Capítols de Wikimedia/Guia de creació

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikimedia chapters/Creation guide and the translation is 100% complete.
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Aquesta és una introducció fàcil de llegir del procés de creació de capítols de Wikimedia. Tot i que no és exhaustiu i no té en compte les diferències entre jurisdiccions, és la primera parada per a qualsevol persona que pensi en formar un capítol.
Què són els capítols de Wikimedia?
Pàgina principal: Capítols de Wikimedia

Wikimedia chapters are independent non-profit organizations founded to support and promote the Wikimedia projects within a specified geographic area. Like the Wikimedia Foundation, they aim to "empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally". Chapters use a name clearly linking them to Wikimedia and are granted use of Wikimedia trademarks for their work, publicity, and fundraising. Currently, 39 chapter exists.

El reconeixement del Comitè d'Afiliacions permet a un grup sol·licitar permís per a usar les marques registrades de Wikimedia, tenir accés a beques úniques i rebre suport per als afiliats. No obstant això, el reconeixement no és necessari per dur a terme cap de les activitats d'un grup d'usuaris de Wikimedia i s'encoratja els grups a considerar aquest model si encara no compleixen amb els requisits d'un capítol.

Per què hauríem de presentar la sol·licitud?

Recognition from the Affiliations Committee allows a group to apply for using the Wikimedia trademarks, access to unique grants, and additional affiliate support; however, recognition is not required to do any of the work typical chapters do, or might do, it is an optional extra step with connected benefits and some requirements.

Els avantatges de convertir-se en un capítol reconegut de Wikimedia inclouen:

  • Use the Wikimedia logos consistent with the Wikimedia Foundation's Trademark Policy without any additional approval. chapters may use other logos not part of the Trademark Policy (such as the Wikimedia Foundation logo) pursuant to a trademark license with the Wikimedia Foundation and approval by the Wikimedia Foundation legal team.
  • Receive large, but limited, quantities of Wikimedia merchandise for use in activities and outreach efforts.
  • Public recognition of the group's affiliation with the Wikimedia Foundation.
  • Affiliations Committee Liaison support during and after the approval process.
  • Apply for Annual Plan Grants after successfully completing two other Wikimedia Foundation grants and meeting other eligibility requirements.
  • A short name clearly linking the group to Wikimedia.
  • Exclusive use by a chapter of the Wikimedia name and brand within the group's geographic focus area.
  • Communications and public policy support from the Wikimedia Foundation.
  • Two scholarships to attend the Wikimedia Conference, held annually in Berlin for Wikimedia movement affiliates.

Sense reconeixement, els grups encara poden:

Quins són els requisits d'elegibilitat?
Pàgina principal: Requisits per als capítols de Wikimedia

Els requisits per establir un capítol de Wikimedia reconegut oficialment estan dissenyats per facilitar als grups conèixer quines seran les expectatives del moviment un cop siguin reconeguts.

  1. Missió de suport de Wikimedia
    La missió de l'organització ha d'estar en línia amb la missió i la visió de la Fundació Wikimedia, així com els principis rectors de la Fundació Wikimedia i els principis dels afiliats al moviment. Independentment de la forma legal o mètode d'incorporació escollit, el capítol ha de tenir objectius similars als de la Fundació Wikimedia i les seves activitats no s'han d'allunyar-ne.
  2. Focus geogràfic
    El capítol està basat/ancorat geogràficament en una jurisdicció legal. A diferència de projectes, que estan basats en llengües, els capítols són entitats que necessiten una base geogràfica. Això implica que han d'estar ancorats en un país/jurisdicció que els ofereix una base per la seva estructura legal. Aquesta base ha d'estar en la regió a la qual vulguin servir. Mentre que poden haver múltiples grups d'usuaris servint a una sola àrea geogràfica, només hi pot haver un capítol cobrint aquesta àrea geogràfica focal determinada.
  3. Estructura legal
    El capítol ha de tenir una estructura legal/corporativa que sigui legalment independent de la Fundació Wikimedia. Els capítols han de donar una estructura de vida real als projectes que podrien aparèixer de contribuïdors o tercers externs en línia amb les metes de la Fundació Wikimedia. No obstant això, els capítols no estan pensats per operar projectes de Wikimedia ni per ser legalment responsables pel contingut dels projectes. Per aconseguir això, cal que l'estructura legal triada per a la creació d'un capítol sigui clarament independent de la Fundació Wikimedia. Els documents fundacionals de l'organització, generalment els estatuts, han de ser revisats i aprovats pel Comitè d'Afiliacions.
  4. Masaa crítica de participació de contribuïdors actius de Wikimedia
    El capítol ha d'involucrar el mínim deu, preferiblement vint, col·laboradors actius dels projectes Wikimedia. Un col·laborador es defineix com a membres amb 300 o més contribucions a un projecte Wikimedia amb un compte registrat fa més de 6 mesos en bons termes amb la comunitat (el que vol dir que no estigui actualment suspès o impedit de participar-hi). Mentre que els capítols haurien acollir l'aportació de persones que no siguin col·laboradores actives dels projectes Wikimedia, no haurien d'estar massa lluny de la comunitat. La participació activa de col·laboradors als projectes Wikimedia és necessària perquè el capítol sigui capaç de portar iniciatives de la vida real relacionades amb els projectes Wikimedia a concretar-se. Els membres inicials haurien de reflectir l'àmbit esperat, l'àrea d'activitat geogràfica i les llengües d'operació elegides de l'organització.
  5. Almenys dos anys d'activitats
    Els grups han de tenir dos anys d'activitat programàtica demostrable abans de postular-se ser reconeguts com a capítols. Idealment aquestes activitats haurien de ser fetes com un grup d'usuaris de Wikimedia reconegut. Aquestes activitats i els seus resultats han de ser documentats a la wiki, idealment la pàgina Meta-Wiki del grup. Calen esforços amplis per potenciar la participació a l'inici de l'organització. Les activitats haurien de ser una barreja d'activitats en línia i físiques dissenyades per potenciar la participació dels projectes Wikimedia. El grup hauria d'estar al dia en l'activitat i els informes financers abans de ser considerats per al seu reconeixement.
  6. Capacity, or planned capacity, to meet the future expectations
    Something that makes chapters and thematic organizations unique from user groups are the increased expectations. Does your group have the capacity to meet the expectations of chapters once you receive recognition? This will be something both the Affiliations Committee and Board of Trustees will consider in reviewing your application. If your group does not have a track record of activities which indicate that you will successfully be able to meet these expectations, that can cause your application to be denied. Consideration will be given for the financial circumstances of the group, realistic demands in your group's focus area, and plans to secure future funding to meet these expectations.
Com creem un capítol de Wikimedia?

Pas 1: Agrupar la gent

At the most fundamental level, chapters are about people: a group, bound geographically, which wants to contribute to and support the Wikimedia projects as a whole in ways other than editing.

For long-term sustainability of the chapter, the Affiliations Committee recommends that you gather a community of at least 20–25 people who are interested in creating or joining the chapter. Make sure that your group has the required number of people before proceeding.

(During step 3 or 7, you might find out that the laws of your country may require a greater number of people to participate in the creation of the organization.)

Pas 2: Decidir quin és el millor camí a seguir

Before moving forward, discuss among yourselves the advantages and disadvantages of setting up an organization; organizations take a lot of time, effort and resources once they are set up. Is it necessary to set up a chapter to achieve your goals? How will setting up an organization help achieve those goals? Can you accomplish those goals as a Wikimedia user group?

Once you have a group of people interested in pursuing the goals, determine whether there are like-minded organizations in the area (for example chapters or user groups) that might be able to host your projects or provide initial help in setting up. Is there already an existing organization that you can connect to instead of starting your own?

Then you can think about what the mission is of the organization you'd like to start. Is this mission broad and is your group primarily geographically focused, or is it more narrowly defined? Try to draft your mission jointly with the whole group and make sure everybody agrees on that.

Once you are certain that a chapter is the best way forward, contact the Affiliations Committee and any other Wikimedia organizations that might be active in the area and let them know about your plans.

Pas 3: Desenvolupar els objectius i l'estructura

When you have your minimum group of people, start a conversation on your future chapter's goals and structure. Try these questions:

  • What do you want to accomplish as a chapter? What is your mission?
  • What kind of activities do you want to engage in (e.g. outreach, fundraising, public relations, publishing)?
  • What kind of structure would be best for the organization? Would a board and membership structure be the right model?
  • What would be the roles and responsibilities of the board and your assembly? Who would decide what, in practice?
  • How do you imagine your organisation in a two years' time? In five years' time?

In determining your goals and structure, you may want to contact existing chapters for advice and ideas.

Pas 4: Escollir el nom del capítol

Vegeu també: Directrius de denominació dels afiliats i Pràctiques recomanades per als logotips dels afiliats

Quan elaboreu la pàgina de la sol·licitud al wiki, haureu d'identificar el nom del vostre capítol.

The legal name of the chapter should be "Wikimedia [name of country in local language]".

Exemples de noms acceptables:

  • Wikimedia Wikiland
  • Wikimedia United Places of Objects
  • 维基媒体示例 (Wikimedia Exemple)

No acceptables:

  • Wikimedia Foundation of Wikiland
  • Wikipedia Wikiland
  • Wikiland Wikipedia
  • Wikiland Wikimedia

Pas 5: Configurar una pàgina wiki pel vostre grup

Once you have a group of interested people, it's time to document who you are and to set up some means of communications. For the external world, you need to designate two contact people who can be identified to the Wikimedia Foundation; within the group, think about setting up a wiki page where people can join; perhaps set up a mailing list or talk page or other forum to discuss your projects.

Pas 6: Rebre el reconeixement com a grup d'usuaris de Wikimedia (pas opcional)

While not required, groups interested in becoming chapters are strongly encouraged to first begin as a Wikimedia user group. The requirements and expectations for user groups are intentionally designed to allow for less resource intensive operation of a group. A two-year track record is required of all chapter applicants, and both the Affiliations Committee and Board of Trustees are more likely to feel confident about your group's suitability to become the formal representative of the Wikimedia movement in your subject area if your group a track record as a recognized user group in good standing.

Pas 7: Realitzar activitats en línia i presencials durant almenys dos anys

So, you have some interested Wikimedians, and you have some basic idea about the kinds of activities the group would want to have as an officially recognized Wikimedia chapter.

This is a perfect time to begin running programs, which will give your group a concrete experience with running Wikimedian activities/events, strengthen the group's internal cohesion, increase motivation, and potentially draw in additional activists.

Here's a little secret: nearly all activities and programs performed by chapters can be performed by non-chapters. Aside from fundraising and certain types of government outreach, any group of Wikimedians with the will and dedication to execute a program can do so, and the Wikimedia movement has resources in place to help you do so:

The Wikimedia Foundation may grant you ad hoc permission to use the Wikimedia trademarks (e.g. the Wikipedia logo, Wikimedia logo) for specific events or activities; the Foundation may provide funding for your program via the competitive process called the Wikimedia Grants Program; other Wikimedia organizations may offer funding, advice, and other resources.

Applicants are required to have developed and conducted offline and online activities over at least two years prior to seeking recognition as a chapter.

So select a program you'd like to run in your community or territory, making sure the scope is manageable and achievable for your group and your resources (especially human resources, i.e. time and skills), before proceeding with the legal aspects of chapter creation.

Pas 8: Redactar els documents fonamentals del capítol

Your chapter's bylaws (statutes, or whatever the name of this document is in your language) should define the goals and objectives of your association in time and space. They should be precise and to the point. Avoid definitions that are too vague or restrictive.

When drafting the documents, you need to take several factors into account (in the order given below):

  1. the laws of the country/state
  2. Wikimedia Foundation's requirements for chapter creation
    • the primary goals of your organization should be in line with those of the Wikimedia Foundation, i.e. to promote free content and support the Wikimedia projects.
    • where possible, a non-profit status (or a status that allows you to tend towards non-profit)
    • avoid ties to political statements/groups that do not fit within the scope of Wikimedia projects

To ensure that these factors are taken into account, we advise you to peruse the bylaws of other organisations in your country and then adapt those to the Wikimedia requirements and guidelines. Don't try and translate existing Wikimedia chapters' bylaws, as legal language differs from one country to another and what seems evident in one country may make no sense in another.

If you have a lawyer in your group, make sure they are a strong part of the writing process; remember that you are ultimately responsible for the legal compliance of your organisation with the local laws.

In every part of this process, do not hesitate to ask the Affiliations Committee for advice.

Pas 9: Sol·licitar el reconeixement

Les instruccions per a la plantilla de la sol·licitud estan disponibles a Wikimedia chapters/Creation guide/Chapter Application Instructions. Once you've gathered the group, the wiki page, legal documents, and the big ideas on what you want to do, contact the Affiliations Committee and request to apply for chapter recognition. The Affiliations Committee will review your application and governing documents, and then will submit them to the Board of the Wikimedia Foundation to approve the creation of your organization as a Wikimedia chapter. Usually, before final approval, the Affiliations Committee will ask a number of questions and possibly suggest changes based on experience learned from other Wikimedia and non-profit organizations. In this case, final approval will be given once your group has had a chance to review and answer the suggestions and to make any changes your group has found useful.

Continueu llegint a continuació per obtenir ajuda sobre la sol·licitud de reconeixement.

Pas 9b: Enviar els estatuts a revisió

When your chapter's goals and organization are agreed and your documents are ready (but before you do anything that would make the association official, like opening a bank account, holding a founding assembly, or registering with your country's authorities), you should translate them into English and submit them to the Affiliations Committee for approval.

The Affiliations Committee might ask for a lawyer-approved translation of the bylaws, in which case it will provide the necessary budget to translate the bylaws.

Pas 10: Registrar-se a les autoritats

Once you've received Foundation Board approval, you can register your association by the standard means in your country. You will need to sign a chapter agreement with the Foundation. At this stage, other agreements may need to be signed between the Foundation and the chapter.

Com sol·licitem el reconeixement?

Once you've gathered the group, the wiki page, legal documents, and the big ideas on what you want to do, contact the Affiliations Committee and request to apply for chapter recognition. The Affiliations Committee will ask you some questions, review your application, and if appropriate will recommend the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees recognize your group as an official Wikimedia chapter. The Board of Trustees will then vote to approve or grant recognition based on the application, discussions with the Affiliations Committee, and recommendation from the Affiliations Committee. Recognition automatically renews each year. Recognition can be suspended or removed if necessary if a group becomes inactive or is no longer compliant with their agreement.

Delays during the application approval process most often arise from incomplete applications or applications that need to be modified before they can be approved. To prevent this from happening and help expedite your group's approval process, please double check this list before submitting your application:

  1. Does your name meet the affiliates naming requirements? It is best to agree on which language your name use and how it will be localized before beginning the chapter recognition process. Group discussions amongst Wikimedia chapters regarding their name can take time, and generally you want to avoid having to re-engage in that conversation after your application has been submitted. You may contact the Affiliations Committee to seek input on your name before submitting your application.
  2. Does your group have a clear plan and programmatic track record that is consistently and clearly explained? If your Meta page explains your chapter's plans or activities in a way that differs from your conversations with the Affiliations Committee - that may delay the application's approval. Your plans should clearly and concisely explain what your group hopes to accomplish and who would be interested in joining. We recognize this may evolve over time, but you should have a clear commitment to a specific plan at the time of your application.
  3. Are your two primary contacts willing to identify themselves with the Wikimedia Foundation? Sometimes privacy concerns might cause someone to change their minds, which can delay the final steps in the chapter recognition process. At least one of these contacts should be authorized to legally sign documents, such as the chapter agreement, on behalf of the chapter (usually the president of the governing board).
  4. Is your group ready to accept new members and already include at least ten active Wikimedia contributors in good standing? Groups which have a closed or limited membership model may require more discussion and review. Groups which do not have at least ten active members who are also active Wikimedia contributors in good standing will not be approved.
Ens han aprovat, quin és el següent pas?

You can now focus on your day-to-day business and promote Wikimedia projects according to your mission. In the coming days, you will be put in contact with Wikimedia Legal and asked to sign the Wikimedia chapter agreement. While you are required to sign this agreement, you do not need to wait until the agreement is signed to continue planning and implementing activities and ideas.

If you want some hints about possible projects, you can always look at what other organizations have accomplished or are currently doing.

By this time you will probably need some money or other resources—for example, you may have to pay registration fees, set up a bank account. The first source of funds should be the community behind your organization (e.g. if you have set up a membership organization, now is the time to collect membership fees).

If you need more money than you can reasonably hope to gather from your group, you can ask the Affiliations Committee to provide you with some additional funding to get you on your way. The Wikimedia Foundation also issues grants to chapters, and they are not necessarily limited to money.

The money (or your time) is necessary even if the registered chapter does not do anything. Usually after registering the legal entity, you'll need to prepare and provide regular reports to the tax authorities and some other state bodies—even if there are only zeros in the reports.

Remember, you can always ask the Affiliations Committee as well as other affiliates for help, and it's possible for Wikimedia user groups to apply to the Foundation for grants. On the other hand, we would also like to hear from time to time about your activities; you can publish public reports or contact your Affiliate Liaison.

Bona sort!