Järjestelmän ylläpitäjät

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This page is a translated version of the page System administrators and the translation is 36% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
Tämä sivu käsittelee ihmisiä, jotka hallinnoivat ja ylläpitävät Wikimedia-järjestön palvelimia. Aikaisemmin nämä ihmiset tunnettiin nimellä "kehittäjät," joka on kuitenkin epätarkka termi. Saadaksesi tietoa MediaWiki-ohjelmiston kehittäjistä, katso MediaWiki.orgin kehittäjät-sivu. Wikisivujen ylläpidollisista asioista ja käyttäjistä, jotka tunnetaan "ylläpitäjinä" (administrator tai admin) tai "sysopeina", katso ylläpitäjä.

Järjestelmän ylläpitäjät hoitavat järjestelmän ylläpitäjien työtä Wikimedian palvelimilla. Heidän ensisijainen tehtävä on varmistaa, että säätiön wikikokoelma yli 800 wikistä toimii sujuvasti, jotta käyttäjät voivat jatkaa sivujen lukemista ja muokkausten tekemistä. Wikimedian palvelinklusteri-laitteistojen ja ohjelmistojen ylläpidon lisäksi he ovat vastuussa Wikimedian palvelimilla toimivan MediaWikin versiopäivityksistä ja sen määrittämisestä, jotka vaativat suoraa palvelimen tai tietokannan käyttöä, kuten uusien wikien luomisen, wikien sulkemisen ja kokoonpanoasetusten muuttamisen jne.

The Wikimedia Foundation legally controls the servers; ultimately the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees is responsible for determining who has sysadmin access, and how that responsibility is exercised. However, this power is delegated to various Wikimedia Foundation managers. On a day-to-day basis, various system administrators with root or shell access manage the server clusters.

Järjestelmän ylläpitäjän toiminnat

Vaikka järjestelmän ylläpitäjät eivät usein ole aktiivisia itse Wikimedian wikeissä, heidän on joskus jouduttava suorittamaan toimia teknisistä syistä, kuten käyttäjien tai bottien estäminen, jotka kuluttavat kohtuuttomia määriä järjestelmän resursseja. Lisäksi he saattavat joutua kumoamaan muokkauksia, jotka rasittavat palvelimia. Tällaisia toimia ei pitäisi kumota tai perua konsultoimatta järjestelmän ylläpitäjää.

To facilitate these changes being made in a transparent fashion with no need of the steward flag, all system administrators who ask can be added to the 'sysadmin' global group (automatic members lists). This group allows them to set user rights for any user on any wiki, in the same fashion as stewards. So if a system administrator needs to perform an action restricted to administrators (like editing system messages) on a particular wiki, they can simply grant themselves admin status on that wiki to make the action. In addition, the 'sysadmin' group has access to Special:GlobalGroupPermissions, where system administrators can change the permissions assigned to their global group. So as an alternative, the system administrator could add editinterface to the global group permissions, and would then be able to edit system messages on all wikis.

System administrators are encouraged to use the latter method of granting permissions, to avoid the lists of administrators/bureaucrats on local wikis becoming cluttered with users who are not 'permanent' members of those groups. These self-promotions may be removed at any time by stewards, as they can be easily restored if needed. However, some system administrators have permissions on certain wikis as a result of due process on that wiki, for instance Tim Starling's adminship on English Wikipedia; such rights should not be removed in this fashion.

Requesting on-wiki access

Approving the on-wiki sysadmin global group to any account (staff and volunteers) is the responsibility of the Trust and Safety team in consultation with Legal at the Foundation. Not all system administrators have this permission. The on-wiki permission can be given to those who already have relevant permission/access in Wikimedia’s technical spaces (i.e. shell access) and can demonstrate a need of doing related on-wiki changes in order to better support the communities.

  • The requester needs to submit their request on the Steward requests/Global permissions Meta page. After submitting the request on Meta, the requester needs to send a note with a detailed use case (i.e. what do you need the rights for?) to Trust and Safety through ca(_AT_)wikimedia.org for approval.
  • Once approved by the Legal department, one of the members from the Trust and Safety team will coordinate with the Stewards and will confirm the approval on the Meta request page.
  • Once the approval from the Foundation is secured, the Stewards ensure that the 2FA requirement for the user account is met and grant the rights.
  • The Stewards will remove the rights if the user wishes to resign and/or loses access to the server, Foundation asks for removal, or in case of abuse and in an emergency situation (i.e. account compromised).

Luettelo

Jos tarvitset, että järjestelmän ylläpitäjä tekee jotain, älä ota yhteyttä yksittäiseen henkilöön tältä listalta, vaan liity #wikimedia-techconnect IRC-kanavalle tai avaa tiketti osoittessa phabricator.wikimedia.org.

The list below is provided for convenience and should not be treated as accurate or complete. Most of the technical Wikimedia Foundation staff have some form of shell access. There are various levels of shell access (through user groups) and many (whether or not overlapping) groups of servers that access is granted to. For simplification the list below considers all servers to be the same and there to be only (regular) "restricted", "deployment", and "ops". Some other users (not necessarily listed here) have the ability to perform highly restricted actions in some miscellaneous services, with varying degrees of visibility to users.


Historia

Initially, it was Jimmy Wales who installed software, ran update programs, etc., on the servers. In March 2002, he proposed to give login accounts to some developers ("Trusted user access to machine", Wikitech-l).

System administrators formerly had an important role in the Wikipedia power structure, since they were the only ones able to promote and demote sysops and lock user accounts (before the "block" feature of MediaWiki existed).

Some sysadmins had shell access to the old California servers, but due to inactivity, weren't given shell access on the "new" (since decommissioned) Florida servers. Magnus Manske, April King, Lee Daniel Crocker, Axel Boldt, Matthias Jordan, Neil Harris and Ed Poor were all in this category.

Katso myös