VideoWiki (also known as Wiki Video) (https://videowiki.wmflabs.org/en), a proposed sister site , aims to make Wikipedia more accessible by adding a visual layer to Wikipedia, ensuring that in the future, the 'sum of all human knowledge' is not limited to just text. VideoWiki is a free, open-source, 'collaborative video editing' tool that allows users to drag and drop images/videos from Wikimedia Commons onto Wikipedia text.
Multimedia content was the second most frequent request during the 2015 community consultation on strategy.Further, WMF New Readers Research 2016 found that there may be greater opportunities to improve interest in and engagement with Wikipedia articles with more robust video content.
What sets VideoWiki apart from other/previous attempts of bringing videos on Wikipedia is that it allows users to collaboratively edit/re-edit a published video, a feature that is particularly important because information presented in Wikipedia is continuously corrected, updated and improved by a distributed volunteer community.
VideoWiki's software is released under an open license (GNU General Public License 3.0) on GitHub.
VideoWiki is created and founded by Pratik Shetty. Hassan Amin currently leads the technical development of VideoWiki.
- 1 Features of VideoWiki
- 2 Why build and support?
- 3 Limitations of VideoWiki
- 4 Proposed improvements
- 5 Keep in mind
- 6 Interest
- 7 See also
Features of VideoWiki
VideoWiki's text script
VideoWiki's text is based on a Wikipedia article.
You can convert any Wikipedia article into VideoWiki in under 2 mins. An audio layer will automatically get added to the Wikipedia's text.
If you are building a summary video , you can use a custom wiki url. Bonus: You can also convert any article on "Meta".
Simple Editing User-Interface - Drag and Drop images, gifs and short videos from Wikimedia Commons onto a slide.
You can add a custom edited image or video from your laptop to a VideoWiki slide which in-turn automatically gets uploaded to Wikimedia Commons.
Reasoning: VideoWiki tackles the issue of collaborative editing by breaking down a Wikipedia article into "slides" and allowing users to edit each slide i.e. allowing users to add images, gifs or video to each slide of an article. VideoWiki's simplistic drag and drop user interface allows anyone, even with zero editing skills, to contribute to visualizing a Wikipedia article.Therefore, VideoWiki stays true to its mission by allowing "anyone" i.e. a newbie, amateur, intermediate or professional editor to edit a VideoWiki article.
Editing a VideoWiki article wiki style
As an editor, one should be able to edit the article and quickly change it. VideoWiki follows the "wiki" principle of "quick" editing and allows anyone, including you, to fix an image/video in any part of the video even without logging in.
Knowledge is not static. Information keeps getting updated and Wikipedia keeps updating itself whenever there is new information. Now whenever you update the Wikipedia script of a VideoWiki article, just click on the auto-update icon on the VideoWiki article and VideoWiki will update the content too. This feature helps to change to edit the text wiki style when there is any mistake found in the text of the script.
VideoWiki provides an interactive index (based on the wiki text script's Index) that allows anyone to jump right into the segment he or she is looking for in the video.
VideoWiki automatically provides citations for all Visual, Audio and Text content in a VideoWiki slide. Therefore, this solves the issue of in-line citations for multi-media content.
Export video file
Once the VideoWiWki article is ready, you can export the article as a WebM video file which can be then used in a Wikipedia article.
Verifiability - final exported video
As a reader, one should be able to verify facts against reliable sources. The final exported video contains the details of the author and the licensing of each image/video file used.
Further, all the text used in the final exported video has references at the end of video.
Furthermore, all the authors of the text script are also credited for their contribution.
VideoWiki is presently available in English and Hindi. However, with our "Translate" Feature, any user can record a voice-over to each slide of the VideoWiki article, making a video multi-lingual in the process.
For example: The Dengue Videowiki English Article has already been translated into:
Why build and support?
VideoWiki impacts Wikipedia in two ways:
Makes Wikipedia more accessible
Wikipedia is a great resource that gives its users free access to the sum of all human knowledge. However, Wikipedia has a fundamental limitation – it is a text-based encyclopedia. Imagine a hypothetical world where news was only limited to Newspapers and there was no such thing as Radio and TV news. How many people would have access to news? That’s what is currently happening to Wikipedia. The sum of all human knowledge is limited to text and therefore people who cannot read are left out from accessing the sum of all human knowledge . The future of knowledge cannot be confined to text only. People with lower literacy (countries in sub-Saharan Africa have a literacy rate as low as 64%), people with vision impairments, and non-native language speakers also deserve equal access to the sum of all human knowledge. Audio and video broadens and eases learning for those with lower literacy, vision impairments, or non-native language speakers. Those who have received a medical diagnosis regarding limitations in reading comprehension (e.g. dyslexia, visual impairment or cognitive impairment) often have access to technological aids. This however very often requires a diagnosis, that you live in a high income country and that the language you speak has working text-to-speech for this to be a solution to the accessibility problem. Furthermore, people with poor reading comprehension (from unaccustomed readers to analfabets) also have limited access to commercial tools even if this would improve their understanding. To conclude, the assessment is that a very large group would benefit from adding a layer of audio and video on Wikipedia.
Different needs of the readers
"An estimated 25 percent of all Wikipedia users — nearly 125 million people per month need or prefer text in spoken form" - According to Wikimedia Sweden
Different people have different learning needs. Some people prefer reading text, some people prefer listening to audios and some people are visual learners who love to learn through videos.By adding a layer of audio and video to the current text, Wikipedia can expand its reach and cater to the different learning needs of people.
Furthermore, we live in the video era where videos make up approximately 70% of the global internet traffic. According to a Cisco report, this number is only going up as video traffic will be 82 percent of all consumer Internet traffic by 2021. Additionally, as we move to augmented reality era where visual apps will dominate, it will be important for Wikipedia to innovate and to keep up with the changing times.
Limitations of VideoWiki
Lack of open and free multi-media content
VideoWiki is dependent on Wikimedia Commons and users personal content (if the user agrees to distribute the content under free license) for its content. Even though the number of media files on Wikimedia Commons is approximately 50 million, it is considerably only a small portion of the total media content available on the Internet. Therefore, lack of open and free multi-media content is a hindrance to the development of VideoWiki. This is a classic chicken and egg problem. Does open and free multi-media content comes first or Does an open and free multi-media encyclopedia come first?
One can always wait for people to upload more and more open content but it is a passive approach, An ideal way to tackle the chicken and egg problem in this case would be to build a multi-media encyclopedia and let the world know that we intend to visualize Wikipedia (the 5th most visited website on the planet) with the catch being that we only accept open and free multi-media content only. This can see a rapid growth of open and free multi-media content as celebrities and corporate would want rich content representing their VideoWiki article.
Open to vandalism
VideoWiki allows anyone to edit an article even without logging in. This creates an opportunity for anonymous users to vandalize VideoWiki articles. However, from Wikipedia's experience, such vandalism is usually spotted by other users or such vandalism is minor and not material to the functioning of the encyclopedia.
- Use Wikimedia Commons API - To fetch images/gifs/videos instead of Bing Image API. This ensures all content in VideoWiki is open and free to use. [DONE - 24 October 2018]
- Export Full Video [DONE - 2 January 2019]
- Multi-lingual - Add more language versions. [Four languages avaliable February 2019 + Built "Translate" Feature in April 2019]
- Build the tool such that the script on Wikipedia can state both the text and the images. This means that the talk page for the script on Wikipedia is were discussion takes place and the revision history on Wikipedia will be the revision history for the final version of the video.
- Upload final version of videos to "Commons" Button. [DONE - March 2019]
Text read or explained by humans instead
- Youtube is being spammed with auto-generated videos of fake news. Most of the potential tech champions for a project like this - one much needed for semi-literate societies, will likely be chased away from the get go just seeing this, and hearing the text spoken by machine generated voice - because of their lack of exposure to the societies that could benefit from this.
- Proposal to gamify contributions of spoken text, wiki-style -I don't see the word "voice" on this page, and I think it is worth investigating - maybe machine voice doesn't matter to the target audience, or maybe it legitimizes it and so also all the other fake videos. Maybe having human voice is a needed filter, and humans will be less likely to read garbage. Dagelf 12:17, 5 April 2019 (UTC)
- If the quality reaches a certain level, can this can become official video summaries of Wikipedia pages, linked to or displayed prominently on Wikipedia?
- Thanks for your interest @Dangelf. 1 out of every 4 Indians have low/nil literacy. That is equivalent to 330 Million individuals who can never access Wikipedia because of their inability to read. So, I completely agree with you.
- We have just added the ability to "Export" a video by adding a human voice-over. Further, we have built a "Translate" Feature that allows you to add a voice over in different languages also, making videos multi-lingual. For example: The Dengue Videowiki English Article has already been translated into:
Keep in mind
- Doc James (talk · contribs · email) 11:33, 22 July 2018 (UTC)
- Jim Carter (talk) 12:21, 22 July 2018 (UTC)
- --Alaa :)..! 13:10, 22 July 2018 (UTC)
- User:Xinbenlv Couldn't say enough how much I am excited by your VideoWiki efforts (sorry if I don't follow the format) Xinbenlv (talk) 13:12, 22 July 2018 (UTC)
- Ranjithsiji (talk) 13:24, 22 July 2018 (UTC)
- Maskaravivek (talk) 13:24, 22 July 2018 (UTC)
- Rogueassasin123 (talk) 09:29, 23 July 2018 (UTC)
- Diptanshu 💬 15:58, 22 July 2018 (UTC)
- Marajozkee 💬 20:00, 23 July 2018 (UTC)
- Sumita Roy Dutta (talk) 15:12, 24 July 2018 (UTC)
- Olaniyan Olushola (talk) 14:22, 25 July 2018 (UTC)
- Feroz Ahmad (talk) 15:11, 25 July 2018 (UTC)
- so glad to meet @Rogueassasin123: during Wikimania and learn about his videowiki project. Would love to see it be hosted in tool labs. -- Bodhisattwa (talk) 18:14, 25 July 2018 (UTC)
- Innocentbunny TALK 19:35, 25 July 2018 (UTC)
- Srishti Sethi (talk) 02:54, 6 August 2018 (UTC)
- Daylen (talk) 21:08, 9 August 2018 (UTC) Pratik introduced this to me on Product Hunt. I agree that VideoWiki is a great idea and would be a suitable sister project for Wikipedia.
- Luk3 (talk) 01:28, 28 August 2018 (UTC)
- KCVelaga (talk) 13:02, 23 October 2018 (UTC)
- Blue Rasberry (talk) 14:36, 25 January 2019 (UTC)
- -J. Ansari Talk 15:49, 11 February 2019 (UTC)
- –SJ talk 05:32, 28 February 2019 (UTC)
- Rehman 12:26, 1 March 2019 (UTC)
- Jtmorgan (talk) 18:45, 1 March 2019 (UTC)
- — Tulsi Bhagat (contribs | talk) 06:16, 5 March 2019 (UTC)
- GastelEtzwane (talk) 19:02, 6 March 2019 (UTC)
- --Elisauer (talk) 14:41, 7 March 2019 (UTC)
- Subas Chandra RoutSubas Chandra Rout (talk) 09:34, 12 March 2019 (UTC)
- Amqui (talk) 13:40, 12 March 2019 (UTC)
- Rosiestep (talk) 18:40, 27 March 2019 (UTC)
- Ian Furst (talk) 19:47, 29 March 2019 (UTC)
- --LiAnna (Wiki Ed) (talk) 16:33, 30 March 2019 (UTC)
- --Bence (talk) 16:34, 30 March 2019 (UTC)
- --Ibrahim.ID ✪ 13:51, 5 April 2019 (UTC)
- Interest in taking this to offline and semi literate communities - sans the machine voice Dagelf 12:19, 5 April 2019 (UTC)