维基官僚主义

From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page Wikibureaucracy and the translation is 44% complete.
社群
反维基
受冲突影响的观点
假社群
维基文化
维基信仰
维基进程
The wiki way
达尔文维基主义
权力架构
维基无政府主义
维基官僚主义
维基民主主义
维基民主
维基专制主义
维基联邦主义
维基圣职阶级
维基精英教育
维基暴民统治
维基个人主义
维基寡头主义
维基富豪统治
维基共和主义
维基怀疑主义
维基专家管理
合作
反党派主义
党派主义
社交
通俗主义
中立百科主义
元百科主义
整体内容结构
Transclusionism
Antitransclusionism
分类主义
结构主义
百科全书标准
删除主义
妄想主义
排外主义
包容主义
精确主义
关注度
本质主义
渐进主义
条目长度
合并主义
拆分主义
测量精度
最终主义
立刻主义
杂项
反跨越transwiki主义
元维基人主义
提删主义
Transwiki主义
维基活力主义
维基分离主义
重定向主义

Wikibureaucracy advocates Wikipedia running as a bureaucracy with power and authority being vested in precedent and policy. Wikibureaucracy is directly opposed to the ignore all rules meta-policy which allows users to disregard rules that they believe are harmful to the interests of the encyclopedia.

优点

The upside is that, if sysops and other users are only allowed to take actions allowed by rules, then there is consistency, people know what to expect, and the potential for abuse is limited to what the rules allow. If bad outcomes occur, it is because of abuse or incompetence on the part of the rulemakers or those who violate the rules, not on the part of those who follow the rules.

缺点

The downside is that the rules cannot anticipate every possible situation, including situations that arise because of changing circumstances such as new technology, unexpected user behavior, and so on. Most notably, a set of rules restrictive enough to stop abuse can also often be so restrictive as to hinder progress. Progress tends to be a beneficial change whose potential was not anticipated when the rules were drafted; therefore, no allowance was made to permit the necessary actions to implement the desired change. It takes time and effort to revise the rules; in the meantime, progress is held up.

The people who make the rules, whether they are WMF leadership or users contributing to a consensus decision, are not all-knowing. They can only take into account a limited amount of information. The individual user or sysop may possess information that was unavailable to those rulemakers, but if his hands are tied by the rules, he cannot usefully apply that knowledge, except to argue that the rule should be changed. This is typically a difficult process, and many people despair of attempting it.

Even clear rules typically lend themselves to abuse. As Ludwig von Mises writes, "every lawyer knows only too well that even the best law can be perverted, in concrete cases, in interpretation, application, and administration." When the rules are vague, the situation is even worse because "the door is left wide open for arbitrariness, bias, and the abuse of official power."[1]

参考资料

  1. Mises, Ludwig von (1929). "The Political Foundations of Peace". Liberalism.