Neniu malferma proxies

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This page is a translated version of the page No open proxies and the translation is 54% complete.

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Politikoj kaj gvidlinioj Neniu malferma proxies
This page provides information about the blocking of open proxies on Meta and all other Wikimedia projects. Projects may have local policies which go beyond this global policy. It was discussed in February 2004, and the policy page was created in March 2006.
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Politiko[edit]

Publicly available proxies (including paid proxies) may be blocked for any period at any time. While this may affect legitimate users, they are not the intended targets and may freely use proxies until those are blocked. Tor editing, on the other hand, is automatically prevented. No restrictions are placed on reading Meta through an open or anonymous proxy.

Non-static IP addresses or hosts that are otherwise not permanent proxies should typically be blocked for a shorter period of time, as it is likely the IP address will eventually be transferred or dynamically reassigned, or the open proxy closed. Once closed, the IP address should be unblocked.

Esceptoj[edit]

Editors can be permitted to edit by way of an open proxy with the IP block exempt flag. This is granted on local projects by administrators and globally by stewards.

Tamen, multaj uzantoj konas aliri tra malferma prokurilo scii pro la persilenta agordo de lia navegador. Antaŭ kandidatiĝi por la IP block sendevigo (kiu povas preni tempon kaj ne estas garantiita al esti konceditaj), vi devus kontroli la interreto konekton prefero de via retumilo kaj ŝanĝi ĝin al neniu proxy aliro.

Tutmonda esceptoj kaj apelacioj[edit]

If your IP address has been blocked on all wikis[1] and you believe this was by mistake, or if you need to use Tor for valid reasons and can't,[2] you can appeal to the global block, or ask an exception, to stewards.

  • La rekomendata vojo estas private retpoŝto stewards@wikimedia.org. Vi povas uzi ajnan lingvon, ni faros nian plej bonan. inkluzivi:
  • # La IP menciita en la erarmesaĝo vi akiris, [1][2]
  • # La uzantonomo vi uzas aŭ ŝatus uzi kaj
  • # La kialoj kial vi opinias la tutmonda bloko estis en eraro aŭ kial vi bezonus uzi Tor.
  • It's also possible to use the Meta-Wiki request page, if you are able to edit it and don't mind sharing your IP (for global blocks) or your reasons to desire privacy (for Tor usage). Global blocks don't apply to Meta-Wiki.

Se via IP estas malfermita prokurilo, ne estos desbloqueado. Ĝi estas pli verŝajna por escepto estu donita se vi provizi bonajn kialojn por pensi ke vi ne misuzas ĝin; evidentaj kazoj estas, ekzemple, la uzantoj baras la ĉina Granda Firewall kaj kontoj kun substanca estinteco kontribuoj.

Se Tor escepto estas donita al vi, kaj vi ne havas konton, la administranto ankaux krei unu por vi kaj vi ricevas provizoran pasvorton por via retpoŝtadreso.

Loka esceptoj[edit]

If you are interested in editing only one or a few wikis, you may want to ask for a local exception. Projects with a policy permitting exemptions are listed as examples here:

Raciigo[edit]

Although Meta encourages anyone in the world to contribute, such proxies are often exploited for abusive purposes. Because MediaWiki (the wiki software) depends on IP addresses for administrator intervention against abuse, open proxies allow users to completely circumvent administrators. The use of scripts or bots allow malicious users to rapidly rotate IP addresses, causing continuous disruption that cannot be stopped by helpless administrators. Several such attacks have occurred on Wikimedia projects, causing heavy disruption and occupying administrators who would otherwise deal with other concerns.

This policy is known to cause difficulty for some editors, who must use open proxies to circumvent censorship where they live; a well-known example is the government of the People's Republic of China, which sporadically attempts to prevent the people in China from reading or editing Wikipedia.

Wikimedia supports the Tor project, which sustains the users' human rights. For instance Wikimedia Foundation runs a Tor relay since 2014.

Notoj[edit]

  1. a b Error message like this:

    Your IP address has been blocked on all wikis.

    The block was made by $1 ($2). The reason given is $3.

    • Start of block: $4
    • Expiry of block: $5

    Your current IP address is $6. Please include all above details in any queries you make.

    If you believe you were blocked by mistake, you can find additional information and instructions in the No open proxies global policy. Otherwise, to discuss the block please post a request for review on Meta-Wiki.

  2. a b Error message like this:

    Your IP address, $1, has been automatically identified as a Tor exit node. Editing through Tor is blocked to prevent abuse. For additional information and instructions to legitimate users, see the No open proxies global policy.

Vidu ankaŭ[edit]