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Política de bots

From Meta, a Wikimedia project coordination wiki
This page is a translated version of the page Bot policy and the translation is 24% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
Esta páxina expón estándares e pautas relacionados cos bots que levan a cabo as súas tarefas nalgúns proxectos (véxase Bot policy/Implementation); isto pódese comprobar visitando a páxina "Project:Bot policy" nesa wiki, que debería redirixir aquí ou á política local.

Esta páxina é tamén unha política en Meta, incluíndo a aprobación automática e os bots globais. Para solicitar permisos de bot en Meta, por favor, diríxete a Meta:Requests for adminship#Requests for bot flags.

Os Bots son procesos automatizados ou semiautomatizados que editan páxinas con reducida ou ningunha supervisión humana directa. Debido a que os bots poden potencialmente consumir os recursos do servidor ou accidentalmente afectar ao proxecto, deben seguir a política e pautas indicadas a continuación. Esta política describe como deben ser utilizados os bots nos proxectos aplicables; os bots que non sigan a política poden ser bloqueados inmediatamente ata que o operador resolva os problemas ou o incumprimento.


Conta de bot

Un bot débese executar facendo uso dunha conta diferente da do operador, posto que non se debe conceder o flag de bot a ningún editor humano. A súa páxina de usuario debe facer notar claramente e visiblemente que é un bot, para distinguilo dos editores humanos, e os operadores deben estar dispoñibles para responder a calquera comentario eles mesmos. Non está permitido a ningún usuario utilizar scripts de resposta automatizados. Algúns operadores poden escoller redirixir a páxina de discusión do bot á súa propia, se o bot non está configurado para detectar mensaxes.


Hai tres maneiras de conseguir o permiso de bot nunha wiki.

Bots globais

Os bots globais posúen permiso para editar en todas as wikis que permiten a súa edición (isto debe estar establecido explicitamente pola política local, véxase a lista). Para acceder ao permiso de bot global, débense reunir os seguintes requisitos:
  • The bot operator must start a discussion that will last for 2 weeks at Steward requests/Bot status#Global bot status requests;
  • The discussion will be publicized via MassMessage (New global bot discussion), where interested community members and wikis can be subscribed;
  • The bot operator must demonstrate the bot task is welcomed on multiple Wikimedia projects. A good way to show it is to be flagged on 5 or more wikis for a single task;
  • The operator should make sure to adhere to the wiki's preference as related to the use of the bot flag.
  • The global bot status gives the bot access to a restricted number of projects and wikis that allow global bot access. New wikis are added to this set by default. An exhaustive list of wikis that are not included is available. (You can request local bot flags on projects where global bots are not allowed.)

Automatic approval

If automatic approval is explicitly allowed on the wiki, bot operators can request a local bot flag directly from stewards. To qualify for this, the following requirements must be met:

  • this must be permitted by the local bot policy or request page;
  • the bot must edit regularly without a bot flag for at least a week or make 100 edits on the applicable wikis for demonstration purposes;
  • the bot must only fix double-redirects.

Community consensus

Otherwise if there is a local community interested in processing bot applications, bots must obtain community approval on the most relevant local discussion page before editing without a bot flag at high speeds or without human supervision. Once there is consensus, a local bureaucrat will add the flag, or a steward may be requested to do so.

If there is no local community and the above does not apply, the bot must operate without a bot flag or not at all.

Uso inadmisible

  • Controversial changes: Bots may be used to perform edits which are most likely supported by other local editors; they should never be used to perform controversial edits. If you intend to expand the scope of the bot beyond that which was supported by the community, make note of this at the relevant discussion page to ensure that there is no opposition. If your bot flag was given by automatic approval, you must not exceed the limits described under "Automatic approval".
  • Data retrieval: Bots may not be used to retrieve bulk content for any use not directly related to an approved bot task. This includes dynamically loading pages from another website, which may result in the website being blacklisted and permanently denied access. If you would like to download bulk content or mirror a project, please do so by downloading or hosting your own copy of our database.
  • Spellchecking: No bot may automatically correct spelling mistakes without explicit community approval, particularly in the main content namespace. It is not technically possible in most languages to automatically correct spelling mistakes without a significant margin of error.

Removal of global bot status

Global bot permissions will be removed:

  • At the bot's operator request
  • If the bot is persistently used to perform tasks that are outside the global bot remit
  • If the bot is found to be inactive, with the following provisions:
    • A global bot account is deemed inactive if it has not made any edits for a whole year on any project that allows global bot access.
    • Before a global bot account's permissions are removed on the basis of inactivity, its operator must be notified at least on their home wiki(s) and at Meta-Wiki.



Although not required, the bot name should clearly contain the word "bot" in its user name to more easily distinguish it from human editors; the most common forms are derived from the operator's username (such as Pathosbot), or using disambiguation style (such as Xenophon (bot)).

Edit throttle and peak hours

Bots running without a bot flag should edit at intervals of over 1 minute between edits (= less than 1 edit per minute). Once they have been authorised and appropriately flagged, they should operate at an absolute minimum interval of 5 seconds (12 edits per minute). Bots should try to avoid running during the busiest hours, as they rapidly use server resources that should be reserved for human readers and editors. During these hours, they should operate at intervals of 20 seconds (3 edits per minute) to conserve resources.

Bots' editing speeds can be automatically adjusted based on server load (slave database server lag) by appending an extra parameter to the query string of each requested URL; see maxlag documentation on mediawiki.


Unless the bot is publicly stated to run autonomously, the operator should remain available, occasionally check for messages, and be ready to shut down the bot if it does not perform as desired or if complaints are received. If the operator is not available, the bot may be blocked until any issues are resolved.

Best practices

Please read wikitech:Help:Toolforge/Developing successful tools for strong recommendations that will make life easier for you and for everyone else in the future!


  • Pick a license
  • Publish the code
  • Have co-maintainers
  • Write some documentation

See also