لا بروكسيهات مفتوحة

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This page is a translated version of the page No open proxies and the translation is 65% complete.

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السياسات والإرشادات لا بروكسيهات مفتوحة
تُزود هذه الصفحة معلوماتٍ حول منع البروكيسهات المفتوحة على Meta ومشاريع ويكيميديا. بعض المشاريع قد تمتلك سياسات محلية والتي تتجاوز هذه السياسة العالمية. نُوقشت هذه السياسة في فبراير 2004، وأنشأت صفحة السياسة في مارس 2006.
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السياسة

Publicly available proxies (including paid proxies) may be blocked for any period at any time. While this may affect legitimate users, they are not the intended targets and may freely use proxies until those are blocked. Tor editing, on the other hand, is automatically prevented. No restrictions are placed on reading Meta through an open or anonymous proxy.

Non-static IP addresses or hosts that are otherwise not permanent proxies should typically be blocked for a shorter period of time, as it is likely the IP address will eventually be transferred or dynamically reassigned, or the open proxy closed. Once closed, the IP address should be unblocked.

الإستثناءات

يمكن السماح للمحررين بالتحرير عن طريق بروكسيهات مفتوحة، وذلك بمنحهم عَلم الاستثناء من منع الآي بي. يُمنح هذا الاستثناء محليًا بواسطة الإداريين ويمنح عالميًا بواسطة المضيفين.

على الرغم من ذلك، فإنَّ العديد من المستخدمين يستعملون بروكسي مفتوح دون علمٍ منهم؛ وذلك بسبب الإعدادات الافتراضية لمتصفحاتهم. قبل أن تقدم لعلم الاستثناء من منع الآي بي (والذي قد يأخذ وقتًا، ولا ضمان على منحهِ لك)، يجب أن تتأكد من إعدادات الاتصال بالإنترنت لمتصفحك وتغييره إلى عدم استعمال البروكسيهات للوصول.

الاستثناءات العالمية والاستئناف

If your IP address has been blocked on all wikis[1] and you believe this was by mistake, or if you need to use Tor for valid reasons and can't,[2] you can appeal to the global block, or ask an exception, to stewards.

  • The recommended way is to privately email stewards@wikimedia.org (direct contact form). You can use any language, we'll do our best. Include:
    1. the IP mentioned in the error message you got,[1][2]
    2. the username you use or would like to use and
    3. the reasons why you think the global block was in error or why you need to use Tor.
  • It's also possible to use the Meta-Wiki request page, if you are able to edit it and don't mind sharing your IP (for global blocks) or your reasons to desire privacy (for Tor usage). Global blocks don't apply to Meta-Wiki.

If your IP is an open proxy, it will not be unblocked. It is more likely for an exception to be granted if you provide good reasons to think you won't abuse it; obvious cases are, for instance, users blocked by the Chinese Great Firewall and accounts with substantial past contributions.

If a Tor exception is granted to you and you don't have an account yet, the steward will also create one for you and you'll receive a temporary password to your email address.

الاستثناءات المحلية

إذا كُنتَ مُهتمًا بالتحرير على ويكي واحدة أو عدد قليل من الويكيات، يُمكنك طلب صلاحية استثناء محلي من المنع. المشروعات التي تمتلك سياسة استثناء مُدون أمثلة منها هُنا:

السبب المنطقي

Although Meta encourages anyone in the world to contribute, such proxies are often exploited for abusive purposes. Because MediaWiki (the wiki software) depends on IP addresses for administrator intervention against abuse, open proxies allow users to completely circumvent administrators. The use of scripts or bots allow malicious users to rapidly rotate IP addresses, causing continuous disruption that cannot be stopped by helpless administrators. Several such attacks have occurred on Wikimedia projects, causing heavy disruption and occupying administrators who would otherwise deal with other concerns.

This policy is known to cause difficulty for some editors, who must use open proxies to circumvent censorship where they live; a well-known example is the government of the People's Republic of China, which sporadically attempts to prevent the people in China from reading or editing Wikipedia.

تدعم ويكيميديا مشروع تور، والذي يحافظ على حقوق الإنسان للمستخدمين. على سبيل المثال مؤسسة ويكيميديا تُشغل ترحيل تور منذ 2014.

ملاحظات

  1. a b Error message like this:

    Your IP address has been blocked on all wikis.

    The block was made by $1 ($2). The reason given is $3.

    • Start of block: $4
    • Expiry of block: $5

    Your current IP address is $6. Please include all above details in any queries you make.

    If you believe you were blocked by mistake, you can find additional information and instructions in the No open proxies global policy. Otherwise, to discuss the block please post a request for review on Meta-Wiki.

  2. a b Error message like this:

    Your IP address, $1, has been automatically identified as a Tor exit node. Editing through Tor is blocked to prevent abuse. For additional information and instructions to legitimate users, see the No open proxies global policy.

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