Žádné otevřené proxy

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This page is a translated version of the page No open proxies and the translation is 41% complete.
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Pravidla a doporučení Žádné otevřené proxy
Tato stránka poskytuje informace o blokování otevřených proxy na Meta a všech ostatních projektech Wikimedia. Projekty mohou mít lokální pravidla, která toto globální pravidlo rozšiřují. Toto pravidlo bylo diskutováno v únoru 2004, jeho stránka byla založena v březnu 2006.

Pravidla

Otevřené nebo anonymizační proxy mohou být kdykoliv blokovány na jakkoliv dlouhou dobu. I když to může mít vliv na legitimní uživatele, nejsou zamýšlené cíle a mohou volně používat proxy servery, dokud ty nejsou blokovány. Na druhé straně jsou úpravy skrze Tor automaticky znemožněny. Číst Meta přes otevřenou nebo anonymní proxy je možné bez omezení.

Non-static IP addresses or hosts that are otherwise not permanent proxies should typically be blocked for a shorter period of time, as it is likely the IP address will eventually be transferred or dynamically reassigned, or the open proxy closed. Once closed, the IP address should be unblocked.

Výjimky

Editors can be permitted to edit by way of an open proxy with the IP block exempt flag. This is granted on local projects by administrators and globally by stewards.

However, many users are known to access through open proxy unknowingly due to the default setting of their browser. Before you apply for the IP block exemption (which may take time and is not guaranteed to be granted), you should check the internet connection preference of your browser and change it to no proxy access.

Globální výjimky a odvolání

If your IP address has been blocked on all wikis[1] and you believe this was by mistake, or if you need to use Tor for valid reasons and can't,[2] you can contact the stewards. They can remove the global block or grant you an exemption.

  • The recommended way is to privately email stewards(_AT_)wikimedia.org (direct contact form). You can use any language, we'll do our best. Include:
    1. the IP mentioned in the error message you got,[1][2]
    2. the username you use or would like to use and
    3. the reasons why you think the global block was in error or why you need to use Tor.
  • It's also possible to use the Meta-Wiki request page, if you are able to edit it and don't mind sharing your IP (for global blocks) or your reasons to desire privacy (for Tor usage). Global blocks don't apply to Meta-Wiki.

If your IP is an open proxy, it will not be unblocked. It is more likely for an exception to be granted if you provide good reasons to think you won't abuse it; obvious cases are, for instance, users blocked by the Chinese Great Firewall and accounts with substantial past contributions.

If a Tor exception is granted to you and you don't have an account yet, the steward will also create one for you and you'll receive a temporary password to your email address.

Lokální výjimky

If you are interested in editing only one or a few wikis, you may want to ask for a local exception. Projects with a policy permitting exemptions are listed as examples here:

For other projects, check with their policies or contact a local sysop there.

Zdůvodnění

Although Meta encourages anyone in the world to contribute, such proxies are often exploited for abusive purposes. Because MediaWiki (the wiki software) depends on IP addresses for administrator intervention against abuse, open proxies allow users to completely circumvent administrators. The use of scripts or bots allow malicious users to rapidly rotate IP addresses, causing continuous disruption that cannot be stopped by helpless administrators. Several such attacks have occurred on Wikimedia projects, causing heavy disruption and occupying administrators who would otherwise deal with other concerns.

This policy is known to cause difficulty for some editors, who must use open proxies to circumvent censorship where they live; a well-known example is the government of the People's Republic of China, which sporadically attempts to prevent the people in China from reading or editing Wikipedia.

Wikimedia supports the Tor project, which sustains the users' human rights. For instance Wikimedia Foundation has been running a Tor relay since 2014.

Poznámky

  1. a b Error message like this:

    Your IP address has been blocked on all wikis.

    The block was made by $1 ($2). The reason given is $3.

    • Start of block: $4
    • Expiry of block: $5

    Your current IP address is $6. Please include all above details in any queries you make.

    If you believe you were blocked by mistake, you can find additional information and instructions in the No open proxies global policy. Otherwise, to discuss the block please post a request for review on Meta-Wiki.

  2. a b Error message like this:

    Your IP address, $1, has been automatically identified as a Tor exit node. Editing through Tor is blocked to prevent abuse. For additional information and instructions to legitimate users, see the No open proxies global policy.

Viz též