September 2017 (UTC)
  337. --Helmoony (talk) 20:54, 15 September 2017 (UTC)
  338. Jon Kolbert (talk) 20:39, 20 September 2017 (UTC)


History and further reading[edit]

Previous discussions and initiatives[edit]

Gnom presenting the initiative at the 2016 Wikimedia Conference...

About this initiative[edit]

  • Greenpeace USA published its "Click Clean Scorecard" report in in June 2015. Upon Greenpeace's request, the Wikimedia Foundation's communications team had confidentially provided data about the energy consumption of the Wikimedia servers.
  • The current initiative was started by Aubrey in July 2015 in a wikimedia-l thread titled "Environmental impact of Wikipedia". This page was created by Gnom in July 2015.
  • Initial talks with Wikimedia Foundation staff (including C-level staff and board members) took place at Wikimania in July 2015.
  • A discussion about the energy consumption of the Wikimedia servers titled "Reducing the environmental impact of the Wikimedia movement" took place on the wikitech-l mailing list in March 2016. A discussion about this initiative took place in the Facebook group "Wikimedia Weekly" in April 2016. Also, the initiative was presented at the Wikimedia Conference in April 2016. There will also be a poster at Wikimania 2016.
  • Information regarding the energy consumption of the Wikimedia servers was first published in April 2016 with the help of the Wikimedia Foundation's communications team.

Next steps[edit]

  • Currently, we are looking into the feasibility and cost of procuring renewable energy for the Wikimedia server sites in the United States. Any help with this is greatly appreciated!

References[edit]

  1. a b Greenpeace USA: Click Clean Scorecard: Key Findings & Scores Explained, 2015, page 43.
  2. Inside Energy: How Much Electricity Do You Use Each Month?
  3. "Green Data Centers". www.equinix.com. Retrieved 2016-04-07. 
  4. a b c d e f g "How much carbon dioxide is produced per kilowatthour when generating electricity with fossil fuels? - FAQ - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)". Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  5. "Environment". www.evoswitch.com. Retrieved 2016-04-06. 
  6. a b "Clean Energy Solutions". www.pge.com. Retrieved 2016-04-07. 
  7. See talk page.
  8. https://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Template:STAFF-COUNT
  9. Wikimedia Deutschland staff web page. Retrieved Jul 10 2015.
  10. , "Wikimedia oder: Bildung für jedermann", energiezukunft no. 15, p. n5.
  11. Greenpeace USA: Click Clean Scorecard: Key Findings & Scores Explained, 2015, page 11.
  12. https://ganglia.wikimedia.org/latest/ shows the cluster CPUs are 9% used on average, but that's only part of the story.
  13. doi:10.1007/s10551-008-9894-x
  14. doi:10.1007/s10551-011-0865-2