ウィキ官僚主義

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikibureaucracy and the translation is 56% complete.
コミュニティ
反ウィキ
衝突駆動視点
似非コミュニティ
ウィキ文化
ウィキ心
ウィキ過程
The wiki way
ウィキ進化論
権力構造
ウィキ無政府主義
ウィキ官僚主義
ウィキ民主主義
ウィキ民主政治
ウィキ独裁主義
ウィキ連邦主義
ウィキ階級主義
ウィキ実力主義
ウィキ衆愚政治
ウィキ個人主義
ウィキ寡頭主義
ウィキ金権政治
ウィキ共和主義
ウィキ懐疑主義
ウィキ技術政治
共同作業
反派閥主義
派閥主義
社交
外部百科主義
内外中庸百科主義
メタ百科主義
全体的なコンテンツの構造
文書参照主義
反文書参照主義
分類主義
構造主義
百科事典の規格
削除主義
削包中庸主義
排除主義
包摂主義
明解主義
情報価値
本質主義
漸進主義
記事の規模
統合主義
分割主義
正確さ水準
到達主義
即座主義
その他
反超ウィキペディア主義
メディアウィキ主義
新削除主義
超ウィキペディア主義
分散ウィキ主義
ウィキ分離主義
転送主義

ウィキ官僚主義(Wikibureaucracy)は、前例と方針に則り、権力と権限を持つ 官僚で以って、ウィキペディアの運営を主導しようというものです。ウィキ官僚主義は、ルール全てを無視しなさい、すなわち、百科事典としての利益に有害と思われる規則は、利用者は無視することができるというメタの方針に反しています(ウィキペディアは官僚主義ではありません)。

利点

The upside is that, if sysops and other users are only allowed to take actions allowed by rules, then there is consistency, people know what to expect, and the potential for abuse is limited to what the rules allow. If bad outcomes occur, it is because of abuse or incompetence on the part of the rulemakers or those who violate the rules, not on the part of those who follow the rules.

欠点

The downside is that the rules cannot anticipate every possible situation, including situations that arise because of changing circumstances such as new technology, unexpected user behavior, and so on. Most notably, a set of rules restrictive enough to stop abuse can also often be so restrictive as to hinder progress. Progress tends to be a beneficial change whose potential was not anticipated when the rules were drafted; therefore, no allowance was made to permit the necessary actions to implement the desired change. It takes time and effort to revise the rules; in the meantime, progress is held up.

The people who make the rules, whether they are WMF leadership or users contributing to a consensus decision, are not all-knowing. They can only take into account a limited amount of information. The individual user or sysop may possess information that was unavailable to those rulemakers, but if his hands are tied by the rules, he cannot usefully apply that knowledge, except to argue that the rule should be changed. This is typically a difficult process, and many people despair of attempting it.

Even clear rules typically lend themselves to abuse. As Ludwig von Mises writes, "every lawyer knows only too well that even the best law can be perverted, in concrete cases, in interpretation, application, and administration." When the rules are vague, the situation is even worse because "the door is left wide open for arbitrariness, bias, and the abuse of official power."[1]

脚注

  1. Mises, Ludwig von (1929). "The Political Foundations of Peace". Liberalism.