Nadace Wikimedia (WMF) je nezisková organizace zapsaná ve Spojených státech amerických, která provozuje různé webové stránky známé jako "wikiprojekty", mezi něž patří např. Wikipedie, Wikizprávy, nebo tato webová stránka - Meta-Wiki. Nadace Wikimedia je řízena správní radou. Oficiální informace o Nadaci můžete nalézt na stránkách Nadace: wikimediafoundation.org.
správní rada nadace řídí nadaci a dohlíží na hospodaření s dary. Dozorčí rada je nejvyšším orgánem nadace Wikimedia (viz článek IV. paragraf 1 stanov Nadace Wikimedia) a v současné době má sedm členů:
- Christophe Henner, Chair (term until 2019)
- María Sefidari, Vice Chair (term until August 2017)
- Jimmy Wales, Founder (term until December 2018)
- Alice Wiegand (term until December 2016)
- Dr. Dariusz Jemielniak (term until August 2017)
- Kelly Battles (term until December 2017)
- Nataliia Tymkiv (term until 2019)
- 1 seat vacant as of 27 January 2016
- 1 seat vacant as of 8 April 2016
- 1 seat vacant as of 1 January 2017
Příručka o představenstvu nadace Wikimedia poskytuje přehled o povinnostech správní rady. Nadace také zveřejňuje seznamy schůzí správní rady a jejích rozhodnutí.
Nadace Wikimedia je řízena díky využívání:
- Meta-Wiki určené pro diskuse a organisaci veřejných projektů, je volně upravovatelná a mnohojazyčná
- wikimediafoundation.org, což jest oficiální webová stránka nadace, je veřejná, avškak upravovat ji mohou jenom důvěryhodní členové komunity. Snažíme se ji přeložit do mnohých jazyků, zpětnou vazbu ohledně překladu uvědte na Meta-Wiki
- wikimedia-l, což je veřejná e-mailová síť
- internal-l, což je neveřejná e-mailová síť pro řízení komunity
- private-l, což je jiná neveřejná e-mailová síť určená pro řešení technických potíží
- OTRS is a ticketing system that is used by Wikimedia Foundation staff and volunteers to handle emails from the public.
- 'IRC, což je chatovací služba v reálném času, určená pro komunikaci mezi Wikimediány, ktereá je umístěna na síti frenode (irc.freenode.net)
Na co vynakládáme peníze?
Odkud pocházejí finance?
The Wikimedia Foundation is operated and run using monies raised with fundraising and other donations. For more information, please see the donations page.
In acknowledgement of the diversity of groups contributing to our movement, the Board of Trustees approves recognition of the following models of affiliation with the Wikimedia movement. Affiliates may change from one affiliation status to another, and should prioritize cooperation with one another without hierarchy. If you wish to start an affiliate or are looking for more information about affiliation, you may want to contact the Affiliations Committee.
Movement partners are like-minded organizations that actively support the Wikimedia movement’s work. They are listed publicly and granted limited use of the marks for publicity indicating their support of and collaboration with Wikimedia. Movement partners are not yet being recognized by Wikimedia. More information on future recognition may be obtained from the Affiliations Committee.
National or Sub-national chapters
National or Sub-national chapters are incorporated independent non-profits representing the Wikimedia movement and supporting movement work globally, focused within a geography. Chapters or national/sub-national organizations use a name clearly linking them to Wikimedia and are granted use of Wikimedia trademarks for their work, publicity, and fundraising.
Thematic organizations are incorporated independent non-profits representing the Wikimedia movement and supporting work focused on a specific theme, topic, subject or issue within or across countries and regions. Thematic or focused organizations use a name clearly linking them to Wikimedia and are granted use of Wikimedia trademarks for their work, publicity and fundraising.
User groups are open membership groups with an established contact person and history of projects, designed to be easy to form. User groups may or may not choose to incorporate and are granted limited use of the Wikimedia marks for publicity related to events and projects.
Wikimedia coordination and projects
Wikimedia Meta-Wiki (this wiki) is a website about the Wikimedia Foundation's projects and coordination.
Main Wikimedia projects
Slovník a tezaurus
Svobodné učebnice a návody
Svobodné učební nástroje
Svobodný cestovní průvodce
Sdílené úložiště médií
Svobodná znalostní báze
Some project history
- January 15, 2001: Wikipedia launched at Wikipedia.com, separate from Nupedia.
- December 12, 2002: Wiktionary was brought online.
- June 27, 2003: Wikiquote was started on wo.wikipedia.org, which is now used by Wolof Wikipedia.
- July 10, 2003: Wikiquote moves to quote.wikipedia.org and later got its own domain name (wikiquote.org).
- July 10, 2003: The Wikibooks project got its own domain name at textbook.wikipedia.org, later moving to wikibooks.org. See Wikimedia News.
- November 24, 2003: Project Sourceberg (now Wikisource) was officially launched as sources.wikipedia.org. Before that, it was located on ps.wikipedia.org, the Pashto Wikipedia. On December 6, 2003, a vote was held on changing the project's name, and it was renamed to "Wikisource".
- September 5, 2004: After launching in August 2004, Wikispecies was discussed by the board. It was officially merged to a sister project on September 14, 2004.
- September 7, 2004: The Wikimedia Commons was launched.
- December 3, 2004: After a brief demonstration phase in November, the English beta version of Wikinews became operational. Wikinews is meant to be a free content news source which allows anybody to report news on a wide variety of subjects.
- April 2005: 501(c)(3) non-profit status granted by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service with the NTEE Code: B60 (Adult, Continuing Education).
- November 2005: Wikimedia awarded membership in the World Technology Network.
- June 2, 2006: The Wikimedia Incubator was launched.
- August 15, 2006: Wikiversity's beta phase officially began (English Wikiversity).
- October 30, 2012: Wikidata was launched, the first new Wikimedia project since 2006.
- November 10, 2012: Wikivoyage moved to Wikimedia servers as a beta project, after a discussion on hosting a travel guide project. It was fully launched on January 15, 2013. You can see the Wikipedia article for more information on its pre-WMF days.
The early history of Wikipedia was characterized by much chaos and well-meaning strangeness. Wikipedia Governance was conducted, effectively, by Jimmy Wales (Jimbo) alone, with the assistance of mailing list participants.
- I think we should go further still and shoot for the ultimate goal of creating "Wikimedia." That's media with an "m." It would use Wiki-style rules to enable public participation in the creation and editing of all kinds of media: encyclopedias and other reference works, current news, books, fiction, music, video etc. Like current broadcast media, it would have differentiated "channels" and "programs," each with self-selecting audiences. Unlike current media, however, the audience would also be actively involved in creating its own programming, instead of merely passively watching it.
The "wikimedia.org" domain name was purchased by mav in waiting for a Wikipedia/Wikimedia non-profit to come into existence to own it.
On June 20, 2003, Jimmy Wales – who had been operating Wikipedia under the aegis of his company Bomis – announced the creation of the Wikimedia Foundation which was to serve as the parent, non-profit, organization of Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikiquote, Wikibooks, and other freely licensed wiki projects subsequently added to the "Wikimedia family". See also the Wikipedia article on Wikimedia: w:Wikimedia Foundation.
The first Board of Trustees comprised of Jimmy Wales as Chair, Michael Davis and Tim Shell. In June 2004, the next Board of Trustees was composed of 5 people, Jimmy Wales (Chair), Florence Devouard (Vice Chair), Michael Davis (Treasurer), Tim Shell and Angela Beesley. In 2006, Tim and Angela left the Board, whilst Erik Möller, Jan-Bart de Vreede, Kat Walsh and Oscar van Dillen joined it. In October, Florence Devouard became the Chair of the Board, in replacement of Jimmy Wales, who maintained the role as Chairman Emeritus. The first employees joined the organization in 2005, Danny Wool and Brion Vibber. In 2008, the Board was restructured amongst conflicts with the community, and Jimmy Wales was granted the Founder's seat additionally to the Chairman Emeritus.
The organization took a new turn in summer 2007, when Sue Gardner was hired to serve as interim ED. At that point, the staff consisted of about 10 people, most in the head office in St. Petersburg, Florida and others in the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands. Most of the committees set up in January 2006 are at this point inactive and abandoned.
In 2007, the Foundation decided to move away from its Florida office. San Francisco was chosen as the destination (Boston was its main competitor). The former headquarters in Florida were closed on January 31, 2008.
The Foundation's San Francisco headquarters were originally at 39 Stillman Street. In 2009, it moved less than a kilometer to its current location at 149 New Montgomery St.
The Board was substantially restructured in April 2008. For more information, see:
- Board Restructure announcement by Vice-Chair Jan-Bart de Vreede
- Board Restructure Questions and Answers
- Board Restructure diagram
- Corporations (not for profit) in Florida
- How to use or reuse our content
- Random thoughts on what Wikimedia might mean
- Wikimedia news
- The difference between "Wikimedia", "Wikipedia", "MediaWiki", and "wiki"
- Tim Starling on the wikimedia-l mailing list, 17 April 2015